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'Angioedema' (7445)



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Feb
2018

Chronic inducible urticaria (CindU) is a condition characterized by the appearance of recurrent wheals, angioedema or both, as a response to specific and reproducible triggers.
To systematically assess the evidence on the efficacy and safety of treatment options for CindU. Results were used to inform the 2017 update of "The EAACI/GALEN/EDF/WAO Guideline for the definition, classification, diagnosis and management of Urticaria.

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Feb
2018

Chronic idiopathic/spontaneous urticaria (CIU/CSU) is a dermatological condition characterized by itchy wheals and/or angioedema of continuous or intermittent duration of ≥6 weeks with a high burden of disease and impact on quality of life. Omalizumab is a recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody that inhibits the binding of IgE to high affinity receptors, and is approved for the CIU/CSU indication. The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate and synthesize the evidence on the real-world effectiveness of omalizumab in CIU/CSU in daily clinical practice.

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Aug
2017

An acquired Tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) is commonly caused by a malignancy or trauma, with pulmonary infection or aspiration being the presenting symptom. However, in the critical care setting the presentation can be subtle and may present with difficult ventilation. High endotracheal tube cuff pressures can lead to tracheal erosions and thus increasing the chances for developing a TEF.

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Feb
2018

Few studies have described chronic idiopathic/spontaneous urticaria (CIU/CSU) healthcare burden in adults, while this information remains largely unknown in children. We aimed to describe treatment patterns, healthcare resource utilization (HRU), and costs in CIU/CSU pediatric patients, as well as to compare HRU and costs in CIU/CSU and CIU/CSU-free pediatric patients.
Medicaid claims from four states (09/01/2013-03/31/2016) were used to identify patients less than 12 years old.

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Feb
2018

Anaphylactoid reactions to intravenous (IV) N-acetylcysteine (NAC) are well-recognized adverse events during treatment for acetaminophen (APAP) poisoning. Uncertainty exists regarding their incidence, severity, risk factors, and management. We sought to determine the incidence, risk factors, and treatment of anaphylactoid reactions to IV NAC in a large, national cohort of patients admitted to hospital for acetaminophen overdose.

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Dec
1969

Plasma prekallikrein (PK) has a critical role in acute attacks of hereditary angioedema (HAE). Unlike C1 inhibitor, its levels fall during HAE attacks with resultant cleaved high-molecular-weight kininogen. Cleavage of high-molecular-weight kininogen liberates bradykinin, the major biologic peptide that promotes the edema.

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Feb
2018

Vaccine-associated hypersensitivity.

J Allergy Clin Immunol 2018 Feb;141(2):463-472
Michael M McNeil, Frank DeStefano
Vaccine-associated hypersensitivity reactions are not infrequent; however, serious acute-onset, presumably IgE-mediated or IgG and complement-mediated anaphylactic or serious delayed-onset T cell-mediated systemic reactions are considered extremely rare. Hypersensitivity can occur because of either the active vaccine component (antigen) or one of the other components. Postvaccination acute-onset hypersensitivity reactions include self-limited localized adverse events and, rarely, systemic reactions ranging from urticaria/angioedema to full-blown anaphylaxis with multisystem involvement.

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Mar
2018

Intraoperative bovine-derived topical thrombin is still widely used for hemostasis during surgery. A 38-year-old woman with chronic spontaneous urticaria was referred to the orthopedic surgery department for herniated disk and myelopathy. During the first stage of operation, bovine-derived thrombin powder soaked in Gelfoam was used as a hemostatic aid.

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Feb
2018


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Jan
2018

An impressive number of clinically impactful studies and reviews were published in The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice in 2017. As a service to our readers, the editors provide this Year in Review article to highlight and contextualize the advances published over the past year. We include information from articles on asthma, allergic rhinitis, rhinosinusitis, immunotherapy, atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, food allergy, anaphylaxis, drug hypersensitivity, urticarial/angioedema, eosinophilic disorders, and immunodeficiency.

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Jan
2018

A history of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) hypersensitivity with cross-intolerance to several drugs is common in some patients with coronary artery disease. We present a series of patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing ASA desensitization prior to a possible stent to evaluate the short- and long-term efficacy and safety. The aim was to evaluate the outcomes of an ASA desensitization protocol developed by our center based on the guidelines proposed by the EAACI drug allergy expert recommendations.

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Jan
2018

Recurrent angioedema (AE) without wheals is increasingly recognized as a clinical entity and a frequent cause of admission to the emergency room. The Hereditary Angioedema Working Group (HAWK) classification allowed the scientific community to go beyond the semantic confusion that dominated this topic for decades. This classification distinguishes hereditary and acquired forms of AE, either related or unrelated to C1 inhibitor deficiency.

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Feb
2018

On a pathophysiological level, angioedema can be differentiated into histamine- and bradykinin-mediated types. The prototype drug-associated, bradykinin-mediated form of angioedema is angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor-induced angioedema. The hypothesized cause is a decrease in bradykinin degradation via ACE inhibition.

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Dec
1969

Angioedema can cause potentially life-threatening airway obstruction. This case report describes an exceedingly rare episode of ticagrelor-induced hypersensitivity reaction, manifesting as angioedema with periorbital and likely respiratory involvement. The heart team should be vigilant for this precarious condition which may require emergent airway management.

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Jan
2018

Hereditary angioedema with C1-INH deficiency (C1-INH-HAE) impairs health-related quality of life (HRQoL).
To assess HRQoL outcomes in patients self-administering subcutaneous C1-INH (C1-INH[SC]; HAEGARDA) for routine prevention of HAE attacks.
Post-hoc analysis of data from a placebo-controlled, crossover phase III study (COMPACT).

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Nov
2017

Anaphylaxis is an acute, potentially fatal, multi-organ allergic reac-tion. Our aim was to characterize the population with food induced anaphylaxis followed over a one-year period.Retrospective analysis of clinical files of patients with food anaphylaxis observed in our food allergy consultation during 2016.

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Nov
2017

Up to 30% of cases of chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) are exacerbated by COX-1 inhibit-ing nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID); this clinical picture is termed NECD (NSAID-exacerbated cutaneous disease). On the other hand, multiple NSAID hypersensitivity may occur in the absence of an underlying CSU also, a situation that is termed NIUA (NSAID-induced urticaria / angioedema). The present study reports a case of multiple NSAID hypersensitivity that occurred in a man much before he developed severe CSU.

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Dec
1969

Angioedema induced by angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors is a rare entity characterized by skin and mucosal edema, due to increased vascular permeability caused by inhibition of the converting enzyme and subsequent increase in bradykinin. It frequently presents with facial and mucosal involvement, being uncommon the intestinal or airway compromise. Intestinal angioedema may be associated with facial or isolated angioedema, the latter being exceptional.

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Dec
1969

Hereditary angioedema is characterized by severe, episodic edema of the subcutaneous and mucosal tissue. The disease carries significant morbidity and mortality due to involvement of the gastrointestinal tract and upper airway. Recent advances in the treatment of hereditary angioedema include new techniques used to isolate and purify human-derived C1 inhibitor, the production of a recombinant form of C1 inhibitor, and the development of drugs that target the kallikrein-kinin pathway.

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Jan
2018

The combination drug sacubitril/valsartan was reported to be superior to enalapril in reducing all-cause death, cardiovascular mortality, and heart failure (HF) hospitalizations in patients with cardiac insufficiency and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (HFREF) with NYHA class II-IV.
Our retrospective cohort study aimed to assess the effects of sacubitril/valsartan in addition to a beta-blocker and mineral receptor antagonist (MRA) in a group of HFREF patients with NYHA class II-III HF vs. conventional therapy (ACE inhibitor or angiotensin II receptor blocker added to a beta-blocker plus an MRA) administered to a control group of HFREF patients with comparable clinical features.

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Jan
2018

Progestogen Hypersensitivity.

Curr Allergy Asthma Rep 2018 Jan 19;18(1). Epub 2018 Jan 19.
Rung-Chi Li, Kathleen M Buchheit, Jonathan A Bernstein
Progestogen hypersensitivity (PH) is a rare disorder which usually occurs in women of childbearing age with symptoms ranging from urticaria with or without angioedema, multiple organ involvement consistent with allergic anaphylaxis, to a spectrum of other non-evanescent skin eruptions. In this review, we present a clinical vignette of PH and discuss the clinical presentation and proposed pathomechanisms, diagnosis, and treatment of PH.
The hypersensitivity symptoms are associated with exogenous progestin exposure (e.

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Jan
2018

The Helicobacter pylori infection is linked to chronic urticaria in nearly 60% of patients. We studied clinicoepidemiologic features in patients with chronic urticaria with and without H. pylori infection.

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Jan
2018

C1-inhibitor is a serine protease inhibitor (serpin) controlling complement and contact system activation. Gene mutations result in reduced C1-inhibitor functional plasma level causing hereditary angioedema, a life-threatening disorder. Despite a stable defect, the clinical expression of hereditary angioedema is unpredictable, and the molecular mechanism underlying this variability remains undisclosed.

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Jan
2018

Hereditary angioedema (HA) is a disabling and potentially fatal condition. The management of HA includes treatment of acute attacks, short-term prophylaxis to prevent an attack, and long-term prophylaxis to minimize the frequency and severity of recurrent attacks. In this article, we will present new therapeutic alternatives for long term prophylaxis.

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Jan
2018

For the revision and update of the EAACI/GA²LEN/EDF/WAO guideline on urticaria we defined and followed a structured process as recommended by national and international guideline development manuals (1) and took the Appraisal of Guidelines Research and Evaluation (AGREE II) Instrument (2) into account. The full methods report can be found in the online appendix [please add link]. This article is protected by copyright.

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Jan
2018

This evidence and consensus-based guideline was developed following the methods recommended by Cochrane and the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) working group. The conference was held on December 1st, 2016. It is a joint initiative of the Dermatology Section of the European Academy of Allergology and Clinical Immunology (EAACI), the EU-founded network of excellence, the Global Allergy and Asthma European Network (GA²LEN), the European Dermatology Forum (EDF), and the World Allergy Organization (WAO) with the participation of 48 delegates of 42 national and international societies.

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Jan
2018

The accurate assessment and communication of the severity of acute allergic reactions is important to patients, clinicians, researchers, the food industry, public health and regulatory authorities. Severity has different meanings to different stakeholders with patients and clinicians rating the significance of particular symptoms very differently. Many severity scoring systems have been generated, most focusing on the severity of reactions following exposure to a limited group of allergens.

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Dec
1969

Cold urticaria consists of an allergic immune response to cold temperatures with symptoms ranging from pruritic wheals to life-threatening angioedema, bronchospasm, or anaphylactic shock. Adequate planning to maintain normothermia perioperatively is vital due to impaired hypothalamic thermoregulation and overall depression of sympathetic outflow during deep sedation and general anesthesia. This case report describes the successful perioperative management of a 45-year-old female with a history of cold urticaria undergoing a laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication for refractory gastroesophageal reflux disease and discusses how to appropriately optimize the care of these patients.

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Dec
1969

Lingual hematoma is a severe situation, which is rare and endangers the airway. It can develop due to trauma, vascular abnormalities, and coagulopathy. Due to its sudden development, it can be clinically confused with angioedema.

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Jan
2018

Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is a rare disease and a serious health problem, globally and for affected patients and their families. The pathophysiological background is primarily a vascular reaction to an overshooting local production of bradykinin. Evidence-based recommendations are needed to inform and guide clinical decision makers.

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Jan
2018

Subcutaneous C1-inhibitor (HAEGARDA, CSL Behring), is a US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved, highly concentrated formulation of a plasma-derived C1-esterase inhibitor (C1-INH), which, in the phase III Clinical Studies for Optimal Management in Preventing Angioedema with Low-Volume Subcutaneous C1-inhibitor Replacement Therapy (COMPACT) trial, reduced the incidence of hereditary angioedema (HAE) attacks when given prophylactically. Data from the COMPACT trial were used to develop a repeated time-to-event model to characterize the timing and frequency of HAE attacks as a function of C1-INH activity, and then develop an exposure-response model to assess the relationship between C1-INH functional activity levels (C1-INH(f)) and the risk of an attack. The C1-INH(f) values of 33.

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Jan
2018

Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is a frequent disorder with recurrent itchy wheals and/or angioedema. Despite the known effectiveness of omalizumab therapy, the relevant IgE antigens are largely unknown. Recently, increased rates of elevated levels of IgE towards Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxins (SEs) were described in CSU.

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Dec
2017

The etiology and risk factors for angioedema remain poorly understood with causative triggers often going undiagnosed despite repeated reactions. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between inhalant allergen sensitization and angioedema.
A retrospective review of patients who had in vitro inhalant allergy testing from 2006 to 2010 was performed.

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Dec
1969

Angioedema is a condition of acute and extensive fluid accumulation in skin or mucosae due to increased blood vessel permeability. Angioedema can have several causes, including pregnancy.
A healthy 33-year-old pregnant woman had acute, substantial swelling of the labia minora with no other symptoms.

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Jan
2018

Catamenial or cyclical anaphylaxis is a complex clinical syndrome with poorly reported incidence and prevalence in the literature review. The underlying mechanism is still a myth although a few proposed hypotheses are stated. Early recognition of these symptoms will bring optimal treatment and prevent unnecessary intubation and complications.

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Jan
2018

The study objective was to compare age-related differences in the cause and clinical presentation of anaphylaxis.
We conducted a prospective study of patients visiting the emergency department for anaphylaxis. Data were collected from 3 emergency departments from 1 April 2014 to 31 December 2015.

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Jan
2018

Ever-expanding armamentarium of treatments for hereditary angioedema (HAE) are associated with various adverse effects, issues with vascular access, or lack of self-administration.
To understand patients' impressions and confidence in their past and present treatments, and identifying adverse events while also directly asking patients to reveal their hope for the future of HAE management and treatments.
After institutional review board approval, all subjects with laboratory-confirmed HAE were mailed a survey that they completed and returned to the researchers, and data were collected and entered into a secure online web application for surveys.

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Dec
1969


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Dec
2017

Visceral angioedema is a rarely reported side effect of angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors (ACEI). Because signs and symptoms tend to be nonspecific, the diagnosis is difficult to make, especially in the emergency department (ED).
We describe 2 patients presenting with signs of hypovolemic shock, in which the diagnosis of ACEI-induced visceral angioedema was made in the ED.

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Dec
2017

Up to 75% of patients with severe anaphylactic reactions after Hymenoptera sting are at risk of further severe reactions if re-stung. Venom immunotherapy (VIT) is highly effective in protecting individuals with ascertained Hymenoptera venom allergy (HVA) and previous severe reactions. After a 3- to 5-year VIT course, most patients remain protected after VIT discontinuation.

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Dec
2017

In the coming decades the western world will experience a double ageing of its population; there will be an increase in both the number of older people and the average age. The increase in life expectancy will also mean more and more older people who suffer from multiple systemic diseases that are treated with medications. At this moment, 45% of those over 65 use 5 or more medications and 20% of those over 75 use as many as 10 or more.

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Dec
1969

Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is a group of rare, potentially life-threatening, and frequently debilitating diseases characterized by recurrent, and often with an unpredictable onset, of swelling attacks. HAE is heterogeneous, with considerable differences between its subtypes, patients, and even within the same patient over time. During the past few years, several new on demand and prophylactic therapies have become available for HAE, allowing for individualized treatment.

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Nov
2017

Data derived from previous clinical trials and real-life studies have shown that omalizumab may represent an effective third-line treatment option for patients with chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) refractory to standard antihistamine treatment. Nevertheless, the safety and efficacy of omalizumab treatment for CSU, when administered concurrently with other immunomodulatory agents remains largely unknown. We herein present the case of a female patient with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), under treatment with interferon beta-1a, azathioprine and gabapentin, who was successfully treated with omalizumab for refractory CSU.

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Nov
2017

Hereditary angioedema is a disease which manifests itself with episodes of spontaneous edema on skin, mucosal and airway. Treatment includes acute and prophylactic approach to minimize the attacks and severity. In many parts of the world, androgen derivatives, antifibrinolytic and fresh frozen plasma are the therapies available for prophylaxis.

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Dec
2017

Penicillin allergy is the most commonly reported antibiotic allergy. Avoidance of β-lactam antibiotics in hospitalized patients leads to the use of second-line therapies.
The utility of a penicillin allergy history algorithm (PAHA) and subsequent penicillin skin testing (PST) in transitioning hospitalized patients from second- to first-line antibiotic therapy is described.

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