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'Cardiac Tamponade' (8969)


Feb
2018

We describe a case of polymicrobial bacterial pericarditis withand, caused by pericardial penetration of the tip of the catheter of a laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB). The patient developed a cardiac tamponade, and subsequently emergency pericardiocentesis was performed. Analysis of earlier CT scans showed that the tip of the catheter had migrated through the liver and through the diaphragm into the pericardium, and was in contact with the myocardium.

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Feb
2018

This first-in-human study evaluated the safety and technical feasibility of the Tempo temporary cardiac pacing lead (BioTrace Medical), which includes a novel fixation mechanism and soft tip.
Complications of temporary pacing leads include dislodgment, arrhythmias, and ventricular perforation. Temporary pacing applications have increased with transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) growth, for rapid pacing during balloon valvuloplasty (BAV) and valve deployment, and for periprocedural bradyarrhythmia support.

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Feb
2018

Acute pericarditis following endoscopy.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Feb 5;2018. Epub 2018 Feb 5.
Michael Mohseni, Theodore Szymanski
The differential diagnoses for patients presenting with chest discomfort after endoscopy remain broad. In addition to infectious, traumatic and bleeding complications, intrinsic cardiac pathology should be considered. Though rare, pericarditis and pericardial tamponade are additional entities that the clinician should consider when evaluating these patients.

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Feb
2018

Intracoronary acetylcholine (ACh) provocation test is useful to diagnose vasospastic angina. Although outpatient coronary angiography has been widely performed in current clinical settings, the feasibility and safety of ACh provocation test in outpatient services are unclear. A total of 323 patients, who electively underwent ACh provocation test in hospitalization and outpatient services, were included.

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Feb
2018

A 50-year-old woman presented with progressive dyspnoea and oedema with rapid deterioration over the last few days. Clinical examination revealed hypotension with cold clammy skin, raised jugular venous pressure and muffled heart sounds and was diagnosed to have cardiac tamponade, later confirmed on two-dimensional echocardiography. However, patient had bradycardia, and the other striking examination findings were coarse facies with pallor, madarosis, absent axillary and pubic hair and breast atrophy.

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Feb
2018

A Life-Threatening Bronchogenic Cyst.

Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2018 Feb 5;51(1):69-71. Epub 2018 Feb 5.
Sung Joon Han, Hyun Jin Cho, Min-Woong Kang, Jae Hyeon Yu, Myung Hoon Na, Shin Kwang Kang
A bronchogenic cyst causing cardiac tamponade is a rare condition. We report an unusual case of a bronchogenic cyst that caused cardiac tamponade. A 49-year-old female patient presented at our emergency room with complaints of palpitations and shortness of breath that had lasted for 5 days preceding the visit.

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Oct
2017

A 75-year-old male received neoadjuvant chemotherapy for locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the mid-thoracic esophagus, followed by right transthoracic esophagectomy with extended mediastinal lymphadenectomy. Cardiac tamponade developed on postoperative Days 1 and 13, for which emergency ultrasound-guided drainage was required. Pericardial drainage fluid became chylous after administration of polymeric formula.

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Jun
2017

The number of surgeries for valvular heart disease performed in Japan has greatly increased over the past decade, and surgical aortic valve replacements (SAVR) constitute the vast majority of aortic valve replacement procedures. Although transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) was recently introduced, studies have yet to compare the clinical outcomes between TAVI and SAVR in the Japanese healthcare setting. This study aimed to compare in-hospital outcomes between TAVI and SAVR using a multicenter administrative database.

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Jan
2018

D-dimer shows high sensitivity but low specificity for the diagnosis of acute aortic dissection (AAD). Previous reports indicated that negative D-dimer patients have shorter dissection length. However, whether patients with negative D-dimer results have a good prognosis is unknown.

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Feb
2018

The differences in clinical features, surgical outcome and long-term prognosis between men and women who undergo surgery for Type A aortic dissection are not well known.
From January 2004 to December 2016, 303 patients, consisting of 147 women and 156 men, underwent surgery for acute Type A aortic dissection at our institution. We compared clinical outcomes between the 2 cohorts.

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Feb
2018

To evaluate the surgical outcomes of aortic repair via transapical cannulation and the adventitial inversion technique for acute Type A aortic dissection.
Between 2008 and 2015, a total of 300 patients with acute Type A aortic dissection underwent emergency surgery, consisting of 271 hemiarch repairs and 29 total aortic arch replacements, using transapical cannulation and the adventitial inversion technique at a distal anastomosis. The mean follow-up periods were 31.

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Feb
2018

Cardiac tamponade caused by perforation of the cardiac wall is a rare complication related to central venous catheter (CVC) placement. A 71-year-old female with a previous history of moderate aortic stenosis and kidney transplantation was admitted to hospital due to global heart failure and worsening of allograft function. Intensified hemodialysis was commenced through a CVC placed in the right subclavian vein.

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Feb
2018

Our aim was to evaluate the clinical outcome of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation with contact force technology, using an automated lesion tagging system (VISITAGmodule) with strict criteria of catheter stability.Methods and Results:We enrolled 200 consecutive patients who underwent pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) in 11 centers and were followed up for 12 months. The stability setting was within 3 mm for ≥10 s and for ≥15 s in 47% and 53% of patients, respectively.

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Feb
2018

We previously developed a US-CAB protocol for evaluation of circulatory-airway-breathing status during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). This study aimed at validating its application in real CPR scenarios and the potential impact on CPR outcomes.
The US-CAB protocol was implemented at the emergency department of National Taiwan University Hospital since January 2016.

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Jan
2018

Infection withcan encompass a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations, including fever, rash, endocarditis, osteomyelitis, and meningitis. The present case demonstrates the ability ofto masquerade as acute rheumatic fever and represents the first reported case of cardiac tamponade caused by.

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Feb
2018

Acute purulent bacterial pericarditis is of rare occurrence in this modern antibiotic era. Primary involvement of the pericardium without evidence of underlying infection elsewhere is even rarer. It is a rapidly progressive infection with high mortality.

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Feb
2018

Coronary perforations (CP) have been described as a rare but potentially fatal complication in percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). Our aim is to compare temporal trends in frequency, management and outcomes of coronary perforations (CP).
All cases of CP recorded in our prospective institutional percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) registry from 2003 to 2015 were included.

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Dec
1969

We evaluated chest pain alongside other midterm subjective and objective complications of the transcatheter closure of atrial septal defects (ASDs) and patent foramen ovales (PFOs) with various closure devices.This cross-sectional study, performed from March 2010 to October 2015 in Rajaie Cardiovascular, Medical, and Research Center, evaluated 313 patients (mean age = 29.12 ± 10 years, 32.

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Dec
1969

Chest tubes are used in every case of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) to evacuate shed blood from around the heart and lungs. This study was designed to assess the effective of Jackson-Pratt drain in compare with conventional chest drains after CABG.
This was a randomized controlled trial that conducted on 218 patients in Chamran hospital from February to December 2016.

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Jan
2018

Ineffective evacuation of intrathoracic fluid after cardiac surgery (retained blood syndrome [RBS]) might increase postoperative complications, morbidity and mortality. Active chest tube clearance technology (ATC) using an intraluminal clearing apparatus aims at increasing drainage efficiency. This study aimed to evaluate, if ATC reduces RBS in an all-comers collective undergoing scheduled cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass and full or partial median sternotomy.

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Jan
2018

A penetrating chest trauma, a myocardial contusion or a myocardial infarction can lead to a cardiac rupture, which is linked to an extreme high death rate. Only few cases with delayed perforation of the myocardium have been reported in literature. We report about a penetrating gunshot injury, which led to a myocardial contusion with secondary delayed rupture of the left ventricle and the left inferior lobe of the lung.

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Feb
2018

Acute pericardial tamponade is one of the most emergent clinical scenarios in cardiac surgery. With numerous causes in the background, pericardial tamponade can lead to cardiogenic shock and death. In modern diagnostic era, the recognition of pericardial tamponade is simple, but its management and the long-term effects can still be challenging.

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Nov
2017

Cardiac perforation by a pacemaker lead is a rare complication of pacemaker implantation. Presentation can vary from chest pain and shortness of breath to the patient being completely asymptomatic. Diagnosis is usually made by high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scan of the chest.

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Dec
1969

Coronary stent fracture (SF) is rare as a complication of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and its adverse events are increasingly being recognized with the development in devices of PCI. The major adverse events caused by SFs are in-stent restenosis due to neointimal overgrowth caused by poor drug delivery.A coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) is a rare complication of SF, but may lead to lethal events such as acute coronary syndrome or rupture of the CAA further leading to cardiac tamponade.

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Jan
2018

Interventional cardiology has been revolutionised by transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), which has become established as the benchmark treatment for severe aortic stenosis in patients at high risk for surgical aortic valve replacement (AVR). Increased procedural familiarity and progression in device technology has enabled improvements to be made in complication rates, which have led to a commensurate expansion in the use of TAVI; it is now a viable alternative to AVR in patients at intermediate surgical risk, and has been used in cohorts such as those with bicuspid aortic valves or pure, severe aortic regurgitation. Given the rapid expansion in the use of TAVI, including cohorts of younger patients with fewer co-morbidities, attention must be paid to further reducing remaining complications, such as cardiac tamponade or stroke.

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Jan
2018

The mesh fixation technique used in repair of hiatal hernias and subxiphoid ventral and incisional hernias must meet strenuous requirements. In the literature, there are reports of life-threatening complications with cardiac tamponade and a high mortality rate on using tacks. The continuing practice of tack deployment for mesh fixation to the diaphragm and esophageal hiatus should be critically reviewed.

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Dec
2017

The aim of this study was to pool data on the proportion and prognostic impact of sources of bleeding in patients requiring re-exploration after adult cardiac surgery.
Systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis.
Multistitutional study.

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Dec
2017

To derive and validate an objective definition of postoperative bleeding in neonates and infants undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass.
Using a retrospective cohort of 124 infants and neonates, we included published bleeding definitions and cumulative chest tube output over different postoperative periods (eg, 2, 12, or 24 hours after intensive care unit admission) in a classification and regression tree model to determine chest tube output volumes that were associated with red blood cell transfusions and surgical re-exploration for bleeding in the first 24 hours after intensive care unit admission. After the definition of excessive bleeding was determined, it was validated via a prospective cohort of 77 infants and neonates.

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Nov
2017

The objective of this study was to determine the incidence, risk factors, outcome, and clinical significance of pericardial effusion (PE). We retrospectively analyzed outcomes of 272 pediatric patients undergoing their first hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) from 1998 to 2016. In total, 15% (3/20) and 5.

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Dec
1969

Transdiaphragmatic extension of pyogenic liver abscess is the rarest cause of pericarditis and pleural empyema. It is a rapidly progressive and highly lethal infection with mortality rates reaching 100% if left untreated. However, the transmission route, treatment methods and prognosis have not been well studied.

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Jan
2018

Mesothelial papillary hyperplasia (MPH) has been described as an incidental finding on the epicardial surface of clinically normal laboratory Beagle dogs. We describe MPH in 4 dogs diagnosed with acute cardiac tamponade (1 case) or chronic cardiac disease (3 cases). Cardiac MPH appeared as distinct, soft, irregular villous plaques on the epicardial surface of the auricles and occasionally the ventricles.

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Jan
2018

Advances in medical diagnosis reveal that coronary artery aneurysms (CAAs) may develop in several clinical scenarios and manifest variable symptoms, imaging appearances, and outcomes. Aneurysms are pathologically classified into three groups: atherosclerotic, inflammatory, and noninflammatory. The last category is associated with congenital, inherited, and connective tissue disorders.

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Jan
2018

Lakartidningen 2018 Jan 9;115. Epub 2018 Jan 9.
Carl Wengse, Gustav Bolinder, Emil Aman
A previously healthy 21-year old man presented to the emergency department with sudden onset central chest pain exacerbated by breathing. A plain chest X-ray showed air within the mediastinum and pericardium confirmed by a CT scan with contrast. The patient history did not raise suspicion of any concomitant disease and the diagnosis of spontaneous pneumomediastinum with pneumopericardium was made.

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Jan
2018

To evaluate the outcomes of subadventitial stenting (SS) around occluded stents for recanalizing in-stent chronic total occlusions (IS-CTOs).
There is little evidence on the outcomes of SS for IS-CTO.
We examined the outcomes of SS for IS-CTO PCI at 14 centers between July 2011 and June 2017, and compared them to historical controls recanalized using within-stent stenting (WSS).

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Dec
2017

Less invasive procedures have replaced open surgical treatment in many cardiovascular disorders. During these interventions, iatrogenic cardiac perforation may ensue, which is a severe complication and requires immediate diagnostic assessment and treatment.
From March 2011 to April 2016, all patients referred to the Dept.

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Jan
2018

Severe hyponatraemia in setting of cardiac tamponade is very rare and only few case reports have been reported so far. This case report highlights pericardial tamponade as a rare but easily treatable cause of severe hyponatraemia. Pertinent literature is also reviewed.

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Feb
2018

We aim to describe our experience with the four-factor prothrombin complex concentrates (4F-PCC) Kcentraat differing doses in patients with liver cirrhosis requiring emergent hemostasis in the setting of major or life-threatening bleeding. An automated query of patients who received Kcentra between January 2014 and March 2016 was performed. Patients who had clinically significant bleeding and received Kcentra for treatment of coagulopathy of chronic liver disease (CCLD) were included in the study.

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Oct
2017

Four novel oral anticoagulant agents are currently available for the prevention and treatment of thromboembolic events in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. We present an unusual case of spontaneous hemopericardium and tamponade in an 87-year-old man with atrial fibrillation who was taking one such agent, dabigatran, as thromboprophylaxis. Our case highlights both a rare bleeding complication of dabigatran use and the effectiveness of idarucizumab, its newly approved reversal agent.

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Dec
2017

Stent perforation of a coronary artery during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a rare but life-threatening complication. A 70-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for management of acute coronary syndrome. PCI was attempted for the left circumflex artery(LCX);however, catheterization was complicated by perforation of the LCX by the stent.

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Nov
2017

The prevalence of uremic pericarditis (UP) used to range from 3% to 41%. More recently, it has decreased to about 5%-20% and to <5% in the last decades, as hemodialysis techniques have become widely used and dialysis quality improved. The objective of this work is to determine the initial clinical picture and the prognosis of patients presenting End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) with UP.

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Dec
2017

Acute type A aortic dissection (AAAD) is a potentially fatal clinical crisis. Hemorrhagic cardiac tamponade due to the rupture of an ascending aortic root dissection is extremely dangerous and often lacks timely clinical evidence. We report sudden death in a patient diagnosed with AAAD and in whom critical care ultrasound highly indicated hemorrhagic cardiac tamponade.

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Dec
1969

A 77-year-old man presented with acute-onset severe chest pain radiating to the back and elevated blood pressure. Multiphasic computed tomography of the aorta revealed an intimal tear in the descending thoracic aorta which extended both retrograde to the aortic root and antegrade to the infra-renal abdominal aorta. The initial impression, that the images showed a Stanford type B aortic dissection, was because the portion of the false lumen that extended beyond the aortic arch remained unopacified even on delayed phases, making it challenging to assess the extent of the dissection flap.

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Dec
2017

Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT) is the most frequent cause of acquired hypothyroidism in paediatrics. HT is usually diagnosed in older children and adolescents, mainly in females and is rare in infants and toddlers with cardiac involvement, including pericardial effusion, that can be found in 10% to 30% of adult HT cases. In this paper, a child with HT and pericardial effusion as the most important sign of HT is described.

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Dec
2017

Vascular injuries caused by cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) can be associated with major complications. If patients who have received CPR have sudden abnormal hemodynamic findings, it is necessary to consider the possibility of these injuries. We report a 73-year-old man who had cardiac tamponade due to an injury to the internal mammary artery following manual chest compression.

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Dec
2017

We describe the case of an esophagopericardial fistula generated after endoscopic submucosal dissection in a patient affected by a superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinoma immediately treated with percutaneous pericardial drainage and placement of a partially covered self-expanding metal stent that has been removed using the stent-in-stent technique after 35 days.

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