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'Biopsy Temporal Artery' (4585)


Dec
1969

To report a case of Pseudo-Foster Kennedy (PFK) syndrome and describe its clinical and paraclinical particularities, as well as the diagnostic difficulties and established treatment.The case of a 60-year-old male patient with sudden, painless visual impairment in the left eye (LE), and a medical history of old optic nerve atrophy in his right eye (RE) was described.The diagnosis of nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) was established based on the medical history, local and general clinical and paraclinical examination, and temporal artery biopsy.

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Nov
2017

Temporal arteritis is systemic vasculitis of medium and large sized vessels. The lowest incidence rates were reported in Turkey, Japan and Israel. We aimed to investigate the results of patients with biopsy-proven temporal arteritis and those classified according to the American College of Rheumatology criteria from a low-incidence region for temporal arteritis.

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Apr
2014

Temporal arteritis.

Neurol Clin Pract 2014 Apr;4(2):106-113
Andrew W Lee, Celia Chen, Sudha Cugati
Temporal or giant cell arteritis is an inflammation of medium and small extracranial vessels that may result in ocular ischemia, an aortitis followed by aortic dissection and peripheral limb ischemia. It should be considered a medical emergency due to the seriousness of end organ damage, in particular visual symptoms. While the presentation may be nonspecific, the presence of a tender temporal artery mandates a temporal artery biopsy.

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Feb
2018

Aneurysmal bone cysts (ABC) are benign, rapidly growing osteolytic lesions. Solid variant of ABC (SVABC) is a rare subtype of ABC that has not been reported in the temporal bone.
We report the case of a 6-year-old boy presenting with a slowly enlarging bony protuberance over the right zygomatic/malar eminence region.

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Feb
2018

To evaluate the variability induced by the imager in discriminating high-grade (Gleason≥7) prostate cancers (HGC) using dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI.
We retrospectively selected 3T MRIs with temporal resolution<10 seconds and comprising T1 mapping from a prospective radiologic-pathologic database of patients treated by prostatectomy. Ktrans, Kep, Ve and Vp were calculated for each lesion seen on MRI using the Weinmann arterial input function (AIF) and three patient-specific AIFs measured in the right and left iliac arteries in pixels in the center of the lumen (psAIF-ST) or manually selected by two independent readers (psAIF-R1 and psAIF-R2).

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Feb
2018

Temporal artery biopsy (TAB) is the gold standard for confirming the diagnosis of giant cell arteritis (GCA) when positive. However, the clinical significance of healed/healing (HH) arterial injury on TAB is not well understood. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical significance of this finding on TAB by determining its association with seromarkers typically predictive of GCA.

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Jan
2018

Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is the most common vasculitis in adults affecting large and medium-sized arteries. IL-6 and T cell accumulation within the arterial wall contribute to the pathogenesis of GCA, and blockade of IL-6 activity is efficacious in its treatment. We examined the relationship between levels of IL-6 expression and immunological processes that control the expansion of T cells in GCA-positive temporal artery biopsies.

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Jan
2018

To develop evidence-based recommendations for the use of imaging modalities in primary large vessel vasculitis (LVV) including giant cell arteritis (GCA) and Takayasu arteritis (TAK).European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) standardised operating procedures were followed. A systematic literature review was conducted to retrieve data on the role of imaging modalities including ultrasound, MRI, CT and [F]-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET) in LVV.

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Dec
2017

A 68-year-old man was admitted because of a pulsatile mass and pain in the left temporal region, and computed tomography demonstrated the superficial temporal artery aneurysm. He underwent aneurysmectomy, and pathologic investigation revealed marked thickness of the adventitia with substantial plasmacyte infiltration. On immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4) immunohistochemistry, IgG4-positive lymphocytes were scattered in the adventitia, and biochemical tests revealed elevation of IgG4 (200 mg/dL).

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Dec
1969

Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a chronic vasculitis of large and medium vessels in which no targetable biomarkers exist to allow selective treatment, predict disease activity and monitor therapeutic responses. The accessibility of the temporal artery (TA) for biopsy allows morphologic studies to characterize macrophages and T cells in the microenvironment of the arterial wall. We evaluated the expression of folate receptor beta (FRB), a candidate diagnostic/therapeutic biomarker, compared its expression with key macrophage markers and correlated it with GCA severity.

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Dec
2017

A 75-year-old hypertensive female with stable idiopathic intermediate uveitis presented with bilateral sequential optic neuropathy with optic disc swelling. The optic neuropathy in the first affected eye (right) was thought to be due to non-arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (NAION). Asymptomatic left optic disc swelling was found at routine review 2 months later, and a diagnosis of giant cell arteritis (GCA) was sought.

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Dec
1969

Clinical and epidemiological studies of older persons have implicated clusterin in Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis. In the context of identifying early biomarkers of risk, we examined associations of plasma clusterin and characteristics of AD in middle-aged individuals from the community.
Subjects were 639 cognitively normal individuals (mean age 50 ± 3.

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Jan
2018

Are there any phenotypic and structural/architectural changes in the vessels of endometrium and superficial myometrium during the normal menstrual cycle in healthy women and those with heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB)?
Spatial and temporal differences in protein levels of endothelial cell (EC) markers and components of the extracellular matrix (ECM) were detected across the menstrual cycle in healthy women and these are altered in HMB.
HMB affects 30% of women of reproductive age with ~50% of cases being idiopathic. We have previously shown that the differentiation status of endometrial vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) is altered in women with HMB, suggesting altered vessel maturation compared to controls.

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Jan
2018

OBJECTIVE Brain arteriovenous malformations (bAVMs) are rupture-prone tangles of blood vessels with direct shunting of blood flow between arterial and venous circulations. The molecular and/or cellular mechanisms contributing to bAVM pathogenesis and/or destabilization in sporadic lesions have remained elusive. Initial insights into AVM formation have been gained through models of genetic AVM syndromes.

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Dec
2017

To examine whether herpes zoster antigen (also called varicella-zoster virus antigen) was detectable in temporal artery biopsies taken from individuals with giant cell arteritis (GCA).
Retrospective comparative case series.
Sections of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded temporal arteries were examined first by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining to establish the diagnosis of GCA.

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Dec
2017

Goodpasture's syndrome is a triad of anti-glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) circulating antibodies, glomerulonephritis and pulmonary hemorrhage. We reported a 65-year-old woman with headaches, asthenia and weight loss. Giant cell arteritis was confirmed by temporal artery biopsy.

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Jan
2018

Giant cell arteritis (GCA), a vasculitis involving large-sized and medium-sized vessels (which most commonly involves temporal arteries), is easily recognized in older patients presenting with headache, scalp tenderness, and raised inflammatory markers. Neurological complications (either central or peripheral) are classically described in GCA.
We report the case of an 85-year-old woman with bilateral acute brachial radiculoplexopathy, a rare neurological complication of GCA.

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Dec
2017

Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is the most common systemic vasculitis in persons older than 50 years. The highest incidence rates of the disease have been reported in Scandinavian countries. Our objective was to determine the epidemiology of GCA in an expected high-incidence region during a 41-year period.

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Dec
2017

Temporal artery biopsy is considered the investigation of choice to definitively diagnose giant cell arteritis in patients with compatible symptoms. However it is invasive and not completely sensitive. Serum markers, particularly ESR, can be supportive but are not definitive in individual cases.

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Dec
2017

Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is defined as an abnormal communication between the high flow arterial system and the low flow venous network, which directly connects the arterial feeding vessels and the near draining veins without normal intervening capillary bed. Arteriovenous fistula incurs in preauricular region is exceeding rare. Most of these fistulae occur as a result of an iatrogenic injury, the volume is small, feeding and draining vessels of feeding and draining are simple, and can be cured easily.

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Dec
2017

To investigate the topographical relationship between the frontal branch of the superficial temporal artery (FSTA) and the temporal branch of the facial nerve (TFN) with the aim of preventing nerve injury during FSTA biopsy. Fifty-seven hemifaces of 33 cadavers were dissected. Vertical lines drawn to the lateral orbital margin (LOM) and the superior root of the helix were used as the anterior and posterior reference positions, respectively.

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Dec
1969

Previous studies, although inconclusive, have suggested possible associations of environmental risk factors with the development of giant cell arteritis (GCA). We aim to investigate seasonal influence on the incidence of GCA across Australia and New Zealand.
In establishing an international study to investigate the molecular aetiology of GCA, archived temporal artery biopsy (TAB) specimens primarily from Australia and New Zealand were obtained.

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Dec
2017

Temporal artery biopsy is a critical, relatively safe, and reliable test in the diagnosis of temporal arteritis. Yet, a clarification of the pre-test probabilities may provide clarity on which patients with suspected giant cell arteritis would benefit from this invasive diagnostic procedure.
A prospective case series PARTICIPANTS: A consecutive case series of patients referred to the Ophthalmology service for temporal artery biopsy.

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Dec
1969

To develop and validate a diagnostic prediction model for patients with suspected giant cell arteritis (GCA).
A retrospective review of records of consecutive adult patients undergoing temporal artery biopsy (TABx) for suspected GCA was conducted at seven university centers. The pathologic diagnosis was considered the final diagnosis.

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Dec
2017

Rhinocerebral mucormycosis (RCM) can lead to internal carotid artery thrombosis. Here, we report the first case of RCM with temporal artery thrombosis following HLA-haploidentical stem cell transplantation in an adolescent presenting with low-grade fever, right mandibular pain, and right jaw claudication. This case suggests that RCM can cause temporal artery thrombosis and should be considered as a differential diagnosis in severely immunocompromised patients with maxillary sinusitis presenting with jaw claudication.

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Feb
2018

The model of oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR) is widely used to analyze pathomechanisms in retinal neovascularization. Previous studies have shown that macrophages (MP) play a key role in vessel formation in OIR, the influence of microglia (MG) having been discussed. The aim of our study was to analyze the spatial and temporal distribution and activation of MP/MG expressing CD115 and CD11b during the process of neovascularization in OIR.

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Jan
2017

A 20-year-old man presented with consciousness disturbance and hemiparesis, and computed tomography demonstrated subarachnoid and intracerebral hemorrhage. Angiography on admission demonstrated a slight irregularity of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) branch. Angiography on the 12th day showed a suspicious lesion at M3 of the left MCA.

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Dec
2017

Large-vessel giant cell arteritis (GCA) can be a diagnostic dilemma for the eye care provider because it may not involve the typical cranial arteries. When any of its potential ocular complications are diagnosed, it is important to consider this unusual form of GCA.
To report an unusual ophthalmic presentation of large-vessel GCA with sequential bilateral anterior ischemic optic neuropathy and branch retinal artery occlusion.

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Oct
2017

Hemochorial placentation is orchestrated through highly regulated temporal and spatial decisions governing the fate of trophoblast stem/progenitor cells. Trophoblast cell acquisition of specializations facilitating invasion and uterine spiral artery remodeling is a labile process, sensitive to the environment, and represents a process that is vulnerable to dysmorphogenesis in pathologic states. Hypoxia is a signal guiding placental development, and molecular mechanisms directing cellular adaptations to low oxygen tension are integral to trophoblast cell differentiation and placentation.

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Oct
2017

A 71-year-old woman was admitted with fever, headache, and weight loss associated with elevated inflammatory markers. She developed acute bilateral ophthalmoplegia and asymmetrical ptosis, rapidly followed by anterior ischemic optic neuropathy. Although the first temporal artery biopsy was negative, contralateral temporal artery biopsy revealed features consistent with giant cell arteritis.

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Oct
2017

Bypass surgery is often used in the treatment of large and giant aneurysms. Major complications that often arise during the perioperative period include cranial nerve palsy, ischemic complications, and hyperperfusion. However, there have been a few reports about late onset complications such as anastomotic aneurysms.

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Mar
2018

A 72-year-old woman experienced anterior ischemic optic neuropathy in her left eye. The funduscopic and fluorescein angiographic findings were strongly suggestive of giant cell arteritis. Temporal artery biopsy revealed extensive calcification in the vessel wall consistent with calciphylaxis.

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Oct
2017

An 82-year-old woman with polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) on prednisone 7 mg daily was admitted to an acute stroke unit with a right homonymous hemianopia, a left posterior cerebral artery occlusion and occipital lobe infarct. She had raised inflammatory markers, did not have a temporal artery biopsy, and was discharged on the same dose of prednisone. After 21 months, off prednisone, her ophthalmologist, concerned about giant cell arteritis (GCA), restarted prednisone 40 mg daily, with rapid, profound visual improvement.

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Mar
2018

A 5-year-old boy had initial symptoms of behavioral changes, nausea, vomiting, headache, weight loss, and progressive vision failure. Brain MRI revealed abnormal signal intensity in both optic nerves, the optic chiasm, the right medial temporal lobe, and tissues surrounding the right supraclinoid internal carotid artery with associated leptomeningeal and spinal cord enhancement. After nondiagnostic dural and spinal arachnoid biopsies, a temporal lobe biopsy was diagnostic for a rare malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor.

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Oct
2017

Colour Doppler Sonography (CDS) in giant cell arteritis (GCA) allows the study of involvement of cranial arteries other than the temporal arteries, which are inconvenient to biopsy, such as the facial (FaA), and occipital (OcA) arteries. We aimed to estimate the frequency of the FaA, and OcA involvement in GCA; and to explore the clinical characteristics of these subgroups of patients.
From 1 January 2014 to 31 December 2016 we prospectively performed a CDS of the FaA, and OcA in addition to the temporal (TA), and the extracranial supra-aortic arteries in all newly diagnosed patients suspected of having GCA.

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Dec
2017

Diabetes is known to be associated with increased arterial stiffness. However, the temporal association between increased carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (c-f PWV) and diabetes is unclear. The aim of this study is to explore the relationship between arterial stiffness, as determined by c-f PWV, and incidence of diabetes.

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Jan
2018

GCA is characterized by arterial remodelling driven by inflammation. IL-22 is an attractive cytokine which acts at the crosstalk between immune and stromal cells. We hypothesized that IL-22 might be induced in GCA and might be involved in disease pathogenesis.

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Sep
2017

To present a case of cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis associated with occlusive vasculopathy presenting as sudden unilateral loss of vision in a human immunodeficiency virus-negative elderly man.
Clinical case report and literature review.
An 84-year-old Chinese man with diabetes mellitus and primary open-angle glaucoma was seen in consultation by our uveitis service for evaluation of sudden vision loss in the right eye.

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Nov
2017

The authors present a case with a 22-year-old man suffering from a 2 pseudoaneurysms at the temporal region following trauma. The second pseudoaneurysm was diagnosed through an astute use of digital subtraction angiography along with ultrasound to the right external carotid artery which was preferred due to the presence of a vascular pathology at the region of the trauma. During surgery, the distal and proximal ends of both aneurysms were ligated and resected.

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Sep
2017

Praxis (Bern 1994) 2017 Sep;106(19):1061-1064
Katharina Brodsky, Dominique Oberlin, Reto Nüesch

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Sep
2017

A 78-year-old Caucasian man with significant vascular disease reported sudden onset of worsened vision during a routine wound-care appointment for nonhealing necrotic leg ulcers. He described painless blurring of vision with grey scotomas in his right eye, his only well-seeing eye, after trauma to the left eye as a child. He presented with retinal ischemia, a cotton wool spot, and optic nerve swelling.

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Dec
2017

Large vessel uptake on positron emission tomography/computerized tomography (PET/CT) supports the diagnosis of giant cell arteritis (GCA). Its value, however, in patients without arteritis on temporal artery biopsy and in those receiving glucocorticoids remains unknown. We compared PET/CT results in GCA patients with positive (TAB+) and negative temporal artery biopsies (TAB-), and controls.

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