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Jul
1989

This study examined the effect of the full moon on agitation manifested by nursing home residents (N = 24). Observations of agitation were recorded on a behavioral mapping instrument, and occurrence of the full moon was operationalized in the three ways most commonly cited in the literature. The hypothesis that elderly nursing home residents become increasingly agitated during a full moon was not supported by this study.
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Aug
2006

When cognitively impaired nursing home residents exhibit agitated and aggressive behaviors during bathing, nursing home caregivers are in a unique position to improve residents' experience. This report addresses whether certified nursing assistants (CNAs) who received training in a person-centered approach with showering and with the towel bath showed improved caregiving behaviors (gentleness and verbal support) and experienced greater preparedness (confidence and ease) and less distress (hassles) when assisting residents with bathing.
We used a crossover design and randomized 15 nursing homes into two treatment groups and a control group of 5 facilities each.

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Mar
1990

The link between agitated behaviors and cognitive functioning in 408 nursing home residents was examined. Results showed that cognitively impaired residents manifested aggressive behaviors (e.g.

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Nov
2004

To evaluate the efficacy of two nonpharmacological techniques in reducing agitation, aggression, and discomfort in nursing home residents with dementia. The techniques evaluated were person-centered showering and the towel bath (a person-centered, in-bed bag-bath with no-rinse soap).
A randomized, controlled trial, with a usual-care control group and two experimental groups, with crossover.

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May
2007

Temporal patterns of agitation in dementia.

Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 2007 May;15(5):395-405
Jiska Cohen-Mansfield
This study investigated the temporal pattern of agitated behaviors in nursing home residents with dementia and compared it with temporal patterns of pleasure, interest in the environment, and sleep.
Trained research assistants recorded direct observations of agitation and affect by the Agitation Behavior Mapping Instrument and the Lawton's Modified Behavior Stream for 174 participants from 12 nursing homes.
The temporal pattern found for total agitation showed a gradual increase from the morning until approximately 4 pm with a decrease thereafter.

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