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'Comparison of Revascularization Procedures in Coronary Artery Disease' (1012)


Mar
2018

The regional needs and consolidation of cardiac surgery services (CSS) result in an increased number of stand-alone interventional cardiology units. We aimed to explore the impact of a heart team on the decision making and outcomes of patients with multivessel coronary artery disease referred for coronary revascularization in stand-alone interventional cardiology units.
This prospective study included 1063 consecutive patients with multivessel disease enrolled between January and April 2013 from all 22 hospitals in Israel that perform coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), with or without on-site CSS.

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Feb
2018

Investigation of anginal chest pain has traditionally involved either assessment of the coronary anatomy by angiography or noninvasive testing for reversible ischemia. Invasive pressure wire assessment at the time of angiography offers information on both anatomy and physiology. Fractional flow reserve-guided percutaneous coronary intervention is associated with lower resource utilization and improved clinical outcome compared with angiographic guidance alone.

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Feb
2018

Despite revascularization and optimal medical treatment (OMT), patients with angina often have a reduced quality of life due to inadequate relief from symptoms. Recent studies have shown that the application of shock waves may reduce angina symptoms and improve quality of life, exercise capacity, and myocardial perfusion due to the stimulation of angiogenesis. However, there is limited evidence due to small, single-arm, single-center studies of low to moderate quality.

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Feb
2018

The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic implication of functional incomplete revascularization (IR) and residual functional SYNTAX (Synergy Between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery) score (rFSS) in comparison with 3-vessel fractional flow reserve (FFR) and residual SYNTAX score.
IR is associated with poor clinical outcomes in patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention.
A total of 385 patients who underwent 3-vessel FFR measurement after stent implantation were included in this study.

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Jan
2018

Two-dimensional speckle strain (2D STE) echocardiography can aid in the prognosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and chronic coronary artery disease (CAD).
Differences occur in the prediction of cardiac events using 2D STE in AMI vs CAD patients.
In this prospective study, 94 patients with a first AMI and successful revascularization, and 137 patients with stable CAD after complete revascularization were included.

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Dec
2017

To compare the effectiveness of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or medical therapy (MT) alone for real-world stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) patients with three-vessel disease (TVD) in mainland China.A total of 8 943 consecutive cases with TVD hospitalized in our center from April 2004 to February 2011 were screened for this study. In this cohort, 3 435 cases diagnosed as SCAD were analyzed.

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Jan
2018

The applicability of Synergy Between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery scores to left main coronary artery disease (CAD) has been questioned. A simplified alternative is needed for guiding decision making.
We evaluated the prognostic value of a simplified angiographic classification in comparison with a Synergy Between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery score-based approach for patients with left main CAD undergoing drug-eluting stent implantation.

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Dec
2017

Previous studies of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 inhibitors (PCSK9Is) were not designed to detect clinical benefit and were underpowered for this outcome. However, recently published trials reported improvement in clinical outcomes. The aim of this meta-analysis to assess the impact of PCSK9Is on clinical outcomes.

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Dec
2017

To analyze the clinical characteristics and prognosis of implanting drug-eluting stents (DES) for unprotected left main (ULM) coronary artery disease patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD).A total of 511 ULM coronary artery disease patients who underwent DES implantation from January 2005 to January 2012 in Department of Cardiology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital were included in the study. Based on left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), the patients were divided into three groups: LVEF≤40% (=104), 41%≤LVEF≤49% (=137), and LVEF≥50% (=270).

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Jan
2018

Patients with premature triple-vessel disease (PTVD) have a higher risk of recurrent coronary events and repeat revascularization; however, the long-term outcome of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and medical therapy (MT) alone for PTVD patients is controversial. The aim of this study is to evaluate the long-term outcome of PTVD patients among these three treatment strategies, to find out the most appropriate treatment methods for these patients.
One thousand seven hundred and ninety-two patients with PTVD (age: men ≤50 years and women ≤60 years) were enrolled between 2004 and 2011.

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Dec
2017

To compare the safety and effectiveness of two minimally invasive approaches for multi-vessel coronary revascularization.
From August 2014 to February 2017, 70 consecutive patients who underwent minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting in Peking University Third Hospital were randomly divided into two groups. In one group, 40 patients underwent staged-hybrid coronary revascularization (staged-HCR) treatment; in the other group, 30 patients underwent minimally invasive total arterial revascularization with bilateral internal thoracic artery (BITA).

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Dec
2017

This study sought to assess the effectiveness, efficiency, and safety of a tiered, comprehensive cardiac computed tomography (CT) protocol in comparison with functional testing.
Although CT angiography accurately rules out coronary artery disease (CAD), incorporation of CT myocardial perfusion imaging as part of a tiered diagnostic approach could improve the clinical value and efficiency of cardiac CT in the diagnostic work-up of patients with angina pectoris.
Between July 2013 and November 2015, 268 patients (mean age 58 years; 49% female) with stable angina (mean pre-test probability 54%) were prospectively randomized between cardiac CT and standard guideline-directed functional testing (95% exercise electrocardiography).

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Dec
2017

Sex differences in early mortality after myocardial infarction (MI) vary by age. MI with nonobstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA [<50% stenosis]) is more common among younger patients and women, and MINOCA has a better prognosis than MI with obstructive coronary artery disease (MI-CAD). The relationship between age, sex, and obstructive CAD status and outcomes post-MI has not been established.

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Dec
2017

To compare the outcomes among patients treated by complete coronary revascularization (CCR) or incomplete coronary revascularization (ICR) and no coronary revascularization (NCR) by myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI), as well as to evaluate the impact of severity of ischemia on patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) by different therapy strategies.
Using myocardial ischemia severity determined by MPI guiding treatment strategies for CAD patients still lacks strong clinical evidences.
Consecutive patients (N = 286) underwent clinical stress-rest SPECT MPI and were retrospectively followed-up.

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Dec
2017

To compare the safety and efficacy of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using drug-eluting stents (DES) in patients with unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) disease.
MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL/CCTR, SciELO, LILACS, Google Scholar and reference lists of relevant articles were searched for clinical studies that reported outcomes at 1-year follow-up after PCI with DES and CABG for the treatment of ULMCA stenosis. Five studies fulfilled our eligibility criteria and they included a total of 4.

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Nov
2017

New-generation bioresorbable polymer-everolimus eluting stents (BP-EES) are available. This study aimed to compare the clinical outcomes for BP-EES compared to more established stent designs, namely the platinum chromium-EES (PtCr-EES) and cobalt chrome-EES(CoCr-EES) in patients with the end-stage chronic kidney disease (CKD) including hemodialysis (HD).
One-hundred-forty-one consecutive stents (BP-EES [n = 44], PtCr-EES [n = 45], and CoCr-EES [n = 52]) were implanted in 104 patients with CKD.

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Feb
2018

Computed tomography (CT) allows estimation of coronary artery calcium (CAC) progression. We evaluated several progression algorithms in our unselected, population-based cohort for risk prediction of coronary and cardiovascular events.
In 3281 participants (45-74 years of age), free from cardiovascular disease until the second visit, risk factors, and CTs at baseline (b) and after a mean of 5.

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Feb
2018

Studies comparing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery in patients with multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) have shown lower repeat revascularization rates in patients who undergo CABG. The reason remains unclear.
We identified patients with multivessel CAD who received CABG or PCI enrolled in the Duke Databank for Cardiovascular Disease (2003 to 2012).

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Mar
2018

Since single lipid parameters are too weak to predict the risk of coronary artery disease, we examined whether the allocation of patients into four groups based on achievement of the target levels set by the Japan Atherosclerosis Guidelines at the time of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) would reveal different long-term (5 years) clinical outcomes in males and females.
The results of a 5-year follow-up study are summarized as FU-Registry, Long-Term Clinical Outcome Results. The subjects consisted of 1158 patients who underwent elective PCI.

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Oct
2017

Although previous studies have demonstrated that patients receiving bilateral internal mammary artery (BIMA) conduits during coronary artery bypass grafting have better long-term survival than those receiving a single internal mammary artery (SIMA), data on risk of repeat revascularization are more limited. In this analysis, we compare the timing, frequency, and type of repeat coronary revascularization among patients receiving BIMA and SIMA.
We conducted a multicenter, retrospective analysis of 47 984 consecutive coronary artery bypass grafting surgeries performed from 1992 to 2014 among 7 medical centers reporting to a prospectively maintained clinical registry.

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Dec
2017

Although the identification of the hemodynamic significance of coronary lesions becomes important for revascularization strategy, the potential role of 3-dimensional high-resolution intracoronary optical coherence tomography (OCT) for predicting functional significance of coronary lesions remains unclear. We assessed the diagnostic performance of 2 computational approaches for deriving fractional flow reserve (FFR) from intravascular OCT images. We developed 2 methods to derive FFR-OCT by AFD (FFR-OCT) and FFR-OCT by CFD (FFR-OCT).

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Oct
2017

There is paucity of data concerning the optimal revascularization in patients with multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) presenting non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS). The aim was to evaluate long-term outcomes of patients with multivessel CAD presenting NSTE-ACS depending on the management after coronary angiography.
3,166 patients with NSTE-ACS hospitalized between 2006-2014 were screened.

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Aug
2017

The value of single-photon emission tomography (SPECT) in patients with severe chronic kidney disease is controversial, and the implications of SPECT finding with lower level of ischaemia are unknown. We assessed the prognostic value of SPECT in patients evaluated for kidney transplantation.
Five hundred and forty-eight patients underwent SPECT as a part of routine evaluation for kidney transplantation.

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Oct
2017

Although improved long-term outcomes obtained with the use of arterial grafts for coronary revascularization in comparison with the traditional association of a single arterial and saphenous vein grafts have been demonstrated in the overall population, the efficacy of this newer technique in the elderly is difficult to prove because their shorter life expectancy due to advanced heart disease, associated with severe comorbidities. Moreover, more widespread use of this technique is limited by the concerns on the potential morbidity, particularly the longer time required to perform the operation and the possibility of deep sternal wound infection in case of bilateral internal thoracic artery harvesting due to the decreased blood supply to the sternum and surrounding tissues.The review of the recent literature indicates that the use of bilateral internal thoracic arteries in very elderly patients should not be considered routinely.

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Dec
2017

The relative efficacy and safety of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DES), in comparison to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for left main coronary artery disease (LMCAD) remains controversial.
We performed a meta-analysis of randomised studies comparing patients with LMCAD treated with PCI with DES versus those treated with CABG, with respect to clinical outcomes at 1, 3 and 5years. A secondary meta-analysis was performed according to low (<32), or high (≥33) SYNTAX score.

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Mar
2018

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. However, there are limited data on the impact of DM in patients who have chronic total occlusion (CTO) lesion on long-term outcomes.
A total of 822 CTO patients who underwent coronary angiography, treated by either percutaneous coronary intervention or optimal medical therapy, were enrolled and divided into two groups: (i) diabetic group (n=363) and (ii) nondiabetic group (n=459).

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Nov
2017

Controversies remain regarding clinical outcomes following initial strategies of coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) vs usual care with functional testing in patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD).
CCTA as initial diagnostic strategy results in better mid- to long-term outcomes than usual care in patients with suspected CAD.
We searched PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library for randomized controlled trials comparing clinical outcomes during ≥6 months' follow-up between initial anatomical testing by CCTA vs usual care with functional testing in patients with suspected CAD.

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Nov
2017

Sickle-cell disease (SCD) affects millions worldwide. Sickle-cell anemia (SCA), the most severe form of this disease, is the most common inherited blood disorder in the United States. There are limited data on the incidence, clinical characteristics, and outcomes of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in these patients.

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Aug
2017

Coronary bifurcation treatment poses a therapeutic challenge. The aim of this study was to analyze pooled data of two randomized clinical trials, POLBOS I and POLBOS II, to compare 1-year follow-up results and identify possible prognostic factors.
In POLBOS trials dedicated bifurcation BiOSS® stents were compared with regular drug eluting stents (rDES) in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) or non ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (POLBOS I: paclitaxel eluting BiOSS® Expert vs.

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Aug
2017

The prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) among patients with refractory out-of-hospital (OH) ventricular fibrillation (VF)/ventricular tachycardia (VT) cardiac arrest is unknown.
The goal of this study was to describe the prevalence and complexity of CAD and report survival to hospital discharge in patients experiencing refractory VF/VT cardiac arrest treated with a novel protocol of early transport to a cardiac catheterization laboratory (CCL) for extracorporeal life support (ECLS) and revascularization.
Between December 1, 2015, and December 1, 2016, consecutive adult patients with refractory OH VF/VT cardiac arrest requiring ongoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation were transported by emergency medical services to the CCL.

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Jul
2017

The optimal revascularization strategy for left main coronary artery disease (LMD) remains controversial, especially with two recent randomized controlled trials showing conflicting results. We sought to address this controversy with our analysis.
Comprehensive literature search was performed.

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Oct
2017

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) are established modalities of coronary revascularization. Choosing between the two requires taking into consideration not only disease severity, patient characteristics, and expected outcomes but also adverse effects. One such adverse effect is acute kidney injury (AKI), especially when considering coronary revascularization in patients with renal transplant (RT).

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Oct
2017

Current trends in selection of conduits for coronary artery bypass grafting.

Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2017 Oct 9;65(10):549-556. Epub 2017 Aug 9.
Thierry Carrel, Bernhard Winkler
The procedure of coronary artery bypass grafting continues to be the "gold standard" for patients with multivessel coronary artery disease and left main stenosis due to favourable long-term and consistent outcomes despite the advent of new generations of stents. But the targeted better long-term outcome of surgical revascularization over percutaneous interventions depends on several variables and aspects; one of them is the choice of conduits used to bypass the stenosed arteries. Coronary artery bypass surgery has been studied and debated for decades and the same applies to the selection of grafts.

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Aug
2017

Hybrid coronary revascularization (HCR) was developed to combine the advantages of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, it is still controversial whether it is more optimal to perform CABG or PCI first. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of these 2 approaches.

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Oct
2017

The safety and efficacy of a novel cobalt alloy-based coronary stent with a durable elastomeric polymer eluting the antiproliferative agent ridaforolimus for treatment of patients with coronary artery disease is undetermined.
A prospective, international 1:1 randomized trial was conducted to evaluate in a noninferiority design the relative safety and efficacy of ridaforolimus-eluting stents (RESs) and slow-release zotarolimus-eluting stents among 1919 patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention at 76 centers. Inclusion criteria allowed enrollment of patients with recent myocardial infarction, total occlusions, bifurcations lesions, and other complex conditions.

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Sep
2017

Few studies have reported on predicting prognosis using myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) during coronary artery disease (CAD) treatment. Therefore, we aimed to assess the clinical implications of myocardial perfusion SPECT during follow-up for CAD treatment.
We enrolled 1153 patients who had abnormal results at index SPECT and underwent follow-up SPECT at intervals ≥6 months.

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Dec
2017

The aim of this study was to determine how trial-based findings of EXCEL and NOBLE might be interpreted and generalizable in 'real-world' settings with comparison of data from the large-scaled, all-comer Interventional Research Incorporation Society-Left MAIN Revascularization (IRIS-MAIN) registry.
We compared baseline clinical and procedural characteristics and also determined how the relative treatment effect of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) was different in EXCEL and NOBLE, compared with those of the multicenter, IRIS-MAIN registry (n=2481). The primary outcome for between-study comparison was a composite of death, myocardial infarction (MI), or stroke.

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Jul
2017

Current guidelines for the diagnosis and management of patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) recommend functional stress testing for risk stratification prior to revascularization procedures. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) is a modality of choice for stress testing because of its capability to detect myocardial ischemia sensitively and specifically. Nevertheless, evidence from randomized trials evaluating a CMR-based management of stable CAD patients in comparison to a more common angiography-based approach still is limited.

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Dec
1969

This study undertook to create small-diameter vascular grafts and assess their structure and mechanical properties to withstand arterial implantation. Twenty samples of intact human internal mammary arteries (IMAs) were collected and decellularized using detergent-based methods. To evaluate residual cellular and extracellular matrix (ECM) components, histological analysis was performed.

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Jul
2017

The aim of this study was to compare long-term survival between patients with severe coronary artery disease undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and those undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) achieving complete revascularization (CR) or incomplete revascularization.
The importance of CR in decision making regarding revascularization strategy in patients with severe coronary artery disease is unknown.
Data were pooled from the SYNTAX (Synergy Between PCI With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery), PRECOMBAT (Premier of Randomized Comparison of Bypass Surgery Versus Angioplasty Using Sirolimus-Eluting Stent in Patients With Left Main Coronary Artery Disease), and BEST (Randomized Comparison of Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery and Everolimus-Eluting Stent Implantation in the Treatment of Patients With Multivessel Coronary Artery Disease) trials.

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Jul
2017

Patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) have a worse quality of life (QoL) in comparison to patients without stable CAD. Standardized questionnaires are used in evaluation of QoL. Hybrid coronary revascularization (HCR) is a recently-introduced, minimally invasive option for patients requiring revascularization for coronary lesions.

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Jul
2017

Lots of trials demonstrate that second-generation drug-eluting stents (G2-DES), with their improved properties, offer significantly superior efficacy and safety profiles compared to first generation DES (G1-DES) for patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) receiving percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). This study aimed to verify the advantage of G2-DES over G1-DES in Chinese patients with stable CAD (SCAD).
For this retrospective observational analysis, 2709 SCAD patients with either G1-DES (n = 863) or G2-DES (n = 1846) were enrolled consecutively throughout 2013.

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Aug
2017

To compare clinical and safety endpoints with use of rotational (RA) and orbital (OA) atherectomy in a large patient population with moderate to severely calcified lesions undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).
Coronary artery calcification (CAC) has been recognized as a risk factor for adverse outcomes with coronary artery disease (CAD). Though atheroablative techniques, RA and OA have been used extensively, comparison of their clinical and safety endpoints is lacking.

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Jun
2017

Heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia increases the risk of adverse cardiovascular events. Whether affected relatives of probands are at increased risk remains unknown. We aimed to evaluate the long-term cardiovascular risk in heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia relatives with a low-density lipoprotein receptor () mutation who were all recommended statin therapy.

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Dec
1969

Our study aimed to compare the efficacy of seal-wing paclitaxel-eluting balloon catheters (PEB) with iopromide-coated PEB and everolimus-eluting stents (EES) for treating bare metal stent restenosis (BMS-ISR).
We enrolled 64 patients with 69 BMS-ISR. The control group comprised patients from the iopromide-PEB and EES arms of a previous TIS study.

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Dec
2017

Drug eluting stents reduce the risk of in-stent restenosis but delay healing of the vascular wall. Recent data on late and very late stent thrombosis after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation have raised concerns about the long-term safety. High lipophilicity of paclitaxel promotes rapid cellular uptake and prolongs its action.

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Feb
2017

The following registry (Katowice-Zabrze retrospective registry) aimed to assess the influence of a chronic kidney disease (CKD) on long-term clinical outcomes in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using either first-generation (DES-I) or second-generation (DES-II) drug-eluting stents.
The study group consisted of 1,908 consecutive patients, of whom 331 (17.3%) had CKD.

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Aug
2017

There is limited data comparing effectiveness of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) versus percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents in patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS). We compared the long-term outcomes of the 2 revascularization strategies in 1,246 patients presented with NSTE-ACS for left main or multivessel coronary artery disease. Data were pooled from the Randomized Comparison of Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery and Everolimus-Eluting Stent Implantation in the Treatment of Patients with Multivessel Coronary Artery Disease (BEST) trial, the Premier of Randomized Comparison of Bypass Surgery versus Angioplasty Using Sirolimus-Eluting Stent in Patients with Left Main Coronary Artery Disease (PRECOMBAT) trial, and the Synergy between PCI with Taxus and Cardiac Surgery (SYNTAX) trial.

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Oct
2017

We investigated the efficacy and safety of using paclitaxel-coated balloon (PCB) to treat small vessel disease.
In this multicenter, prospective, randomized controlled trial, one-hundred and thirty-five patients with native coronary lesions in small vessels were randomized into a PCB group and plain balloon angioplasty (POBA) group at a ratio of 2:1. There were no differences in target vessel failure (TVF) that was defined as cardiac death or target vessel-related myocardial infarction or target lesion revascularization (TLR), between the two groups (3.

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Oct
2017

Data on a large patient population regarding very long-term outcomes after bare metal stent (BMS) implantation in diabetic patients are lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate the very long-term (8-17 years) clinical and 6-month angiographic outcomes of BMS implantations in patients with and without type 2 diabetes.
A total of 2391 patients (579 with and 1812 without diabetes) who received BMS implantations between November 1995 and May 2004 were enrolled from the Cardiovascular Atherosclerosis and Percutaneous TrAnsluminal INterventions (CAPTAIN) registry into this study.

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