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'Anterior Subcranial Approach - Trauma' (22)


Sep
2015

Subcranial approach is a useful procedure in the management of limited anterior skull base tumors. But the posterior and superior visualization may be limited, in ethmoid malignancies with a large intracranial extension. A 55-year-old male patient, a case of an ethmoid malignancy, with a large intracranial component was resected with adequate margins by a subcranial approach.

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Mar
2011

To measure the effect of routine perioperative lumbar drain placement during anterior skull base surgery on the frequency of: 1) tension pneumocephalus and 2) total intracranial complications.
Retrospective review of a series of patients (n = 161) who underwent the transglabellar/subcranial approach to lesions of the anterior skull base between December 1995 and November 2009. A retrospective cohort (n = 45) underwent routine lumbar drain placement at the time of skull base surgery.

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Dec
2010

INTRODUCTION. Suitable approach to anterior cranial base is mandatory to get global satisfactory surgical outcomes. In the beginning it depends on the exactly anatomical position into the cranial fossa and tridimensional spread.

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Aug
2009

Post-traumatic cerebrospinal fluid leak from the anterior cranial fossa in children may be isolated or combined with severe facial and calvarial injury. Untreated leak may result with meningitis, hydrocephalus, and abnormal neurocognitive development.
We present nine children, ages 4-16 years, with complicated craniofacial injury treated by a combined subcranial and intracranial approach.

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Jan
2008

The transbasal approach offers extradural exposure of the anterior midline skull base transcranially. It can be used to treat a variety of conditions, including trauma, craniofacial deformity, and tumors. This approach has been modified to enhance basal access.

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Jan
2008

The most innovative and meaningful recent advances regarding surgery of the cranial base involve the ability to perform a complete resection followed by a water- and airtight reconstruction while minimizing facial incisions and morbidity. Perhaps the first step in this direction took place when the subcranial/subfrontal approach was introduced for anterior skull base surgery. Originally developed by Raveh in 1978 for the management of severe skull base injuries, these approaches were later adapted for the treatment of congenital anomalies prior to their utilization for resection of anterior skull base tumors.

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Dec
1969

The authors have successfully utilized a modified subcranial approach to the anterior skull base, based upon the procedure first described by Joram Raveh, as an alternative to standard craniofacial resection. The complication rate of this procedure in 31 consecutive cases (28 tumors, 2 congenital malformations, and 1 mucocele) has been 19.4% with no permanent complications, no deaths, no new neurological deficits, no brain injuries, no infections, and no seizures.

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Oct
2006

Lesions of the anterior cranial fossa are still a challenge for the surgeon. Since Joram Raveh introduced the concept of a subcranial approach in 1978 it has been used in the treatment of lesions extending into the anterior cranial fossa. Our experience with the subcranial approach during the past 8 years at Turku University Central Hospital is described.

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May
2002

The goal of this study was to demonstrate the efficacy of a simple and reliable technique for anterior skull base and craniofacial reconstruction in patients who have undergone excision of tumors via the subcranial approach.
There were 63 patients who had undergone 71 anterior skull base resections of tumors via the aforementioned approach. Twenty-nine cases (41%) involved malignant tumors and 42 (59%) involved benign tumors.

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Aug
2005

Classic craniofacial resection and the subcranial approach are well-established techniques for the removal of tumors involving the anterior skull base. These techniques require frontal craniotomy to allow broad exposure of the anterior cranial fossa, a procedure that may be further complicated by local infection and osteomyelitis or because of a reduction in tissue perfusion and direct communication between the osteotomy and the contaminated nasoethmoidal cavity. The authors present a new method for wrapping of the frontal bone segment with a pericranial flap with the intention of preventing these serious complications.

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Apr
2005

Subcranial approach in the surgical treatment of anterior skull base trauma.

Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2005 Apr 3;147(4):355-66; discussion 366. Epub 2005 Mar 3.
B Schaller
Fractures of the anterior skull base, because of the region's anatomical relationships, are readily complicated by neurological damage to the brain or cranial nerves. This review highlights the use of a subcranial approach in the operative treatment of injuries of the anterior skull base and compares it to the more traditional neurosurgical transcranial approach. The extended anterior subcranial approach takes advantage of the specific features of injuries in this region and allows direct access to the central anterior cranial base in order to repair fractures, close CSF fistulae and relieve of optic nerve compression.

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May
2003

Although anterior skull base surgery has become a relatively safe and effective procedure, postoperative complications remain a serious problem. One of the most devastating complications of anterior skull base procedures is tension pneumocephalus (TP). In order to prevent TP, authors have recommended the use of prophylactic airway diversion procedures, such as prolonged endotracheal intubation or prophylactic tracheostomy.

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Jan
2003

We sought to evaluate surgical wound infection rates in patients undergoing skull base surgery without hair removal.
We undertook a retrospective study of 175 skull base operations performed without hair removal. Anterior operations were conducted via the subcranial approach (n = 120) and lateral or posterior procedures via various approaches (n = 55).

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May
2002

Over the time, the management of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea has been a major surgical challenge. In this paper, we will describe our experience using the extended anterior subcranial approach for the repair of extensive or previously treated CSF leaks. This approach consists of a nasoorbitofrontal bony flap, then an ethmoidectomy and sphenoidectomy are performed and the empty space is filled with subcutaneous fat, a pediculated periostal flap is dissected and layed extradurally at the base of the anterior cranial fossa.

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Oct
2001

Because of the likelihood of meningitis and other intracranial complications, optimal treatment for a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) fistula is to close the leak. The neurosurgical approach to the management of CSF rhinorrhea has been by intracranial access. Extracranial approaches are now gaining acceptance as the preferred method for initial treatment of CSF leakage, because the success rates are reasonable, and the morbidity is lower.

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Dec
2000

We reviewed the cases of 75 patients who underwent an extended subcranial approach to the anterior skull base for treatment of various tumors (35 patients), repair of craniofacial trauma injury (33 patients), or cerebrospinal fluid leakage (10 patients). Preoperative evaluation and surgical procedures were reassessed. Significant complications in the oncology group consisted of one hematoma requiring aspiration, 2 cases of transient pneumocephalus, 2 osteocutaneous fistulae and 2 epiphoras.

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Jan
1999

To present the technique of the extended subcranial approach to the anterior skull base and to review the results in 55 patients who underwent the procedure.
Retrospective review of the records of 55 patients who underwent the extended subcranial approach to the anterior skull base between 1994 and 1998 for the treatment of various neoplasms originating in the nasal cavity, nasopharynx, paranasal sinuses, orbit, or meninges, as well as for the repair of complex craniofacial trauma and/or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak. Preoperative patient evaluation and the surgical technique are also reviewed.

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Jun
1995

The extended anterior subcranial approach differs significantly from more traditional surgical approaches to the skull base in that it allows a broad inferior access to the anterior skull base planes with tumor exposure from below rather than via the transfrontal route. The authors initially used the subcranial approach in 1978 for the treatment of high-velocity skull base trauma and certain craniofacial anomalies. In 1980 they expanded the indications to include the combined neurosurgical-otolaryngological resection of various skull base tumors.

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Dec
1969

The subcranial approach to the cranio-orbito-frontal junction allows direct access to the central anterior cranial base for repair of fractures, dural tears, and cerebrospinal fluid fistulae. It provides good visualization without brain retraction and is suitable in primary or delayed traumatic cases. For extended visualization, a portion of the frontal sinus may be removed and repositioned at the end of the procedure.

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Apr
1993

We describe 78 patients with fronto-orbital and sphenoethmoidal tumors surgically treated with the subcranial approach. This approach was developed by us in 1978 primarily for the treatment of skull-base trauma and craniofacial anomalies. Since 1980, we have extended the indications to include tumor resections.

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Oct
1988

In severe craniofacial injuries, the involvement of the skull base with concomitant major dural tears is significantly high. Our methods and treatment plan are controversial compared with the conventional procedure: primary urgent neurosurgical exploration and repair with deferral of maxillofacial reconstruction. To avoid the disadvantages of the transfrontal intracranial management of the skull base, we modified the transethmoidal approach so as to enable the subcranial exposure of all the anterior fossa planes, including the sellar-sphenoidal region.

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May
1988

The aim of this paper is to emphasize the advantages of a one-stage, step by step repair of facial skeletal injuries as well as the dural tears and lesions of the anterior fossa, by one and the same team. The methods described permit optimal reduction of the pseudohypertelorism and major displacements in severe combined craniofacial injuries. The simultaneous subcranial exposure of the entire basal region of the anterior fossa obviates the intracranial approach or frontal lobe retraction thus making early stage surgical management feasible.

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