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'Cardiomyopathy Restrictive' (1917)


Feb
2018

Objectives Large studies focusing on restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) in the cat are scarce. The aims of this retrospective study were to describe epidemiological characteristics and to analyse prognostic factors affecting survival in cats with RCM. Methods The clinical archives of the Gran Sasso Veterinary Clinic (Milan, Italy) and of the cardiology unit of the Department of Veterinary Medicine (University of Milan, Italy) from 1997-2015 were reviewed for all cats diagnosed with RCM based on an echocardiographic examination (left atrial/bi-atrial enlargement, normal left ventricle wall thickness, normal or mildly decreased systolic function and restrictive left ventricle filling pattern with pulsed Doppler echocardiography).

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Nov
2017

Cardiomyopathy: An Overview.

Am Fam Physician 2017 Nov;96(10):640-646
Jay Brieler, Matthew A Breeden, Jane Tucker
The definition and classification of cardiomyopathy have evolved considerably in recent years. Cardiomyopathy can be separated into primary (genetic, mixed, or acquired) and secondary categories, which result in varied phenotypes including dilated, hypertrophic, and restrictive patterns. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is the most common primary cardiomyopathy and can cause exertional dyspnea, presyncope, atypical chest pain, heart failure, and sudden cardiac death.

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Dec
2017

The effects of restrictive mitral annuloplasty (RMA) on subvalvular geometry remains unknown. We evaluated changes in left ventricular (LV) function, severity of mitral regurgitation (MR), and leaflet tethering parameters after RMA and clarified their associations.
In 44 patients with clinically relevant functional MR who underwent RMA, distances between papillary muscle (PM) tips and anterior mitral annulus (PM tethering distance), leaflet angles relative to lines connecting annuli, and interpapillary muscle distance (IPMD) were serially quantified.

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Jan
2018

The Cardiomyopathy Registry of the EURObservational Research Programme is a prospective, observational, and multinational registry of consecutive patients with four cardiomyopathy subtypes: hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC), and restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM). We report the baseline characteristics and management of adults enrolled in the registry.
A total of 3208 patients were enrolled by 69 centres in 18 countries [HCM (n = 1739); DCM (n = 1260); ARVC (n = 143); and RCM (n = 66)].

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Dec
1969

Myotonic muscular dystrophy (MMD) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder that can complicate anesthetic management of patients. MMD is characterized by progressively worsening muscle loss and weakness, cardiac conduction abnormalities, cardiomyopathy, restrictive lung disease, obstructive sleep apnea, and delayed gastric emptying. Patients presenting with MMD for any surgical procedure present a management challenge to the anesthesiologist.

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Jan
2018

Congenital or neonatal cardiomyopathies are commonly associated with a poor prognosis and have multiple etiologies. In two siblings, a male and female, we identified an undescribed type of lethal congenital restrictive cardiomyopathy affecting the right ventricle. We hypothesized a novel autosomal recessive condition.

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Feb
2018

A 12-year-old child with end-stage heart failure due to restrictive cardiomyopathy was submitted to orthotopic heart transplantation. Primary graft dysfunction required venous arterial extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation. Heart function normalized, but complete atrioventricular block remained after 3 weeks.

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Jan
2018

Myofibrillary myopathies (MFM) are hereditary myopathies histologically characterized by degeneration of myofibrils and aggregation of proteins in striated muscle. Cardiomyopathy is common in MFM but the pathophysiological mechanisms are not well understood. The BAG3-Pro209Leu mutation is associated with early onset MFM and severe restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM), often necessitating heart transplantation during childhood.

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Jul
2017

The impact of adding papillary muscle approximation (PMA) to restrictive mitral annuloplasty (RMA) on postoperative left ventricular (LV) function is unknown. Changes in LV function parameters and clinical outcome were evaluated following RMA with and without PMA in patients with clinically relevant functional mitral regurgitation (FMR).
A total of 176 patients with advanced cardiomyopathy underwent RMA either with (n = 59) or without (n = 117) PMA.

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Dec
1969

Restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) is the least common among cardiomyopathies. It can be idiopathic, familial, or secondary to systematic disorders. Marked increase in left and/or right ventricular filling pressures causes symptoms and signs of congestive heart failure.

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Mar
2018

Cardiac amyloidosis is an important cause of restrictive cardiomyopathy and congestive heart failure. Bone scintigraphy with [Tc]hydroxymethylene diphosphonate (Tc-HDP) and [F]sodium fluoride (F-NaF) have been investigated in the noninvasive diagnosis of transthyretin (ATTR)-related cardiac amyloidosis. We present a case of a 76-year-old man with metastatic prostate cancer who underwent Tc-HDP bone scintigraphy with an incidental finding of diffuse left ventricular abnormal uptake suggesting ATTR cardiac amyloidosis.

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Dec
1969

Ischemic stroke is a rare condition to afflict the pediatric population. Congenital cardiomyopathy represents one of several possible etiologies in children. We report a 9-year-old boy who developed right middle cerebral artery stroke secondary to primary restrictive cardiomyopathy.

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Dec
2017

Restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) is a rare cardiomyopathy characterized by impaired diastolic ventricular function resulting in a poor clinical prognosis. Rarely, heritable forms of RCM have been reported, and mutations underlying RCM have been identified in genes that govern the contractile function of the cardiomyocytes.
We evaluated 8 family members across 4 generations by history, physical examination, electrocardiography, and echocardiography.

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Dec
2017


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Dec
2017

This study sought to determine the accuracy of the pre-transplantation clinical diagnosis of heart disease in the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) database.
Because survival on the heart transplantation waitlist depends on underlying heart disease, a new allocation system will include the type of heart disease. Accuracy of the pre-transplantation clinical diagnosis and the effect of misclassification are unknown.

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Nov
2017

All organisms and cells respond to various stress conditions such as environmental, metabolic, or pathophysiological stress by generally upregulating, among others, the expression and/or activation of a group of proteins called heat shock proteins (HSPs). Among the HSPs, special attention has been devoted to the mutations affecting the function of the αB-crystallin (HSPB5), a small heat shock protein (sHsp) playing a critical role in the modulation of several cellular processes related to survival and stress recovery, such as protein degradation, cytoskeletal stabilization, and apoptosis. Because of the emerging role in general health and disease conditions, the main objective of this mini-review is to provide a brief account on the role of HSPB5 in mammalian muscle physiopathology.

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Nov
2017

Genetic testing is recommended in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM); however, limited studies demonstrate high yields of genetic testing in non-hypertrophic (HCM) patients. Furthermore, there is sparse genotype-phenotype data in pediatric DCM patients. We performed a retrospective review of 70 consecutive probands with cardiomyopathy (non-HCM) who underwent genetic evaluation.

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Jan
2017

Restrictive Cardiomyopathy or Constrictive Pericarditis: An Unresolved Conundrum.

World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg 2017 Jan 1:2150135116678415. Epub 2017 Jan 1.
Gregory Ho, Ed Peng, Antony Hermuzi, Asif Hasan
Cardiomyopathy may have a variety of causes and may lead to significant morbidity. Often, there is no "perfect" treatment. New investigative techniques may add insight but retain the possibility of uncertainty.

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Dec
1969

A 66-year-old man presented with abdominal distension and pedal oedema for the past 10 years. He had history of right heart failure on several occasions in the past, and one of these admissions prompted referral to a cardiac specialist. On examination, he had markedly elevated jugular venous pressure with prominent 'y-descent', a tricuspid regurgitation murmur, gross ascites and pedal oedema.

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Dec
2017

Restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) is the least common cardiomyopathy in which the walls are rigid and the heart is restricted from stretching and filling properly. Cardiac troponin I (cTnI) mutation-caused myofibril Ca2+ hypersensitivity has been shown to be associated with impaired diastolic function. This study aimed to investigate the linkage between the genotype and clinical therapy of RCM.

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Jan
2018

Donohue syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of insulin resistance, causing a functional defect in insulin receptor function, and affecting the ability of the insulin to bind the receptor. Features include severe hyperinsulinism and fasting hypoglycemia, along with severe failure to thrive despite feeding. An accelerated fasting state results in muscle wasting, decreased subcutaneous fat, and an excess of thick skin.

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Jan
2018

Amyloidosis is a disease characterized by the extracellular deposition of the protein amyloid. It is a multiorgan disease, and cardiac involvement is not uncommon, generally in the form of a restrictive cardiomyopathy. Typical aspects of cardiac amyloidosis have been described at echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

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Oct
2017

End-stage phase of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (ES-HCM) is a recognized part of HCM disease spectrum. Information on cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) studies for ES-HCM especially for those without ventricular remodeling has been limited. We aimed to evaluate the morpho-functional and tissue features of ES-HCM with or without ventricular remodeling and to explore CMR prognostic value in these patients.

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Dec
1969

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an X-linked genetic disorder that causes progressive weakness and wasting of skeletal muscular and myocardium in boys due to mutation of dystrophin. The structural integrity of each individual skeletal and cardiac myocyte is significantly compromised upon physical stress due to the absence of dystrophin. The progressive destruction of systemic musculature and myocardium causes affected patients to develop multiple organ disabilities, including loss of ambulation, physical immobility, neuromuscular scoliosis, joint contracture, restrictive lung disease, obstructive sleep apnea, and cardiomyopathy.

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Oct
2017

Glycogen storage disease type II (GSD II) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by a deficiency of the lysosomal glycogen-hydrolyzing enzyme acid α-glucosidase (GAA) and can affect multiple systems including the heart and skeletal muscle. The aim of this study was to investigate three children with GSD II confirmed by GAA gene analysis and to report their clinical characteristics and gene mutations. One case was classified as infantile-onset GSD II, and two cases as late-onset GSD II.

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Oct
2017

Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) is an ultra-rare genetic disorder in which heterotopic bone forms in the soft tissues. This often occurs in response to injury or inflammation, leading to joint immobilization and significant disability. There are currently no definitive treatment options for this devastating disease.

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Nov
2017

Pericardiectomy is a potentially curative treatment for constrictive pericarditis. We use a median sternotomy and believe that adequate resection involves removal of the diaphragmatic pericardium and the anterior pericardium. Late outcomes depend on severity of right-sided heart failure preoperatively, the etiology of constrictive pericarditis, and adequate pericardial resection.

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Oct
2017

Hospital discharges with a diagnosis of cardiomyopathy have more than doubled in Sweden since 1987. We validated the cardiomyopathy diagnoses over this time period to investigate that the increase was real and not a result of improved recognition of the diagnosis and better diagnostic methods.
Every fifth year from 1989 to 2009, records for all patients with a cardiomyopathy diagnosis were identified by searching the local registers in three hospitals in Västra Götaland, Sweden.

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Jan
2017

Background Antimalarials (AMs) are widely used in the treatment of connective tissue diseases. Their main side effect is retinal damage, while heart disease has been described in isolated cases. The aim of this study is to systematically review the existing literature on AM-induced cardiomyopathy (AMIC).

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May
2017

We present the case of an 88-year-old gentleman who presented to hospital septic with bilateral leg cellulitis, pulmonary oedema and hypotension. He had no history of heart disease but had had bilateral carpal tunnel releases. His condition deteriorated with refractory hypotension in spite of fluid filling, inotropic and vasopressor support.

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Dec
2017

Patients with restrictive (RCM) and hypertrophic (HCM) cardiomyopathies are felt to be a difficult population to treat with left ventricular assist device (LVAD) therapy. Scarce data exist on outcomes of continuous-flow (CF) LVAD support in these challenging patient cohorts.
The Interagency Registry for Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support Registry was queried for all patients with RCM (n = 94) and HCM (n = 104) who underwent CF LVAD implantation between March 2008 and March 2014.

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Dec
1969

Cardiovascular complications are included among the systemic effects of tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI)-based therapeutic strategies. To test the hypothesis that inhibition of Kit tyrosine kinase that promotes cardiac progenitor cell (CPC) survival and function may be one of the triggering mechanisms of imatinib mesylate (IM)-related cardiovascular effects, the anatomical, structural and ultrastructural changes in the heart of IM-treated rats were evaluated. Cardiac anatomy in IM-exposed rats showed a dose-dependent, restrictive type of remodeling and depressed hemodynamic performance in the absence of remarkable myocardial fibrosis.

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Aug
2017

Pediatric cardiac transplantation.

Semin Pediatr Surg 2017 Aug 26;26(4):206-212. Epub 2017 Jul 26.
Thomas D Ryan, Clifford Chin
Heart transplantation in pediatric patients generally arises as a treatment option of last resort, that is, the indication is for patients with heart failure of various etiologies, with potential or actual end-organ dysfunction, in whom there are no reasonable, long-term options for life-prolonging therapy. The concept of heart failure is complex in a pediatric population, particularly those with congenital heart disease. While heart failure may refer simply to systolic dysfunction leading to low cardiac output, it can also encompass: diastolic dysfunction in restrictive cardiomyopathy; single ventricle physiology without an option for stable palliation.

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Sep
2017

Restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) is characterized by nondilated left or right ventricle with diastolic dysfunction. The restrictive cardiomyopathies are a heterogenous group of myocardial diseases that vary according to pathogenesis, clinical presentation, diagnostic evaluation and criteria, treatment, and prognosis. In this review, an overview of RCMs will be presented followed by a detailed discussion on 3 major causes of RCM, for which tailored interventions are available: cardiac amyloidosis, cardiac sarcoidosis, and cardiac hemochromatosis.

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Sep
2017

In the past 25 years, major advances were achieved in the nosography of cardiomyopathies, influencing the definition and taxonomy of this important chapter of cardiovascular disease. Nearly, 50% of patients dying suddenly in childhood or adolescence or undergoing cardiac transplantation are affected by cardiomyopathies. Novel cardiomyopathies have been discovered (arrhythmogenic, restrictive, and noncompacted) and added to update the World Health Organization classification.

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Sep
2017

Endomyocardial fibrosis (EMF) is a rare disease and is often an underdiagnosed and forgotten cardiomyopathy. The objective of this study was to document the current frequency of EMF in Sudan by defining and selecting cases from patients attending the echocardiography laboratory. Additionally we aimed to create an EMF registry for Sudan.

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Dec
2017

Cardiomyopathy is a major cause of death in both the hereditary form of transthyretin (TTR) amyloidosis and the sporadic late-age-onset transthyretin amyloidosis (ATTR wild-type (ATTR)). Clinically disease progression from time of diagnosis to death is usually quoted as 5- to 15-years. In prior studies, significant progression of cardiac parameters in patients with moderate to severe cardiomyopathy has been noted within a 12-month time span.

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Dec
2017

Transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis (ATTR-CA) causes a restrictive cardiomyopathy in older adults, often diagnosed at advanced stages when emerging therapies in late phase clinical trials may not have clinical benefit. This investigation aimed to detect clinical entities that may provide more advanced warning of ATTR-CA. Since ATTR preferentially deposits in ligaments, tendons, and articular cartilage, we hypothesized that ATTR-CA patients have a greater prevalence of total hip (THA) and knee (TKA) arthroplasties compared with the general population, and that arthroplasty occurs significantly before ATTR-CA diagnosis.

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Dec
2017

The outcomes of pediatric ventricular assist device support in patients with diastolic heart failure have not been well described. This study reviews the North American experience with Berlin Heart EXCORventricular assist device implants in children with such physiology. The Berlin Heart clinical database was reviewed.

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Dec
1969

Loeffler endocarditis is a rare restrictive cardiomyopathy caused by abnormal endomyocardial infiltration of eosinophils, with subsequent tissue damage from degranulation, eventually leading to fibrosis. Although an uncommon entity, it is still a disease with significant morbidity and mortality. Often identified only at late stages, treatment options are limited once fibrosis occurs, usually requiring heart failure medications or surgical intervention.

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Sep
2017

Cardiac amyloidosis is a form of restrictive cardiomyopathy resulting in heart failure and potential risk on arrhythmia, due to amyloid infiltration of the nerve conduction system and the myocardial tissue. The prognosis in this progressive disease is poor, probably due the development of cardiac arrhythmias. Early detection of cardiac sympathetic innervation disturbances has become of major clinical interest, because its occurrence and severity limits the choice of treatment.

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Sep
2017

Idiopathic restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCMP) has not been fully understood because this disease is difficult to diagnose. The present study aimed to assess the clinical profile and outcome of idiopathic RCMP from a multicenter cohort.This investigation is a retrospective study of consecutive patients with idiopathic RCMP at 10 centers in Korea between 1990 and 2010.

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Dec
1969

In human failing hearts (HF) of different origin (coronary artery disease-CAD, dilated-DCM, restrictive and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy-OTHER), we investigated the active forms of Ca/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase IIδ (p-Thr-CaMKIIδ, oxMet-CaMKIIδ) and their role in phenotypes of the disease.
Although basic diagnostic and clinical markers indicating the attenuated cardiac contractility and remodeling were comparable in HF groups, CaMKIIδ-mediated axis was different. P-Thr-CaMKIIδ was unaltered in CAD group, whereas it was upregulated in non-ischemic cardiomyopathic groups.

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Aug
2017

Transthyretin Cardiac Amyloidosis.

Curr Cardiol Rep 2017 Aug 24;19(10):97. Epub 2017 Aug 24.
Anit K Mankad, Keyur B Shah
Transthyretin (TTR)-related cardiac amyloidosis is a progressive infiltrative cardiomyopathy that mimics hypertensive, hypertrophic heart disease and may go undiagnosed. Transthyretin-derived amyloidosis accounts for 18% of all cases of cardiac amyloidosis. Thus, the study's purpose is to provide a comprehensive review of transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis.

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Nov
2017

Idiopathic restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM, MIM# 115210) is the least common type of cardiomyopathies, often of genetic origin. Recently we described a spectrum of variants-classified as pathogenic, likely pathogenic and variants of unknown significance-in 24 patients suffering from idiopathic RCM. Pathogenic variants, detected in half of the RCM cases, were found in sarcomeric and cytoskeletal genes that have a predominant role in the development of RCM.

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Dec
1969

According to the current therapeutic guidelines of the WHO physical activity and exercise are recommended as first-line therapy of arterial hypertension. Previous results lead to the conclusion, however, that hearts of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) with established hypertension cannot compensate for the haemodynamic stresses caused by long-term exercise. The current study was initiated to investigate the effects of aerobic exercise on the cardiac remodeling as the sole therapeutic measure before and during hypertension became established.

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Dec
1969

To delineate the outcome of ventricular tachycardia (VT) in the paediatric population.
Patients who developed sustained VT between the ages of 0 and 18 years in a referral centre from 1991 to 2015 were enrolled.
A total of 116 patients (67 male/49 female) had documented VT, and 53 (46%) had associated heart disease, namely cardiomyopathy in 20 (17%), structural heart disease in 19 (16%) and channelopathy in 14 (12%), and some of them presented with two types of associated heart disease.

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