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'Acquired Cystic Kidney Disease' (672)



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Nov
2017

Spontaneous perirenal hemorrhage (SPH) or Wunderlich syndrome, is a rare but potentially life-threatening condition. It is characterized by an unexpected bleeding in the kidneys and usually presents as an abdominal pain. Angiography and more recently selective renal arterial embolization are emerging as effective modalities for the diagnosis and treatment of SPH.

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Dec
1969

[RENAL CYSTS IN ADULTS].

Acta Med Croatica 2016 12;70(4-5):295-300
Đ Lovrinić, B Lodeta, T Zavidić
Cystic kidney diseases is a heterogeneous group of developmental, hereditary and acquired disorders that result in the occurrence of one or more cysts on one or both kidneys, and are relatively common. Cystic kidneys can also occur as one of various syndromes of malformations. Kidney cysts can have several classifications, depending on the properties taken in consideration.

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Dec
1969

Acquired Cystic Kidney Disease (ACKD) is regarded as a common late condition of end stage renal damage and expresses its most important features when associated with long term hemodialysis. ACKD is also widely known as a premalignant lesion. Its occurrence in chronically rejected renal allografts is rare and its frequency and behavior in this setting are not well known.

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Oct
2017

The aim of this study was to revise the histopathologic types of neoplasias in the genitourinary tract and determine the frequency of 2 new entities included in the 2016 book of World Health Organization classification of renal tumors. It is not established so far whether these 2 recently described tumors are the most frequent in association with end-stage kidney disease.
In a retrospective analysis, we revised the histopathologic type of 37 genitourinary tumors from 21 patients in dialysis and/or submitted to renal transplantation from 2003 to 2016 aiming to find the frequency of acquired cystic disease-associated renal cell carcinoma and clear cell papillary (tubulopapillary) renal cell carcinoma.

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Jul
2017

We report a case of acquired renal cystic disease associated with renal dialysis and endstage renal disease. The patient suffered the two major complications related with acquired renal cystic disease; hemorrhage and renal carcinoma.
Our case is a patient with acquired renal cystic disease, single kidney after surgery for renal clear cell carcinoma four years earlier, who developed a Wünderlich syndrome (WS).

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Jun
2017

Capillary haemangiomas are relatively common tumours, typically occurring in the subcutaneous tissue during childhood. However, visceral occurrence is very rare. These tumours make up a subset of vascular lesions that have previously, although rarely, been described in case reports in association with the kidney.

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Jul
2017

The incidence of renal malignancies is markedly increased in end-stage renal disease and appears to be related to the development of acquired cystic kidney disease. Identification and evaluation of simple cysts, complex cysts, and solid masses in these patients rely on imaging studies, including ultrasonography, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging, each of which has advantages and disadvantages. While there are no published data to support screening of ESRD patients, this seems appropriate in at least some patients, based on patient characteristics and the presence or absence of acquired cystic kidney disease.

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Jan
2018

Acquired cystic kidney disease (ACKD) is a condition that occurs predominantly in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). In contrast to hereditary cystic kidney disease, ACKD is characterized by the presence of multiple small cysts in bilaterally small kidneys. Limited pediatric data suggest a high incidence (21.

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Apr
2017

Acquired cystic disease-associated renal cell carcinoma (ACD-RCC) is a recently described subtype of RCC found in individuals with ACD of the kidney. Because of underrecognition, information regarding this lesion is sparse but continues to accumulate with each new report. Herein, a thorough literature review amassing the current understanding of this unique neoplasm is presented.

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Apr
2017

CD200 is a novel immune-effective molecule, existing in a cell membrane-bound form, as well as in a soluble form in serum, which performs to modulate inflammatory and acquired immune responses. Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is characterized by the development of large renal cysts and progressive loss of renal function. As defects in cell cycle arrest and apoptosis of renal tubular epithelial cells occur in ADPKD, we asked whether serum soluble CD200 might underlie and effect on ADPKD.

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Jul
2017

The morphotype and grade of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in 928 nephrectomies were reclassified according to the 2016 WHO classification in order to analyze the distribution and outcomes of RCC subtypes in Hungary, to assess whether microscopic tumor necrosis is an independent prognostic factor in clear cell RCC, and to study whether a two-tiered grading (low/high) for clear cell and papillary RCC provides similar prognostic information to that of the four-tiered ISUP grading system. 83.4% of the cohort were clear cell, 6.

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Dec
2016

BACKGROUND De novo renal neoplasia developing after kidney transplantation at Verona Kidney Transplant Center were reviewed according to new 2016 WHO Renal Tumor Classification. MATERIAL AND METHODS Primary renal tumors developed in native or transplanted kidneys de novo following renal transplantation were retrieved and histologically reviewed by three expert uropathologists. Immunoexpression of the diagnostic antigens CD13, CD10, CK7, CK34bE12, AMACR, CAIX, AE1/AE3, CK14, GATA-3, HMB-45, cathepsin-k, S100A1, and parvalbumin was assessed.

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Dec
2016

Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis is an uncommon inflammatory condition accounting for 1% of chronic pyelonephritis cases. Clinically and radiologically it mimics other renal space occupying lesions. Hence, correct preoperative diagnosis is not possible in all cases and nephrectomy is done in most patients.

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Oct
2016

Molecular and morphologic interrogation has driven a much-needed reexamination of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Indeed, the recently released 2016 World Health Organization classification now recognizes 12 distinct RCC subtypes, as well as several other emerging/provisional RCC entities. From a clinical perspective, accurate RCC classification may have important implications for patients and their families, including prognostic risk stratification, targeted therapeutics selection, and identification for genetic testing.

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Jul
2016

A 59-year-old man who had undergone hemodialysis for 13 years was diagnosed with left renal cell carcinoma (RCC),cT1aN0M0,in 2010. He had a laparoscopic left nephrectomy,and the pathological diagnosis at that time was clear cell carcinoma,pT1a (multifocal). At 1 year after surgery,he was diagnosed with a left renal hilar lymph node metastasis and a new right RCC,cT1aN0M0.

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Dec
1969

Acquired cystic kidney disease (ACKD) and renal cell carcinoma (RCC) are the most important manifestations of end-stage kidneys' structural changes. ACKD is caused by kidney damage or scarring and it is characterized by the presence of small, multiple cortical and medullary cysts filled with a fluid similar to preurine. ACKD prevalence varies according to predialysis and dialysis age and its pathogenesis is unknown, although it is stated that progressive destruction of renal tissue induces hypertrophy/compensatory hyperplasia of residual nephrons and may trigger the degenerative process.

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Dec
1969

Cysts are frequently found in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and they have a different prognostic significance depending on the clinical context. Simple solitary parenchymal cysts and peripelvic cysts are very common and they have no clinical significance. At US, simple cyst appears as a round anechoic pouch with regular and thin profiles.

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Mar
2016

The major gene mutated in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease was first identified over 20 years ago, yet its function remains poorly understood. We have used a systems-based approach to examine the effects of acquired loss of Pkd1 in adult mouse kidney as it transitions from normal to cystic state.
We performed transcriptional profiling of a large set of male and female kidneys, along with metabolomics and lipidomics analyses of a subset of male kidneys.

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Dec
1969

Renal cell carcinoma: links and risks.

Int J Nephrol Renovasc Dis 2016 7;9:45-52. Epub 2016 Mar 7.
Reena Kabaria, Zachary Klaassen, Martha K Terris
This review provides an overview of the incidence of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and a summary of the most commonly associated risk factors. A literature review was performed with a focus on recent studies with a high level of evidence (large prospective cohort studies and meta-analyses). The incidence rate of RCC varies globally, with the rate rising rapidly in more developed regions, demonstrating the effects of increased use of diagnostic imaging and prevalence of modifiable risk factors.

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Jul
2016

Cystic kidney disease includes a wide range of hereditary, developmental, and acquired conditions of the kidneys. Some of the inherited causes of cystic kidney disease include autosomal dominant polycystic kidney diseases (caused by mutations in PKD1 or PKD2), autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease, tuberous sclerosis complex, von Hippel-Lindau disease, oral-facial-digital syndrome type I, and Hadju-Cheney syndrome. Acquired cystic kidney disease has been reported in patients receiving long-term hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis and in children after liver transplantation.

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May
2017

In patients with a solitary kidney; residual renal volume is an important prognostic factor for kidney survival. At present, the impact of renal cysts on solitary kidney survival is not clear. The aim of this study is to examine the association of cysts on progression of renal failure in patients with a solitary kidney.

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Dec
1969

The fourth edition of the World Health Organization (WHO) classification of urogenital tumours (WHO "blue book"), published in 2016, contains significant revisions. These revisions were performed after consideration by a large international group of pathologists with special expertise in this area. A subgroup of these persons met at the WHO Consensus Conference in Zurich, Switzerland, in 2015 to finalize the revisions.

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Dec
1969

Anaplastic sarcoma of kidney (ASK) is a rare neoplasm recently associated with DICER1 mutations. We report a child with germline DICER1 mutation who developed ASK in preexisting septated renal cysts, which were likely cystic nephroma. From age 2.

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May
2016

Mitochondria are increasingly recognized as key players in genetic and acquired renal diseases. Most mitochondrial cytopathies that cause renal symptoms are characterized by tubular defects, but glomerular, tubulointerstitial and cystic diseases have also been described. For example, defects in coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) biosynthesis and the mitochondrial DNA 3243 A>G mutation are important causes of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis in children and in adults, respectively.

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Jul
2016

End-stage renal disease (ESRD) and acquired cystic renal disease (ACRD) are associated with high risk of development of renal cell tumors (RCT) displaying unusual phenotype and genotype. The underlying molecular mechanism is not yet known. To explore the molecular microenvironment, we have established the expression profile of ESRD/ACRD kidneys.

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Jan
2016

This article is concerned with the important topic of infections associated with organ transplantation and includes a discussion on four subtopics. The first section describes the current options in the prevention and therapy of viral hepatitis in association with liver transplantation. Infections with hepatitis B, C, D (delta) and E are discussed with special emphasis on the interferon-free treatment of hepatitis C with the new antiviral drugs.

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Oct
2015

Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is derived from renal tubular epithelial cells and represents approximately 3.8% of all malignancies in adults. The incidence of renal cell carcinoma has been growing steadily and ranging from 0.

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Dec
2015

This article reviews emerging entities in renal epithelial neoplasia, including tubulocystic carcinoma, clear-cell-papillary renal cell carcinoma (RCC), thyroid-like follicular RCC, ALK-related RCC, translocation RCC, acquired cystic disease-related RCC, succinate dehydrogenase-deficient RCC, and hereditary leiomyomatosis-RCC syndrome-associated RCC. Many of these rarer subtypes of RCC were recently studied in more depth and are included in the upcoming version of the World Health Organization classification of tumors. Emphasis is placed on common gross and morphologic features, differential diagnoses, use of ancillary studies for making accurate diagnoses, molecular alterations, and predicted biologic behavior based on previous studies.

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Oct
2015

Recipients of kidney transplantation have elevated risk of developing cancer. There are limited data on cancer risk in recipients of kidney retransplantation. We used data from the Transplant Cancer Match Study, which links the U.

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Dec
2015

Renal cancer occurs more frequently in renal transplanted patients than in the general population, affecting native kidneys in 90% of cases and the graft in 10 %. In addition to general risk factors, malignancy susceptibility may be influenced by immunosuppressive therapy, the use of calcineurin inhibitors (CNI) as compared with mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors, and the length of dialysis treatment. Acquired cystic kidney disease may increase the risk for renal cancer after transplantation, while autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease does not seem to predispose to cancer development.

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Dec
2015

Spontaneous retroperitoneal hemorrhage (SRH) is a rare and potentially fatal condition. Acquired cystic kidney disease (ACKD) may cause SRH in hemodialysis patients. However, presentation of retroperitoneal hematoma as hemoperitoneum in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients is exceedingly rare.

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Mar
2015

Rhabdoid morphology in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) may, like sarcomatoid change, be perceived as a type of dedifferentiation, and is a poor prognostic factor. Histologically, rhabdoid neoplastic cells are round to polygonal cells with globular eosinophilic cytoplasmic inclusions and eccentric vesicular nuclei and enlarged nucleoli. All types of RCC, including clear cell, papillary, chromophobe, collecting duct carcinoma, renal medullary carcinoma, acquired cystic disease-associated RCC, ALK-positive renal cancer and unclassified RCC, may display a variably prominent rhabdoid phenotype.

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Apr
2016

Noninvasive imaging techniques that quantify renal tissue composition are needed to more accurately ascertain prognosis and monitor disease progression in polycystic kidney disease (PKD). Given the success of magnetization transfer (MT) imaging to characterize various tissue remodeling pathologies, it was tested on a murine model of autosomal dominant PKD.
C57Bl/6 Pkd1 R3277C mice at 9, 12, and 15 months were imaged with a 16.

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Mar
2015

Immunohistochemistry (IHC) for napsin A has been widely used to support a diagnosis of lung adenocarcinoma with high sensitivity. In this study, we evaluated immunoreactivity for napsin A in a broad spectrum of renal neoplasms by using tissue microarrays (TMA).
Duplicate TMA of 159 surgically excised renal neoplasms of various types were constructed.

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Jun
2015

End-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients with acquired cystic kidney disease are at higher risk of developing renal cell carcinoma (RCC) than the general population. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical and histopathological differences between ESRD patients and the general population with RCC.
Data were retrospectively collected from all nephrectomies performed for localized RCC from 2000 to 2010.

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Jun
2015

An apparent causal association between crizotinib treatment and renal cyst development emerged during clinical trials in anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Serious adverse event (SAE) reports of renal cysts from a safety database of 1375 patients from four clinical trials were reviewed. A blinded, retrospective, independent radiologic review (IRR) was performed using scans from patients on study for ≥ 6 months in three clinical trials; risk factors for renal cyst development were assessed.

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Mar
2015

The evolving classification of renal cell neoplasia.

Semin Diagn Pathol 2015 Mar 4;32(2):90-102. Epub 2015 Feb 4.
Brett Delahunt, John R Srigley
The classification of renal cell neoplasia is morphologically based; however, this has evolved over the last 35 years with the incorporation of genetic characteristics into the diagnostic features of some tumors. The 2013 Vancouver classification recognized 17 morphotypes of renal parenchymal malignancy and two benign tumors. This classification included the newly established entities tubulocystic renal cell carcinoma (RCC)), acquired cystic disease-associated RCC, clear cell (tubulo) papillary RCC, microphthalmia transcription factor family translocation RCC and hereditary leiomyomatosis RCC syndrome-associated RCC.

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Jun
2015

Electrolyte alterations and extra-renal disorders are quite frequent in patients undergoing haemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis. The native kidneys may be the site of important pathologies in patients undergoing dialysis, especially in the form of acquired renal cystic disease with frequent malignant transformation. Renal neoplasms represents an important complication of haemodialysis-associated acquired cystic kidney disease and imaging surveillance is suggested.

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Jun
2015

Cystic renal lesions are commonly encountered in abdominal imaging. Although most cystic renal lesions are benign simple cysts, complex renal cysts, infectious cystic renal disease, and multifocal cystic renal disease are also common phenomena. The Bosniak classification system provides a useful means of categorizing cystic renal lesions but places less emphasis on their underlying pathophysiology.

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Dec
1969

Cystic kidney disease is characterized by the progressive development of multiple fluid-filled cysts. Cysts can be acquired, or they may appear during development or in postnatal life due to specific gene defects and lead to renal failure. The most frequent form of this disease is the inherited polycystic kidney disease (PKD).

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Dec
2014

Diagnosis and evaluation of renal cysts.

Prim Care 2014 Dec 4;41(4):823-35. Epub 2014 Nov 4.
Jack Waterman
Renal cysts are commonly encountered in clinical practice. Although most cysts found on routine imaging studies are benign, there must be an index of suspicion to exclude a neoplastic process or the presence of a multicystic disorder. This article focuses on the more common adult cystic diseases, including simple and complex renal cysts, autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease, and acquired cystic kidney disease.

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Feb
2015

Acquired cystic disease (ACD)-associated renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has recently been established. Herein we report the sixth case of ACD-associated RCC with a sarcomatoid change. The patient was a 77-year-old man who regularly underwent hemodialysis for 14 years due to chronic renal failure resulting from IgA nephropathy.

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Dec
1969

Kidney tumours form a broad spectrum of distinguished histopathological and molecular genetic entities. The last WHO classification is dated to 2004. Current classification has been published in October 2013 by ISUP (International Society of Urological Pathology).

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May
2015

The 2012 consensus conference of the International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) has formulated recommendations on classification, prognostic factors and staging as well as immunohistochemistry and molecular pathology of renal tumors. Agreement was reached on the recognition of five new tumor entities: tubulocystic renal cell carcinoma (RCC), acquired cystic kidney disease-associated RCC, clear cell (tubulo) papillary RCC, microphthalmia transcription factor family RCC, in particular t(6;11) RCC and hereditary leiomyomatosis-associated RCC. In addition three rare forms of carcinoma were considered as emerging or provisional entities: thyroid-like follicular RCC, succinate dehydrogenase B deficiency-associated RCC and anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) translocation RCC.

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Nov
2014

Localized cystic disease of the kidney (LCDK) is a benign and non-progressive renal anomaly that may initially be confused with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (as in the index case) or cystic neoplasms. It is best diagnosed with contrast-enhanced CT scan demonstrating the characteristic features of an unencapsulated mass of smooth-walled cysts with enhancing renal parenchyma between them. It is most often an incidental finding, but may present with flank pain or haematuria.

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