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'Defibrillation & Cardioversion' (724)


Nov
2017

The ENSURE-AF study (NCT 02072434) of anticoagulation for electrical cardioversion in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) showed comparable low rates of bleeding and thromboembolism between the edoxaban and the enoxaparin-warfarin treatment arms. This post hoc analysis investigated the relationship between renal function and clinical outcomes.
ENSURE-AF was a multicenter, PROBE evaluation trial of edoxaban 60 mg, or dose reduced to 30 mg/d for weight≤60 kg, creatinine clearance (CrCl; Cockcroft-Gault) ≤50 mL/min, or concomitant P-glycoprotein inhibitors compared with therapeutically monitored enoxaparin-warfarin in 2,199 NVAF patients undergoing electrical cardioversion.

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Sep
2017

Recent studies have cast doubt on the benefit of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) with defibrillation (CRT-D) versus pacing (CRT-P) for patients with nonischemic cardiomyopathy (NICM). Left ventricular myocardial scar portends poor clinical outcomes.
The aim of this study was to determine whether CRT-D is superior to CRT-P in patients with NICM either with (+) or without (-) left ventricular midwall fibrosis (MWF), detected by cardiac magnetic resonance.

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Jul
2017

Although manual and semiautomatic external defibrillation (SAED) are commonly used in the management of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, the optimal strategy is not known. We hypothesized that SAED would reduce the time to first shock and lead to higher rates of cardioversion and survival compared with a manual strategy.
Between July 2005 and June 2015, we included adult out-of-hospital cardiac arrest of presumed cardiac pathogenesis.

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Dec
1969

ICDs efficiently terminate life-threatening arrhythmias, but complications occur during long-term follow-up. Patients' own perspective is largely unknown. The aim of the study was to describe experiences of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) patients with implantable defibrillators (ICDs).

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Jun
2017

In this study, we investigated whether mechanical dispersion which reflects electrical abnormality and other echocardiographic and clinic parameters predict appropriate ICD shock in patients undergone ICD implantation for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
Sixty-three patients who received ICD implantation for primary or secondary prevention were included in the study. Patients' clinical, electrocardiographic, 2D classic, and speckle tracking echocardiographic data were collected.

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May
2017

The objective was to compare resuscitation performance on simulated in-hospital cardiac arrests after traditional American Heart Association (AHA) Healthcare Provider Basic Life Support course (TradBLS) versus revised course including in-hospital skills (HospBLS).
This study is a prospective, randomized, controlled curriculum evaluation.
Johns Hopkins Medicine Simulation Center.

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May
2017

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with increased risk of thromboembolic complications. One of the markers of the increased risk of hypercoagulable state is platelet hyperreactivity. The aim of the study was to assess impact of arrhythmia on platelet reactivity.

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Mar
2017

Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) and cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) reduce mortality in many patients with heart failure (HF), but the current use and effectiveness of ICD/CRT in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are uncertain. We examined associations between kidney function and guideline-recommended prescription of ICD/CRT in the Get With The Guidelines-Heart Failure registry, a performance improvement program for hospitalized patients with HF. We compared differences in ICD and CRT prescription between the following categories of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR; mL/min/1.

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Mar
2017

Compare vasopressin, amiodarone, and epinephrine administration by sternal intraosseous (SIO), tibial intraosseous (TIO), and intravenous (IV) routes in a swine model of cardiac arrest.
Prospective, randomized, between subjects, experimental design.
Laboratory.

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Jan
2017

Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) treatment is beneficial in selected patients. However, it remains difficult to accurately predict which patients benefit most from ICD implantation. For this purpose, different risk models have been developed.

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Apr
2017

Despite being a common intervention to restore sinus rhythm in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), limited data exist on the impact of electrical cardioversion on quality of life (QoL) outcomes in clinical practice.
This was a prospective cohort study of consecutive patients with AF referred for outpatient electrical cardioversion at 2 hospitals in Edmonton from 2013-2014. Baseline demographics, clinical characteristics, medications, and procedure details were obtained.

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Jan
2017

Adenosine is the first-line pharmacotherapy for termination of supraventricular tachycardia through its action on the atrioventricular node. However, pro-arrhythmic effects of adenosine are also recognised, most notably in the presence of pre-excited atrial fibrillation. In this case report, we describe the induction of ventricular fibrillation in a patient with no demonstrable accessory pathway, nor any other structural heart disease.

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Mar
2017

Subcutaneous ICD (S-ICD) is a promising option for Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM) patients at risk of Sudden Cardiac Death (SCD). However, its effectiveness in terminating ventricular arrhythmias in HCM is yet unresolved.
Consecutive HCM patients referred for S-ICD implantation were prospectively enrolled.

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Jan
2017

Terminating ventricular fibrillation (VF) or pulseless ventricular tachyarrhythmia (VT) is critical for successful resuscitation of patients with shockable cardiac arrest. In the event of shock-refractory VF, applicable guidelines suggest use of anti-arrhythmic agents. However, subsequent long-term outcomes remain unclear.

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Dec
2016

Patients undergoing elective electrical cardioversion (ECV) for atrial fibrillation have a temporarily increased risk of thromboembolism. Current guidelines recommend adequate anticoagulation for ≥3 consecutive weeks precardioversion, i.e.

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Dec
2016

Reducing hands-off time during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is believed to increase survival after cardiac arrests because of the sustaining of organ perfusion. The aim of our study was to investigate whether charging the defibrillator before rhythm analyses and shock delivery significantly reduced hands-off time compared with the European Resuscitation Council (ERC) 2010 CPR guideline algorithm in full-scale cardiac arrest scenarios.
The study was designed as a full-scale cardiac arrest simulation study including administration of drugs.

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Dec
1969

Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have higher risk of sudden cardiac death; however, they may not receive implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs), in part due to higher risk of complications. We evaluated whether CKD is associated with greater risk of device-delivered shocks/antitachycardia pacing (ATP) therapies among patients receiving a primary prevention ICD.
We studied participants in the observational Cardiovascular Research Network Longitudinal Study of Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators.

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Nov
2016

Sudden cardiac death: A reappraisal.

Trends Cardiovasc Med 2016 Nov 21;26(8):709-719. Epub 2016 May 21.
Christian Steinberg, Zachary W M Laksman, Andrew D Krahn
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is still among the leading causes of death in women and men, accounting for over 50% of all fatal cardiovascular events in the United States. Two arrhythmia mechanisms of SCD can be distinguished as follows: shockable rhythms (ventricular fibrillation and pulseless ventricular tachycardia) and non-shockable rhythms including asystole or pulseless electrical activity. The overall prognosis of cardiac arrest due to shockable rhythms is significantly better.

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Sep
2016

In patients who have atrial fibrillation (AF) with CHADS2score of 0-1 (categorized as low-to-intermediate risk), there is little information on stratifying the risk of stroke. This study aimed to determine whether impaired endothelial function assessed by reactive hyperemia-peripheral arterial tonometry (RH-PAT) predicted left atrial blood stagnation in these patients.
We enrolled 81 consecutive patients with nonvalvular AF.

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Jun
2016

There are many cardioplegia solutions currently in use for pediatric cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). The most common being del Nido solution. Another common cardioplegia solution used for pediatric CPB is St.

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Sep
2016

Several bleeding risk scores have been validated in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). The ORBIT score has been recently proposed as a simple score with the best ability to predict major bleeding. The present study aimed to test the hypothesis that the ORBIT score was superior to the HAS-BLED score for predicting major bleeding and death in "real world" anticoagulated AF patients.

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Oct
2016

This study reports the prevalence and prognostic impact of right bundle branch block (RBBB) and left bundle branch block (LBBB) in the admission electrocardiogram (ECG) of comatose survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). The present study is part of the predefined electrocardiographic substudy of the prospective randomized target temperature management trial, which found no benefit of targeting 33°C over 36°C in terms of outcome. Six-hundred eighty-two patients were included in the substudy.

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Dec
1969

Early defibrillation should achieve the highest survival rates when applied within the first minutes after the collapse. Public access defibrillation programs have increased the population awareness of the importance of defibrillation. Schoolchildren should be trained in basic life support (BLS) skills and some countries have included BLS in their school syllabus.

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Aug
2016

Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) reduces ventricular arrhythmia (VA) burden in some patients with heart failure, but its effect after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation is unknown. We compared VA burden in patients with CRT devices in situ who underwent LVAD implantation and continued CRT (n = 39) to those who had CRT turned off before discharge (n = 26). Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) shocks were significantly reduced in patients with continued CRT (1.

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Jul
2016

Many patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest present with pulseless electric activity (PEA) rather than shockable rhythm. Despite improvements in resuscitation care, survival of PEA patients remains dismal. Our main objective was to characterize out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients by initial presenting rhythm and to evaluate independent determinants of PEA.

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Feb
2017

Several trials demonstrated that a long detection interval and a high-rate cutoff reduced implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy in primary prevention patients. However, only a few data are available for secondary prevention (SP) patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether these ICD programming would be effective in reducing ICD therapies in SP patients.

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Sep
2016

Diagnosis of infrequent cardiac arrhythmias (CA) is often unsuccessful using resting or Holter ECG. As early detection and treatment of CA, especially atrial fibrillation (AF), has implications on patients' treatment and outcome, we investigated, whether self-guided, trans-telephonic event-recorder monitoring (Tele-ECG) improves diagnosis and influences treatment options.
Between 2009 and 2014, 790 patients (54 ± 18 years, 40% male; no history of CA: 582, known AF: 179, other CA: 29) presented with recurrent symptoms suggestive of CA and were screened by Tele-ECG (17.

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Mar
2017

Ventricular arrhythmias are a major cause of mortality in adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) patients. The European Society of Cardiology guidelines state that implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICD) should be considered in patients with congenital heart disease following spontaneous sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) or cardiac arrest and in patients at presumed high risk. This study sought to analyse the circumstances in which ACHD patients received ICD and to assess outcomes of ICD implantation, including therapies delivered and the rate of complications.

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Aug
2016

Atrial fibrillation (AF) patients eligible for cardioversion tend to be younger and are at lower risk than 'general' AF clinic populations. We evaluated the incidence of major bleeding and death, as well as the predictive value of the HAS-BLED score in non-valvular AF patients who underwent electrical cardioversion (ECV).
Consecutive non-valvular AF patients who underwent ECV were recruited.

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Aug
2016

Remote monitoring of cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIED).

Trends Cardiovasc Med 2016 Aug 31;26(6):568-77. Epub 2016 Mar 31.
Emily P Zeitler, Jonathan P Piccini
With increasing indications and access to cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) worldwide, the number of patients needing CIED follow-up continues to rise. In parallel, the technology available for managing these devices has advanced considerably. In this setting, remote monitoring (RM) has emerged as a complement to routine in-office care.

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Aug
2016

Recent developments in the subcutaneous ICD.

Trends Cardiovasc Med 2016 Aug 15;26(6):526-35. Epub 2016 Mar 15.
Mark E Willcox, Jordan M Prutkin, Gust H Bardy
The subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) was developed as a simple device to reduce the morbidity of ICD therapy while providing a comparable reduction in sudden death from ventricular fibrillation. This review highlights the differences compared to the traditional ICD. It includes recent data on safety and efficacy, as well as best practices on screening and programming, and discusses expected future developments.

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Apr
2016

To describe temporal trends in the time interval between first and second attempts at defibrillation and the association between this time interval and outcomes in patients with persistent ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation (VT/VF) arrest in hospital.
Retrospective cohort study
172 hospitals in the United States participating in the Get With The Guidelines-Resuscitation registry, 2004-12.
Adults who received a second defibrillation attempt for persistent VT/VF arrest within three minutes of a first attempt.

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May
2016

Atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery is associated with increased rates of death, complications, and hospitalizations. In patients with postoperative atrial fibrillation who are in stable condition, the best initial treatment strategy--heart-rate control or rhythm control--remains controversial.
Patients with new-onset postoperative atrial fibrillation were randomly assigned to undergo either rate control or rhythm control.

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Mar
2016

We previously showed a survival benefit of the implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) in males with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy caused by a p.S358L mutation in TMEM43. We present long-term data (median follow-up 8.

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May
2016

MY APPROACH to early repolarization syndrome.

Trends Cardiovasc Med 2016 May 29;26(4):393-4. Epub 2016 Jan 29.
Gan-Xin Yan

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Dec
1969

At the time of generator replacement, after ICD implantation for primary prevention, many patients may no longer meet implantation criteria. We investigated the occurrence of ICD therapy after generator replacement in patients initially implanted ICD for primary prevention.
Patients from 3 hospitals undergoing ICD generator replacement, who were initially implanted for primary prevention, were retrospectively evaluated for occurrence of appropriate ICD therapy after generator replacement.

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Dec
1969

To reduce myocardial damage caused by implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) shock, the left axilla was studied as an alternative pulse generator implantation site, and compared with the traditional implantation site, the left anterior chest.
Computer simulation was used to study the defibrillation conduction pattern and estimate the simulated defibrillation threshold (DFT) and myocardial damage when pulse generators were placed in the left axilla and left anterior chest, respectively; pulse generators were also newly implanted in the left axilla (n=30) and anterior chest (n=40) to compare the corresponding DFT. On simulation, when ICD generators were implanted in the left axilla, compared with the left anterior chest, the whole heart may be defibrillated with a lower defibrillation energy (left axilla 6.

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Jan
2016

[Case report: resuscitation of a hypothermic patient - "Nothing's like it seems!"].

Anasthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther 2016 Jan 9;51(1):18-23. Epub 2016 Feb 9.
Florian Manke, Thorsten Keil
We report about a prolonged resuscitation of a hypothermic patient (26.2°C) in stadium HT III of the Swiss Staging System (SSS). A mechanical chest compression with the Lund University Cardiac Assist System (LUCAS) and the rewarming with a haemodialysis device were implemented.

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Feb
2016

Epicardial pacemaker implantation is the favored approach in children weighing <10 kg in many units. The high incidence of premature failure and fractures with earlier epicardial leads led our unit to undertake transvenous pacemaker implantation in neonates and infants from 1987. To date there have been no long-term follow-up reports of what is for many a controversial strategy.

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Feb
2016

Survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is generally poor and varies by geography. Variability in automated external defibrillator (AED) locations may be a contributing factor. To inform optimal placement of AEDs, we investigated AED access in a major US city relative to demographic and employment characteristics.

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Apr
2016

Limited data are available about direct current cardioversion (DCCV) in Fontan patients.
Retrospective review of adult Fontan patients that underwent DCCV for atrial arrhythmias at Mayo Clinic, 1994-2014. Study endpoints were to determine procedural success, safety, and the freedom from arrhythmia recurrence after DCCV.

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Dec
1969

To study if the public is able to recognise and understand the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) sign for automated external defibrillators (AEDs), and to explore how national resuscitation councils have adopted the sign.
A survey was conducted among travellers in an international airport serving 21 million passengers annually. Participants were asked to state the meaning of six international safety signs, one of which was the ILCOR AED sign.

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Jan
2016

In 2013 the Minnesota Resuscitation Consortium developed an organized approach for the management of patients resuscitated from shockable rhythms to gain early access to the cardiac catheterization laboratory (CCL) in the metro area of Minneapolis-St. Paul.
Eleven hospitals with 24/7 percutaneous coronary intervention capabilities agreed to provide early (within 6 hours of arrival at the Emergency Department) access to the CCL with the intention to perform coronary revascularization for outpatients who were successfully resuscitated from ventricular fibrillation/ventricular tachycardia arrest.

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Dec
1969

To characterise pregnancy course and outcomes in women with arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C).
From a combined Johns Hopkins/Dutch ARVD/C registry, we identified 26 women affected with ARVD/C (by 2010 Task Force Criteria) during 39 singleton pregnancies >13 weeks (1-4 per woman). Cardiac symptoms, treatment and episodes of sustained ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) and heart failure (HF) ≥ Class C were characterised.

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Apr
2016

There is limited data regarding the relationship between age and inappropriate therapy among patients with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) and resynchronization therapy.
We aimed to investigate this relationship and the effect of ICD programming on inappropriate therapy by age.
In the Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial-Reduce Inappropriate Therapy (MADIT-RIT) 1500 patients were randomized to 3 ICD programming arms: (A) conventional with ventricular tachycardia (VT) therapy ≥170; (B) high-rate cutoff with VT therapy ≥200, and (C) prolonged 60-second delay for VT therapy ≥170.

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Dec
2016

Despite increased use of remote monitoring (RM) to follow up implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) recipients, many patients still receive ICD shocks in the community and present to the emergency department. Our aim was to identify the best predictors of impending shock delivery that can be measured with an ICD and to identify the most appropriate activities to alert physicians to during RM follow-up.
All patients presenting to our institution for ICD shock, from November 2011 to November 2014, were enrolled in this prospective study.

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May
2016

Atrial remodelling in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) may lead to higher incidence of supraventricular arrhythmias (SVA). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficiency and safety of various methods for treatment of SVA in this group.
This was a single centre study.

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May
2016

Sudden cardiac death (SCD) accounts for approximately 15-20% of all deaths worldwide. While the majority of SCDs occur in adults, children, and adults <35 years (<1%) may also be affected. Currently the most effective strategy for both primary and secondary prevention of SCD is the implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD).

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Feb
2016

Studies have shown mortality benefit for implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), but contemporary eligibility and appropriate utilization of ICDs is unknown.
The purpose of this study was to determine the contemporary eligibility and appropriate utilization of ICDs post-STEMI.
Using the prospective Minneapolis Heart Institute regional STEMI registry, LVEF before discharge and at follow-up were stratified into 3 groups: normal (LVEF ≥50%), mildly reduced (LVEF 35%-49%), and severely reduced (LVEF <35%).

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Aug
2016

The Goldenberg risk score, comprising five clinical risk factors (New York Heart Association class >2, atrial fibrillation, QRS duration >120 ms, age >70 years, and urea >26 mg/dL), may help identify patients in whom the survival benefit of the defibrillator may be limited. We aim at assessing whether this score can accurately predict the long-term all-cause mortality risk of patients receiving cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) and identify those who are more likely to benefit from the defibrillator.
In this retrospective observational cohort study, 638 patients with ischaemic or non-ischaemic dilated cardiomyopathy who had CRT-defibrillator (CRT-D) (n = 224) vs.

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