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'Defibrillation and Cardioversion' (13951)


Jan
2018

Sustained monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (VT) can result in hypoperfusion or devolve into more dangerous rhythms such as ventricular fibrillation. In an unstable patient with VT and a pulse, synchronized cardioversion is the first-line treatment. When the VT is refractory to standard cardioversion, the next step is to add an antiarrhythmic, such as amiodarone, that carries with it the risk of lowering blood pressure in the already hypotensive patient.

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Dec
2017

The primary goal in the treatment of symptomatic atrial fibrillation (AF) is to restore sinus rhythm by cardioversion. Electrical shocks are highly effective, but have to be applied under analgo-sedation and can further harm the heart. In order to develop a novel pain-free and less harmful approach, we explored herein the optogenetic cardioversion by light-induced depolarization.

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Dec
2017

Understanding the mechanisms that drive ventricular fibrillation is essential for developing improved defibrillation techniques to terminate ventricular fibrillation (VF). Distinct organization patterns of chaotic, regular, and synchronized activity were previously demonstrated in VF that persisted over 1 to 2 minutes (long-duration VF [LDVF]). We hypothesized that activity on the endocardium may be driving these activation patterns in LDVF and that unsuccessful defibrillation shocks may alter activation patterns.

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Dec
1969

Improvement in health-related quality of life is a key therapeutic goal of disease management in atrial fibrillation (AF).
To describe the development of the AFImpact, an AF-specific health-related quality-of-life patient-reported outcome measure.
Development and validation of the AFImpact comprised a qualitative stage, consisting of a literature review and concept elicitation interviews (91 patients with AF), item generation, and cognitive debriefing (30 patients with AF), and a quantitative stage, consisting of evaluation of the instrument's psychometric properties (313 patients with AF).

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Dec
2017

The concept of public access defibrillation was proposed more than 20 years ago. Since then, various programmes have been implemented in many major cities although not all have been successful. Fourteen years ago, the question of whether Hong Kong needed public access defibrillation was raised.

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Dec
2017

Administrative billing codes for electrical cardioversion and ablation/maze procedures may be useful for atrial fibrillation (AF) research if the codes are accurate relative to medical record documentation.
Administrative billing codes accurately identify occurrence of electrical cardioversion and ablation/maze procedures in AF patients.
We studied adults ages 30 to 84 who experienced new-onset AF between October 2001 and December 2004 in Group Health Cooperative (acquired by Kaiser Permanente in 2017), an integrated healthcare system in Washington state and northern Idaho.

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Dec
2017

A 30-year-old male was presented to the Emergency Department (ED) by the Emergency Medical Services (EMS). He was found unconscious but breathing normally, and had a seizure for more than 30 minutes. He was no previous history of systemic disease, previous operation, medication and any known allergy.

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Nov
2017

The approach to treat device infection in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) or cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillator (CRT-D) is a challenging procedure. Optimal treatment is complete extraction of the infected device. To protect these patients from sudden cardiac arrest while waiting for reimplantation and to avoid recurrent infection, a wearable cardioverter defibrillator (WCD) seems to be a valuable solution.

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Dec
2017

Recent studies suggest that approximately one per thousand paediatric ED attendances may require some sort of critical procedure, with intubation being by far the most common. It is unknown how often critical non-airway procedures such as chest decompression, CPR, ED thoracotomy, defibrillation, pacing, and advanced vascular access techniques are performed by paediatric emergency clinicians.
To determine the recent performance or supervision, and confidence for various paediatric critical non-airway procedures by senior paediatric emergency clinicians.

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Nov
2017

Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is an inherited cardiomyopathy characterized by ventricular arrhythmias and an increased risk of sudden cardiac death. Although structural abnormalities of the right ventricle predominate, it is well recognized that left ventricular involvement is common, particularly in advanced disease, and that left-dominant forms occur. The pathological characteristic of ARVC is myocyte loss with fibrofatty replacement.

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Dec
2017

We report the case of an HeartMate III left ventricular assist device (LVAD) thrombosis triggered by a shock from an automatic implantable cardioverter defibrillator, releasing a left ventricular thrombus sucked in the LVAD inflow cannula. With LVAD low flow only the increase in motor temperature gave a hint of the thrombosis and a computer tomography scan confirmed the diagnosis. Pump exchange was performed with an uneventful outcome.

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Mar
2018

A relevant number of patients presenting for electrical cardioversion carry a pacemaker (PM) or ICD. Case reports suggest a potential hazard of external cardioversion/defibrillation. The incidence of shock related device complications is unknown.

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Dec
1969

Atrial fibrillation increases stroke risk and adversely affects cardiovascular haemodynamics. Electrical cardioversion may, by restoring sinus rhythm, improve cardiovascular haemodynamics, reduce the risk of stroke, and obviate the need for long-term anticoagulation.
To assess the effects of electrical cardioversion of atrial fibrillation or flutter on the risk of thromboembolic events, strokes and mortality (primary outcomes), the rate of cognitive decline, quality of life, the use of anticoagulants and the risk of re-hospitalisation (secondary outcomes) in adults (>18 years).

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Nov
2017

The ENSURE-AF study (NCT 02072434) of anticoagulation for electrical cardioversion in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) showed comparable low rates of bleeding and thromboembolism between the edoxaban and the enoxaparin-warfarin treatment arms. This post hoc analysis investigated the relationship between renal function and clinical outcomes.
ENSURE-AF was a multicenter, PROBE evaluation trial of edoxaban 60 mg, or dose reduced to 30 mg/d for weight≤60 kg, creatinine clearance (CrCl; Cockcroft-Gault) ≤50 mL/min, or concomitant P-glycoprotein inhibitors compared with therapeutically monitored enoxaparin-warfarin in 2,199 NVAF patients undergoing electrical cardioversion.

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Nov
2017

A 77 year old man with a biventricular ICD-pacemaker complained of painful, electric jolts disturbing him nightly from sleep. Extensive work-up including device interrogation revealed no defibrillations or arrhythmia, and he was subsequently diagnosed with phantom shocks (PS). His nightly PS symptoms terminated after starting zolpidem 10 mg each night.

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Dec
1969


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Oct
2017

Right ventricular pacing (RVP) increases risk of atrial fibrillation in patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs), but ventricular proarrhythmia is less clear. We analyzed a large remote monitoring database to assess this question.
Patients with single- or dual-chamber ICDs, engaged in remote monitoring for at least 6 months and with unchanged tachycardia programming, were included.

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Dec
2017

A 54-year-old suffered from an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Compressions were started within minutes and the patient was in refractory ventricular fibrillation despite multiple asynchronized shocks and maximal doses of antiarrhythmic agents. Double sequential defibrillation was attempted with successful Return Of Spontaneous Circulation (ROSC) after a total of 61min of cardiac arrest.

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Dec
1969

A 54-year-old man without significant medical history presented with sudden-onset chest discomfort and multiple episodes of ventricular fibrillation requiring external defibrillation and cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Coronary angiography ruled out significant artery stenosis. Both ventriculography and echocardiography revealed decreased left ventricular ejection fraction (25%).

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Oct
2017

Although higher detection rates and delayed detection improve survival in implantable cardioverter defibrillator clinical trials, their effectiveness in clinical practice has limited validation. To evaluate the effectiveness of programming strategies for reducing shocks and mortality, we conducted a nationwide assessment of patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators or cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillators with linked remote monitoring data. We categorized patients based on the presence or absence of high rate detection and delayed detection: higher rate delayed detection (HRDD), higher rate early detection (HRED), lower rate delayed detection (LRDD), and lower rate early detection (LRED).

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Oct
2017

You're in the ICU.

Ann Emerg Med 2017 Oct;70(4):590-591
Joshua Lupton

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Sep
2017

In clinical trials, manufacturer-specific, strategic programming of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs), including faster detection rates, reduces unnecessary therapy but permits therapy for ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation (VF). Present consensus recommends a generic rate threshold between 185 and 200 beats per minute, which exceeds the rate tested in clinical trials for some manufacturers. In a case series, we sought to determine the relationship between programmed parameters and failure of modern ICDs to treat VF.

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Sep
2017

Arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy is an inherited heart muscle disorder, predisposing to sudden cardiac death, particularly in young patients and athletes. Pathological features include loss of myocytes and fibrofatty replacement of right ventricular myocardium; biventricular involvement is often observed. It is a cell-to-cell junction cardiomyopathy, typically caused by genetically determined abnormalities of cardiac desmosomes, which leads to detachment of myocytes and alteration of intracellular signal transduction.

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Sep
2017

Cardiac arrest is defined as the termination of cardiac activity associated with loss of consciousness, of spontaneous breathing, and of circulation. Sudden cardiac arrest and sudden cardiac death (SCD) are terms often used interchangeably. Most patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest have shown coronary artery disease or symptoms during the hour before the event.

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Dec
1969

Based on a long-standing voluntary registry founded by the German Society for Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (GSTCVS), well-defined data of all cardiac, thoracic, and vascular surgery procedures performed in 78 German heart surgery departments during the year 2016 are analyzed. In 2016, a total of 103,128 heart surgery procedures (implantable defibrillator, pacemaker, and extracardiac procedures excluded) were submitted to the registry. Approximately 15.

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Dec
1969

Poorly tolerated broad QRS complex tachycardia in a newborn poses problems with its diagnosis and emergency management. We report the case of a 35-day-old newborn with broad QRS complex tachycardia admitted because of cardiocirculatory distress. Doppler echocardiography showed morphologically normal heart.

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Nov
2017

Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) commonly presents with nonshockable rhythms (asystole and pulseless electric activity). It is unknown whether antiarrhythmic drugs are safe and effective when nonshockable rhythms evolve to shockable rhythms (ventricular fibrillation/pulseless ventricular tachycardia [VF/VT]) during resuscitation.
Adults with nontraumatic OHCA, vascular access, and VF/VT anytime after ≥1 shock(s) were prospectively randomized, double-blind, to receive amiodarone, lidocaine, or placebo by paramedics.

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Sep
2017

Ventricular tachycardia occurrence in implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) patients may result in shock delivery and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. In addition, shocks may have deleterious mechanical and psychological effects. Prevention of ventricular tachycardia (VT) recurrence with the use of antiarrhythmic drugs or catheter ablation may be warranted.

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Nov
2017

The DANISH study (Danish Study to Assess the Efficacy of ICDs [Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators] in Patients With Non-Ischemic Systolic Heart Failure on Mortality) did not demonstrate an overall effect on all-cause mortality with ICD implantation. However, the prespecified subgroup analysis suggested a possible age-dependent association between ICD implantation and mortality with survival benefit seen only in the youngest patients. The nature of this relationship between age and outcome of a primary prevention ICD in patients with nonischemic systolic heart failure warrants further investigation.

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Sep
2017

Recent studies have cast doubt on the benefit of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) with defibrillation (CRT-D) versus pacing (CRT-P) for patients with nonischemic cardiomyopathy (NICM). Left ventricular myocardial scar portends poor clinical outcomes.
The aim of this study was to determine whether CRT-D is superior to CRT-P in patients with NICM either with (+) or without (-) left ventricular midwall fibrosis (MWF), detected by cardiac magnetic resonance.

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Sep
2017

Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) border zone on cardiac magnetic resonance imaging has been proposed as an independent predictor of ventricular arrhythmias. The purpose was to determine whether size and heterogeneity of LGE predict appropriate implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy in ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) and nonischemic cardiomyopathy (NICM) patients and to evaluate 4 LGE border-zone algorithms.
ICM and NICM patients who underwent LGE cardiac magnetic resonance imaging prior to ICD implantation were retrospectively included.

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Aug
2017

Morbidity and mortality conference is a common educational and quality improvement activity performed in cardiac catheterization laboratories, but best practices for case selection and for maximizing the effectiveness of peer review have not been determined.
We reviewed the 10-year percutaneous coronary intervention morbidity and mortality conference experience of an academic medical center. Cases were triggered for review by the occurrence of prespecified procedural events.

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Aug
2017

Previous studies have identified multiple risk factors that are associated with total cardiac mortality. Nevertheless, identifying specific factors that distinguish patients at risk of arrhythmic death versus heart failure could better target patients likely to benefit from implantable cardiac defibrillators, which have no impact on nonsudden cardiac death.
We performed a pilot competing risks analysis of the National Institutes of Health-sponsored PAREPET trial (Prediction of Arrhythmic Events with Positron Emission Tomography).

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Aug
2017

Atraumatic rupture of the normal spleen is a rare entity. Often, a triggering factor or minor physical event can be ascribed as the aetiology for rupture, including coughing, vomiting or minor medical procedures not involving the spleen. A 65-year-old man who was hospitalised for eosinophilic pneumonia developed haemodynamically unstable atrial flutter that necessitated urgent synchronised direct current cardioversion (DCCV).

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Nov
2017

Ventricular fibrillation (VF) occurs frequently during myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) and must then be terminated by electrical defibrillation. We have investigated the impact of VF/defibrillation on infarct size (IS) or area of no reflow (NR) without and with ischemic conditioning interventions. Anesthetized pigs were subjected to 60/180 min of coronary occlusion/reperfusion.

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Nov
2017

[European Guidelines on cardiac arrest, what's new?]

Presse Med 2017 Jul - Aug;46(7-8 Pt 1):766-771. Epub 2017 Jul 26.
Pascal Cassan
The European recommendations on cardiac arrest are based on the evidence gathered and reviewed by the International Resuscitation Liaison Committee (ILCOR) and were published in October 2015. These recommendations without representing a revolution, constitute an evolution centered on a primary goal to increase survival following cardiac arrest. This improvement in survival depends on four main factors: early identification of cardiac arrest, early access to rescue, early and quality CPR, and access to early defibrillation.

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Sep
2017

Cold weather to 0°C has been implicated as a risk factor for ventricular arrhythmias and implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) shocks. The effect of more extreme cold weather on the risk of ventricular arrhythmias and ICD shocks is unknown. We sought to describe the relationship between extreme cold weather and the risk of ICD shocks.

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Aug
2017

Subcutaneous implantable cardioverter defibrillators (S-ICDs) provide effective defibrillation, while also reducing the risk of long-term lead problems. However, S-ICDs do not offer bradycardia or antitachycardia pacing and therefore use has been limited. Combined implantation of an S-ICD with a leadless pacemaker (LP) has been proposed to overcome this limitation.

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Jul
2017

Cardiac arrest is a lethal complication of Nuss repair of pectus excavatum which is strongly related to heart or big vessels injury. A rare case developed cardiac arrest without direct cardiac injury during Nuss procedure is presented in this article.
In July 2015, a previously healthy 18-year-old man undergoing Nuss repair for pectus excavatum developed cardiac arrest while the Nuss bar was being inserted into the chest.

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Jul
2017

Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a potentially lethal cardiac channelopathy with a 1% to 5% annual risk of LQTS-triggered syncope, aborted cardiac arrest, or sudden cardiac death.
This study sought to evaluate LQTS outcomes from a single center in the contemporary era.
The authors conducted a retrospective study comprising the 606 patients with LQTS (LQT1 in 47%, LQT2 in 34%, and LQT3 in 9%) who were evaluated in Mayo Clinic's Genetic Heart Rhythm Clinic from January 1999 to December 2015.

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Dec
1969

To determine the incremental value of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) in contemporary optimally treated patients with heart failure (HF) undergoing cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT).
Consecutive patients with HF undergoing CRT-pacemaker (CRT-P) or CRT-defibrillator (CRT-D) implantation in a single tertiary care centre between October 2008 and August 2015 were retrospectively evaluated. For patients with a primary prevention indication of the CRT-D, no benefit of the ICD was defined as absence of appropriate therapy (device analysis) or lethal ventricular tachyarrhythmias (mode of death analysis) during follow-up.

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Nov
2017

Publication of the DANISH randomized trial led to considerable debate, given that it demonstrated no survival benefit stemming from current implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) allocation criteria in patients with non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NIDCM). Consequently, a thorough reconsideration of our approach to sudden cardiac death (SCD)-risk stratification appears to be in order. NIDCM encompasses a wide spectrum of disease entities, often with differing arrhythmogenicity; however, in its kernel, is still defined by the fundamentals of electrophysiology that dictate that abnormal tissue, exhibiting altered electrophysiological properties is necessary for arrhythmogenesis, but not enough, given that formation of functional circuits is required.

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Sep
2017

In the Edoxaban Versus Enoxaparin-Warfarin in Patients Undergoing Cardioversion of Atrial Fibrillation (ENSURE-AF) study (NCT 02072434), edoxaban was compared with enoxaparin-warfarin in 2,199 patients undergoing electrical cardioversion of nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF). In this multicenter prospective randomized open blinded end-point trial, we analyzed patients randomized to enoxaparin-warfarin. We determined time to achieve therapeutic range (TtTR); time in therapeutic range (TiTR); their clinical determinants; relation to sex, age, medical history, treatment, tobacco use, race risk (SAMe-TTR) score; and impact on primary end points (composite of stroke, systemic embolic event[SEE], myocardial infarction [MI], and cardiovascular death [CVD] and composite of major + clinically relevant nonmajor bleeding).

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Jul
2017

Although manual and semiautomatic external defibrillation (SAED) are commonly used in the management of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, the optimal strategy is not known. We hypothesized that SAED would reduce the time to first shock and lead to higher rates of cardioversion and survival compared with a manual strategy.
Between July 2005 and June 2015, we included adult out-of-hospital cardiac arrest of presumed cardiac pathogenesis.

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