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'Atrioventricular Block' (12392)


Dec
1969

The major perioperative concern in patients with second-degree atrioventricular (AV) block is the progression to complete AV block. Therefore, the prophylactic implantation of a temporary pacemaker prior to surgery is recommended, especially in symptomatic patients. However, as no quantitative preoperative risk assessment from progression to complete AV block is available, there is currently no established indication for preoperative prophylactic pacemaker implantation.

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Feb
2018

Coronary atherectomy, orbital or rotational, is frequently used for plaque modification in patients with heavily calcified lesions. Atherectomy can be associated with clinically significant bradyarrhythmias or transient atrioventricular block requiring temporary pacemaker insertion, mainly in lesions involving the right coronary artery or a dominant left circumflex artery. Bradyarrhythmias may be mediated by endogenous release of adenosine from red blood cell breakdown.

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Feb
2018

A 14-year-old boy suffering from chronic rheumatic heart disease came to the emergency department with recurrent episodes of presyncope and syncope. He was found to have complete heart block (CHB) and required temporary pacemaker insertion. Further workup revealed that CHB was secondary to acute rheumatic carditis.

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Dec
1969

The predictors of pacing-induced cardiomyopathy (PICM) for complete atrioventricular block (CAVB) have not yet been defined. The aim of this study was to investigate the major determinant of the occurrence of PICM.
This is a multicentre, retrospective analysis of CAVB from tertiary referral centres in Daejeon, South Korea.

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Feb
2018

We review the trials that have demonstrated potentially harmful effects from right ventricular (RV) apical pacing as well as reviewing the evidence of alternative RV pacing sites and cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) for patients who have heart failure and atrioventricular (AV) block.
The role of CRT in patients with AV block and impaired left ventricular function remains an important consideration. The BLOCK HF trial demonstrated better outcomes with CRT pacing over RV pacing in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) and AV block who were expected to have a high RV pacing burden, but failed to demonstrate a mortality benefit.

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Feb
2018

We describe a 17-year-old female who presented with 3 weeks of abdominal pain, exercise intolerance, and an episode of altered mental status found to have marked first-degree atrioventricular block. Exercise stress test and cardiac catheterization demonstrated pseudo-pacemaker syndrome, and a permanent pacemaker was placed. Following placement, she has resolution of symptoms and markedly improved exercise tolerance.

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Jan
2018

In the last few years, transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has become an alternative procedure in patients with severe aortic stenosis and high risk for surgical aortic replacement. Due to the anatomic correlation between aortic valve structure and conduction system of the heart, one of the most common complications after TAVI is conduction system disturbances which including bundle branch block, complete heart block and need for permanent pacemaker implantation. Although these disturbances are usually not lethal, they may have a great influence on patients' state and long term-survival.

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Feb
2018

QRS narrowing following cardiac resynchronization therapy with biventricular (BiV) or left ventricular (LV) pacing is likely affected by patient-specific conduction characteristics (PR, qLV, LV-paced propagation interval), making a universal programming strategy likely ineffective. We tested these factors using a novel, device-based algorithm (SyncAV) that automatically adjusts paced atrioventricular delay (default or programmable offset) according to intrinsic atrioventricular conduction.
Seventy-five patients undergoing cardiac resynchronization therapy (age 66±11 years; 65% male; 32% with ischemic cardiomyopathy; LV ejection fraction 28±8%; QRS duration 162±16 ms) with intact atrioventricular conduction (PR interval 194±34, range 128-300 ms), left bundle branch block, and optimized LV lead position were studied at implant.

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Feb
2018

Congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries is a rare form of CHD. Situs inversus is a much less common variant of a congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries. In rare cases, transposition events may be accompanied by various cardiac anomalies.

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Feb
2017

Hisian extrasystoles originate from the His bundle. They are rare and usually misdiagnosed. In fact, they manifest on the EKG, with a p' wave located before, in or after the QRS complex.

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Sep
2017

Pregabalin, widely used in the treatment of several pain disorders, is usually well tolerated. Uncommonly, the drug may induce cardiac side effects, rarely prolongation of the PR interval. The latter has never been described in patients with healthy heart or normal renal function.

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Feb
2018

Right ventricular pacing often results in prolonged QRS duration (QRSd) as the result of right ventricular stimulation, and atrial fibrillation (AF) may result. The association of pacing-induced prolonged QRSd and AF in patients with permanent pacemakers is unknown.We selected 180 consecutive patients who underwent pacemaker implantation for complete/advanced atrioventricular block.

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Jan
2018

This study aims to review the influence of gender-specific differences and patient demographics on cardiac device and pacing mode selection over a 10-year period.
We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent first implantation of the cardiac device between January 1, 2006 and June 31, 2016.
During the study period, 704 patients underwent first cardiac device implantation.

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Feb
2018

Infants born with complete atrioventricular block (CAVB) and fetal bradycardia are frequently born with low birth weight. Three low-birth-weight CAVB infants underwent temporary pacemaker implantation, followed by permanent single-chamber pacemaker implantation at median body weights of 1.7 and 3.

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Feb
2018

A 52-year-old male visited our hospital with abnormal electrocardiogram and exertional fatigue. The electrocardiogram showed first-degree atrioventricular block, complete right bundle branch block, and inverted T waves in Leads II, III, aVF, V3, and V4. Echocardiography showed biventricular wall thickening involving granular sparkling of the interventricular septum.

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Feb
2018

Life expectancy is greatly shortened in patients presenting with myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1), the most common neuromuscular disease. A reliable prediction of survival in patients with DM1 is critically important to plan personalized health supervision.
To develop and validate a prognostic score to predict 10-year survival in patients with DM1.

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Dec
2017

Various electrocardiographic abnormalities, including atrioventricular conduction block, have been reported in patients with myocarditis. We performed an observation study to describe the characteristics and outcomes of inpatients diagnosed with myocarditis complicated by heart block (HB) in a large national cohort.
We identified patients with primary ICD-9 codes for myocarditis HB from the Nationwide Inpatient Survey (NIS) Database from 1998 to 2013.

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Feb
2018

Implantable loop recorders (ILR) are a valuable tool for the investigation of unexplained syncopal episodes. The aim of this retrospective single center study was to identify predictive factors for pacemaker implantation in patients with unexplained syncope who underwent ILR insertion.
106 patients were retrospectively analyzed (mean age 59.

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Dec
2017

In a woman with syncope, junctional premature complexes and what appeared to be intermittent atrioventricular block suggested concealed conduction of His bundle extrasystoles.

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Dec
1969

We evaluated chest pain alongside other midterm subjective and objective complications of the transcatheter closure of atrial septal defects (ASDs) and patent foramen ovales (PFOs) with various closure devices.This cross-sectional study, performed from March 2010 to October 2015 in Rajaie Cardiovascular, Medical, and Research Center, evaluated 313 patients (mean age = 29.12 ± 10 years, 32.

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Jan
2018

During radiotherapy, in patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) malfunctions are considered more likely if doses more than 2 Gy reach the ICD site; however, most malfunctions occur with high-energy (>10 MV) radiations, and the risk is less defined using 6-MV linear accelerators. The purpose of the study is to experimentally evaluate the occurrence of malfunctions in ICDs radiated with a 6-MV linear accelerator at increasing photon doses.
Thirty-two ICDs from all manufacturers (31 explanted and one demo) were evaluated; all devices with a sufficient battery charge underwent multiple radiations with a 6-MV photon beam reaching a cumulative dose at ICD site of 0.

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Feb
2018

Carbon monoxide (CO), a toxic gas produced via incomplete fossil fuel combustion, has several poisonous effects in the heart including induction of necrosis, apoptosis, and electrocardiogram (ECG) changes. Magnesium sulfate (MS) is a drug with cardioprotective effects especially when used after ischemia/reperfusion. In the current study, we aimed to evaluate MS cardioprotective effects following CO poisoning.

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Feb
2018

The extent to which pressure generated by the valve on the aortic root plays a role in the genesis of conduction abnormalities after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is unknown. This study elucidates the role of contact pressure and contact pressure area in the development of conduction abnormalities after TAVR using patient-specific computer simulations.
Finite-element computer simulations were performed to simulate TAVR of 112 patients who had undergone TAVR with the self-expanding CoreValve/Evolut R valve.

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Jan
2018

Cardiac abnormalities have been described in patients with Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON). Some are life-threatening because of the risk of ventricular fibrillation and sudden death. The purpose of our study was to better characterize the cardiac abnormalities in a large patient cohort with LHON.

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Jan
2018

To investigate the relationship between the presence of fragmented QRS (fQRS) on electrocardiogram (ECG) and plasma NT-proBNP levels in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The in-hospital prognostic value of the presence of fQRS was also assessed.
In this retrospective study, 216 patients with STEMI who were undergoing primary PCI were included.

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Dec
1969

A 69-year-old woman without any past disease history was hospitalized for heart failure. After hospitalization, she showed myocardial infarction, atrioventricular dissociation, and cardiac dysfunction, and finally she passed away despite intensive care. Autopsy revealed that the cardiac abnormalities were due to bacterial myocarditis possibly resulting from urinary tract infection by E.

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Jan
2018

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a widely used procedure in the treatment of malignant diseases, including blood neoplasms and has increased survival in hematological diseases. The aim of the study was to analyze parameters of 24-hr ECG monitoring in patients with selected blood neoplasms in whom the procedure of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation was performed.
The study group consisted of 64 adults diagnosed with hematologic cancer qualified for HSCT with the previous high dose chemotherapy (HDC).

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Jan
2018

Circulating maternal anti-Ro antibodies can cross the placenta after 16 weeks of gestation and damage the cardiomyocytes and the conducting system leading to myocarditis and fetal arrhythmias. The commonest arrhythmia seen with anti-Ro antibodies is complete heart block, although varying degrees of atrioventricular block and rarely, fetal tachycardias have been described. We describe the echocardiographic diagnosis and management of a fetus with anti-Ro mediated complete heart block who developed atrial flutter in the third trimester.

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Feb
2018

A 12-year-old child with end-stage heart failure due to restrictive cardiomyopathy was submitted to orthotopic heart transplantation. Primary graft dysfunction required venous arterial extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation. Heart function normalized, but complete atrioventricular block remained after 3 weeks.

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Jan
2018

Infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) are at high mortality especially when they are associated with bradyarrhythmias. However, the risk factor of developing high-grade atrioventricular block (HAVB) is still unclear. Seventy-three patients with HLHS in our institutions from 2002 to 2011 were enrolled.

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Jan
2018

The 125th anniversary of the His bundle discovery.

Herzschrittmacherther Elektrophysiol 2018 Jan 17. Epub 2018 Jan 17.
Georg H von Knorre
In 1893, Wilhelm His Jr. was the first to describe the AV (atrioventricular) bundle of the vertebrate heart, which now bears his name. Moreover, prior to the turn of the century, W.

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Aug
2017

Intraoperative right ventricular perforation due to pacing catheter after its successful and uneventful insertion is a rare complication. Here, we present a case of cardiac arrest due to right ventricular perforation associated with a pacemaker lead during off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery.
The case was a 68-year-old male, who was admitted to our hospital with retrosternal chest pain.

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Jan
2018

Complete atrioventricular (AV) block in association with Takotsubo syndrome (TS) has been well recognized, but the cause and effect relationship has not been elucidated. We describe a 78-year-old female who presented with complete AV block but one week later developed new-onset, diffuse T-wave inversions, QT prolongation, and acceleration of junctional escape rate. Left ventriculogram revealed features typical of TS.

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Dec
2017

To observe the clinical efficacy and safety of coil embolization of septal branch in the treatment of obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HOCM).Eighteen patients with HOCM hospitalized in our department from September 2014 to October 2016 were enrolled in this study. There were 12 males and 6 females in this cohort and the age of patients ranged from 22 to 64 years old.

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Jan
2018

In an attempt to improve pacemaker therapy after pediatric transplantation, we investigated risk factors, indication for pacing, and pacing burden after pediatric heart transplantation.
In this retrospective study, 139 pediatric heart transplant recipients, of whom 122 did not and 17 did require pacemakers, were investigated. Eleven of the 17 patients requiring a permanent pacemaker (PPM) received their heart from a female donor (68.

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Dec
1969

We report the case of a young man without prior medical history who presented with a left ventricular heart failure because of a new onset atrial fibrillation. The evolution is characterized by a sinus rythm dysfunction, a complete atrioventricular block, a non-sustained ventricular tachycardia (which required a dual-chamber defibrillator implantation) and an ischemic testicular necrosis treated by orchidectomy. After ruling out differential diagnosis we evoked an hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

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Jan
2018

Atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) is a common tachyarrhythmia substrate in children, which is successfully treated by catheter ablation using radiofrequency or cryothermal energy. In recent years, cryoablation (Cryo) using electroanatomical system guidance is more commonly preferred for use in children in order to decrease the risk of an atrioventricular block. However, there are concerns regarding the long-term efficacy of Cryo in treating AVNRT.

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Jan
2018

Sudden unexplained nocturnal death syndrome (SUNDS) remains an autopsy negative entity with unclear etiology. Arrhythmia has been implicated in SUNDS. Mutations/deficiencies in intercalated disc components have been shown to cause arrhythmias.

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Dec
2017

A patient presented with symptomatic third degree atrioventricular block requiring emergency transvenous pacemaker placement. During the procedure, wireless digital radiographs tracked the position of the pacemaker electrode, which repeatedly missed the target right ventricle. The patient was then rolled to left lateral decubitus position and the electrode was advanced into the right ventricle, achieving electrical capture, hemodynamic stability, and symptom resolution.

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Dec
2017

Atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia (AVNRT) is less common in pediatric patients than in adult patients. Thus, data for pediatric AVNRT patients are insufficient. Hence, we aimed to analyze the patient characteristics, treatment, and any recurrences in pediatric AVNRT patients.

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Dec
1969

A 45-year-old woman presented with a sudden episode of typical chest pain, radiating to her neck. The patient denied premature coronary artery disease in the family. Initial EKG showed normal sinus rhythm with a 1 mm ST-elevation involving lead II and lead aVF and a 1 mm ST-depression in lead V1 with associated T-wave inversion.

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Dec
2017

Surgical strategies to treat drug refractory left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy include septal myectomy (SM) and, less frequently, mitral valve (MV) repair or replacement. The primary aim of this study was to report the surgical technique and management outcomes in a consecutive group of patients with variable phenotypes of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in a broad national specialist practice.
A total of 203 consecutive patients, 132 men (mean age 48.

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Dec
2017

Aging is associated with an increased incidence of atrioventricular nodal (AVN) dysfunction.
The aim of this study was to investigate the structural and functional remodeling in the atrioventricular junction (AVJ) with aging.
Electrophysiological, histology, and immunohistochemistry experiments on male Wistar Hannover rats aged 3 months (n = 24) and 2 years (n = 15) were performed.

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Dec
2017

Patients with heart failure (HF) may develop a range of bradyarrhythmias including sinus node dysfunction, various degrees of atrioventricular block, and ventricular conduction delay. Device implantation has been recommended in these patients, but the specific etiology should be sought as it may influence the choice of the type of device required (pacemaker vs. implantable cardiac defibrillator).

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