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'Anesthesia General' (89744)


Dec
2017

To study effects of 50 Hz 1.8 mT sinusoidal electromagnetic fields (SEMFs) on bone mineral density (BMD) in SD rats.
Thirty SD rats weighted(110±10) and aged 1 month were randomly divided into control group and electromagnetic field group, 15 in each group.

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Oct
2017

To evaluate the clinical effects of popliteal cyst excision combined with debridement of the knee under arthroscopy with local anesthesia.
From February 2009 to August 2014, 52 patients with popliteal cysts were treated in our hospital, including 34 males and 18 females with an average age of 43.6 years old ranging from 14 to 62 years old; 29 cases were on the right knee and 23 on the left knee.

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Oct
2017

To determine the effect of site of fracture on the prognosis for patients of elderly hip fracture.
From January 2012 to December 2014, 667 patients with hip fractures were divided into femoral neck fracture group and intertrochanteric fracture group according to the site of fracture. There were 304 cases of intertrochanteric fracture, including 96 males and 208 females, with an average age of (80.

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Nov
2017

To study the effects of surgical reconstruction of the lateral ligament complex for posterolateral rotatory instability (PLRI) of the elbow joint.
From January 2013 to January 2015, 20 patients with posterolateral rotatory instability of elbow joint were treated in our department. There were 12 males and 8 females whose age ranged from 30 to 60 years old, with an average age of 45.

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Dec
1969

Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is an autoimmune disorder caused by production of anti-NMDAR antibodies that is often associated with ovarian teratoma and exhibits various manifestations including psychiatric symptoms, seizures, hypoventilation, and autonomic nerve instability. Patients with this disorder who receive early surgical tumor resection along with immunotherapy have better outcome than the rest of the patients. To establish an anesthetic plan, it is important to understand the pharmacological interaction between the anesthetic agents and the disabled NMDAR, because NMDAR is one of the major sites of action for commonly-used anesthetic agents.

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Dec
1969

Polymeraze I and transcript release factor () mutations are a newly recognized disease, which cause congenital generalized lipodystrophy associated with myopathy.
A 29-year-old man (height 126 cm; weight 22 kg) with amutation was scheduled for mandibular dentigerous cystectomy. His primary symptoms were lipodystrophy, myopathy, long QT syndrome, refractory nephrosis, and abnormal lipid metabolism.

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Dec
1969

Serratus plane block is a thoracic truncal block that has been proposed as alternatives for analgesia such as epidural anesthesia and paravertebral block for the anterolateral chest wall. Previously, we performed the clinical study about optimal volume of the local anesthetic in serratus plane block. The primary aim of this study was to assess the pattern of distribution of dye into the serratus plane of cadavers after ultrasound-guided serratus plane injection.

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Dec
1969

Spinal cord infarction (SCI) after epidural anesthesia is quite rare. Although most cases of perioperative SCI are associated with aortic, cardiac, or spinal surgery, and/or abnormal preoperative conditions, such as spinal stenosis or hypercoagulopathy, intraoperative events, such as severe hypotension or epidural puncture and catheterization, can be contributory factors.
A 52-year-old male was underwent laparoscopic gastrectomy.

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Dec
1969

The Nihon Kohden linear inflationary non-invasive blood pressure (iNIBP) monitoring technology is an oscillometric device that measures blood pressure by detecting oscillations during inflation. Systolic blood pressure can be recorded without overinflating the cuff higher than the true systolic pressure. Thus, total time taken for inflation and deflation is shorter than that by the conventional deflation devices.

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Dec
1969

Ovarian vein thrombosis is a rare complication of pregnancy. The representative complaints of patients with ovarian vein thrombosis are abdominal pain and fever. In some cases, however, fatal pulmonary embolism may develop.

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Dec
1969

Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) is a progressive neuromuscular disorder caused by mutations in the dystrophin gene. The sensitivity to non-depolarizing muscle relaxant in a patient with muscle dystrophy is reportedly higher than that in normal individuals, and the duration of the effect is known to be prolonged. In this report, we present the case of a 58-year-old man with BMD who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy for symptomatic cholelithiasis under total intravenous anesthesia without the use of muscle-relaxant drugs and supplemented with regional anesthesia.

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Dec
1969

Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) can interrupt blood flow to upper limbs by vascular compression. We report a case of a 52-year-old man who presented left subclavian artery malperfusion due to TOS during total vertebrectomy (Th2-4) in the prone position for invasive lung cancer. At the time of resection of the vertebral bodies, his left radial systolic blood pressure had begun to drop intermittently and we noticed an interarm pressure difference.

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Dec
1969

Respiratory depression (RD) is a critical complication of general anesthesia. The present study investigated the incidence of postoperative life-threatening respiratory events after laparoscopic colon surgery in patients observed using continuous respiratory rate monitoring [RM; with oxygen saturation by pulse oximetry (SpO)] and traditional respiratory monitoring (TM; SpOmonitoring only). In addition, postoperative incidence rates of RD and desaturation in the RM group were determined.

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Dec
1969

Esophageal submucosal hematoma is a rare complication after endovascular surgery. We report a case of an esophageal submucosal hematoma which may have been caused by rigorous cough during extubation.
A 75-year-old woman underwent endovascular treatment for unruptured cerebral aneurysm under general anesthesia.

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Dec
1969

Goreisan, a traditional Japanese Kampo medicine, may prevent postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of Goreisan on PONV in a high-risk population in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled manner.
Patients undergoing gynecological surgery were randomly allocated to the Goreisan and the control groups.

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Dec
1969

A 38-year-old man with pancreatic cancer was scheduled to undergo pancreaticoduodenectomy. He had an unremarkable past medical history. After inducing general anesthesia, a left radial arterial catheter was successfully placed at first attempt.

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Dec
1969

Patients with congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) develop alveolar hypoventilation resulting from a failure of central ventilatory control. Late-onset CCHS (LO-CCHS), which may be precipitated by severe respiratory infection or exposure to sedatives or general anesthesia, presents after the neonatal period. Since CCHS patients require lifelong mechanical-assisted ventilation, in western countries, diaphragm pacing is used to provide adequate alveolar ventilation and oxygenation during rest and daily activities.

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Dec
1969

The tongue flap is an accepted treatment method for cleft palate repair. Orotracheal or nasotracheal intubation using a fiberoptic scope is preferred for the division of the tongue flap. We report two cases of tongue flap division in which the patients received adequate sedation and analgesia without tracheal intubation.

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Dec
1969

Epidural anesthesia is widely used for postoperative analgesia and rarely causes permanent neurological complications. We report a case of paraplegia following abdominal surgery under combined epidural/general anesthesia.
A 75-year-old woman underwent a scheduled abdominal total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy for suspected endometrial cancer.

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Dec
1969

Sugammadex has been reported to cause upper-airway obstruction, such as laryngospasm or bronchospasm. These two conditions are treated using different approaches, but the differential diagnosis is difficult.
We describe a case in which general anesthesia was administered via endotracheal intubation, in combination with brachial-plexus block, for arthroscopic surgical treatment of a rotator-cuff tear caused by recurrent shoulder dislocation.

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Dec
1969

In pediatric general anesthesia, our goal should be quicker extubation to facilitate rapid turnover in the operating room without compromising on safety and quality of anesthesia. Although many studies have focused on improving safety and pursuing a higher quality of recovery, factors related to anesthesia emergence remain unclear. We must, therefore, identify factors that influence the process of emergence from general anesthesia in children.

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Dec
1969

Narcolepsy is a neurological disease characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness, cataplexy, and/or a sudden loss of muscle tone due to malfunction of the orexinergic system, which may cause delayed emergence from general anesthesia. We report a successful anesthetic management of 24-year-old female narcoleptic patient undergoing left anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Anesthesia was induced and maintained with total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) using propofol and remifentanil.

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Dec
1969

Rectus sheath block is a common peripheral nerve block for patients undergoing umbilical hernia repair surgery. However, rectus sheath block alone can affect only anterior branches of intercostal nerves and, therefore, is incomplete for postoperative analgesia for the anterior abdomen, which is innervated by both anterior and lateral branches. We describe a successful perioperative analgesia with ultrasound-guided para-umbilical block after pediatric umbilical hernia surgery.

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Dec
1969

Respiratory management in patients with esophagobronchial fistulae is challenging since positive pressure ventilation (PPV) may not be feasible due to air leaks and possible risks for regurgitation and aspiration of gastric contents. We and others have previously reported that spontaneous respiration may be one of the good options of respiratory management during general anesthesia in those patients. However, adverse events associated with this respiratory strategy have not been reported previously.

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Dec
1969

The major perioperative concern in patients with second-degree atrioventricular (AV) block is the progression to complete AV block. Therefore, the prophylactic implantation of a temporary pacemaker prior to surgery is recommended, especially in symptomatic patients. However, as no quantitative preoperative risk assessment from progression to complete AV block is available, there is currently no established indication for preoperative prophylactic pacemaker implantation.

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Dec
1969

Hyperventilation syndrome (HVS) sometimes occurs in patients under stressful conditions and may provoke severe complications such as myocardial infarction and death. The authors report a case of HVS following general anesthesia, where a continuous intravenous infusion of dexmedetomidine was effective for HVS.
A 23-year-old male patient with recurrent tongue cancer was scheduled to undergo partial glossectomy and neck dissection.

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Dec
1969

Patients with complex congenital heart disease increasingly undergo noncardiac surgeries because of advancements in surgical techniques and medical management. In Fontan circulation, maintaining an adequate transpulmonary gradient is essential for preserving both pulmonary blood flow and cardiac output. However, intraoperative circulatory monitoring of Fontan patients has not been established.

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Dec
1969

As pregnancy accelerates glioma growth, therapeutic abortion has been recommended prior to tumor resection. Additionally, it has also been suggested that the extent of glioma resection is closely correlated with patient survival.
A 162-cm, 61.

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Dec
1969

Following cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM) surgery, severe brain edema and hemorrhage may be caused by postoperative normal perfusion pressure breakthrough (NPPB). Sedation is necessary for this population. It is a challenge for the anesthesiologist to maintain hemodynamic stability without interfering with the neurological assessment.

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Dec
1969

Easier to perform than the conventional procedure, mini-tracheostomy (MT) is widely used in the operating room or intensive care unit to remove sputum or other obstructions of the upper airway. This option, however, does carry the risk of various complications, including malposition, disposition, bleeding, and subcutaneous emphysema. Here, we report a case of endotracheal tube obstruction due to a massive clot resulting from late bleeding around the insertion site of an MT tube.

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Dec
1969

A 13-month-old infant weighing 8.3 kg with a height of 72.3 cm visited our hospital for surgical resection of facial vascular malformation detected at birth.

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Dec
2017

Neurosurgical pathologies presenting during pregnancy are uncommon. If present, the situation creates a unique diagnostic, observational, and therapeutic challenge as both lives are placed at potential risk. Surgical procedures during pregnancy are approached carefully as physiological stressors associated with surgery and anesthesia may cause fetal or maternal compromise.

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Dec
1969

The treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) has drastically improved the outcome of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients. This study was conducted to examine the risk of secondary cancers (SCs) in the CML patients who were diagnosed and treated in the TKI era in the United States.
The surveillance epidemiology and end results (SEER) database was used to identify CML patients who were diagnosed and received treatment during January 2002-December 2014.

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Mar
2018

This study observed the clinical efficacy of pre-injection of dexmedetomidine of different doses before surgery and the adverse reactions during the recovery period in pediatric intravenous general anesthesia without tracheal intubation. Pediatric patients who received general anesthesia without tracheal intubation before surgery from January 2016 to March 2017 were randomly divided into four groups (n=30), and were respectively treated with intravenous pump infusion of loaded dexmedetomidine of high-dose (2.5 µg/kg), middle-dose (1.

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Jan
2018

Parental presence at induction of general anesthesia (PPI) is highly desired by children and parents. However, it often faces resistance from medical personnel. We conducted a survey evaluating the perceptions of surgeons before and after establishment of a PPI program.

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Jan
2018

Percutaneous closure of patent foramen ovale (PFO) and atrial septal defect (ASD) is routinely performed under general anesthesia or deep sedation and use of transesophageal (TEE) or intracardiac echocardiography, incurring longer duration and higher cost. We have used a simplified, economical, fluoroscopy-only guided approach with local anesthesia, and herein report our data.
The study includes 112 procedures in 110 patients with PFO (n=75) or ASD (n=35), with use of an Amplatzer occluder, heparin and prophylactic antibiotics.

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Feb
2018

The removal of displaced dental elements from deep anatomical spaces is a condition that requires the knowledge of the region and skills to perform the procedure. The lateral pharyngeal space contains important structures such as the internal carotid artery and close proximity with the cranium basis. The aim of this paper is to report a clinical case of a lower third molar displaced to the lateral pharyngeal space after a mandibular angle fracture and its treatment by surgical intervention.

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Feb
2018

Perioperative venous thromboembolism (VTE) risk can be quantified with the 2005 Caprini score. The Caprini score has previously been validated by review of the electronic medical record (EMR) in >3000 plastic surgery patients. However, the accuracy of Caprini-based risk stratification using the EMR, as opposed to face-to-face contact with the patient, remains unknown.

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Feb
2018

The option of performing MVD under awake anesthesia protocol ("awake" MVD) was examined in this initial series to assess whether intraoperative pain evaluation can identify and mitigate insufficient decompression of the trigeminal nerve, improving surgical outcomes. Additionally, "awake" MVD could expand procedure indications for those with comorbidities that would prohibit general endotracheal anesthesia (GEA).
An IRB-approved prospective study of 10 consecutive adults who underwent MVD for TN was conducted.

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Feb
2018

The 21st Congress for the International Society for Aerosols in Medicine included, for the first time, a session on Pulmonary Delivery of Therapeutic and Diagnostic Gases. The rationale for such a session within ISAM is that the pulmonary delivery of gaseous drugs in many cases targets the same therapeutic areas as aerosol drug delivery, and is in many scientific and technical aspects similar to aerosol drug delivery. This article serves as a report on the recent ISAM congress session providing a synopsis of each of the presentations.

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Feb
2018

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has been used increasingly for both respiratory and cardiac failure in adult patients. Indications for ECMO use in cardiac failure include severe refractory cardiogenic shock, refractory ventricular arrhythmia, active cardiopulmonary resuscitation for cardiac arrest, and acute or decompensated right heart failure. Evidence is emerging to guide the use of this therapy for some of these indications, but there remains a need for additional evidence to guide best practices.

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Dec
1969

Ultrasonography (US) is an essential tool for the diagnosis of acute gynecological conditions. General practice (GP) residents are involved in the first-line management of gynecologic emergencies. They are not familiar with US equipment.

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Dec
1969

Minimally invasive epiduroscopy has recently been reported as an effective treatment procedure for chronic and intractable low back pain. However, no study has determined safe anesthetics for monitored anesthesia care during epiduroscopy. We aimed to compare and evaluate conventional monitored anesthesia care drugs with dexmedetomidine.

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Feb
2018

Rhabdomyolysis is a condition in which damaged muscle tissue breaks down and intracellular contents, including myoglobin, are released into the circulation. This produces a nonspecific clinical syndrome including electrolyte disturbances, hypovolemia, metabolic acidosis, coagulopathies, and risk of acute kidney injury. Rhabdomyolysis has been reported as a complication of prolonged surgical procedures but has rarely been reported in the oral and maxillofacial surgery literature.

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Feb
2018

To investigate the clinical role of Vitamin D in prognosis of Otitis media with effusion.
This prospective-controlled study was conducted at otolaryngology department in Duzce University, Turkey. The study group comprised children who were diagnosed with Otitis media with effusion between September 2016 and February 2017.

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Mar
2018

Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is associated with a high incidence of cerebrovascular injury. As these injuries are thought to be primarily embolic, neuroprotection strategies have focused on embolic protection devices. However, the topographical distribution of cerebral emboli and how this impacts on the effectiveness of these devices have not been thoroughly assessed.

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Feb
2018

Reliable and effective non-invasive measures of sympathetic and parasympathetic peripheral outflow are of crucial importance in cardiovascular physiology. Although many techniques have been proposed to take up this long-lasting challenge, none has proposed a satisfying discrimination of the dynamics of the two separate branches. Spectral analysis of heart rate variability is the most currently used technique for such assessment.

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Feb
2018

Background Postoperative sore throat is a relatively minor complaint but a frequent postoperative complication of anesthesia. The incidence of postoperative sore throat varies from 0-50% in most research studies, but some report the incidence is as high as 51-100% following general anesthesia. Objective The aim of this study was to obtain the incidence and determine the associated risk factors of postoperative sore throat in tertiary care hospital.

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