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'Aortic Dissection' (26248)


Feb
2018

Thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) is a potentially life-threatening disorder with a strong genetic component. The number of genes implicated in TAA has increased exponentially over the last decade. Approximately 20% of patients with TAA have a positive family history.

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Feb
2018

Use of 4-dimensional flow magnetic resonance imaging (4D-flow MRI) derived wall shear stress (WSS) heat maps enables identification of regions in the ascending aorta with increased WSS. These regions are subject to dysregulation of the extracellular matrix and elastic fiber degeneration, which is associated with aortic dilatation and dissection.
To evaluate the effect of the presence of aortic valve stenosis and the aortic diameter on the peak WSS and surface area of increased WSS in the ascending aorta.

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Dec
1969

"" This motto still remains the most important directive. However, also depending onto the extent of the underlying pathology and consecutively depending onto the extent of primary surgery, there is and will be need for additional classical surgical or interventional treatment sooner or later during follow-up in a substantial number of patients having had surgery for acute type A aortic dissection. This article shall guide the interested reader through the underlying mechanisms as well as treatment options in patients with chronic type B "residual" after type A repair and shall finally suggest preventive strategies to reduce the occurrence of this pathology to a minimum.

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Feb
2018

Dilatation of aortic root may distort the tricuspid annulus. We experienced a case of chronic aortic dissection presented with tricuspid regurgitation. Chest computed tomography revealed an enlarged ascending aorta displacing the right heart.

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Dec
1969

Coronary artery disease (CAD) not amenable to revascularisation indicates that the coronary arteries have severe diffuse lesions or calcifications, or that CAD is complicated with severe multiple-organ disease. Currently, Western medicines available for the treatment of CAD not amenable to revascularisation are limited. Shexiang Baoxin Pill (SBP), a type of Chinese patent medicine, has been widely used to treat CAD in China for many years.

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Apr
2014

Temporal arteritis.

Neurol Clin Pract 2014 Apr;4(2):106-113
Andrew W Lee, Celia Chen, Sudha Cugati
Temporal or giant cell arteritis is an inflammation of medium and small extracranial vessels that may result in ocular ischemia, an aortitis followed by aortic dissection and peripheral limb ischemia. It should be considered a medical emergency due to the seriousness of end organ damage, in particular visual symptoms. While the presentation may be nonspecific, the presence of a tender temporal artery mandates a temporal artery biopsy.

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Feb
2018

A recurrent duplication of chromosome 16p13.1 was associated with aortic dissection as well as with cervical artery dissection. We explore the segregation of this duplication in a family with familial aortic disease.

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Feb
2018

The aim of this study was to evaluate whether ranging values of thiol and disulphide herald a dilatation or impending acute aortic syndrome at thoracic aorta. Results/methodology: Study population consisted of patients with aortic aneurysm (n = 58), with acute aortic syndrome (n = 32) and without aortic aneurysm (control group; n = 61). A spectrophotometric method was used to determine thiol and disulphide.

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Feb
2018

Marfan syndrome (MFS) is a genetic disorder that frequently leads to aortic root dissection and aneurysm. Despite promising preclinical and pilot clinical data, a recent large-scale study using antihypertensive angiotensin II (AngII) receptor type 1 (ATR1) blocker losartan has failed to meet expectations at preventing MFS-associated aortic root dilation, casting doubts about optimal therapy. To study the deleterious role of normal ATR1 signaling in aortic root widening, we generated MFS mice lacking ATR1a expression in an attempt to preserve protective ATR2 signaling.

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Feb
2018

Modification in aortic arch replacement surgery.

J Cardiothorac Surg 2018 Feb 12;13(1):21. Epub 2018 Feb 12.
Feng Gao, Yongjie Ye, Yongheng Zhang, Bo Yang
We modified the conventional aortic arch replacement procedure to avoid circulation arrest and a prolonged extracorporeal circulation time, especially in cases of acute aortic dissection. We herein present our experience with a modified branch-first approach to acute aortic dissection, with anastomosis of the supra aortic vessels prior to commencing cardiopulmonary bypass.
Since 2012, 41 patients (aortic dissection, 36; arch aneurysm, 5) have undergone the modified procedure.

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Jan
2018

Injuries of the supra-aortic trunk after blunt chest trauma are rare. This is a case report of a blunt traumatic lesion of the innominate artery (IA) origin that exhibited aortic arch involvement with a focus on imaging and treatment. A 41-year-old fisherman presented an IA injury secondary to a high-impact blunt chest trauma.

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Jan
2018

Methods Patients with cerebral artery dissections were reviewed in a hospital setting from 2008 to 2015. Clinical presentations, lesion locations, treatment modalities, functional outcomes, and mortality were reviewed. Parent artery occlusion was the first choice for surgery or endovascular treatment of a hemorrhagic dissecting cerebral artery.

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Feb
2018

Patients with Marfan (MFS) syndrome and patients with a bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) are more prone to develop aortic dilation and dissection compared to persons with a tricuspid aortic valve (TAV). To elucidate potential common as well as distinct pathways of clinical relevance, we compared the histopathological substrates of aortic pathology.
Ascending aortic wall specimen were divided in five groups: BAV (n=36) and TAV (n=23) without and with dilation and non-dilated MFS (n=8).

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Feb
2018

Total aortic arch replacement remains a technically formidable procedure, particularly in patients with previous proximal aortic dissection repair. Our case discussion highlights a useful strategy for extracorporeal support and circulation management to facilitate total arch reconstruction in the reoperative setting, based on cannulation of the left axillary artery. Our preference is to use a left axillary artery approach to initiate cardiopulmonary bypass and to ultimately revascularize the left arm via an extra-anatomic graft.

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Feb
2018

We report the case of a patient with mitral regurgitation complicated by type B dissection and Marfan syndrome (MFS) who was managed successfully with minimally invasive mitral valve repair. Without type A aortic dissection or aortic root dilation, MFS patients may develop mitral valve regurgitation, as in this case, and need valve surgery to improve their symptoms and long-term survival. However, it is not clear that a full sternotomy and prophylactic aortic surgery are necessary.

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Dec
1969

Marfan syndrome is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder that affects connective tissue and is caused by mutations in the fibrillin 1 gene present at chromosome 15. Aortic aneurysm is its main complication, and along the dilation of the aorta root and its descending portion (60-100%), with secondary aortic insufficiency, it increases risk of acute aortic dissection and death. Coronary artery anomalies affect between 0.

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Feb
2018

A 78 year-old man with remote type-A dissection presented with acute-onset dyspnea. Twenty-two years prior, treatment for his aortic disease required replacement of ascending and arch aneurysms with a Dacron graft using graft inclusion technique. He presented currently in cardiogenic shock.

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Feb
2018

Residual Type B aortic dissection following open surgical repair of a Type A thoracic aortic dissection- can sometimes be complicated by collateral blood supplies, which can impact existing flow patterns, and result in progressive aneurysmal dilatation of the thoracic false lumens. We report a unique case that describes the clinical presentation of an infrarenal to innominate artery collateral blood flow that complicated a chronic residual type B dissection, which was timely diagnosed using multi-modality imaging, and successfully managed through an innovative minimally-invasive endovascular treatment strategy (without thoracotomy) with no neurological sequela.

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Feb
2018

Over the past twenty years, the Emergency Department (ED) has transformed from a location that managed patients with acute life-threatening illness or injury to an acute diagnostic center. The advent of rapid and accurate imaging, novel biomarkers, and other innovations concurrent with effects from financial and social forces has supported the development of an acute care system focused on "ruling out" low-frequency, high-mortality events such as acute myocardial infarction, stroke, pulmonary embolism, and aortic dissection. This search for "true-negatives" may result from malpractice fears, readily available technology, or most likely, clinician and patient discomfort with uncertainty.

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Jan
2018

To evaluate the role of quantitative digital subtraction angiography (Q-DSA) with parametric color coding (PCC) in assessing patients with type B chronic thoracic aortic dissection (TBCAD) during thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) procedures.
A total of 11 patients electively treated in our Department for a TBCAD were retrospectively enrolled. All cases were treated with TEVAR for false lumen aneurysm of the thoracic descending aorta.

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Jan
2018

D-dimer shows high sensitivity but low specificity for the diagnosis of acute aortic dissection (AAD). Previous reports indicated that negative D-dimer patients have shorter dissection length. However, whether patients with negative D-dimer results have a good prognosis is unknown.

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Feb
2018

To report the midterm safety and efficacy of the Aegis™-B (Microport, Shanghai, China) unibody bifurcated stent-graft for endovascular treatment of isolated abdominal aortic dissection (IAAD).
Isolated abdominal aorta dissection (IAAD) is a rare event. Endovascular stent grafts seem to offer an efficient therapeutic approach to treating IAAD.

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Feb
2018

The differences in clinical features, surgical outcome and long-term prognosis between men and women who undergo surgery for Type A aortic dissection are not well known.
From January 2004 to December 2016, 303 patients, consisting of 147 women and 156 men, underwent surgery for acute Type A aortic dissection at our institution. We compared clinical outcomes between the 2 cohorts.

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Feb
2018

To evaluate the surgical outcomes of aortic repair via transapical cannulation and the adventitial inversion technique for acute Type A aortic dissection.
Between 2008 and 2015, a total of 300 patients with acute Type A aortic dissection underwent emergency surgery, consisting of 271 hemiarch repairs and 29 total aortic arch replacements, using transapical cannulation and the adventitial inversion technique at a distal anastomosis. The mean follow-up periods were 31.

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Dec
1969

Although vertebral artery (VA) dissecting aneurysms are treated by direct or endovascular surgery, some disadvantages are associated with each surgery. Therefore, the type of surgery should be selected based on the condition of the aneurysm. We performed aneurysm trapping by endovascular surgery via the contralateral VA after proximal direct ligation with bypass to prevent complications as well as achieve complete treatment.

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Dec
1969

Aortic dissection masquerading as a bicuspid aortic valve.

J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2017 Oct-Dec;33(4):541-543
Harendra Arora, Priya Ajit Kumar
A 37-year-old male presented to the Emergency Department with acute worsening of back pain and new onset dyspnea. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed moderate left ventricular dysfunction and a bicuspid aortic valve (BAV). In addition, he was noted to have a dilated thoracic aorta concerning for a dissection, severe aortic insufficiency (AI), and both a pericardial and pleural effusion.

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Feb
2018

Enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2), a methyltransferase that di- and tri-methylates lysine-27 of histone H3, largely functions as a transcriptional repressor, and plays a critical role in various kinds of cancers. Here we report a novel function of EZH2 in regulating autophagic cell death (ACD) of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) that affect aortic dissection (AD). Inhibition of EZH2 activity by UNC1999 or knockdown EZH2 resulted in VSMC loss, while overexpression of EZH2 facilitated VSMC growth, and these effects of EZH2 on VSMCs were independent of proliferation and apoptosis.

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Feb
2018

We present our experience with one-stage replacement of thoracic aneurysm from the ascending aorta to the thoracoabdominal aorta.
Fourteen patients (10 male and 4 female; mean age 53.6 ± 12.

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Feb
2018

The treatment of thoraco-abdominal aortic aneurysm continues to have a high mortality and paraplegia rate. In superaging societies, the methods of performing less invasive operations remain a major issue. We reviewed our 10-year experience in the treatment of thoraco-abdominal aortic aneurysm using a hybrid procedure of combined visceral reconstruction and thoracic endovascular aortic repair.

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Feb
2018

Aortic dissection (AD) can be a challenging diagnosis. At autopsy, the aorta may not be dilated and intimal tears may be missed or found without obvious rupture or haemorrhage. We report our experience of AD at a tertiary referral centre with review of 32 cases and discuss 2 unusual complications.

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Feb
2018

Esophageal cancer frequently metastasizes to lymph nodes along the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN),1 therefore it is essential to dissect RLN nodes for curative esophagectomy.2 Right-sided aortic arch (RAA), a rare congenital anomaly, occurs in approximately 0.1% of adults.

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Feb
2018

Aortic dissection is a pathology that manifests due to microstructural defects in the aortic wall. Blood enters the damaged wall through an intimal tear, thereby creating a so-called false lumen and exposing the blood to thrombogenic intramural constituents such as collagen. The natural history of this acute vascular injury thus depends, in part, on thrombus formation, maturation, and possible healing within the false lumen.

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Feb
2018

We previously developed a US-CAB protocol for evaluation of circulatory-airway-breathing status during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). This study aimed at validating its application in real CPR scenarios and the potential impact on CPR outcomes.
The US-CAB protocol was implemented at the emergency department of National Taiwan University Hospital since January 2016.

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Feb
2018

Acute aortic dissection (AAD) is a life-threatening condition making early diagnosis critical. Although 90% present with acute pain, the myriad of associated symptoms can make diagnosis a challenge. Our objective was to assess how we are using computed tomography to rule out acute aortic dissection specifically rate of ordering, diagnostic yield, and variation in practice.

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Jan
2018

To utilize 3-D modeling techniques to better characterize geometric deformations of the supra-aortic arch branch vessels and descending thoracic aorta after thoracic endovascular aortic repair.
Eighteen patients underwent endovascular repair of either type B aortic dissection (n = 10) or thoracic aortic aneurysm (n = 8). Computed tomography angiography was obtained pre- and postprocedure, and 3-D geometric models of the aorta and supra-aortic branch vessels were constructed.

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Dec
2017

This study evaluated the therapeutic significance of full lymphadenectomy in early-stage ovarian clear cell carcinoma (OCCC).
We retrospectively reviewed records of 127 consecutive patients with pT1/pT2 and M0 OCCC who were treated between January 1995 and December 2015. We compared survival outcomes between those who did and did not undergo para-aortic lymph node dissection (PAND), and analyzed independent prognostic factors (Cox proportional hazards model with backward stepwise elimination).

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Nov
2017

β-Blockers are useful drugs in several clinical cardiologic scenarios. Their use in the perioperative period and in critically ill patients is increasing, but their effect on clinically relevant outcomes remains controversial. Long-acting β-blockers can have detrimental effects that are difficult to be counteracted in these settings.

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Feb
2018

Aortic dissection (AD) often involves the infrarenal aorta. We review our experience with open infrarenal aortic repair with or without false lumen intentional placement (FLIP) of endografts in the proximal dissected aorta as part of a hybrid strategy to treat complex AD.
A prospectively maintained database of patients undergoing intervention for AD was reviewed.

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Feb
2018

The objective of this study was to evaluate the difference in outcomes after endovascular intervention in patients with complicated type B aortic dissection (TBAD) based on ethnicity and blood pressure control.
Between 2012 and 2016, there were 126 patients who underwent endovascular procedures for complicated TBAD at a single-institution quaternary referral center. Patients self-identified as African American (n = 53), white (n = 70), and Asian (n = 3).

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Feb
2018

Duplex ultrasonography (DUS) currently has limited applicability in the diagnosis and surveillance of thoracic aortic pathologies because of associated limitations. This study investigates the feasibility of using an optimised DUS protocol to detect descending thoracic aortic pathology.
Forty patients were scanned (20 cases and 20 controls).

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Dec
2017

To evaluate short-term outcomes following direct aortic root and arch repair in patients with acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) without technical adjuncts.
Between 2012 and 2016, 94 consecutive patients with ATAAD underwent surgical repair, including aortic root repair (n = 45), root replacement (n = 39), or no root procedure (n = 10). Aortic root repair was achieved by running approximation of the dissected aortic wall circumferentially at the sinotubular junction and reinforcing the coronary ostia with 5-0 Prolene.

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Feb
2018

In order to show the advantage and potential of propagation-based phase-contrast synchrotron imaging in vascular pathology research, we analyzed aortic medial ruptures in BAPN/AngII-infused mice, a mouse model for aortic dissection. Ascending and thoraco-abdominal samples from n = 3 control animals and n = 10 BAPN/AngII-infused mice (after 3, 7 and 14 days of infusion, total of 24 samples) were scanned. A steep increase in the number of ruptures was already noted after 3 days of BAPN/AngII-infusion.

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Dec
2017

In international guidelines, risk estimation for thoracic ascending aortic aneurysm (TAAA) is based on aortic diameter. We previously introduced the aortic size index (ASI), defined as aortic size/body surface area (BSA), as a predictor of aortic dissection, rupture, and death. However, weight might not contribute substantially to aortic size and growth.

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Nov
2017

Endovascular stent-grafting provides an alternative treatment option for high-risk patients with ascending aortic disease. The feasibility of this approach has been demonstrated before. We assess the updated experience with ascending thoracic endovascular aortic repair and propose a modification of the landing zone classification based on the outcomes.

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Nov
2017

The case was a 70s-year-old man. In July 2016, he was admitted to our hospital with a complaint of epigastralgia. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed type 3 advanced gastric cancer in the vestibule, directly infiltrating the pancreas and the left lobe of the liver to form an abscess, and swelling of the aortic lymph node and multiple liver metastases were observed.

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Nov
2017

A 72-year-old man underwent endoscopic submucosal dissection for early gastric cancer at antrum in July 2015. The histopathological examination revealed an adenocarcinoma invading the deep submucosal layer(SM2)with lymphatic invasion, consistent with the diagnosis of non-curative resection. Additional surgery was recommended, and he underwent laparoscopic distal gastrectomy in August 2015.

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Nov
2017

A 67-year-old woman was diagnosed with cecal cancer, para-aortic lymph node metastasis, peritoneum dissemination, and left breast cancer. We administered mFOLFOX6 plus panitumumab for cecal cancer and an aromatase inhibitor for her breast cancer. She received 7 courses of systemic chemotherapy and showed a partial response.

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Feb
2018

Factors associated with aortic dilation and dissection in patients with Turner syndrome (TS) remain unclear. We assessed magnetic resonance imaging-based aortic diameters at nine predefined anatomic positions and examined associations of increased aortic diameters with B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), A-type NP (ANP), growth hormone treatment, insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1), and estrogen status. Forty-seven patients with TS aged 7.

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