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'Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation CPR' (22095)


Feb
2018

Catecholamines are entrenched in the management of shock states. A paradigm shift has pervaded the critical care arena in recent years acknowledging their propensity to cause harm and fuel a 'death-spiral'. We present the case of a 21-year-old male following a witnessed out-of-hospital cardiac arrest who received high-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation and standard advanced life support for refractory ventricular fibrillation until return of spontaneous circulation after 70 min.

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Feb
2018

The "Stop the Bleed" campaign advocates for non-medical personnel to be trained in basic hemorrhage control. However, it is not clear what type of education or the duration of instruction needed to meet that requirement. The objective of this study was to determine the impact of a brief hemorrhage control educational curriculum on the willingness of laypersons to respond during a traumatic emergency.

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Feb
2018

Sudden cardiac death is one of the most frequent causes of death in Germany and the third leading cause of death in the industrialized world. Yet, the percentage of people providing first aid in the case of sudden cardiac arrest in Germany is alarmingly low by international comparison. Training Germans or reminding them of the simple but effective steps of resuscitation, so that everybody can save a live in an emergency.

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Feb
2018

There is evidence that the sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) risk can be reduced by good seizure control, nocturnal supervision, and by early cardiopulmonary resuscitation if cardiorespiratory arrest occurs in the aftermaths of generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCS). These measures, however, may critically depend on the knowledge of patients and relatives on SUDEP. Here, we assessed the basic knowledge on SUDEP of people with epilepsy at a tertiary epilepsy center in Germany.

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Feb
2018

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has been used increasingly for both respiratory and cardiac failure in adult patients. Indications for ECMO use in cardiac failure include severe refractory cardiogenic shock, refractory ventricular arrhythmia, active cardiopulmonary resuscitation for cardiac arrest, and acute or decompensated right heart failure. Evidence is emerging to guide the use of this therapy for some of these indications, but there remains a need for additional evidence to guide best practices.

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Dec
1969

The depth of chest compression (CC) during cardiac arrest is associated with patient survival and good neurological outcomes. Previous studies showed that mattress compression can alter the amount of CCs given with adequate depth. We aim to quantify the amount of mattress compressibility on two types of ICU mattresses and explore the effect of memory foam mattress use and a backboard on mattress compression depth and effect of feedback source on effective compression depth.

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Jan
2018


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Dec
1969

Upon admission to an intensive care unit (ICU), all patients should discuss their goals of care and express their wishes concerning life-sustaining interventions (e.g., cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)).

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Feb
2018

To compare resource use during the last 6 months of life of individuals diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease (AD) but for whom AD was not formally identified as the underlying cause of death (dying with AD) with that of those who had AD as underlying cause of death (dying of AD).
Full-population retrospective analysis.
Belgium.

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Dec
1969

Mitochondria change their morphology dynamically by continual fusion and fission processes to fulfill their function. However, little is known about the effect of cardiac arrest on mitochondrial dynamics. This study aimed to investigate time-dependent change of the mitochondrial dynamics after brain ischemic injury in rats of cardiac arrest.

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Dec
2017

Nowadays, more than 10,000 different types of medical devices can be found in hospitals. This way, medical electrical equipment is being employed in a wide variety of fields in medical sciences with different physiological effects and measurements. Hospitals and medical centers must ensure that their critical medical devices are safe, accurate, reliable and operational at the required level of performance.

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Dec
1969

There are over a dozen medical shows airing on television, many of which are during prime time. Researchers have recently become more interested in the role of these shows, and the awareness on cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Several cases have been reported where a lay person resuscitated a family member using medical TV shows as a reference.

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Dec
1969

The purpose of this study was to evaluate immediate immunological changes following cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). mRNA expression levels of selected immunomodulatory cytokines in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) survivors were detected and correlated to clinical parameter.
OHCA survivors with sustained unconsciousness after return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) were included.

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Feb
2018

A better understanding of the epidemiology of pediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) occurring in school settings is important to establish an evidence-based strategy for prevention and better prognosis.Methods and Results:The Stop and Prevent cardIac aRrest, Injury, and Trauma in Schools (SPIRITS) is a nationwide prospective observational study linking databases from 2 nationally representative registries, the Injury and the Accident Mutual Aid Benefit System of The Japan Sport Council and the All-Japan Utstein Registry of the Fire and Disaster Management Agency. Using these databases, we described the detailed characteristics and outcomes of pediatric OHCAs that occurred in school settings in Japan between 2009 and 2014.

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Feb
2018

A 17-year-old woman was resuscitated from cardiac arrest due to ventricular fibrillation and was diagnosed with concealed long QT syndrome. She underwent subcutaneous implantable cardiac defibrillator (S-ICD) implantation at our hospital. The device electrogram immediately after implantation was normal.

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Feb
2018

Rottenberg EM . Can gasping be used as a tool to determine whether to perform compression-only CPR versus conventional CPR?

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Feb
2018

In cardiogenic shock patients with Interagency Registry for Mechanical Circulatory Support (INTERMACS) level 1, the need for temporary circulatory support is a predictor and modifier of patient outcome. Because this group includes patients with and without cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and is thus very heterogeneous, we investigated whether a further subclassification is useful. We compared 30-day and 1-year mortality of patients who underwent left ventricular assist device implantation after extracorporeal CPR with the aid of an extracorporeal life support system (CPR+ group; n = 40) with cardiogenic shock patients in which the extracorporeal life support system was implanted under non-CPR conditions (CPR- group, n = 68).

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Dec
1969

The use of real-time feedback systems to guide rescuers during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) significantly contributes to improve adherence to published resuscitation guidelines. Recently, we designed a novel method for computing depth and rate of chest compressions relying solely on the spectral analysis of chest acceleration. That method was extensively tested in a simulated manikin scenario.

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Feb
2018

We report on the case of a 27-year-old male who presented to our emergency room with chest tightness, dyspnoea and cold sweats. The 12-lead electrocardiogram showed diffuse ventricular tachycardia with wide QRS complexes. Troponin-I level was elevated to 100 ng/ml.

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Feb
2018

BackgroundWe examined changes in the causes and circumstances of death in our neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) over 20 years.MethodsFor 551 infants who died between 1993 and 2013, the principal cause of death was recorded. Circumstances of death were assigned to one of the following four categories: death following cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), death while being mechanically ventilated without CPR, death after withholding life-support interventions, and death after withdrawal of life support.

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Feb
2018

Ethical dilemmas can create moral distress in even the most experienced emergency physicians (EPs). Following reasonable and justified approaches can help alleviate such distress. The purpose of this article is to guide EPs providing Emergency Medical Services (EMS) direction to navigate through common ethical issues confronted in the prehospital delivery of care, including protecting privacy and confidentiality, decision-making capacity and refusal of treatment, withholding of treatment, and termination of resuscitation (TOR).

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Dec
1969

This study analyzed the project outcomes to share lessons regarding the development of an emergency medicine education system in Vietnam.
Retrospective evaluation was implemented using project outcome indicators.
A total of 13 training courses were administered, with the collaboration of international experts in Korea and Vietnam.

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Dec
1969

Around 3.2%-8.4% of patients receive venoarterial (VA) extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support after pediatric cardiac surgery.

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Feb
2018

Bleeding from hemorrhagic shock can be immediately controlled by blocking the proximal part of the hemorrhagic point using either resuscitative thoracotomy for aortic cross-clamping or insertion of a large-caliber (10-14Fr) resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) device via the femoral artery. However, such methods are very invasive and have various complications. With recent progress in endovascular treatment, a low-profile REBOA device (7Fr) has been developed.

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Feb
2018

A 76--year--old male cigarette smoker presented with a 2-week history of cough and haemoptysis. Chest CT on admission revealed multiple new lung nodules concerning for malignancy. CT--guided biopsy of the nodule in left lower lobe was attempted in prone oblique position for tissue diagnosis.

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Feb
2018

Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an important determinant of survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), yet rates of bystander CPR are highly variable. In an effort to promote bystander CPR, the procedure has been streamlined, and ultrashort teaching modalities have been introduced. CPR has been increasingly reconceptualized as simple, safe, and easy to perform; however, current methods of CPR instruction may not adequately prepare lay rescuers for the various logistical, conceptual, and emotional challenges of resuscitating a victim of cardiac arrest.

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Dec
1969

To compare secondary students' learning of basic life support (BLS) theory and the use of an automatic external defibrillator (AED) through face-to-face classroom instruction versus educational video instruction.
A total of 2225 secondary students from 15 schools were randomly assigned to one of the following 5 instructional groups: 1) face-to-face instruction with no audiovisual support, 2) face-to-face instruction with audiovisual support, 3) audiovisual instruction without face-to-face instruction, 4) audiovisual instruction with face-to-face instruction, and 5) a control group that received no instruction. The students took a test of BLS and AED theory before instruction, immediately after instruction, and 2 months later.

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Dec
1969

The American Heart Association (AHA) has implemented several programs to educate the public about cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). A common issue in bystander CPR is the fear of hurting the victim. As a result, the victim may not receive CPR in time.

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Feb
2018

The objective of this study was to investigate the protective effects of scopolamine and penehyclidine hydrochloride on acute cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury after cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and the effect on cytokine levels. Eighty patients with cardiac arrest admitted to our hospital from June 2011 to December 2015 were recruited and randomly divided into two groups (n=40 each). Following cardiopulmonary resuscitation, scopolamine was administered in the control group, whereas penehyclidine hydrochloride was administered in the observation group.

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Feb
2018

With the development of science and technology, and development of artery bypass, methods such as cardiopulmonary cerebral resuscitation have been practiced in recent years. Despite this, some methods fail to promote or recover the function of tissues and organs, and in some cases, may aggravate dysfunction and structural damage to tissues. The latter is typical of ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury.

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Mar
2018

Surgical residency training programs in the United States are modeled on the principle of graduated responsibility. Residents are given greater responsibility and autonomy in the operating room and during perioperative care as they gain surgical skills and progress through their training. The impact of this method of surgical training on patient outcomes remains unknown.

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Feb
2018

Introduction Rapid access to defibrillation is a key element in the management of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs). Public automated external defibrillators (PAEDs) are becoming increasingly available, but little information exists regarding the relation between the proximity to the arrest and their usage in urban areas.
This study is a retrospective, observational, cross-sectional analysis of non-traumatic OHCA during a 24-month period in the greater Montreal area (Quebec, Canada).

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Feb
2018

The hydrogen sulfide donor sodium hydrogen sulfide (NaHS) is recognized as a neuroprotective agent, which induces a hibernation-like metabolic state and hypothermia. However, it remains unclear whether it is the sulfide itself or the hypothermia induced by the sulfide that mediates treatment outcomes following cardiac arrest (CA) and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). We therefore tested whether NaHS improved outcomes following CA/CPR in mice maintained at 35.

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Dec
1969

Victims of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests require timely cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and early defibrillation. Persons making the call to emergency medical services will be asked to provide dispatcher-guided response until an ambulance arrives. Knowing what to expect in such circumstances should reduce both delay and confusion.

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Feb
2018

It has been observed that health professionals have difficulty performing quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). The aim of this study was to compare the quality of ventilations performed by Nursing students on an infant model using different methods (mouth-to-mouth-and-nose or bag-valve-mask).
A quasi-experimental cross-sectional study was performed that included 46 second-year Nursing students.

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Feb
2018

To investigate the application and outcome of pediatric extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in a single center.The clinical data of 52 pediatric patients with cardiopulmonary failure received ECMO support in Bayi Children's Hospital Affiliated to General Hospital of Beijing Military Command of PLA were collected from January 2012 to October 2016. All patients were divided into two stages by time.

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Feb
2018

Early integration of palliative care (PC) in the management of children with high-risk cancer is widely endorsed by patients, families, clinicians, and national organizations. However, optimal timing for PC consultation is not standardized, and variables that influence timing of PC integration for children with cancer remain unknown.
To investigate associations between demographic, disease, treatment, and end-of-life attributes and timing of PC consultation for children with high-risk cancer enrolled on a PC service.

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Feb
2018

Survival among nursing home residents who suffers out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is sparsely studied. Deployment of automated external defibrillators (AEDs) in nursing home facilities in Denmark is unknown. We examined 30-day survival following OHCA in nursing and private home residents.

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Feb
2018

Little is known about hemodynamics in adult, out-of-hospital (OHCA) patients following return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). A 1994 study when "high-dose epinephrine" use was common showed consistently elevated systemic vascular resistance (SVR) lasting ≥6 h in 49 adult patients after return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC).
To characterize hemodynamic abnormalities in adult OHCA patients soon after ROSC.

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Feb
2018

Global cerebral ischemic/reperfusion (I/R) injury after cardiac arrest (CA) is a major cause of mortality and morbidity in survivors of resuscitation. We utilized a rat model of asphyxia CA to explore the functional effects and mechanisms of Sigma-1 receptor (Sig-1R) activation in cerebral protection using the Sig-1R agonist cutamesine (SA-4503).
After resuscitation, the surviving rats were randomly divided into three groups (n = 18 each): (1) the CPR group (0.

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Dec
1969

Brain temperature monitoring is important in target temperature management for comatose survivors after cardiac arrest. Since acquisition of brain temperature is invasive and unrealistic in scene of resuscitation, we tried to sought out surrogate sites of temperature measurements that can precisely reflect cerebral temperature. Therefore, we designed this controlled, randomized animal study to investigate whether esophageal temperature can better predict brain temperature in two different hypothermia protocols.

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Feb
2018

The Pan Asian Resuscitation Outcomes Study (PAROS) is a retrospective study of out- of-hospital cardiac arrest(OHCA), collaborating with EMS agencies and academic centers in Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand and UAE-Dubai. The objectives of this study is to describe the characteristics and outcomes, and to find factors associated with survival after paediatric OHCA.
We studied all children less than 17 years of age with OHCA conveyed by EMS and non-EMS transports from January 2009 to December 2012.

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Feb
2018

The differences in clinical features, surgical outcome and long-term prognosis between men and women who undergo surgery for Type A aortic dissection are not well known.
From January 2004 to December 2016, 303 patients, consisting of 147 women and 156 men, underwent surgery for acute Type A aortic dissection at our institution. We compared clinical outcomes between the 2 cohorts.

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Feb
2018

  Patient ventilation volume and rate have been found to be compromised due to the inability to seal a pocket mask over the chinstrap of football helmets. The effects of supraglottic airway devices such as the King LT and of lacrosse helmets on these measures have not been studied.
  To assess the effects of different airway management devices and helmet conditions on producing quality ventilations while performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation on simulation manikins.

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Feb
2018

Because most medical staff work from Monday-Friday, it is possible that they are relatively more fatigued and less capable of providing emergency supportive services on Thursday-Sunday (Thu-Sun) than on Monday-Wednesday (Mon-Wed). In this study, we aimed to analyze the incidence of in-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) to determine if it differed between Thu-Sun and Mon-Wed.This retrospective observational study of in-hospital CPR was performed during 2012 to 2016 among inpatients at the Seoul National University Bundang Hospital.

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Feb
2018

We analyzed a prospective database of pediatric traumatic brain injury patients to identify predictors of outcome and describe the change in function over time. We hypothesized that neurologic status at hospital discharge would not reflect the long-term neurologic recovery state.
This is a descriptive cohort analysis of a single-center prospective database of pediatric traumatic brain injury patients from 2001 to 2012.

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Feb
2018

To date, no studies have examined real-time electroencephalography and cerebral oximetry monitoring during cardiopulmonary resuscitation as markers of the magnitude of global ischemia. We therefore sought to assess the feasibility of combining cerebral oximetry and electroencephalography in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation and further to evaluate the electroencephalography patterns during cardiopulmonary resuscitation and their relationship with cerebral oxygenation as measured by cerebral oximetry.
Extended case series of in-hospital and out-of-hospital cardiac arrest subjects.

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Feb
2018

To establish the prevalence of unintentional fatal drowning in baths involving children <18 years in Australia and to identify causal factors to underpin prevention.
We report a total population study of all childhood (0-17 years) unintentional drowning fatalities in baths (bathtubs, spa baths and showers) in Australia between 1 July 2002 and 30 June 2014. Demographic, forensic and aetiological data (including co-bathing, use of bath aids, supervision and enactment of cardiopulmonary resuscitation) were documented for each victim.

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Feb
2018

An 81-year-old patient with significant cardiac comorbidities, a history of sigmoid resection 6 years ago, and iliac bypass surgery 19 years ago presented with mild hematochezia for the previous 3 days. While hemodynamically stable at first, he developed massive bleeding during preparation for colonoscopy and underwent a short course of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Colonoscopy revealed no active bleeding but a protuberance of the colonic wall and a coagulation clot.

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