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'Corneal Graft Rejection' (3063)


Feb
2018

To evaluate the efficacy of a subconjunctival dexamethasone-releasing implant in preventing rejection of penetrating keratoplasty (PK) in an animal model.
Twenty-two rabbits underwent allogenic PK. After randomisation, they received either a 700 µg dexamethasone implant under the conjunctiva at the end of surgery (n=10), one dexamethasone 1 mg/mL eye-drop thrice daily (n=6) or a placebo thrice daily (n=6).

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Feb
2018

To evaluate the efficacy of modified deep lamellar keratoplasty (DLKP) combined with antiviral medications for severe herpes necrotizing stromal keratitis.Retrospective case series study. Modified DLKP was performed in combination with antiviral medications in fifty patients (50 eyes) with severe necrotizing stromal keratitis, which was unresponsive to systemic and topical antiviral treatment for 1 week, at Shandong Eye Hospital.

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Dec
1969

The severe worldwide shortage of donor organs, and severe pathologies placing patients at high risk for rejecting conventional cornea transplantation, have left many corneal blind patients untreated. Following successful pre-clinical evaluation in mini-pigs, we tested a biomaterials-enabled pro-regeneration strategy to restore corneal integrity in an open-label observational study of six patients. Cell-free corneal implants comprising recombinant human collagen and phosphorylcholine were grafted by anterior lamellar keratoplasty into corneas of unilaterally blind patients diagnosed at high-risk for rejecting donor allografts.

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Dec
1969

Failed corneal graft management is a challenge. Descemet stripping automated endothe.lial keratoplasty (DSAEK) and repeat penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) are two options.

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Mar
2018

To evaluate the feasibility and safety of xenogeneic endokeratophakia in rhesus monkeys and to explore the effects of a concave lenticule on refractive power.
Three adult New Zealand white rabbits and 6 healthy rhesus monkeys were used. The xenogenic concave grafts were created from the rabbits using a modified small incision lenticule extraction technique; after being cryopreserved in glycerol for 1 week, the grafts were implanted into the monkey recipient corneas.

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Jan
2018

Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy (FECD) is an acquired corneal endotheliopathy and is one of the most common indications for corneal transplantation surgery worldwide. Endothelial keratoplasty (EK) is the most popular form of corneal transplantation for FECD. In standard EK surgery, the patient's corneal endothelium and basement membrane [ie, Descemet membrane (DM)] are first removed, followed by transplantation of donor tissue that comprises allogenic corneal endothelial cells, DM, and corneal stroma of variable thickness.

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Jan
2018

Due to both the avascularity of the cornea and the relatively immune-privileged status of the eye corneal transplantation is one of the most successful clinical transplant procedures. However in high risk patients, which account for >20% of the 180,000 transplants carried out worldwide each year, the rejection rate is high due to vascularisation of the recipient cornea. The main reason for graft failure is irreversible immunological rejection and it is therefore unsurprising that neovascularisation (both pre- and post-grafting) is a significant risk factor for subsequent graft failure.

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Jan
2018

Graft detachment is a complication of non-Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (nDSAEK). We report a case of spontaneous reattachment of an extensively dislocated graft after nDSAEK.
A 54-year-old male underwent penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) for keratoconus in his left eye in 2001.

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Dec
2017

To report the clinical results of pediatric penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) in patients under 3 years old with congenital corneal opacity.Retrospective study. Sixteen eyes of 12 patients who were treated with PKP in Aier Eye Hospital Group from June 2009 to December 2016 were enrolled in this study.

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Jan
2018

To investigate the long-term surgical outcome after penetrating keratoplasty in 5 patients from 1 pedigree with Schnyder corneal dystrophy (SCD), resulting from the same UbiA prenyltransferase domain containing 1 (UBIAD1) mutation.
This retrospective study involved 6 eyes of 5 patients who underwent penetrating keratoplasty for treatment of SCD. Postoperative surgical outcome measures included the analysis of best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), corneal endothelial cell density, and the rates of corneal graft rejection and disease recurrence.

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Jan
2018

The cornea is the most commonly transplanted tissue in the body. Corneal grafts in low-risk recipients enjoy high success rates, yet over 50% of high-risk grafts (with inflamed and vascularized host beds) are rejected. As our understanding of the cellular and molecular pathways that mediate rejection has deepened, a number of novel therapeutic strategies have been unveiled.

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Dec
2017

Corneal transplantation has been proven effective for returning the gift of sight to those affected by corneal disorders such as opacity, injury, and infections that are a leading cause of blindness. Immune privilege plays an important role in the success of corneal transplantation procedures; however, immune rejection reactions do occur, and they, in conjunction with a shortage of corneal donor tissue, continue to pose major challenges. Corneal immune privilege is important to the success of corneal transplantation and closely related to the avascular nature of the cornea.

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Jan
2018

Corneal endothelial dysfunction remains the most frequent indication for corneal transplantation, limited by donor material shortage, poor long-term graft survival, or allogeneic graft rejection. Therefore, tissue-engineered endothelial grafts (TEEG) represent a promising alternative to human donor tissue. In this study, we generated electro-spun scaffolds and tested these for their suitability for human corneal endothelial cell (hCEC) cultivation.

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Dec
1969

Based on current evidence, the efficiency and safety of Descemet's membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) was compared with that of Descemet's stripping endothelial keratoplasty (DSEK).
Pubmed, Embase, Web of Science, the Cochrane Database and conference abstracts were comprehensively searched for studies that compared the efficacy and safety of DMEK and DSEK. The efficacy outcome was the postoperative best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA).

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Mar
2018

To quantify all minor/major adverse events in a large cohort of consecutive corneal transplants, particularly in respect to penetrating keratoplasty (PKP).
All corneal transplants in the Auckland region over a 10-year period (2000-2009) were identified through the New Zealand National Eye Bank. Relevant clinical records were assessed for this period and 2 years after.

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Mar
2018

To evaluate the therapeutic effects of lamellar keratoplasty (LK) on Terrien marginal degeneration (TMD).
Retrospective interventional case series. Medical records of 63 patients (71 eyes) who received LK for TMD at Qingdao Eye Hospital, Shandong Eye Institute from December 1995 to March 2014 were reviewed.

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Jan
2018

To investigate the influence of histocompatibility Y (H-Y) antigen matching on corneal graft survival in primary penetrating keratoplasty (PK).
Medical records of patients who underwent primary PK at Seoul National University Bundang Hospital between June 2005 and October 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The eyes were classified into 2 groups: H-Y-compatible (115 eyes) and H-Y-incompatible (23 eyes).

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Mar
2018

The aim of this review is to describe the relationship between Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) and glaucoma.
Glaucoma after DMEK is a serious complication that may cause permanent visual loss, affect donor endothelial cells and graft survival. The mechanisms of raised intraocular pressure (IOP) after DMEK include reverse pupillary block in the early postoperative period, and steroid response in the late phase.

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Nov
2017

To evaluate indications and outcomes of pediatric keratoplasty in a tertiary eye center, and identify factors that affect visual outcomes.We performed a retrospective review of penetrating keratoplasty in children aged 0 to 18 years between 1995 and 2011 in the Asociación para Evitar la Ceguera en México IAP, Hospital "Dr. Luis Sánchez Bulnes".

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Nov
2017

In our previous study, we showed that both allogeneic and autogeneic small-incision femtosecond laser-assisted corneal intrastromal transplantation are safe and effective surgeries. However, the results of small-incision femtosecond laser-assisted intrastromal xenotransplantation have not yet been explored. Additionally, we suggest that glycerol-dehydrated corneal lamellae might provide a possible alternative for this xenogenic implantation approach.

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Nov
2017

Awareness of symptoms and signs of possible complications after corneal transplantation is very important. Early presentation can enhance long-term survival of the cornea. This study evaluates the reasons for emergency presentation and management of postcorneal transplantation complications.

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Nov
2017

Corneal transplant rejection is one of the most frequent complications, with a reported incidence of 16-30%. In our current research, we investigated the use of infrared thermography to detect ocular surface temperature. We also looked at a case of corneal transplant rejection and this case had an elevated ocular surface temperature when compared to the contralateral eye and other eyes without corneal transplant rejection.

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Jan
2018

To assess the effect of dry eye disease (DED) in graft donors on dendritic cell (DC) maturation, host T-cell sensitization, and corneal allograft rejection.
Corneas of control (healthy donor) and DED mice (C57BL/6) were transplanted onto fully allogeneic naive BALB/c recipients (n = 10 mice/group). Long-term allograft survival was evaluated for 8 weeks.

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Oct
2017

Corneal transplantation is an important surgical treatment for many common corneal diseases. However, a worldwide shortage of tissue from suitable corneal donors has meant that many people are not able to receive sight-restoring operations. In addition, rejection is a major cause of corneal transplant failure.

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Oct
2017

Corneal transplantation (keratoplasty) is the most common type of tissue replacement in the world. The increased rate of graft rejection after keratoplasty is a central problem for repeated transplantations and in inflamed host corneas. It has been shown that apoptosis of grafted epithelium has a role in corneal allograft rejection.

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Mar
2017

In this article, we review the indications and latest management of high-risk penetrating keratoplasty.
Despite the immune-privilege status of the cornea, immune-mediated graft rejection still remains the leading cause of corneal graft failure. This is particularly a problem in the high-risk graft recipients, namely patients with previous graft failure due to rejection and those with inflamed and vascularized corneal beds.

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Nov
2017

Corneal disease is the second most common blinding disease in the world. The shortage of cornea donors has become the greatest challenge in curing corneal disease. Decellularized porcine corneas have the potential to be clinically applied as a substitute for human cornea in lamellar keratoplasty.

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Sep
2017

The cornea lacks adaptive immune cells and vasculature under healthy conditions, but is populated by both cell types under pathologic conditions and after transplantation. Here we propose an immunophysical approach to describe postoperative neovascularization in corneal grafts. We develop a simple dynamic model that captures not only the well-established interactions between innate immunity and vascular dynamics but also incorporates the contributions of adaptive immunity to vascular growth.

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Sep
2017

The purpose of this study was to report the outcomes of descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) surgeries in eyes with failed penetrating keratoplasty (PKP).
This was a retrospective, noncomparative, descriptive case series. Patients who underwent DSAEK following PKP from January 2007 to December 2012 were reviewed.

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Feb
2018

To review the published literature on the safety and outcomes of Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) for the surgical treatment of corneal endothelial dysfunction.
Literature searches were last conducted in the PubMed and the Cochrane Library databases most recently in May 2017. The searches, which were limited to English-language abstracts, yielded 1085 articles.

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Dec
2017

To disclose, using an ex vivo study, the histopathological mechanism behind in vivo thickening of the endothelium/Descemet membrane complex (En/DM) observed in rejected corneal grafts (RCGs).
Descemet membrane (DM), endothelium, and retrocorneal membranes make up the total En/DM thickness. These layers are not differentiable by high-definition optical coherence tomography; therefore, the source of thickening is unclear from an in vivo perspective.

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Sep
2017

A 51-year-old immunocompetent male with a history of Fuchs' endothelial dystrophy and immature cataract who underwent Descemet's stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty with intraocular lens implantation in both eyes presented with redness and defective vision of 1-day duration in his left eye. Slit lamp examination revealed coarse superficial punctate lesions with graft edema. He was diagnosed with acute graft rejection and treated with topical steroids.

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Dec
1969

The present work aims to assess the effectiveness of lentiviral vector (LV) mediated Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) gene silencing in the survival of transplanted corneal allografts, against immune rejection, in rats.
LV mediated TLR2 small interference RNA (SiRNA) with enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) [LV-TLR2-siRNA-eGFP] was realised and transfected to both rat corneal epithelial (EC) and stromal cells (SC). Multiplicity of infection (MOI) was optimized for transfection efficiency using flow cytometric (FCM) analysis.

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Aug
2017

To compare the characteristics and outcomes of male and female patients that underwent corneal transplantation for keratoconus (KC) in Southern Brazil and worldwide.
Retrospective longitudinal study that evaluated medical records of patients who were submitted to keratoplasty between August 1990 and September 2015 in two tertiary hospitals in the state of Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil) and review of the Medline and Embase database international literature.
Out of a total of 4026 corneal transplants at that period, 1284 patients (1530 eyes) received preoperative diagnosis of KC (31.

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Oct
2017

To evaluate the midterm outcomes of penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) after cultivated oral mucosal epithelial transplantation (COMET) in patients with bilateral total limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD) due to chemical burn.
In this prospective interventional nonrandomized case series, optical PKP was performed in patients with severe stromal opacity after successful COMET. Main outcome measures were stability of the ocular surface, visual acuity improvement and corneal graft survival.

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Oct
2017

To evaluate the safety and efficacy of tacrolimus eye drops as adjunctive therapy in the treatment of severe corneal endothelial rejection after penetrating keratoplasty refractory to corticosteroids.
In this prospective interventional case series, 11 eyes of 11 patients assessed for severe corneal endothelial rejection, with an inadequate response to topical, local, and systemic corticosteroids, were treated with either 0.01% or 0.

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Dec
1969

This chapter provides a clinical perspective on the challenges that stand between current clinical practice and a cure for hepatorenal tyrosinemia (HT1). HT1 has been transformed in the last 50 years from an aggressive often undiagnosed childhood disease causing liver failure or liver cancer, with infant death in most patients, to a condition that is detectable at birth, and for which treatment with nitisinone (NTBC) and diet can prevent detectable liver or kidney abnormalities. What challenges remain? The properties of the affected metabolic pathway and the broad spectrum of severity seen in untreated patients are incompletely understood but potentially important for patients.

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Oct
2017

To compare the rebubbling rate and clinical outcomes of Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) with 5% sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) gas versus 100% air as a tamponade for graft attachment.
Retrospective, comparative, interventional case series including 368 consecutive pseudophakic eyes with Fuchs endothelial dystrophy or pseudophakic bullous keratopathy that underwent DMEK in a tertiary referral center between October 2010 and August 2015 using either air (group 1, 191 eyes) or 5% SF6 (group 2, 177 eyes) as a tamponade. The rebubbling rate, complications, best-corrected distance visual acuity (BCVA), manifest refraction, and endothelial cell density were analyzed before and at 1 week, 1, 3, 6, 12, 24, and 36 months after surgery.

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Jul
2017

Corneal transplantation is a safe, reliable method of restoring visual acuity in patients with corneal disorders. Although it has a very high success rate, rejection can still occur, especially if the site is infected. Therefore, seeking to find better ways to manage infection risk, this study investigated a new technique, based on multiplex polymerase chain reaction (mPCR), to identify pathogens, including viruses, bacteria, and fungi, in corneal transplantation recipient sites, donor corneas and the donor cornea storage solution.

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Jul
2017

This paper reports a case of spontaneous Descemet's Membrane (DM ) detachment 20-years after penetrating keratoplasty (PK). The patient presented with acute onset blurred vision in the right eye associated with mild ocular discomfort. There was no prior history of trauma.

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Sep
2017

Endothelial keratoplasty (EK) has revolutionized treatment of corneal endothelial dysfunction. Compared with penetrating keratoplasty (PK), EK provides faster and more reliable visual rehabilitation while maintaining the eye's structural integrity. The number of EK procedures is growing annually and surpassed PK in the United States in 2012.

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Jul
2017

To study the indications and variables correlating with graft survival in optical penetrating keratoplasty in a tertiary care hospital in north India.
All patients who underwent optical keratoplasty, except those undergoing lamellar grafts, tectonic grafts transplants and penetrating keratoplasty done for therapeutic purposes were included in the study. Patients with follow-up less than 2 years were excluded from the study.

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Jul
2017

Gelatinous corneal dystrophy is a very rare disease in Europe and North America. Patients suffer from pain, photophobia and loss of vision, usually before the age of 20. Transplantation of limbal stem cells was proposed due to the high rate of recurrence after conventional penetrating keratoplasty.

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Dec
1969

This study sought to compare graft survival, graft rejection and the visual acuity outcome of endothelial keratoplasty (EK) with repeat penetrating keratoplasty (PK) after failed PK.
A systematic literature search with subsequent screening of the identified articles was conducted to obtain potentially eligible randomized clinical trials (RCTs) and comparative cohort studies. To assess the methodological quality of the included studies, the Jadad Scale or Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) was used based on the study design.

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Sep
2017

To describe Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) complications and strategies for their prevention and management.
Five hundred consecutive eyes with DMEK of 393 patients were reviewed in this retrospective study for intraoperative and postoperative complications up to 2 years and for corresponding management.
Intraoperative challenges (difficult graft unfolding/positioning, high vitreous pressure, iris root hemorrhage, and Descemet membrane remnants) were encountered in 81 eyes (16.

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Sep
2017

We report a case of reversal of an acute corneal graft rejection following multiquadrant subtenon triamcinolone injection.
A 19-year-old woman who had acute corneal graft rejection failed to show resolution of the graft rejection after standard treatment with systemic, intravenous, and topical steroids. The graft rejection, however, responded to injection of triamcinolone in multiple subtenon quadrants.

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Dec
1969

Many studies of corneal transplantation focus on graft failure or rejection as endpoints, or report visual outcomes at one postoperative time point. We aimed to study the stability of visual outcomes between 2 and 5 years following corneal transplantation.
All patients with keratoconus (868) or Fuchs endothelial dystrophy (FED) (569) receiving their first corneal transplant for visual purposes in the UK between January 2003 and December 2009 were included.

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Jan
2018

A traumatic wound dehiscence can occur many years after surgery in 2-6% of all keratoplasties. Intraocular tissue prolapse can lead to severe visual loss. Deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) leads to higher wound stability because of the intact Descemet membrane.

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Jan
2018

Corneal burn grade IV usually leads to blindness. Several different surgical techniques remain challenging owing to the extensive tissue damage. Here, we introduce a novel technique with a 15 mm corneoscleral and limbal homologous graft combined with sequential autologous corneal removal ab interno, with a vitrectomy probe to save the anterior chamber angle.

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Dec
1969

Transplant rejection is a major cause of corneal transplantation failure. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a family of small RNAs that regulates gene expression in a sequence-specific manner. miRNAs have recently been shown to have important roles in human organ transplantation, but reports of miRNAs directly associated with corneal transplantation rejection remain limited.

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