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Nov
2009

Inspiratory muscle training (IMT) improves exercise capacity and ventilatory responses to exercise in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) with inspiratory muscle weakness (IMW). We analyzed the effects of IMT on the oxygen uptake efficiency slope (OUES) in this patient population.
Thirty-two CHF patients with IMW (maximal inspiratory pressure [PImax] < 70% of predicted) were randomly assigned to either a 12-week program of IMT (IMT, n = 16) or placebo-IMT (P-IMT, n = 16).

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May
1999

It has been shown that the inspiratory muscles of patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) are weaker than normal. This weakness may contribute to dyspnea and limit exercise capacity. But respiratory muscles can be trained for increase in both strength and endurance.

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Nov
2009

This small clinical trial tested the hypothesis that the addition of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) to aerobic exercise training (AE) results in further improvement in cardiorespiratory responses to exercise than those obtained with AE in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and inspiratory muscle weakness (IMW).
Twenty-four patients with CHF and IMW (maximal inspiratory pressure <70% of predicted) were randomly assigned to a 12-week program of AE plus IMT (AE + IMT, n = 12) or to AE alone (AE, n = 12). Before and after intervention, the following measures were obtained: maximal inspiratory muscle pressure (PI(max)), peak oxygen uptake (Vo(2)peak), peak circulatory power, oxygen uptake efficiency slope, ventilatory efficiency, ventilatory oscillation, oxygen uptake kinetics during recovery (T(1/2)Vo(2)), 6-minute walk test distance, and quality of life scores.

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