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'Accelerated Idioventricular Rhythm' (241)


Jan
2018

Bidirectional ventricular tachycardia (BVT) is a rare ventricular tachyarrhythmia. It is usually regular, demonstrating a beat-to-beat alternation in the QRS frontal axis that varies between -20° to -30° and +110°. The tachycardia rate is typically between 140 and 180 beats/min and the QRS is relatively narrow, with a duration of 120 to 150 ms.

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Jan
2018

Chest pain in a young female.

Am J Emerg Med 2018 Jan 11. Epub 2018 Jan 11.
Paul S Basel, Daniel Reschke, Michael D April
Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) is a common diagnosis in the emergency department (ED), the most severe manifestation of which is ST elevation on electrocardiogram (ECG). ST elevation reflects obstruction of flow through the coronary arteries, most commonly due to coronary atherosclerotic plaque rupture. However, alternative causes of coronary obstruction causing ST elevation are possible.

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Nov
2017

There are limited data on cardiac dysrhythmias in laypersons during hypergravity exposure. We report layperson electrocardiograph (ECG) findings and tolerance of dysrhythmias during centrifuge-simulated suborbital spaceflight.
Volunteers participated in varied-length centrifuge training programs of 2-7 centrifuge runs over 0.

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Nov
2017

A 12 year-old boy, with no history of cardiac disease, was referred to our department for evaluation of an incessant accelerated idioventricular rhythm (AIVR) complicated with severe left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and cardiogenic shock. Extensive diagnostic work-up failed to reveal any structural heart disease. During electrophysiological study, AIVR originated from the right ventricular endocardial anterior wall and was successfully ablated using remote magnetic navigation.

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Aug
2017

Hypergravitational exposures during human centrifugation are known to provoke dysrhythmias, including sinus dysrhythmias/tachycardias, premature atrial/ventricular contractions, and even atrial fibrillations or flutter patterns. However, events are generally short-lived and resolve rapidly after cessation of acceleration. This case report describes a prolonged ectopic ventricular rhythm in response to high G exposure.

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Feb
2017

ECG of the Month: Wide-QRS Tachycardias.

J La State Med Soc 2016 Nov-Dec;168(6):215-217. Epub 2016 Dec 15.
D Luke Glancy, Theresa A Mills
A 61-year-old man came from out of state to attend a football game. He felt well during the game, but when he stood up to leave, he became dizzy and dyspneic. The symptoms lasted 15 to 20 minutes, and when the paramedics arrived, they diagnosed an idioventricular rhythm and brought the patient to the emergency department where a 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) was recorded (Figure 1).

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Nov
2017

As postnatal identification of accelerated idioventricular rhythm (AIVR) relies on specific electrocardiographic patterns, prenatal diagnosis of this condition is challenging and its true incidence is unknown. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the performance of prenatal ultrasonography in identifying intrauterine cardiocirculatory events linked to specific electrocardiographic signs of postnatal AIVR, including left or right ventricular origin, and to assess the prenatal prognosis of this arrhythmia.
We reviewed Doppler tracings from the superior vena cava/ascending aorta (SVC/Ao), ductus venosus (DV), ductus arteriosus (DA) and aortic isthmus (AoI), as well as simultaneous M-mode recordings of septal and left ventricular wall motions of fetuses diagnosed with AIVR from January 2004 to December 2014.

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Nov
2017

Accelerated idioventricular rhythm (AIVR) is a common arrhythmia observed in patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (MI). It is not clear how much value AIVR has in predicting successful reperfusion, since there have been conflicting data regarding this in the past. Streptokinase (STK) even today is the commonest thrombolytic agent used in the public health care set-up in India.

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Mar
2016

We describe the management of a parturient woman with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy who developed a symptomatic accelerated idioventricular rhythm who required an urgent cesarean delivery at 32 weeks. Transthoracic echocardiography helped guide anesthetic management, including epidural dosing, fluid management, and phenylephrine infusion rates. This case demonstrates the application of transthoracic echocardiography to guide anesthetic management in a parturient woman at risk for cardiovascular compromise.

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Dec
1969

Regulatory agencies encourage sponsors to submit 24-hour ambulatory ECG data for assessing cardiac safety of new drugs, and some arrhythmias, hitherto considered rare, have been observed in some early-phase studies. Interpretation of these observations is difficult given the dearth of published data on the prevalence of cardiac arrhythmias seen during 24-hour continuous ECG monitoring in healthy volunteers (HV) from clinical trials. We analyzed drug-free ambulatory ECG recordings from 1273 HV (1000 males, 273 females; age 18-65 years) from 22 phase 1 studies that were analyzed in a core ECG laboratory; all subjects had normal screening ECGs.

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Jul
2015

Dietary supplements have a long history of causing adverse effects. Ventricular arrhythmias have not been described with Hydroxycut Gummies.
To report a case of ventricular arrhythmia after prolonged use of a popular dietary supplement, Hydroxycut Gummies.

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Aug
2015

We present the case of a 38-year-old woman admitted to our outpatient clinic with accelerating back pain and fatigue following a kick to her back by her husband. Upon arrival, we detected ST segment elevation in the D1, aVL, and V2 leads and accelerated idioventricular rhythm. She had pallor and hypotension consistent with cardiogenic shock.

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Aug
2015

Acute asthma exacerbations occur relatively frequently in children. We present the case of a 4-year-old boy who was admitted to our hospital in status asthmaticus and found to have a wide complex rhythm while being treated with inhaled albuterol and intravenous methylprednisolone. This rhythm was diagnosed as accelerated idioventricular rhythm (AIVR), which carries a benign prognosis.

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May
2014

Fingolimod is used to reduce the rates of relapse and slow the progression of disability in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). In-office monitoring of patients for 6h after the first dose of fingolimod is currently recommended due to rare cardiac rhythm disturbances. The objective of this paper is to describe our experience with continuous electrocardiographic monitoring of patients with RRMS starting on fingolimod.

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Jun
2015

It has been demonstrated that postconditioning (postcon), brief episodes of ischemia during reperfusion period, in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) confers protection against ischemia-reperfusion injury and as a result, postcon might reduce infarct size. However, whether postcon may exert its beneficial effect on STEMI patients by reducing the occurrence of early malignant ventricular arrhythmias (VA) is still unknown. The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of postcon on the presence of VA in early presenters with high-risk STEMI treated with primary coronary intervention (PCI).

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Apr
2015

Update on management of cardiac arrhythmias in acute coronary syndromes.

Minerva Cardioangiol 2015 Apr 22;63(2):121-33. Epub 2015 Jan 22.
T Willich, A Goette
This review summarizes different types of arrhythmias in patients with acute coronary syndromes and provides an overview of the available therapeutic options for acute care and management of critical arrhythmias. The different therapeutic options are depending on the origin and type of arrhythmia. The main common dominant mechanisms are intramural re-entry in ischemia and triggered activity in reperfusion.

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Mar
2015

Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated channels (HCNs) are expressed in the ventricles of fetal hearts but are normally down-regulated as development progresses. In the hypertrophied heart, however, these channels are re-expressed and generate a hyperpolarization-activated, nonselective cation current (Ih), which evidence suggests may increase susceptibility to arrhythmia. To test this hypothesis, we generated and analyzed transgenic mice overexpressing HCN2 specifically in their hearts (HCN2-Tg).

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Dec
2014

To compare heart rate and arrhythmia frequency and complexity in a normal population of cats to a population of cats with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM).
17 cats with HCM and 15 cats with normal echocardiograms.
Results for echocardiography, electrocardiography, Doppler blood pressure, and 24-h Holter monitoring were compared between groups.

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Dec
2014

Accelerated idioventricular rhythm (AIVR) or ventricular tachycardia (VT) originating from the right bundle branch (RBB) is rare and published clinical data on such arrhythmia are scarce. In this study, we will describe the clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and management of a cohort of patients with this novel arrhythmia.
Eight patients (5 men; median age, 25 years) with RBB-AIVR/VT were consecutively enrolled in the study.

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Jan
2015

It has recently been reported that a high-degree right bundle branch block (RBBB) may conceal the electrocardiographic manifestations of the Brugada ECG pattern. An 82-year-old with recent onset palpitations was seen in clinic. The resting ECG showed sinus rhythm, high-degree RBBB, and an irregular idioventricular rhythm.

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Mar
2014

To explore the perioperative cardiovascular dysfunction and its relevance to age in patients with silent coronary heart disease (or silent myocardial ischemia), and explore the clinical treatment and recovery of perioperative arrhythmias.
One hundred and eighty cases were selected from selective surgery patients with silent myocardial ischemia (SMI). Among the cases, 130 patients older than 51 years old were divided into 51 - 60 year-old group, 61- 70 year-old group and 71 - 80 year-old group.

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Mar
2014

Accelerated idioventricular rhythm (AIVR) commonly follows coronary reperfusion and has been called a "reperfusion arrhythmia". Transient left bundle branch block (LBBB) is only rarely seen after interventional reperfusion and is usually considered a procedural complication. We report herein electrocardiograms (ECGs) in a case of acute lateral myocardial infarction which demonstrate both post-perfusion AIVR and a simultaneous transient LBBB with fusion complexes causing paradoxical QRS narrowing.

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Sep
2014

We aimed to determine the effect of intravenous thrombolytic therapy on QT dispersion (QTd) and its role in the prediction of reperfusion arrhythmias.
Twenty patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) were enrolled in the study. Measurements of QTd were carried out prior to thrombolytic therapy and before discharge.

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May
2014

Evidence is inconclusive concerning the benefit of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) for secondary prevention of mortality in patients with Chagas' heart disease (ChHD). The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of ChHD patients with life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias (VAs), who were treated either with ICD implantation plus amiodarone or with amiodarone alone.
The ICD group [76 patients; 48 men; age, 57 ± 11 years; left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), 39 ± 12%] and the historical control group treated with amiodarone alone (28 patients; 18 men; age, 54 ± 10 years; LVEF, 41 ± 10%) had comparable baseline characteristics, except for a higher use of beta-blockers in the ICD group (P < 0.

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Dec
1969

The aim of the study was to extend the range of the electrocardiographic examination in horses, evaluating the practicability of special electrocardiographic techniques (exercise- and Holter-ECG) and comparing these with more common techniques (resting-ECG) in equine medicine.
Electrocardiographic examination (resting-ECG for 1 minute, exercise-ECG and Holter-ECG) was performed in 20 horses without any clinical or echocardiographic findings and in 80 patients with abnormal findings (valvular regurgitation and/or atrial fibrillation).
In comparison with the resting-ECG, the exercise-ECG demonstrated more atrial and ventricular premature beats, while the Holter-ECG had a higher detection rate of 2nd degree atrioventricular or sinuatrial blocks, and of ventricular and atrial premature depolarisations (p < 0.

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May
2013

A 33-year old female with a background of Eisenmenger syndrome secondary to multiple congenital muscular ventricular septal defects (VSD) was admitted with a recent history of frequent intermittent palpitations. It was noted that she had an independent accelerated idioventricular rhythm (AIVR), with rates varying between 85-110bpm, which exhibited a repetitive grouped beating pattern. Although generally perceived as benign, in this case this rhythm was drug refractory, was associated with significant compromise to cardiac filling and output and progressed to haemodynamically intolerable sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmia.

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Dec
1969

Country cardiograms case 48.

Can J Rural Med 2013 ;18(3):99-100; discussion 109
Charles Helm

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Feb
2014

Potential side effects of stimulants for attention deficit disorder are in the focus of scientific discussions, intensified by the higher number of prescriptions. Children with known arrhythmias or other severe cardiac problems should not receive stimulants because of their sympathomimetic effects.
This is a retrospective analysis of 24-hour Holter electrocardiograms from 100 consecutive children with attention deficit disorder from January, 2006 to April, 2012.

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Dec
1969

Accelerated idioventricular rhythm (AIVR) is a ventricular arrhythmia most commonly seen in adults with underlying cardiac disease. It is important to establish the diagnosis when it occurs to differentiate this benign phenomenon from dangerous ventricular tachycardia. We present the case of a healthy child who developed episodes of AIVR associated with propranolol treatment.

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Jan
2013

This paper describes findings from the first-in-human study for GSK1482160, an orally available allosteric P2X7 receptor modulator. The study aimed to assess the pharmacokinetics (PK), pharmacodynamics (PD), safety and tolerability of the compound in healthy subjects.
Escalating single doses of up to 1 g were administered to healthy subjects in a single-blind and placebo-controlled fashion.

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Dec
1969

Electrolyte disorders can alter cardiac ionic currents and depending on the changes can promote proarrhythmic effects. Potassium (K(+)) is the most common intracellular cation related to arrhythmic disorders. Hyperkalemia is mainly seen in the setting of impaired renal function.

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Dec
1969

A 35-year-old woman with long-lasting accelerated idioventricular rhythm (AIVR) exhibited palpitation and dyspnea on exertion and mild left ventricular (LV) dysfunction during followup. Symptoms appeared 10 years after the AIVR was first noted, and she underwent catheter ablation for curative therapy of AIVR after 12 years. Radiofrequency ablation of the anteroseptal site of the LV at the earliest activation terminated rhythm.

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Dec
1969

Aortic cusps originating arrhythmias are rare; they have special electrocardiogram features that help to locate the site of origin. We report on a 20-year-old male patient without structural heart disease presenting with accelerated idioventricular rhythm; electrocardiogram analysis was typical of left coronary cusp origin.

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Aug
2012

We describe a previously healthy 52-year-old man with rapidly fatal community-acquired pneumonia caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae. The patient developed acute renal dysfunction, accelerated idioventricular rhythm (acute myocarditis), lactic acidosis and septic shock. He died within 15 hours after admission despite intravenous levofloxacin (750 mg daily) and aggressive medical treatment.

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Aug
2011

Accelerated idioventricular rhythm (AIVR) is very frequently observed in primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), however knowledge of the haemodynamic effects is lacking.
We studied an ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction cohort of 128 consecutive patients (aged 62±11 years) in whom AIVR occurred following reperfusion during primary PCI. Mean systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and heart rate were determined during periods of AIVR and sinus rhythm.

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Aug
2011

AMI on the move.

EuroIntervention 2011 Aug;7(4):415, 417, 419
Marco Valgimigli

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Oct
2010

We present an unusual transient pro-arrhythmic effect of ajmaline in a patient with resuscitated cardiac arrest and a left ventricular apical aneurysm. We discuss the clinical presentation and the possible physio-pathological explanation for this new pro-arrhythmic effect linked to administration of intravenous ajmaline.

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Dec
2010

Reperfusion-induced accelerated idioventricular rhythm (AIVR) during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) may be a sign of left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. We compared LV dynamic effects of reperfusion between patients with and without reperfusion-induced AIVR during pPCI for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).
We studied 15 consecutive patients, who presented with their first acute anterior STEMI within 6 hours after onset of symptoms, and in whom LV pressure-volume (PV) loops were directly obtained during pPCI.

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Dec
2010

We evaluated the presentation, treatment, and outcome of infants who present with ventricular tachycardia in the first year of life. Seventy-six infants were admitted to our institution with a diagnosis of ventricular tachycardia between January, 1987 and May, 2006. Forty-five infants were excluded from the study because of additional confounding diagnoses including accelerated idioventricular rhythm, Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, supraventricular tachycardia with aberrancy, long QT syndrome, cardiac rhabdomyoma, myocarditis, congenital lesions, or incomplete data.

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Dec
2010

Improved mechanistic insights and clinical tools provide increasing diagnostic refinement for ventricular tachycardia in young patients with structurally normal hearts, yielding potentially important prognostic and management implications.
The purpose of this study was to survey the clinical characteristics and outcomes of otherwise healthy children with ventricular tachycardia (VT) who were classified according to contemporary diagnostic criteria.
A single-center retrospective review of patients younger than 18 years of age with VT diagnosed between January 1980 and December 2005 was undertaken.

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