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'Botulinum Toxin BOTOX R Dystonia Treatment' (37)


Jan
2018

We have recently mapped the in vitro proliferative responses of T cells from botulinum neurotoxin type A (BoNT/A)-treated cervical dystonia (CD) patients with overlapping peptides encompassing BoNT/A heavy chain (residues 449-1296). In the present study, we determined the recognition profiles, by peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) from the same set of patients, of BoNT/A light (L) chain (residues 1-453) by using 32 synthetic overlapping peptides that encompassed the entire L chain. Profiles of the T-cell responses (expressed in stimulation index, SI; Z score based on transformed SI) to the peptides varied among the patients.

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May
2017

We have conducted a 26-month-long comparative study involving young patients (2-6years old) with a clinical diagnosis of spastic equinus secondary to cerebral palsy who have been treated with BoNT/A (BOTOX®, Allergan) tri-annually or annually. Serum samples were obtained to determine the presence or absence of blocking antibodies (Abs) by a mouse protection assay (MPA) and levels of anti-BoNT/A Abs by radioimmune assay (RIA). HLA DQ alleles were typed using blood samples to determine the possible association of certain HLA type(s) with the disease or with the Ab status.

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Dec
1969

Writer's cramp is a specific focal hand dystonia causing abnormal posturing and tremor in the upper limb. The most popular medical intervention, botulinum neurotoxin type A (BoNT-A) therapy, is variably effective for 50-70% of patients. BoNT-A non-responders undergo ineffective treatment and may experience significant side effects.

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Feb
2017

Data, regarding the use of botulinum toxin (BT-A) in laryngeal dyspnea, are scarce, coming from some cases reports in the literature, including Vocal fold paralysis, laryngeal dystonia, vocal cord dysfunction also called paradoxical motion of the vocal fold (PMVF), and post-neuroleptic laryngeal dyskinesia. There is no consensus regarding the muscles and the doses to inject. The aim of this study is to present a retrospective review of patients treated in our ENT Department by BT-A injection in this indication.

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Feb
2017

Incobotulinumtoxin-A (Xeomin(®), Merz Pharmaceuticals, Sydney, New South Wales) is a formulation of botulinum neurotoxin type A that is free of complexing proteins.
To assess the cost-effectiveness of incobotulinumtoxin-A administered with flexible treatment intervals compared to onabotulinumtoxin-A (Botox(®), Sydney, New South Wales) in blepharospasm and cervical dystonia from the perspective of Australian health care providers.
A Markov state transition model was developed to perform a cost-utility analysis to compare the cost and health benefits of incobotulinumtoxin-A to that of onabotulinumtoxin-A.

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Mar
2016

Botulinum neurotoxin has revolutionized the treatment of spasticity and is now administered worldwide. There are currently three leading botulinum neurotoxin type A products available in the Western Hemisphere: onabotulinum toxin-A (ONA) Botox(®), abobotulinum toxin-A (ABO), Dysport(®), and incobotulinum toxin A (INCO, Xeomin(®)). Although the efficacies are similar, there is an intense debate regarding the comparability of various preparations.

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Apr
2016

A systematic pair-wise comparison of all available botulinum toxin serotype A and B treatments for cervical dystonia (CD) was conducted, as direct head-to-head clinical trial comparisons are lacking. Five botulinum toxin products: Dysport(®) (abobotulinumtoxinA), Botox(®) (onabotulinumtoxinA), Xeomin(®) (incobotulinumtoxinA), Prosigne(®) (Chinese botulinum toxin serotype A) and Myobloc(®) (rimabotulinumtoxinB) have demonstrated efficacy for managing CD. A pair-wise efficacy and safety comparison was performed for all toxins based on literature-reported clinical outcomes.

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Dec
1969

IncobotulinumtoxinA (Xeomin(®)) is a purified botulinum neurotoxin type A formulation, free from complexing proteins, with proven efficacy and good tolerability for the treatment of neurological conditions such as blepharospasm, cervical dystonia (CD), and post-stroke spasticity of the upper limb. This article provides a comprehensive overview of incobotulinumtoxinA based on randomized controlled trials and prospective clinical studies.
IncobotulinumtoxinA provides clinical efficacy in treating blepharospasm, CD, and upper-limb post-stroke spasticity based on randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials with open-label extension periods (total study duration up to 89 weeks).

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Dec
1969

The first-line treatment for cervical dystonia (CD) is botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A), which has been established as a highly effective and well-tolerated therapy. However, this treatment is also complex and challenging to apply in clinical practice. Approximately 20% of patients discontinue therapy due to treatment failure, adverse effects, and other reasons.

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Feb
2015

We sought to explore the therapeutic effect of botulinum toxin (BT) therapy by analysing the time between the BT application and the onset of its decrease (treatment duration, TD), the inter-injection interval (II), and the excess time (ET, ET = II-TD). For this we studied 59 patients (37 females, 22 males, age 52.6 ± 10.

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Sep
2014

Chemical denervation with botulinum toxin A is the current standard of treatment for spasmodic dysphonia, but dosage is determined individually after a titration period that can take months to years. The objective of this study was to determine if age, body mass index (BMI), overall health, and socioeconomic factors were associated with a patient's optimal dose of botulinum toxin.
This retrospective chart review looked at 32 patients with stabilized doses of botulinum toxin.

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May
2014

To estimate treatment costs of blepharospasm, cervical dystonia(CD), upper limb spasticity (ULS) and spasticity in children with cerebral palsy (SCCP) with botulinum neurotoxin type A (BoNT-A) in Spain.
Annual BoNT-A treatment costs were calculated (2013 ex-factory price () applying RDL 8/2010 and RDL 9/2011 deductions), based on initial dose (id), average dose (ad) and maximum dose (md) according to Summary of Product Characteristics of Botox® (100U/50U), Dysport®(500U) and Xeomin® (100U) and considering the use of complete vials.In addition, annual treatment costs were calculated considering the useof vials in more than one patient and also patient population annual treatment costs based on diseases' prevalence.

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Jan
2014

Several botulinum toxin (BT) drugs are licensed for the treatment of cervical dystonia (CD). We wanted to compare the efficacy and the potency labelling of incobotulinumtoxinA (Xeomin(®)) and onabotulinumtoxinA (Botox(®)) by analysing the duration of their therapeutic effect in a cross-over study. For this we studied 40 CD patients (26 females, 14 males, age at therapy onset 52.

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Dec
2013

IncobotulinumtoxinA (Xeomin(®), NT 201), a preparation without accessory (complexing) proteins, has shown comparable efficacy and safety to onabotulinumtoxinA in treating cervical dystonia (CD). This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of repeated incobotulinumtoxinA injections in subjects with CD. Following a ≤20-week placebo-controlled, randomized, double-blind, single-dose main period, subjects could enter a ≤68-week prospective, randomized, double-blind, repeated-dose, flexible-interval (minimum 6 weeks) extension period with 240 U or 120 U of incobotulinumtoxinA (≤5 injections).

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Sep
2013

Botulinum neurotoxins (BoNT) are approved for a number of therapeutic indications, including blepharospasm, cervical dystonia and hyperhidrosis, and have also shown efficacy in a variety of pain disorders. The potency of any given BoNT preparation can be routinely assessed by using the Digit Abduction Score (DAS) assay, which measures the local muscle weakening efficacy of BoNT following injection into mouse hindlimb muscle. While most studies have employed mice to assess BoNT efficacy in the DAS, few have utilized rats.

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Dec
1969

Botulinum toxin type A (btxA) is one of the main treatment choices for patients with spasticity. Prosigne® a new released botulinum toxin serotype A may have the same effectiveness as Botox® in focal dystonia. However, there are no randomized clinical trials comparing these formulations in spasticity treatment.

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Sep
2012

The objective of this study was to assess the clinical benefits of onabotulinumtoxinA (BOTOX®) treatment on the symptoms of cervical dystonia and the frequency, severity, and associated symptoms of migraine in patients with cervical dystonia and concurrent migraine.
Botulinum toxin is established as first-line treatment of cervical dystonia. Recent clinical trials have shown onabotulinumtoxinA to be an effective prophylactic therapy for patients with chronic migraine, and onabotulinumtoxinA has been approved for use in this patient population by the Food and Drug Administration.

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Jun
2012

Xeomin(®) (incobotulinumtoxinA; Merz Pharmaceuticals, Frankfurt am Main, Germany) was first introduced in Germany for movement disorders in 2005. In 2010, it was approved for use in the United States by the FDA for the treatment of cervical dystonia (CD) and blepharospasm. It is a unique botulinum type A formulation free of any complexing proteins and contains only the pure 150 kD neurotoxin.

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Dec
1969

Dystonia is a movement disorder of uncertain pathogenesis that is characterized by involuntary and inappropriate muscle contractions which cause sustained abnormal postures and movements of multiple or single (focal) body regions. The most common focal dystonias are cervical dystonia (CD) and blepharospasm (BSP). The first-line recommended treatment for CD and BSP is injection with botulinum toxin (BoNT), of which two serotypes are available: BoNT type A (BoNT/A) and BoNT type B (BoNT/B).

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Nov
2011

A registry of patients with cervical dystonia (Cervical Dystonia Patient Registry for Observation of onaBotulinumtoxinA Efficacy [CD PROBE]) was initiated to capture data regarding physician practices and patient outcomes with onabotulinumtoxinA (BOTOX®, Allergan, Inc., Irvine, CA, USA). Methods and baseline demographics from an interim analysis are provided.

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Mar
2012

In 2005, incobotulinumtoxinA (Xeomin(®) ), a new botulinum toxin (BT) type A drug without complexing proteins (CPs), became available. This paper reviews the specific features of Xeomin(®) and the experience gathered with it during the last 5 years. Compared with conventional BT drugs, Xeomin(®) 's extended shelf live and its simplified temperature restrictions indicate that CPs are not necessary for BT drug stability.

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Sep
2011

IncobotulinumtoxinA differs from available formulations in that it does not have accessory proteins. IncobotulinumtoxinA has previously shown non-inferiority to onabotulinumtoxinA for the treatment of CD with a 1:1 dosing regimen. The objective of this study was to compare the safety and efficacy of incobotulinumtoxinA (120 U, 240 U; Merz Pharmaceuticals) to placebo in subjects with cervical dystonia (CD).

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Jul
2011

The clinical application of botulinum toxin (BoNT) was first proposed by Justinus Kerner in 1822. BoNT was formally accepted as a therapeutic agent in the 1970s, and currently, it is used worldwide for treating diseases as well as for cosmetic conditions. In Japan, Botox® is the only type A formulation that has been officially approved for the treatment of blepharospasm, hemifacial spasm, cervical dystonia, pes equinus of cerebral palsy, adult spasticity of upper and lower limbs, and Botox Vista® is applied for glabellar frown lines.

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Jul
2011

Botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs), produced by the gram-positive anaerobic bacterium Clostridium botulinum, act on motor nerve endings and induce muscle relaxation. BoNT type A and B are used as therapeutic agents. Several preparations of BoNT type A are commercially available; Botox®, Dysport®, and Xeomin® are popular.

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Dec
1969

Hyperextension of the extensor hallucis longus (EHL) muscle is a well recognised disabling sequel of either pyramidal or extrapyramidal lesions causing what is known as striated or hitchhiker's toe. Surgery was the only effective strategy to manage EHL hyperextension before botulinum toxin's use to manage muscular dystonia and spasticity became widely popular.
A multicentre retrospective study.

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Dec
1969

Botulinum toxin (BoNT) is an established mainstay treatment for dystonia. However, its use, especially in developing countries, is significantly limited by its cost. Chemodenervation with muscle afferent block (MAB) using lidocaine-ethanol may provide a more cost-effective alternative to traditional BoNT injections.

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Oct
2010

This meta-analysis evaluated the frequency of neutralizing antibody (nAb) conversion with onabotulinumtoxinA (BOTOX®; Allergan) across five studied indications. The analysis was based on large, controlled or prospective, open-label trials (durations 4 months to ≥2 years). Serum samples were analyzed for nAbs using the Mouse Protection Assay.

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Dec
1969

Botulinum neurotoxin type A (BoNT/A) is the active substance in preparations used for the highly effective treatment of neurologic disorders such as cervical dystonia, blepharospasm, or spasticity, as well as other indications such as axillary and palmar hyperhidrosis, and urologic disorders.
To determine the amount of BoNT/A protein present in pharmaceutical preparations of Botox®, Dysport®, and Xeomin®, which are identical with Vistabel®, Azzalure®, and Bocouture®, respectively.
Rabbit and guinea pig antibodies raised against the 150 kD BoNT/A neurotoxin purified from Clostridium botulinum type A, strain ATCC 3502 ('Hall strain'), were used in a sensitive sandwich ELISA to determine the overall mean concentration of the 150 kD neurotoxin present in four batches of Botox® (C2344C3, C2384C3, C2419, and C2385), two batches of Dysport® (678F and 689X) and three batches of Xeomin® (61,111, 70,604, and 81,208).

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Dec
1969

Botulinum neurotoxin type A (BTX-A) weakens voluntary muscle strength and is an effective therapy for focal dystonia, including cervical dystonia (CD) and benign essential blepharospasm (BEB). It is also known to relieve hemifacial spasm and focal spasticity in children and adults. In addition, BTX-A has been shown to be effective in a wide range of other indications, such as gastrointestinal disorders, hyperhidrosis and cosmetic wrinkle correction (e.

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Jan
2005

Botulinum toxin type A therapy for cervical dystonia.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2005 Jan 25(1):CD003633. Epub 2005 Jan 25.
J Costa, C Espírito-Santo, A Borges, J J Ferreira, M Coelho, P Moore, C Sampaio
Cervical dystonia is characterized by involuntary posturing of the head and frequently is associated with neck pain. Disability and social withdrawal are common. In recent years, Botulinum toxin Type A (BtA) has become the first line therapy.

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Apr
2004

Myobloc.

Dermatol Clin 2004 Apr;22(2):207-11, vii
Timothy Corcoran Flynn
Myobloc is the currently available commercial formulation of type B botulinum toxin. Released in the United States in 2000, it is approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of cervical dystonia. The most commonly used botulinum toxins, the type A toxins (Botox and Dysport), affect the SNAP-25 protein, whereas the type B toxin (Myobloc) affects vesicle-associated membrane protein, also known as synaptobrevin.

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Jan
2004

To report a case illustrating the usefulness of botulinum toxin A in the treatment of spinal dystonia responsible for low back pain and postural disorders.
Critical appraisal of a case report.
A young woman with cerebral palsy had lumbar paraspinal muscle dystonia responsible for pain and hyperlordosis unresponsive to oral medications for muscle spasm.

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Dec
2001

The present study reports on our experience with clinical aspects and therapy of oromandibular dystonia (OMD) with botulinum toxin A. OMD is a very rare form of focal dystonias. The clinical symptoms can vary considerably, depending on the musculature affected.

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Sep
1992

To evaluate distant effects of botulinum toxin, single fibre electromyography on the extensor digitorum communis muscle and six tests of cardiovascular reflexes were performed in five patients injected with BoTox (Oculinum(R) 20-130 units) for craniocervical dystonia and hemifacial spasm. Patients underwent two sessions of treatment and the second time the dosage was doubled. Botulinum toxin injection induced an increase of mean jitter value above normal limits in all cases.

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Aug
1990

We enrolled 55 patients in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel design study of the effectiveness of botulinum toxin (Botox) injections for the treatment of spasmodic torticollis. Patients received a standard series of injections, either placebo or Botox. We determined the sites of injection and dose per muscle by the nature of head deviation.

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