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Women infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have an increased risk of persistent squamous intraepithelial lesions (SILs) of the cervix. We assessed the association between use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and regression of SIL in HIV-infected women enrolled in the Women's Interagency HIV Study, a large, multicenter, prospective cohort study.
Of 2059 HIV-infected participants, 312 HIV-infected women had normal cervical cytology at baseline and were subsequently diagnosed during 7 years of follow-up with incident SIL.
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Advanced HIV disease is associated with a high prevalence of cervical squamous intra-epithelial lesions (SIL) and of infection with oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) genotypes. Triple-combination antiretroviral therapy results in decreased plasma HIV viral load, increased CD4 cell counts and partial restoration of immune functions in patients with severe HIV disease. This study investigated the outcome of SIL in HIV-seropositive women undergoing triple combination antiretroviral treatment.

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Although highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has lowered the incidence of various opportunistic diseases, its impact on cervical squamous intraepithelial lesions (SILs) is unclear. Our objective was to compare the incidence of SILs in HIV-infected women receiving HAART versus those not receiving HAART and to determine the role of risk factors including immunosuppression in the pathogenesis of SIL.
A total of 298 HIV-infected women with normal Papanicolaou (Pap) smear and normal colposcopic findings at enrollment were followed-up until incident SIL or last follow-up visit.

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To provide evidence for the long-term effect of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on the incidence of cervical squamous intraepithelial lesions (SILs) among HIV-positive women with normal cytology test and CD4 count above 350 cells/mm(3).
A retrospective cohort study was carried out in HIV-positive women with two consecutive normal cervical cytological tests (Papanicolaou test) and at least one subsequent test, without previous cervical history of SIL or cancer diagnosis, and with an immunological status >350 CD4 cells/mm(3). The patients were divided into two groups: treated with HAART (HAART group) or not treated with HAART (NO-HAART group), during the period of time between cytology tests included in the survival analysis and time until SIL.

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To determine incidence, progression, and regression rates for abnormal cervical cytology and their correlates among women with HIV.
In a multicenter prospective cohort study conducted October 1, 1994, through September 30, 1999 at university, public, and private medical centers and clinics, 1639 HIV-seropositive and 452 seronegative women were evaluated every 6 months for up to 5 years using history, cervical cytology, T-cell subsets, and quantitative plasma HIV RNA. Human papillomavirus (HPV) typing at baseline was determined by polymerase chain reaction.

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