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'Aortitis' (2667)


Apr
2014

Temporal arteritis.

Neurol Clin Pract 2014 Apr;4(2):106-113
Andrew W Lee, Celia Chen, Sudha Cugati
Temporal or giant cell arteritis is an inflammation of medium and small extracranial vessels that may result in ocular ischemia, an aortitis followed by aortic dissection and peripheral limb ischemia. It should be considered a medical emergency due to the seriousness of end organ damage, in particular visual symptoms. While the presentation may be nonspecific, the presence of a tender temporal artery mandates a temporal artery biopsy.

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Feb
2018

Large-vessel involvement (LVI) can occur in giant-cell arteritis (GCA) and may represent a distinct disease subgroup with a higher risk for aortic dilation. This study aimed to better characterize the presentation and evolution of LVI in patients with GCA.
A retrospective multicenter study enrolled 248 GCA patients with LVI and 301 GCA patients without LVI on imaging.

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Feb
2018

We report a case of proven Coxiella burnetii aortitis, possibly associated with a giant cell arteritis (GCA). A seventy-two-year-old man, who is a hunter, presented with weight loss, fevers, jaw claudication and hardened temporal arteries associated with a persistent inflammatory syndrome and an arteritis of the whole aorta including the brachiocephalic arteries on the 18F-FDG PET/CT. A diagnosis of GCA was retained and a treatment with prednisolone was started.

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Feb
2018

Patients with active aortitis who undergo repair of ascending aortic aneurysms have an increased risk of late reoperation and decreased late survival. We aimed to determine the reasons for these poor outcomes and the influence of medical management.
We reviewed records of 186 patients (median age, 73.

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Feb
2018

Surgical strategy for refractory aortitis.

Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2018 Feb 5. Epub 2018 Feb 5.
Hitoshi Ogino
In some instances, we encounter cases suffered from inflammatory aortic diseases (aortitis) in Japan, some of which are at the active stages with systemic inflammation. Most of them are refractory with some technical difficulties of surgical treatment. The aortic wall, particularly, at the active stage, is too fragile to hold the surgical sutures.

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Feb
2018

Describe patients with noninfectious aortitis and their response to treatment in a regional hospital.
Review of patients with noninfectious aortitis, diagnostic technique used and immunosuppressive therapy received.
We report 8 patients (7 women and one man) diagnosed with aortitis by positron emission tomography (PET).

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Dec
1969

Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is the most common systemic vasculitis in the elderly and can cause irreversible blindness and aortitis. Varicella zoster (VZ), which is potentially preventable by vaccination, has been proposed as a possible immune trigger for GCA, but this is controversial. The incidence of GCA varies widely by country.

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Feb
2018

To define the most appropriate imaging parameters in combined Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT reflecting the inflammatory burden in large vessel vasculitis.
Two readers retrospectively graded disease extent and activity in 17 LVV patients using visual and quantitative scores in FDG PET and contrast enhanced CT. Visual PET scores were assessed corresponding to FDG-uptake vs.

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Jan
2018

Aortitis is one of many possible manifestations of tertiary syphilis. Aortic disease is the most common of all cardiovascular syphilitic lesions. Aortic diseases caused by tertiary syphilis include aortitis, aortic root dilation, aneurysm formation, aortic regurgitation and coronary ostial stenosis.

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Jan
2018

We herein report a case of concurrent cardiac sarcoidosis and large-vessel aortitis detected byF-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) and followed up during immunosuppressive therapy. After high-dose prednisolone administration (1 mg/kg), serial FDG-PET showed that almost all of the abnormal FDG uptake in the heart and extracardiac region, including the abdominal to bilateral iliac arteries, had been disappeared. During the tapering of prednisolone, additive methotrexate therapy was needed to treat the recurrence of cardiac sarcoidosis.

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Jan
2018

Objectives Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of sudden unexpected death even in hospitalized patients. Infectious aortitis is a rare disease that has the potential to cause aortic tears and hemorrhage followed by sudden death. The aim of this study was to reveal the clinicopathological features of infectious aortitis that are related to sudden unexpected death.

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Feb
2018

Early diagnosis of Takayasu's Arteritis (TAK) and detection of disease activity may reduce the risk of vascular complications. The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of imaging modalities for the management of TAK.
MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched for studies of patients undergoing various imaging modalities for TAK diagnosis or to assess disease activity.

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Dec
2017

Immunoglobulin G subclass 4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a recently recognized systemic inflammatory disease characterized by an elevated serum IgG4 level and an IgG4-positive lymphocyte infiltrate mainly in exocrine tissues. Previous reports documented IgG4-RD in several cardiovascular disorders. We present a case of type A aortic dissection associated with IgG4-RD.

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Dec
1969

Atherosclerotic plaque formation is characterized by the persistence of lipid-laden macrophages on the inner walls of arteries. Chronic inflammation and imbalanced macrophage function are likely to play a critical role. Herein, we investigated whether bromodomain-containing protein 7 (Brd7), a member of the bromodomain-containing protein family, regulates atherosclerosis, and if so, which mechanisms are responsible for the process.

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Mar
2018

Infectious aortitis: A bridge too far.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2018 Mar 7;155(3):e93-e94. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
Akiko Tanaka, Anthony L Estrera

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Dec
2017

The objective of this study was to describe large-vessel vasculitis (LVV) in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. It is a retrospective single-center study conducted between 2000 and 2015 through a university hospital of 11 HIV-infected patients with LVV.
The characteristics and outcome of 11 HIV-infected patients with LVV (7 patients fulfilled international criteria for Takayasu arteritis, 5 patients had histologic findings of vasculitis, and 5 patients had imaging features of aortitis) were analyzed and compared with those of 82 patients with LVV but without HIV infection.

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Dec
1969

Orai1-dependent Caentry plays an essential role in inflammatory response through regulating T cell and macrophage activation and neutrophil infiltration. However, whether Orai1 Caentry contributes to endothelial activation, one of the early steps of vascular inflammation, remains elusive. In the present study, we observed that knockdown of Orai1 reduced, whereas overexpression of Orai1 potentiated, TNFα-induced expression of adhesion molecules such as ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 in HUVECs, and subsequently blocked adhesion of monocyte to HUVECs.

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Feb
2018

Giant cell arteritis is a large-vessels vasculitis, which treatment consists in a slowly-tappered steroid-therapy. Immunosuppressive agents are sometimes used in case of steroid-dependance. We have conducted an observationnal retrospective study including patients treated with tocilizumab for a giant cell arteritis or an aortitis in the internal medicine department at the Nîmes University Hospital.

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Nov
2017

Takayasu's arteritis (TAK) is a rare vasculitis affecting the large blood vessels with significant morbidity and mortality from ischemic complications. The objective of this meta-analysis is to determine the proportion of TAK patients with severe ischemic complications.
We performed a literature search using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane library from database inception to March 2016.

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Nov
2017

Takayasu arteritis (TA) is a rare disease affecting chiefly young women, although it can affect both men and women and persons of many different ethnicities. TA carries a high morbidity rate, but importantly, overall mortality has declined over time such that the 15-year survival rate has increased from 82.9% for patients diagnosed between 1957 and 1975 to 96.

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Nov
2017

Chronic periaortitis (CP) is a disease characterized by a fibro-inflammatory periaortic cuff and adventitia-predominant fibrosis. CP encompasses idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis and inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), and recent studies have documented overlap between CP and immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD). This study aimed to investigate clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of patients with CP.

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Feb
2018

CLINICAL INTRODUCTION: A retired 59-year-old woman presented to the cardiology clinic concerned with cardiac pulsations that were visible on her chest wall. These were not associated with dyspnoea, syncope or chest discomfort.Of note, 8 years previously, she complained of recurrent nocturnal diaphoresis and 5 kg weight loss.

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Dec
1969

Chronic hepatitis C virus infection (HCV) can present with cryoglobulinemic vasculitis, which is primarily associated with type II/III cryoglobulins. Type I cryoglobulins are usually seen in lymphoproliferative disease, and large vessel involvement with this type of vasculitis is rare. A 70-year-old man with chronic HCV presented with abdominal pain, leukocytosis, and rash.

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Mar
2018

Two-stage surgical approach for ruptured Salmonella aortitis.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2018 Mar 30;155(3):e87-e89. Epub 2017 Sep 30.
Zachary E Brewer, Michael D Dake, Michael P Fischbein

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Dec
1969

The term "mycotic aneurysm" was first used by Osler in 1882 to describe a mushroom-shaped aneurysm in subacute bacterial endocarditis. Mycotic aneurysms account for only 2.6% of all aneurysms of the aorta.

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Oct
2017

A 54-year-old woman presented with atypical chest pain, fever and malaise. She was immunosuppressed with three agents following a living-donor kidney transplant 1 year previously. Her native kidney failure was secondary to biopsy-demonstrated crescentic IgA nephropathy, with systemic involvement.

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Oct
2017

This report provides a rare histological example and the appropriate management of spontaneous aortic dissection secondary to giant cell arteritis.

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Oct
2017

A 53-year-old woman was referred to us for reoperation of aortic root. Twenty-three years ago, she was diagnosed with aortitis and suffered from annuloaortic ectasia, aortic regurgitation, severe stenosis of left carotid and subclavian arteries and occulusion of the main trunk of left coronary artery. The left coronary system was perfused by collateral arteries from right coronary artery.

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Oct
2017

Idiopathic ascending aortitis is an insidious disease most often encountered during an evaluation for other cardiovascular and connective tissue diseases. To the best of our knowledge, admission to an emergency department with chest pain due to idiopathic ascending aortitis has not been reported before. Herein, the case of a 46-year-old man with chest and back pain symptoms that were discovered to be secondary solely to idiopathic ascending aortitis is described.

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Sep
2017


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Feb
2018

F-FDG PET/CT has proved to be of potential value for early diagnosis of large-vessel vasculitis (LVV), which frequently involves the aorta. However, its role in the follow-up of these patients has not been well established. Our aim was to evaluate the contribution ofF-FDG PET/CT in this clinical situation.

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Nov
2017

Relapsing polychondritis (RP) is a rare systemic inflammatory disease primarily affecting the ears, nose and tracheobronchial tree cartilage, but also the cardiovascular system. Cardiovascular complications are the second cause of mortality in RP. We report the case of a woman with a corticosteroid-resistant RP-associated aortitis, who was successfully treated with tocilizumab (TCZ).

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Nov
2017

To assess the detection rate of aortitis in giant cell arteritis (GCA) with fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET) and to compare the findings with CT angiography (CTA).
Fifty-two GCA patients and 27 controls were included. GCA patients had a PET scan at diagnosis (35/52) or during relapse (17/52).

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Sep
2017

A 43-year-old woman was diagnosed with aortitis associated with mild aortic regurgitation (AR) at the age of 25, which advanced to a severe grade requiring surgical treatment at age 28. Dilation of the sinotubular junction (STJ) was treated with ascending aortic replacement (Hemashield Gold 24 mm), which reduced AR from severe to mild. The patient conceived 9 years later and delivered a baby by cesarean section at 38 weeks of gestation.

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Sep
2017

We report a case of IgG4-related periaortitis of the descending aorta manifested as a contained rupture of penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer(PAU). A 67-year-old male was admitted to our hospital complaining about chest pain. Computed tomography(CT) and magnetic resonance imaging revealed PAU with extravasation of the descending aorta and thickening of surrounding tissues.

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Jan
2017

Double-locus lymphoplasmacytic aortitis.

Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann 2017 Jan 1:218492317732250. Epub 2017 Jan 1.
Szabolcs Miskolczi, Mary N Sheppard, Gábor Bogáts, Laszlo Göbölös
Thoracic aortic aneurysm is an indication for major cardiovascular operative procedures. The etiology is usually hypertension and/or atherosclerotic disease; reaching a certain diameter often results in acute aortic syndrome. Immunoglobulin G4-related aortitis, characterized by lymphoplasmacytic vascular tunica media induration without well-defined underlying infectious or autoimmune systemic causes, is uncommon.

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Nov
2017

Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is an increasingly prevalent and ultimately fatal disease with no effective pharmacological treatment. Because matrix degradation induced by vascular inflammation is the major pathophysiology of AAA, attenuation of this inflammation may improve its outcome. Previous studies suggested that miR-33 (microRNA-33) inhibition and genetic ablation of miR-33 increased serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and attenuated atherosclerosis.

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Dec
1969

Mast cells are important cells of the immune system. Although traditionally considered as key players in allergic and hypersensitivity reactions, emerging evidence suggests that mast cells have many complex roles in vascular disease. These include regulation of vasodilation, angiogenesis, activation of matrix metalloproteinases, apoptosis of smooth muscle cells, and activation of the renin angiotensin system.

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Dec
2017

Syphilis infection persists globally contributing to preventable and treatable morbidity and mortality. How extensive early syphilis disseminates is unknown. To better understand the relationship between early syphilis infection and inflammation over time, our study enrolled six individuals recently infected with syphilis for sequential positron emission tomography (PET) scans.

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Aug
2017

In the setting of blunt trauma, the rapid assessment of internal injuries is essential to prevent potentially fatal outcomes. Computed tomography is a useful diagnostic tool for both screening and diagnosis. In addition to trauma, acute chest syndromes often warrant emergent computed tomographic angiography, looking for etiologies such as aortic aneurysms or complications of aortic aneurysms, or both, pulmonary emboli, as well as other acute vascular process like aortic dissection and Takayasu aortitis.

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Oct
2017

Aortitis is a rare condition with inflammatory or infectious etiology that can be difficult to diagnose due to the highly variable clinical presentation and nonspecific symptoms. However, current literature on the diagnosis, management, and prognosis of aortitis is extremely scarce.
We retrospectively reviewed all patients' charts who were diagnosed with giant cell arteritis, Takayasu arteritis, or noninfectious aortitis presenting at a single center between January 1, 2009, and April 17, 2015.

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Sep
2017

When chronic aortic dissection (CAD) is associated with aortic dilatation, the risk of aortic rupture increases. We report a case of CAD complicated by acute aortitis that was depicted in contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Contrast-enhanced MRI allows early detection of subtle changes in the aortic wall as well as disease activity.

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Nov
2017

To sum up a group of noninfectious inflammatory diseases of the aorta and its branches relevant to a cardiologist's daily routine. To describe pathogenetic and clinical advances as well as modern diagnostic tools. To overview most recent treatment options and patient-tailored therapies.

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Dec
1969

The tertiary stage of syphilis is nowadays extremely rare, showing predilection for the cardiovascular and nervous systems. A 57-year-old Caucasian man sought medical assistance due to back pain that evolved to paraplegia of the lower limbs. A thoracic CT scan demonstrated an important aneurysmatic lesion of the descending thoracic aorta causing erosion of the vertebral bodies and VDRL and FTA-abs positivity.

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Dec
1969

It is controversial whether microorganisms play a role in the pathogenesis of large and medium vessel vasculitides (eg, giant cell arteritis [GCA], Takayasu arteritis [TAK] and focal idiopathic aortitis [FIA]). Recent studies have reported the presence of Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV) within formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded temporal arteries and aortas of about three-quarters or more of patients with these conditions, and in a minority of controls. In a prospective study, we sought to confirm these findings using DNA extracted from vessels that were harvested under surgically aseptic conditions and snap frozen.

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