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'Benign Cardiac Tumors' (2271)


Sep
2017

A 49-year-old female with history of uterine leiomyoma and intermittent shortness of breath presented to the emergency department with new onset of tachycardia and chest pain. Subsequent cardiac work up revealed hypoechoic mass compressing the right ventricle. Computer tomography guided biopsy for tissue characterization revealed a benign spindle cell tumor.

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Jan
2018

Primary cardiac tumors are uncommon, and the majority of them are benign which are curable but can cause significant morbidity if not diagnosed and treated in a timely fashion. The objective of this study was to review the clinicopathologic features and surgical outcomes of patients with primary cardiac tumors in a single medical center in China. We have retrospectively reviewed 212 consecutive adult patients who underwent surgical resection of primary cardiac tumors at our center from January of 2001 to June of 2017.

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Dec
1969

Cardiac calcified amorphous tumor (CAT) is an extremely rare benign intracavitary tumor of the heart. It may mimic other cardiac tumors and can present with signs or symptoms of systemic embolization. There are limited data regarding CAT in the literature.

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Dec
1969

Papillary fibroelastoma is a rare benign lesion of heart (1). It is the second most common primary cardiac neoplasm, accounting for 4.4-8% of all tumors of the heart (2).

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Jan
2018

Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a genetic disorder with an incidence of 1:6000 live births and associated with the development of benign tumors in several organs. It is also characterized by high rates of neurological and neuropsychiatric abnormalities, including epilepsy affecting 70-90% of patients and being one of the major risk factors of intellectual disability. The first seizures in TSC patients appear usually between the 4th and the 6th months of life.

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Nov
2017

Herein we describe the case of a young patient who presented with a recent history of epilepsy due to multiple brain lesions; he did not complain about any cardiopulmonary impairments. The patient died as a consequence of hemorrhagic progression of brain metastatic disease. Regardless of a thorough investigation, the heart tumor remained occult.

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Jan
2018

BACKGROUND Primary pericardial tumors have a prevalence of between 6.7% and 12.8% of all tumors arising in the cardiac region.

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Feb
2018

Caseous calcification of the mitral annulus (CCMA) is considered a rare variant of mitral annular calcification (MAC) due to caseous transformation of the inner material and prevalence of CCMA, about 0.63% of all MAC cases and 0.06%-0.

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Jan
2018

Biallelic germline mutations in(regulator of telomere elongation helicase 1) result in pathologic telomere erosion and cause dyskeratosis congenita. However, the role ofmutations in other bone marrow failure (BMF) syndromes and myeloid neoplasms, and the contribution of monoallelicmutations to disease development are not well defined. We screened 516 patients for germline mutations in telomere-associated genes by next-generation sequencing in 2 independent cohorts; one constituting unselected patients with idiopathic BMF, unexplained cytopenia, or myeloid neoplasms (n = 457) and a second cohort comprising selected patients on the basis of the suspicion of constitutional/familial BMF (n = 59).

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Dec
1969

Rhabdomyoma is an uncommon benign mesenchymal tumor with skeletal muscle differentiation that may occur either in the heart or in extracardiac sites. Even though the head and neck region is the most common area of extracardiac rhabdomyoma, the larynx is rarely involved. We present the case of an 85-year-old woman who reported a 10-day history of breathing difficulties, dysphagia, and dysphonia.

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Dec
2017

Cardiac papillary fibroelastoma is a rare benign cardiac tumor that represents less than 10% of all cardiac tumors. Most papillary fibroelastomas are relatively small. Symptoms, if present, are due to flow obstruction or peripheral embolization.

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Jan
2018

Primary heart tumors in the pediatric population are very rare and they range from 0.01% to 0.04%.

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Dec
2017

BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical presentation, operative data, and early and late outcomes of a large patient cohort undergoing surgical treatment for cardiac tumors in our institution. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 181 patients underwent surgery because of suspected cardiac tumor in our institution between 1998 and 2016. In 162 cases, the diagnosis was confirmed postoperatively and these patients were included in this study.

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Dec
2017

Cardiac hemangiomas are rare benign tumors. Here, we report the case of a man in his 30s who had a cardiac hemangioma with no symptoms. He was being treated with β-blockers for chronic heart failure with hypertensive heart disease at Osaka Minato Central Hospital.

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Nov
2017

Cardiac myxomas are benign tumors that commonly arise within the left atria. Familial cardiac myxomas are a part of Carney Complex (CNC), an autosomal dominant multiple neoplasia syndrome caused by germline mutations in. Seven percent of cardiac myxomas are associated with CNC.

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Dec
1969

Appendiceal mucinous tumors can be encountered in four different types. The clinical approach varies according to these types and the severity of the present disease. We aimed to share clinical, radiological, and pathological features and surgical options of the patients diagnosed with mucinous tumors at our center.

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Dec
1969

Meningiomas are among the most commonly encountered tumors of the central nervous system, being more frequent in females. We present the case of a dyslipidemic male patient, previously diagnosed with coronary artery disease for which he previously underwent percutaneous coronary intervention with the placement of two bare metal stents on the left anterior descending artery. He was presented to the emergency department for atypical angina and a seven-day history of dizziness when switching from clino- to orthostatism, reduced visual acuity, diplopia and vomiting.

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Dec
1969

Papillary ibroelastomas are small benign intracardiac tumors known for their embolic potential. Since the introduction of echocardiography with improved resolution and transesophageal imaging techniques, they are being increasingly detected in clinical practice. In recent series, papillary fibroelastoma is considered the most frequent benign tumor of the heart.

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Sep
2017

Primary cardiac tumors are uncommon clinical entities with an incidence of 0.0017% to 0.03% of all autopsies.

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Feb
2018

Congenital Vascular Tumors.

Otolaryngol Clin North Am 2018 Feb;51(1):89-97
Jeremy A Goss, Arin K Greene
Vascular tumors are benign neoplasms, which result from proliferating endothelial cells. These lesions present during infancy or childhood, may affect any location, and exhibit postnatal growth. Local complications include bleeding, tissue destruction, and pain whereas systemic sequelae include thrombocytopenia, congestive heart failure, and death.

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Nov
2017

The frequency of primary cardiac tumors is rare at about 0.3% by autopsy. Our objective was to investigate the characteristics and locations of cardiac tumors and to provide a prognostic analysis in our hospital.

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Nov
2017

Myxomas are the most common cardiac tumors, accounting for about 50% of benign primary cardiac tumors, with the majority located in the left atrium, and 80% of which originate in the interatrial septum. We report two cases with severe cachexia, neurological sequelae, and severe biventricle dysfunction secondary to atrial myxomas with marked early improvement after tumor excision.

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Oct
2017

Cardiac myxomas are the most frequent primary benign intracardiac tumors. We reviewed our 27-year experience to evaluate factors associated with an embolism in patients with cardiac myxomas and their long-term outcomes.
A retrospective review identified 99 patients with cardiac myxomas between 1985 and 2012.

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Oct
2017

Primary cardiac tumors in infancy and childhood are rare and usually benign. We report two children with giant left ventricular fibromas and discuss their surgical management.

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Nov
2017

A 4-year-old girl who had been treated for asthma since the age of 2 years had a severe coughing fit and died suddenly. The patient had a history of occasional severe coughing fits, and these fits had been worsening in severity during the week before her death. Prior to death, she was taken to a clinician, and thymic hypertrophy was suspected based on chest X-ray findings.

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Aug
2017

Carney Complex (CNC) is a multiple neoplasia syndrome characterized by skin tumors and pigmented lesions, myxomas, and various endocrine tumors. The aim of this case report was to describe a case of CNC with a novel PRKAR1A mutation. A man aged 46 years with a medical history of surgery for cardiac myxomas at the age of 39 was admitted to our hospital because of four newly-developed heart masses.

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Oct
2017

Infantile hemangioma is a benign vascular neoplasm that spontaneously involutes over time. Management, when needed, consists of medications, laser treatment and surgical excision. We describe a 3-year-old girl who presented shortly after birth with diffuse cutaneous hemangiomas, hepatosplenomegaly with liver lesions, anemia, and acute heart failure.

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Sep
2017

Cardiac lymphangioma is a rare primary benign tumor of the heart. We report a 3-year-old with cystic lymphangioma encasing the right coronary artery. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging confirmed a intra-pericardial heterogeneous mass measuring 2.

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Oct
2017

Uterine fibroids are benign tumors of the uterus affecting up to 77% of women by menopause. They are the leading indication for hysterectomy, and account for $34 billion annually in the United States. Race/ethnicity and age are the strongest known risk factors.

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Nov
2017

Glomus tumors are rare mesenchymal neoplasms with a phenotype akin to the modified smooth muscle cells of the glomus body. Most are benign, but rare examples show malignant histologic characteristics and aggressive behavior. We recently encountered a malignant glomus tumor with BRAF V600E mutation.

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Aug
2017

Primary benign tumors of the heart are extremely rare and usually difficult to diagnose for their asymptomatic signs.
A 66-year-old woman was admitted for shortness of breath caused by a large left atrial lipoma combined with coronary artery disease. Next, we successfully performed simultaneous curative surgery for the large cardiac lipoma and coronary artery bypass grafting with a "starfish" and no cardiopulmonary bypass was used.

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Jul
2017

Cardiac and pericardial masses may be neoplastic, benign and malignant, non-neoplastic such as thrombus or simple pericardial cysts, or normal variants cardiac structure can also be a diagnostic challenge. Currently, there are several imaging modalities for diagnosis of cardiac masses; each technique has its inherent advantages and disadvantages. Echocardiography, is typically the initial test utilizes in such cases, Echocardiography is considered the test of choice for evaluation and detection of cardiac mass, it is widely available, portable, with no ionizing radiation and provides comprehensive evaluation of cardiac function and valves, however, echocardiography is not very helpful in many cases such as evaluation of extracardiac extension of mass, poor tissue characterization, and it is non diagnostic in some cases.

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Mar
2017

Papillary fibroelastomas (PFEs) are rare and benign cardiac tumors which usually are localized on the valves (mostly on the aortic valve), though they may originate also from the ventricles or atrial walls. Whilst, in the large majority of cases, these lesions are asymptomatic they may cause serious complications such as thromboembolic events, or more rarely valvular dysfunctions. Surgical excision is necessary for a symptomatic lesion.

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Nov
2017

Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal dominant condition associated with epilepsy, benign tumors, and variable neurodevelopmental outcomes. The diagnosis is most commonly made after epilepsy onset, although a proportion are diagnosed prenatally. Presymptomatic or early treatment with agents such as vigabatrin offers the hope of improved neurodevelopmental outcome.

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Aug
2017

Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol 2017 Aug 11;221(4):175-179. Epub 2017 Aug 11.
Shi-Min Yuan
Fetal cardiac myxomas are very rare. To date there has been no representative description of fetal cardiac myxomas. The aim of this study is to highlight the clinical features, possible outcomes and the disparities from the adult cardiac myxomas and other fetal cardiac tumors.

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Aug
2016

There is striking variation in the incidence of cancer in human organs. Malignant tumors are common in the colon and breast but rare in the heart and small bowel. The uterus frequently develops benign fibroid tumors but uterine cancers are relatively rare.

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Dec
1969

Papillary fibroelastoma arising from the coumadin ridge.

J Cardiovasc Thorac Res 2017 12;9(2):118-120. Epub 2017 Apr 12.
Mahim Malik, Konstantin Shilo, Ahmet Kilic
Cardiac papillary fibroelastomas (CPF) are rare cardiac tumors, mostly found on the valvular surfaces in the heart. These tumors are frond like in nature and are benign, intracardiac masses, rarely causing any hemodynamic disturbances. However, excision of these masses is indicated due to their propensity to embolize.

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Jul
2017

Intracardiac leiomyomatosis (ICLM) is a rare condition in which the benign tumor extends into the right heart chambers through inferior vena cava. The best surgical approach still remains unclear.We present a retrospective cohort of 36 patients diagnosed with ICLM in Peking Union Medical College Hospital between 2002 and 2016.

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Oct
2017

An international panel of experts in the field of salivary gland cytology (SGC), supported by the American Society of Cytopathology (ASC) and the International Academy of Cytology, conducted a survey to seek evidence and practice patterns regarding SGC. Results were used to provide focus for the proposed Milan System for Reporting Salivary Gland Cytopathology.
The study group, formed during the 2015 European Congress of Cytology held in Milan, Italy, generated a survey that included 49 specific questions related to the taxonomies, practices, and diagnostic entities of salivary cytology.

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Jul
2017

BACKGROUND We reviewed our clinical experience with cardiac papillary fibroelastoma from 2005 to 2017. The objective of this study was to investigate the clinical and operative data, as well as the early survival rate and immediate postoperative complications. MATERIAL AND METHODS We performed a retrospective analysis of 11 patients (eight males and three females) who underwent resection of cardiac papillary fibroelastoma in our institution.

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Jul
2017

Pulmonary benign metastasizing leiomyoma (PBML) is a rare entity that leiomyoma of uterus metastasized to the lung. The clinical characteristics of this rare disease were analyzed in this article.The detailed clinical records of 7 patients diagnosed as PBML at Peking Union Medical College Hospital between January 2001 and June 2015 were reviewed.

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Jul
2017

Adrenal adenomas are benign tumors often discovered incidentally, and >70% are hormonally inactive. The remaining subset may produce excess aldosterone, cortisol, or catecholamine. Perioperative outcomes after adrenalectomy for such "hormonally active" tumors remain unclear.

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Jan
2018

- Malignant mesothelioma (MM) is an uncommon tumor that can be difficult to diagnose.
- To provide updated, practical guidelines for the pathologic diagnosis of MM.
- Pathologists involved in the International Mesothelioma Interest Group and others with an interest and expertise in the field contributed to this update.

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Jun
2017

Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Neoplasms (IPMNs) are the most common cystic tumors of the pancreas and are considered premalignant lesions. IPMNs are characterized by the papillary growth of the ductal epithelium with rich mucin production, which is responsible for cystic segmental or diffuse dilatation of the main pancreatic duct (MPD) and/or its branches. According to the different involvement of pancreatic duct system, IPMNs are divided into main duct type (MD-IPMN), branch duct type (BD-IPMN), and mixed type (MT-IPMN).

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Dec
1969

Primary cardiac tumors are a rare entity whose incidence in the general population ranges from 0.0017% to 0.28%.

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Jun
2017

Solitary fibrous tumours (SFTs) are relatively rare neoplasms thought to originate from the submesothelial connective tissue. SFTs have been described in a variety of sites, including the pleura, orbit, lower respiratory tract, peritoneal cavity and heart. These neoplasms are usually benign, though locally aggressive, and metastatic behaviour has been observed in some cases.

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Jun
2017

While intra-caval and intra-cardiac extension of retroperitoneal tumors is extremely rare, it is almost unheard-of in benign tumors. We report the challenges in diagnosis and management of the first case of a renal angiomyolipoma (AML) with intra-ventricular extension in a young man who presented with pain and a lump in the abdomen.

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Oct
2017

The usefulness of clinical, radiological and pleural fluid analytical parameters for diagnosing malignant and paramalignant pleural effusion is not clearly stated. Hence this study aimed to identify possible predictor variables of diagnosing malignancy in pleural effusion of unknown aetiology.
Clinical, radiological and pleural fluid analytical parameters were obtained from consecutive patients who had suffered pleural effusion of unknown aetiology.

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Dec
1969

Age-associated clonal hematopoiesis caused by acquired mutations in myeloid cancer-associated genes is highly prevalent in the normal population. Its etiology, biological impact on hematopoiesis, and oncogenic risk is poorly defined at this time. To gain insight into this phenomenon, we analyzed a cohort of 2530 related and unrelated hematologically normal individuals (ages 55 to 101 years).

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