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Nov
2004

To evaluate the efficacy of two nonpharmacological techniques in reducing agitation, aggression, and discomfort in nursing home residents with dementia. The techniques evaluated were person-centered showering and the towel bath (a person-centered, in-bed bag-bath with no-rinse soap).
A randomized, controlled trial, with a usual-care control group and two experimental groups, with crossover.
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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/j.1532-5415.2004.52501.x
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Aug
2006

When cognitively impaired nursing home residents exhibit agitated and aggressive behaviors during bathing, nursing home caregivers are in a unique position to improve residents' experience. This report addresses whether certified nursing assistants (CNAs) who received training in a person-centered approach with showering and with the towel bath showed improved caregiving behaviors (gentleness and verbal support) and experienced greater preparedness (confidence and ease) and less distress (hassles) when assisting residents with bathing.
We used a crossover design and randomized 15 nursing homes into two treatment groups and a control group of 5 facilities each.

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May
2014

To evaluate the effectiveness of the Bathing Without a Battle intervention in reducing physical and verbal aggressive behaviors for nursing home residents with dementia.
A randomized crossover diffusion study, with one group receiving the intervention after one round of baseline observations and a delayed intervention group receiving the intervention after two rounds of baseline observations.
Six nursing home facilities in the state of New York.

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Dec
1969

Using the "towel" bath to clean the skin for such residents as Helen results in a reduction of agitation and an increase in comfort as the skin is cleansed. The "towel" bath is a very useful technique which should be incorporated into educational training programs for any care provider who will be working with persons with dementia. It is a procedure that can be adapted to the care of the most challenging resident and will help staff begin to display person-centred care for the resident who is afraid of care procedures and responds negatively as a result.

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