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'Cricopharyngeal Myotomy' (463)


Feb
2018

Pediatric cricopharyngeal achalasia is an uncommon but important cause of oropharyngeal dysphagia. Failure of upper esophageal sphincter relaxation is the currently understood pathophysiology. Therapies include balloon dilation, botulinum toxin injection, and endoscopic or open cricopharyngeal myotomy (CPM).

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Jan
2018

Cluster of acute flaccid paralysis and cranial nerve dysfunction was associated with a 2014 outbreak of enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) respiratory illness in US. We describe a 33 year-old male patient of refractory dysphagia due to EV-D68-induced brainstem encephalitis successfully treated by surgery. Following acute upper respiratory tract infection, he developed dysphagia and bilateral facial paralysis.

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Dec
2017

Zenker's diverticulum is a rare cause of progressive dysphagia that is treated surgically. KTP laser-based diverticulotomy is one effective treatment. Developing a simulation model is helpful for rare conditions.

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Dec
2017

Tracheoesophageal puncture (TEP) can be performed at the time of laryngectomy (primary) or postoperatively (secondary). Prior studies demonstrate safe and earlier voice acquisition and rehabilitation with primary TEP. The objectives of this study were to assess national trends in primary TEP and identify factors associated with its use.

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Dec
2017

Cricopharyngeal bar.

Pan Afr Med J 2017;27:288. Epub 2017 Aug 23.
Suresh Chander Sharma, Pirabu Sakthivel

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Jan
2018

No practice guidelines have been established for swallowing outcomes after cricopharyngeal myotomy (CPM). The purpose of this systematic review was to summarize evidence for swallowing outcomes in patients undergoing CPM to treat symptomatic cricopharyngeal dysfunction, in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) protocol.
Swallowing outcomes examined included penetration/aspiration ratings, manometric measures, patient-rated dysphagia scales, clinician-rated dysphagia scales, diet level, and weight.

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Oct
2017

To explore the safety and validity of endoscopic cricopharyngeal myotomy in patients with cricopharyngeal achalasia.A total of 19 patients with cricopharyngeal achalasia suffered from sustained dysphagia were enrolled in this study. The patients were divided into transcervical cricopharyngeal myotomy(CPM) group and endoscopic CPM (ECPM) group.

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Oct
2017

A term baby was transferred to our tertiary care center with desaturations and inability to manage upper airway secretions. Rigid bronchoscopy and swallowing study revealed cricopharyngeal (CP) achalasia. A gastrostomy tube insertion and Botulinum Toxin-A injection were performed at 6 weeks of age.

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Sep
2017

This case report describes the use a new flexible robotic system in otolaryngology, the FlexRobotfor cricopharyngeal myotomy in cadaver dissections, and for the treatment of a patient with esophageal stenosis and secondary dysphagia and dysphonia. The Flexrobotfacilitates access to the hypopharynx with increased proximity to the surgical field and improved optics, allowing more exact dilatation and injection in our patient. It also would allow surgeons to reach deep inside the cavity of the hypopharynx into anatomical regions that are typically inaccessible without an open approach, as shown in our cadaveric procedure, where full exposure of the posterior aspect of the cricopharyngeus and isolation of the muscle belly were achieved.

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Nov
2017

A 43-year-old man with complaints of increased difficulty swallowing and weight loss underwent videofluorographic examination of swallowing, which revealed severely reduced cricopharyngeal opening. Endoscopic cricopharyngeal myotomy was carried out using a modified technique (mECPM). A benign fibrotic stricture of the upper esophageal sphincter (UES) was identified under visualization of a distending operating laryngoscope.

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Sep
2017

Treatment of Zenker's diverticulum by flexible endoscopy consists of the myotomy of the cricopharyngeal muscle and is considered to be feasible, effective and safe. This report describes the novel use of a Clutch Cutter® device to perform flexible endoscopic retreatment of a symptomatic recurrence after previous treatment using a Needle knife in a 68 year old woman with symptoms of dysphagia for solids.

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Sep
2017

Cricopharyngeal myotomy is a treatment for obstructive cricopharyngeal bar and Zenker's diverticulitis. Little is reported regarding contrast study findings and their correlation with patient symptoms.
All patients treated by cricopharyngeal myotomy underwent a preoperative and postoperative videofluoroscopic swallow study (VFSS) and completed the self-reported Eating Assessment Tool (EAT-10).

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Jan
2018

Dysphagia is a common complication in stroke patients, which severely affects quality of life. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of temperature-controlled plasma radiofrequency (coblation)-assisted endoscopic cricopharyngeal myotomy (CAECPM) for the treatment sustained (>6 months) dysphagia in stroke patients.
This retrospective case-control study included a total of 24 stroke patients with sustained dysphagia, who were either treated with transcervical cricopharyngeal myotomy (CPM) (n = 16) or CAECPM (n = 12).

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Jun
2017

Larynx is the second most common site for cancer in the upper aerodigestive tract. One of the dreaded complications following total laryngectomy has been pharyngo cutaneous fistula (PCF). PCF merits special attention due to its significant negative impact on the recovery process.

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Mar
2017

Zenker's diverticula (ZDs) are a relatively common cause of cervical dysphagia. Diagnosis is best by a good upper GI exam though upper endoscopy should be performed as well. Treatment is either by open, transcervical approaches or trans-oral.

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Feb
2018

For locally advanced laryngeal cancers, the standard treatment of choice is chemoradiotherapy if organ function needs to be conserved. Surgical treatment with larynx preservation is conducted only for limited cases. For locally advanced laryngeal cancers such as those with vocal cord fixation and/or cricoid cartilage destruction, there is no apparent standardized organ-preserving surgery keeping the essential laryngeal functions, viz.

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Feb
2018

The upper esophageal sphincter (UES) is composed largely of the cricopharyngeus muscle (CP) and acts as the gatekeeper to the esophagus. There are multiple methods of treating UES dysfunction, but myotomy has been shown to be the most definitive means. We aim to evaluate the difference between open and endoscopic CP myotomy (CPM).

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Dec
2016

To determine the effectiveness of endoscopic cricopharyngeal myotomy on upper oesophageal sphincter dysfunction in adults with upper oesophageal sphincter dysfunction and neurological disease.
Published and unpublished studies with a quasi-experimental design investigating endoscopic cricopharyngeal myotomy effects on upper oesophageal sphincter dysfunction in humans were considered eligible. Electronic databases, grey literature and reference lists of included studies were systematically searched.

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Dec
2016

Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD), is a rare hereditary myopathy that affects mainly the levator palpebrae and the constrictor pharyngeal muscles, being able to cause severe dysphagia. It can be treated effectively by surgical cricopharyngeal myotomy, as in the case presented below.

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Dec
2016

Cricopharyngeal function or dysfunction: what's the deal?

Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2016 Dec;24(6):494-499
Jacqui E Allen
The purpose of the review is to examine current research focused on upper oesophageal sphincter (UES) and cricopharyngeus muscle function, and how better understanding UES physiology will translate to improved management.
Although much is known about UES function, new information describing the dynamics of the UES and cricopharyngeus is being identified through manometry, combined fluoromanometry, and anatomic study. Response of the UES to injury, reflux, and surgical interventions is reported.

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Apr
2015

The cricopharyngeal achalasia is an esophageal motor disorder that entails a lack of relaxation of the upper esophageal sphincter. It is rare in children and its etiology is related to multiple factors. The symptoms are nonspecific and may be masked by other diseases.

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Dec
1969

We aimed to compare three surgical techniques (open approach for diverticulectomy with cricopharyngeal myotomy [OA], endoscopic laser-assisted diverticulotomy [ELD], and endoscopic stapler-assisted diverticulotomy [ESD]) for treatment of Zenker's diverticulum with regard to validated swallowing outcomes, radiographic outcomes, complications, and revision rates. We statistically analyzed whether the size of residual postoperative party wall or the specific surgical technique correlates with swallowing outcomes.
Retrospective chart review and radiographic study analysis.

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Aug
2016

A pharyngeal diverticulum is a rare complication of an anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). We present a case of a pharyngeal diverticulum after an ACDF, which was misdiagnosed as a typical Zenker diverticulum. A 54-year-old woman presented with dysphagia and a sense of irritation in the neck following C5 through C7 cervical fusion 3 years prior.

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Aug
2016

To compare swallowing outcomes following cricopharyngeal (CP) dilation versus surgical myotomy in patients with dysphagia secondary to idiopathic CP bar.
All patients had an idiopathic CP bar without a history of Zenker's diverticulum, head and neck cancer, or systemic neurologic disease treated between 2000 and 2013. The Functional Outcome Swallowing Scale (FOSS) was utilized to assess dysphagia symptoms.

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Jun
2016

Flexible endoscopic treatment is one of the alternative approaches for the management of Zenker's diverticum. The present paper shows our short-term and long-term results with flexible endoscopic cricopharyngeal myotomy/septotomy.
A retrospective analysis of our experience in patients with Zenker's diverticulum treated using a flexible endoscope, assisted by a flexible diverticuloscope, between 2002 and 2015.

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Jun
2016

Post-stroke dysphagia is a common problem after stroke. About 8-13% patients have persistent dysphagia and are unable to return to pre-stroke diet even after 6 months of stroke. Use of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) may be required in these patients, which may be psychologically unacceptable and impair the quality of life.

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Dec
1969

The prevalence of Zenker's diverticulum (ZD) is difficult to estimate. If we focus on some published data, it may be as low as 2 new cases per 100,000 inhabitants per year in the United Kingdom, which is in contrast the with feeling in some endoscopy units, that this condition's prevalence is increasing year after year. Prevalence likely remains the same as ever, but the addition of factors such as population ageing, optimal diagnostic care, availability of effective endoscopic management, increased awareness, and cumulative experience in some endoscopy teams, may well have increasingly brought this condition to our attention in our daily practice.

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Jul
2016

To evaluate the utility of the hybrid tracheoesophageal puncture procedure in stapler-assisted laryngectomy.
Patients who underwent total laryngectomy at a single institution from 2009 to 2015 were reviewed. The interventions assessed were surgical creation of a tracheoesophageal puncture and placement of a voice prosthesis.

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Jul
2016

Management of isolated cricopharyngeal dysfunction: systematic review.

J Laryngol Otol 2016 Jul 19;130(7):611-5. Epub 2016 May 19.
A Ashman, O T Dale, D L Baldwin
A systematic review was performed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of different therapeutic interventions available for the management of isolated cricopharyngeal dysfunction.
Studies were identified using the following databases: Ovid (Medline, Embase), the Cochrane Library, PubMed and Google Scholar. An initial search identified 339 articles.

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Jan
2017

Gastroesophageal reflux may contribute to the development of cricopharyngeal dysfunction and Zenker's diverticulum. Common dictum suggests that if upper esophageal sphincter tone is reduced through cricopharyngeal myotomy, symptoms of laryngopharyngeal reflux may worsen. We hypothesized that patients who undergo myotomy should show decreased dysphagia symptoms with concurrent worsening of reflux symptomatology and that these changes would be greater in those patients undergoing complete versus partial myotomy.

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Jun
2016

Open surgical cricopharyngeal myotomy(CM) is considered standard of care for Zenker's diverticulum(ZD). Trans-oral CM has been described using a rigid stapling device for two decades; however, this remains problematic for severely kyphotic patients. This problem can be overcome with flexible endoscopy utilizing an electrosurgical needle knife.

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Jul
2016

Endoscopic cricopharyngeal myotomy (ECPM) using CO2 laser surgery presents a less invasive treatment technique when compared to transcervical cricopharyngeal myotomy.
Forty-seven patients who underwent ECPM from 2002 until 2013 were included in this study. Patient characteristics, and preoperative and postoperative outcome and complications were scored by retrospective chart review and by using the Deglutition Handicap Index (DHI).

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Jul
2016

Understanding of swallowing pressures after total laryngectomy (TL) and what constitutes a "functional" swallow are limited. Mobile structures are altered or removed after TL, with consequent effects on pressure profiles. High-resolution manometry (HRM) can characterize these pressures.

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Jul
2015

Zenker's diverticulum is an acquired hernia from the posterior pharyngeal mucosa developed in the pharyngo-esophageal junction. The gold standard for diagnosis is pharyngo-esophageal barium swallow study. Open surgery with cricopharyngeal myotomy has long been the conventional treatment.

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Jul
2015

The occurrence of the pharyngoesophageal, or Zenker diverticulum is not frequent in the national scenario, and the technique of the diverticulectomy with cricomyotomy in medium and great dimension diverticula is still the most indicated. Because the resection of the diverticulum requires the suture of the pharynx, dehiscence can occur, thereafter delaying swallowing. Hence, the idea is to accomplish this surgical procedure, comparing the manual and mechanical suture, in order to evaluate the real benefit of the mechanical technique.

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Jan
2016

Utility of transcervical management of Zenker's diverticulum.

J Laryngol Otol 2016 Jan 26;130 Suppl 1:S16-9. Epub 2015 Nov 26.
B Jackson, Z Ahmad, R P Morton
To evaluate our results in treating Zenker's diverticulum via the transcervical approach, and to compare our experiences with a recent systematic review of both open and endoscopic approaches to the pharyngeal pouch.
An audit yielded 41 consecutive cases of Zenker's diverticulum treated between 2003 and 2013.
All 41 patients underwent transcervical cricopharyngeal myotomy; 29 sacs also required 'inversion'.

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Sep
2016

Zenker's diverticulum: Rotterdam experience.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2016 Sep 17;273(9):2755-63. Epub 2015 Nov 17.
L J Visser, J A U Hardillo, D A Monserez, M H Wieringa, R J Baatenburg de Jong
Different surgical techniques exist for the treatment of Zenker's diverticulum (ZD), of which minimally invasive techniques have become the standard. We reviewed our experience with management and treatment of ZD and sought to determine what type of treatment is most effective and efficient. We selected patients who underwent treatment for ZD between January 2004 and January 2014 at our tertiary referral center.

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Feb
2016

To prospectively analyze quality-of-life outcomes following transoral diverticulotomy with cricopharyngeal myotomy (DCPM) for Zenker's diverticulum (ZD).
Prospective single-group study.
Tertiary academic institution.

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Mar
2015

Standard surgical treatment of Zenker's diverticulum consists of open cricopharyngeal myotomy with diverticulectomy. A rigid or flexible endoscopic approach allowing a cricopharyngeal myotomy without diverticulectomy is currently considered as a less invasive alternative to open surgery with reportedly comparable symptom relief at short term follow-up. In recent years, high safety and efficacy of a transaxillary gasless robotic access to the thyroid gland has been shown.

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Jan
2016

Cricopharyngeal dysfunction may lead to severe dysphagia and aspiration. The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate the existing studies on the effectiveness of myotomy, dilatation, and botulinum toxin (BoT) injection in the management of cricopharyngeal dysphagia.
PubMed and Web of Science databases were searched to identify eligible studies by using the terms "cricopharyngeal dysfunction," "cricopharyngeal myotomy," "cricopharyngeal botox," "cricopharyngeal dilation," and their combinations from 1990 to 2013.

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Sep
2015

Treatment of Zenker's diverticulum can be accomplished by use of a transcervical myotomy (TCM) with diverticulopexy/diverticulectomy or by the transoral endoscopic stapling (TOS) approach. Our aim was to evaluate the short-term and long-term outcomes of these two techniques.
A retrospective review was performed to identify all patients who had received either treatment for Zenker's diverticulum from July 1998 to August 2013.

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May
2016

Zenker's diverticulum (ZD) is a rare upper esophageal pathology that is most prevalent in the sixth and seventh decade. Three different therapeutical options are available: (1) open trans-cervical approach, (2) rigid endoscopy and (3) flexible endoscopy. Our hypothesis is that a flexible endoscopic cricomyotomy represents a safe and effective treatment of ZD as well as cricopharyngeal spasm.

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Jul
2015

Cricopharyngeal dysfunction is a narrowing at the level of the upper oesophageal sphincter caused by failed or incomplete sphincter opening as a result of lack of pharyngoesophageal coordination or reduction in the muscular compliance of the upper oesophageal sphincter. Oropharyngeal dysphagia is a typical symptom. Videomanometry allows direct comparison of pressure readings with dynamic anatomy during swallowing.

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Nov
2015

Voice prosthesis is the standard of care for postlaryngectomy voice rehabilitation. We aimed to assess functional outcomes of Provox voice prosthesis, to study the impact of several clinical factors (timing of Provox insertion, type of pharyngeal closure, requirement of reconstruction, performance of myotomy, and radiotherapy) on the functional outcomes, and to record the complications associated with Provox voice prosthesis.
Prospective nonrandomized cross-sectional observational study.

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Nov
2015

Zenker's diverticulum (ZD), also known as cricopharyngeal, pharyngoesophageal or hypopharyngeal diverticulum, is a rare condition characterized by an acquired outpouching of the mucosal and submucosal layers originating from the pharyngoesophageal junction. This false and pulsion diverticulum occurs dorsally at the pharyngoesophageal wall between the inferior pharyngeal constrictor and the cricopharyngeus muscle. The pathophysiology of ZD involves altered compliance of the cricopharyngeus muscle and raised intrabolus pressure.

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Apr
2016

Zenker's diverticulum causes substantial morbidity among affected elderly patients. In the United States, rigid endoscopic cricopharyngeal myotomy is the mainstay of management and the flexible endoscopic technique is reserved for those not deemed candidates for rigid endoscopy due to an inability to extend the neck and/or medical comorbidities. Short- and long-term outcomes following flexible endoscopic cricopharyngeal myotomy in the United States are limited.

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Feb
2015

Surgical resection has been the mainstay of treatment of pharyngoesophageal (Zenker) diverticula over the past century. Developments in minimally invasive surgery and new endoscopic devices have led to a paradigm change. The concept of dividing the septum between the esophagus and the pouch rather than resecting the pouch itself has been revisited during the last three decades and new technologies have been investigated to make the transoral operation safe and effective.

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Jan
2015

To investigate long-term results and quality of life after transoral stapling of Zenker diverticulum.
The data of all patients admitted to our institution for the surgical treatment of Zenker diverticulum were entered into a prospective database. Demographics, symptoms, intraoperative and postoperative data, morbidity, time to oral feeding, and length of hospital stay were recorded.

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