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Feb
2018

We explored the associations between global brain volumes, hippocampal subfield volumes and verbal memory performance in long-term survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA).
Three months after OHCA, survivors and healthy, age-matched controls were assessed with cerebral MRI and the California Verbal Learning Test-II (CVLT-II). Volumetric brain segmentation was performed automatically by FreeSurfer.

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Feb
2018

Chronic, post-dissection thoraco-abdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAAs) are increasingly being treated by (hybrid) endovascular means. Although it is less invasive, thoracic endovascular aortic repair is technically complex with the risk of incomplete aneurysm exclusion, necessitating frequent reinterventions with potentially reduced long-term outcomes. The aim of this study was to evaluate contemporary early and late outcomes after open surgical repair of post-dissection TAAA.

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Feb
2018

Immediate cardiac catheterisation (CC) is recommended in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) following sudden cardiac arrest (SCA). Guidelines advise urgent CC for SCA patients without-STEMI, at clinician discretion. We examined the clinical and angiographic factors predicting mortality in SCA patients having CC.

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Jan
2018

Minimally invasive mitral valve repair may be associated with prolonged cardioplegic arrest times and ischemic reperfusion injury. Intravenous (propofol) and volatile (sevoflurane) anesthesia are used routinely during cardiac surgery and are thought to provide cardioprotection; however, the individual contribution of each regimen to cardioprotection is unknown. Therefore, the authors sought to compare the cardioprotective effects of propofol and sevoflurane anesthesia in patients undergoing minimally invasive mitral valve repair.

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Dec
1969

Pulmonary embolism (PE) resulting from venous thromboembolism is a leading cause of maternal mortality in pregnancy. In patients with massive PE and hemodynamic instability, the treatment options often considered are thrombolytics, inferior vena caval filters, or embolectomy. We report here the case of a patient with massive PE at 28 weeks' gestation, who underwent emergency pulmonary embolectomy via cardiopulmonary bypass.

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Dec
1969

The annual incidence of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in athletes is significantly lower than the general population. However, when SCD occurs in an athlete during sporting event or training, it sends shockwaves in the society and raises questions about cardiovascular effects of sports and exercise. This document reviews the causes and mechanism of SCD in sports and exercise in young and older athletes.

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Feb
2018

Neuroendocrine syncope is a newly proposed term to embody both syncope of reflex and adenosine-related etiology. Recent publications on tilt testing have revealed the presence of a hypotensive tendency in some patients, even in the face of severe cardioinhibition. This new understanding may allow better selection of older reflex syncope patients, documented by ECG loop recorder, for successful pacing where tilt testing is ideally negative for a good result in terms of few syncope recurrences and prompts a less aggressive management policy when hypotensive medication is required.

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Feb
2018

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of contact-to-balloon time on mortality in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients with and without haemodynamic instability.
Using data from the prospective, multicentre Feedback Intervention and Treatment Times in ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction (FITT-STEMI) trial, we assessed the prognostic relevance of first medical contact-to-balloon time in n = 12 675 STEMI patients who used emergency medical service transportation and were treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Patients were stratified by cardiogenic shock (CS) and out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA).

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Feb
2018

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is increasingly used for treatment of infertile couples worldwide. The association between IVF and cancer risk in offsprings is conflicting. We present a case of atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT) in a girl conceived by IVF and present results of systematic review of literature of primary intracranial neoplasms diagnosed in children conceived by IVF.

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Feb
2018

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has been used increasingly for both respiratory and cardiac failure in adult patients. Indications for ECMO use in cardiac failure include severe refractory cardiogenic shock, refractory ventricular arrhythmia, active cardiopulmonary resuscitation for cardiac arrest, and acute or decompensated right heart failure. Evidence is emerging to guide the use of this therapy for some of these indications, but there remains a need for additional evidence to guide best practices.

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Jan
2018

Introduction Myocardial protection is vital to ensure successful open heart surgery. Cardioplegic solution is one method to achieve good myocardial protection. Inevitably, ischemia-reperfusion injury occurs with aortic crossclamping.

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Feb
2018

Cardiac arrest (CA) is a serious condition characterized by high mortality rates, even after initial successful resuscitation, mainly due to neurological damage. Whether brain-heart communication is associated with outcome after CA is unknown. Heartbeat-evoked brain potentials (HEPs) represent neurophysiological indicators of brain-heart communication.

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Mar
2018

Assessing hospital-related network-level primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) performance for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is challenging due to differential time-to-treatment metrics based on location of diagnostic electrocardiogram (ECG) for STEMI.
STEMI patients undergoing primary PCI at 588 PCI-capable hospitals in AHA Mission: Lifeline (2008-2013) were categorized by initial STEMI identification location: PCI-capable hospitals (Group 1); pre-hospital setting (Group 2); and non-PCI-capable hospitals (Group 3). Patient-specific time-to-treatment categories were converted to minutes ahead of or behind their group-specific mean; average time-to-treatment difference for all patients at a given hospital was termed comprehensive ECG-to-device time.

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Mar
2018

Acute coronary syndrome is a common cause of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). In patients with OHCA presenting with ST elevation, immediate coronary angiography and potential percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) after return of spontaneous circulation are recommended. However, the evidence for this invasive strategy in patients without ST elevation is limited.

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Dec
1969

There are over a dozen medical shows airing on television, many of which are during prime time. Researchers have recently become more interested in the role of these shows, and the awareness on cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Several cases have been reported where a lay person resuscitated a family member using medical TV shows as a reference.

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Feb
2018

A 17-year-old woman was resuscitated from cardiac arrest due to ventricular fibrillation and was diagnosed with concealed long QT syndrome. She underwent subcutaneous implantable cardiac defibrillator (S-ICD) implantation at our hospital. The device electrogram immediately after implantation was normal.

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Feb
2018

A variety of cardioplegic solutions are being used widely today to arrest the heart during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and other cardiac operations. To minimize interruptions during the surgery for intermittent dosing of the cardioplegia and to facilitate less invasive cardiac procedures, single-shot solutions, including Bretschneider and del Nido solutions, have been introduced. This review examines the evidence regarding the safety and efficacy of Bretschneider and del Nido cardioplegia during CABG.

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Feb
2018

The existing training pathways to become a pediatric cardiac intensivist are very variable with physicians coming from varied training backgrounds of pediatric critical care, pediatric cardiology, neonatology, or pediatric anesthesia.
To evaluate the impact of cardiac Intensive Care Unit (ICU) attending physician training background on outcomes in children undergoing heart operations.
Patients in the age group from 1 day to 18 years undergoing heart operation at a Pediatric Health Information System database participating hospital were included (2010-2015).

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Feb
2018

A 63-year-old man presented with an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. The coronary angiogram with intravascular imaging was performed and showed a mid-left anterior descending artery atherosclerotic cap rupture with thrombus burden treated with drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. During the hospitalisation in the intensive care unit, the patient experienced recurrent ventricular fibrillations and asystole with transient ST-segment elevation in the inferior leads with normal coronary angiography.

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Dec
1969

The American Heart Association (AHA) has implemented several programs to educate the public about cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). A common issue in bystander CPR is the fear of hurting the victim. As a result, the victim may not receive CPR in time.

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Feb
2018

Despite the high incidence of metastatic breast cancer and its related mortality in the elderly population, our knowledge about optimal treatment for older patients with cancer is far from adequate. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of dual anti-HER2 treatment with or without metronomic chemotherapy in older patients with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer.
We did a multicentre, open-label, randomised, phase 2 trial in 30 centres from eight countries in Europe, in patients with histologically proven, HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer, without previous chemotherapy for metastatic disease, who were 70 years or older, or 60 years or older with confirmed functional restrictions defined by protocol, and had a life expectancy of more than 12 weeks and a performance status according to WHO scale of 0-3.

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Feb
2018

The hydrogen sulfide donor sodium hydrogen sulfide (NaHS) is recognized as a neuroprotective agent, which induces a hibernation-like metabolic state and hypothermia. However, it remains unclear whether it is the sulfide itself or the hypothermia induced by the sulfide that mediates treatment outcomes following cardiac arrest (CA) and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). We therefore tested whether NaHS improved outcomes following CA/CPR in mice maintained at 35.

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Feb
2018

Carbon monoxide (CO) is well-known as toxic gas and intrinsic signaling molecule such as neurotransmitter and blood vessel relaxant. Recently, it has been reported that low concentration of CO exerts therapeutic actions under various pathological conditions including liver failure, heart failure, gastric cancer, and cardiac arrest. However, little has been known about the effect of CO in neurodegenerative diseases like Parkinson's disease (PD).

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Feb
2018

Bipolar Disorder and Heart Transplantation: A Case Report.

Rev Colomb Psiquiatr 2018 Jan - Mar;47(1):65-70. Epub 2017 Apr 3.
Ana María Ramírez-Giraldo, Diana Restrepo
Bipolar disorder is a chronic and recurrent mood disease that includes symptoms that fluctuate from euphoria to depression. As a mood disorder, itis one of the main contraindications for transplantation procedures. The case is presented of a patient with bipolar disorder who had a heart transplant after a cardiac arrest.

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Feb
2018

Survival among nursing home residents who suffers out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is sparsely studied. Deployment of automated external defibrillators (AEDs) in nursing home facilities in Denmark is unknown. We examined 30-day survival following OHCA in nursing and private home residents.

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Feb
2018

Both the modified History, Electrocardiogram, Age, Risk factors and Troponin (HEART) score and the Emergency Department Assessment of Chest pain Score (EDACS) can identify patients with possible acute coronary syndrome (ACS) at low risk (<1%) for major adverse cardiac events (MACE).
The authors sought to assess the comparative accuracy of the EDACS (original and simplified) and modified HEART risk scores when using cardiac troponin I (cTnI) cutoffs below the 99th percentile, and obtain precise MACE risk estimates.
The authors conducted a retrospective study of adult emergency department (ED) patients evaluated for possible ACS in an integrated health care system between 2013 and 2015.

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Feb
2018

Because most medical staff work from Monday-Friday, it is possible that they are relatively more fatigued and less capable of providing emergency supportive services on Thursday-Sunday (Thu-Sun) than on Monday-Wednesday (Mon-Wed). In this study, we aimed to analyze the incidence of in-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) to determine if it differed between Thu-Sun and Mon-Wed.This retrospective observational study of in-hospital CPR was performed during 2012 to 2016 among inpatients at the Seoul National University Bundang Hospital.

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Feb
2018

Targeted temperature management improves outcomes in comatose patients after cardiac arrest. Short lasting sedatives might enable rapid awakening after targeted temperature management and therefore early prognostication and extubation. Aim of the present study was to compare sedation with volatile isoflurane to intravenous propofol.

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Mar
2018

Sudden cardiac arrest remains the leading cause of death in exercising athletes, and recent studies have shown that it occurs more frequently than historical estimates. While out-of-hospital cardiac arrest often proves fatal, advance preparation can improve outcomes and the chance of survival. First responders to a collapsed athlete on the field of play may include team medical personnel, coaches, other athletes, officials, venue staff, emergency medical services personnel, or lay bystanders.

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Feb
2018

Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) has a substantial mortality rate and the acute coronary syndrome constitutes the major cause. Post-resuscitation electrocardiogram ST-elevation SCA (STE-SCA) is a strong indication for emergency coronary angiography, but the role of early angiography and PCI in patients without ST-elevation (NSTE-SCA) remains to be established. This paper aimed to describe this patient group and evaluate the prognostic effect of early PCI in a large nationwide cohort of NSTE-SCA patients undergoing coronary angiography.

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Feb
2018

The aim of this study was to seek a new predictor of mid-term survival of surgical total aortic arch replacement (SAR) by evaluating indices relevant to frailty.
Between October 2012 and March 2017, 113 consecutive patients underwent elective surgical total aortic arch replacement with antegrade cerebral perfusion under circulatory arrest at a single cardiovascular institute. In addition to common parameters, Katz index of activities of daily living, nutritional status, skeletal muscle mass volume, swallowing and motor functions were used to evaluate patients' frailty.

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Feb
2018

Treatment: protocols for cardiac arrest rely upon rhythm analyses performed at two-minute intervals, neglecting possible rhythm changes during the intervening period of CPR. Our objective was to describe rhythm profiles (patterns of rhythm transitions during two-minute CPR cycles) following attempted defibrillation and to assess their relationship to survival.
The study included out-of-hospital cardiac arrest cases presenting with ventricular fibrillation from 2011 to 2015.

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Mar
2018

Hypertension (HTN) is the most prevalent co-morbidity among atrial fibrillation (AF) patients; the relationship between the two is bidirectional, with an incremental effect on adverse outcomes.
To study clinical features, treatment patterns and 1year outcomes amongst AF patients with HTN in the EURObservational Research Programme Atrial Fibrillation (EORP-AF) Pilot Registry, a prospective multi-national survey conducted by the European Society of Cardiology in 9 European countries.
Of 3119 enrolled AF patients, 2194 were diagnosed with HTN (AF-HTN) and 909 were normotensive (AF-NT) (16 patients had unknown HTN status).

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Feb
2018

Delayed sequence intubation (DSI) involves the administration of ketamine to facilitate adequate preoxygenation in the agitated patient. DSI was introduced into the Clinical Practice Guideline for Intensive Care Flight Paramedics in Victoria in late 2013. We aimed to describe the clinical characteristics of patients receiving DSI.

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Feb
2018

Cardiogenic shock is still associated with high mortality rates of around 50%. Intra-aortic counterpulsation had been frequently used in cardiogenic shock, but was previously found to provide no mortality benefit. We investigated the effect of an interdisciplinary and multiprofessional routine strategy of early invasive haemodynamic support in combination with complete revascularization in patients with cardiogenic shock before admission to our intensive care unit.

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Jan
2018

Although sepsis is a known risk factor for cardiac arrhythmias, data on incidence and outcomes of atrial and ventricular arrhythmias in severe sepsis is limited. The purpose of this study is to examine the association of severe sepsis with cardiac arrhythmias and their impact on outcome in this patient population.
We used hospital discharge data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) during the year 2012.

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Jan
2018

A persistent left-sided superior vena cava (PLSVC) is the most frequent abnormality of the venous system; however, it is not a very well-known variation among physicians. Herein we report the case of a patient with a PLSVC who was diagnosed after central venous catheterization (CVC). An 80-year-old man was admitted to the emergency room with cardiopulmonary arrest.

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Feb
2018

To observe the effect of mild hypothermia on myocardial β-adrenergic receptor (β-AR) signal pathway after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in pigs with cardiac arrest (CA) and explore the mechanism of myocardial protection.
Healthy male Landraces were collected for reproducing the CA-CPR model (after 8-minute untreated ventricular fibrillation, CPR was implemented). The animals were divided into two groups according to random number table (n = 8).

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Feb
2018

To explore the predictive value of partial pressure of end-tidal carbon dioxide (PCO) on the effect of active abdominal compression-decompression cardiopulmonary resuscitation (AACD-CPR) and serum S100B protein on cerebral function.
142 adult patients with in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) AACD-CPR in Zhengzhou People's Hospital, Affiliated Southern Medical University from September 2014 to December 2017 were enrolled. Patients were divided into successful group and failure group according to restoration of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) or not; and then according to Glasgow-Pittsburgh cerebral performance categories (CPC) one month after ROSC, the successful group was divided into good prognosis group (CPC 1-2) and poor prognosis group (CPC 3-5) further.

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Feb
2018

Acute high level carbon monoxide (CO) exposure can cause immediate cardio-respiratory arrest in anyone, but the effects of lower level exposures in susceptible persons are less well known. The percentage of CO-bound hemoglobin in blood (carboxyhemoglobin; COHb) is a marker of exposure and potential health outcomes. Indoor air quality guidelines developed by the World Health Organization and Health Canada, among others, are set so that CO exposure does not lead to COHb levels above 2.

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Feb
2018

Although American Heart Association guidelines exist for proper management of cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA), in-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) may be of poor quality and is not performed in all indicated situations. Cognitive aids have been created to assist in rapid, accurate recall of guidelines for pediatric CPA management.
Pediatric residents participated in individual mock codes for two years.

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Feb
2018

A 14-year-old intact male West Highland White Terrier weighing 6.9 kg was admitted to the Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology Animal Medical Center with the complaint of syncope after showing signs of nausea during feeding. Sinus arrest induced by deglutition was confirmed using a Holter electrocardiography test.

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Feb
2018

Growth differentiation factor (GDF)-15 and soluble ST2 (sST2) are established prognostic markers in acute and chronic heart failure. Assessment of these biomarkers might improve arrhythmic risk stratification of patients with non-ischaemic, dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) based on left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). We studied the prognostic value of GDF-15 and sST2 for prediction of arrhythmic death (AD) and all-cause mortality in patients with DCM.

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Mar
2018

The image of a young athlete collapsing on the pitch, followed by resuscitation, leaves an unforgettable impression. However, this impression should not seduce us into resuscitating the debate for large-scale preparticipation screening without doing the smart thing: taking a step back to review what we know to be effective, and what has been shown not to be effective. What we should do is use this momentum to focus on what we still need to know.

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Jan
2018

Sudden death is one of the more frequent causes of death for hemodialysis patients, but the underlying mechanisms, contribution of arrhythmia, and associations with serum chemistries or the dialysis procedure are incompletely understood. To study this, implantable loop recorders were utilized for continuous cardiac rhythm monitoring to detect clinically significant arrhythmias including sustained ventricular tachycardia, bradycardia, asystole, or symptomatic arrhythmias in hemodialysis patients over six months. Serum chemistries were tested pre- and post-dialysis at least weekly.

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Feb
2018

Therapeutic hypothermia is an established treatment in patients resuscitated from cardiac arrest. It is usually well-tolerated circulatory, but hypothermia negatively effects myocardial contraction and relaxation velocities and increases diastolic filling restrictions. A significant proportion of resuscitated patients are treated with long-acting beta-receptor blocking agents' prearrest, but the combined effects of hypothermia and beta-blockade on left ventricle (LV) function are not previously investigated.

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