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'Dissection Vertebral Artery' (2326)


Feb
2018

A 73-year-old man was admitted at another hospital after a traffic accident. The diagnosis was cervical vertebral fracture. Despite conservative treatment, 5 days later he manifested dysarthria due to cerebellar infarction and was transferred to our hospital.

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Jan
2018

Methods Patients with cerebral artery dissections were reviewed in a hospital setting from 2008 to 2015. Clinical presentations, lesion locations, treatment modalities, functional outcomes, and mortality were reviewed. Parent artery occlusion was the first choice for surgery or endovascular treatment of a hemorrhagic dissecting cerebral artery.

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Feb
2018

The arcuate foramen (AF), or ponticulus posticus, is an anatomic variant of the first cervical vertebra that consists of a complete or partial osseous bridge over the groove for the vertebral artery and extends from the posterior aspect of the superior articular facet to the superior lateral border of the posterior arch. The AF has been associated with clinical symptoms, such as headache, migraine, neck pain, shoulder pain, arm pain, and vertebral artery dissection. We aimed to test whether the prevalence of the AF has decreased in the modern human population over the past centuries as a result of reduction in inbreeding and endogamy.

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Dec
1969

Although vertebral artery (VA) dissecting aneurysms are treated by direct or endovascular surgery, some disadvantages are associated with each surgery. Therefore, the type of surgery should be selected based on the condition of the aneurysm. We performed aneurysm trapping by endovascular surgery via the contralateral VA after proximal direct ligation with bypass to prevent complications as well as achieve complete treatment.

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Dec
1969

The aim of this study was to evaluate the true incidence of cervical artery dissections (CeADs) in trauma patients with an Injury Severity Score (ISS) of ≥16, since head-and-neck computed tomography angiogram (CTA) is not a compulsory component of whole-body trauma computed tomography (CT) protocols.
A total of 230 consecutive trauma patients with an ISS of ≥16 admitted to our Level I trauma center during a 24-month period were prospectively included. Standardized whole-body CT in a 256-detector row scanner included a head-and-neck CTA.

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Feb
2018

Vertebral artery dissection is of special clinical importance because of its often-delayed presentation and the risk of potentially permanent neurological deficit, or even death, as a result of injury. Once a rarely discovered injury, the better availability and use of computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging have contributed to an increased incidence. Early diagnosis and treatment can almost eliminate the threat of acute cerebral vascular injury and save lives.

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Feb
2018

A 16-year-old boy presented with multiple posterior circulation ischemic strokes resulting from vertebral artery (VA) dissection. Three-dimensional computed tomography showed aberrant sub-occipital bone protuberance, proximal to the VA dissection. Since the patient was a habitual neck cracker, VA dissection was thought to result from the impact shock of the rotational head movement.

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Jan
2018

Pseudoaneurysms are less common than true aneurysms. Herein, we present a very rare case of a mass of the right posterior ascending artery.
This was identified during routine dissection of an adult female cadaver.

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Jan
2018

Spontaneous vertebral artery dissection (SVAD) is an extremely rare, yet life-threatening, event that can potentially result in ischemic stroke or subarachnoid hemorrhage, depending on the origin and extension of the dissection. Vertebral artery dissection is more commonly associated with traumatic injury to the neck, resulting in compromised structural integrity of the vertebral artery wall. This case study discusses the clinical presentation, physical examination, diagnosis, clinical course, and outcome for a young, otherwise healthy, female patient who presented to the emergency department with a SVAD.

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Jan
2018

We present a case of a patient who developed vertebral artery dissection (VAD) while playing tennis and presented with neurogenic pulmonary oedema. The case highlights two important points: acute pulmonary oedema as an unusual presenting feature of VAD and VAD, an important cause of stroke in young people, as being associated with playing low-impact sports such as tennis. These associations, independent of each other, are under-recognised and can lead to a delay in diagnosis.

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Jan
2018

Cervical artery dissection (CAD) is an important etiology of ischemic stroke and early recognition is vital to protect patients from the major complication of cerebral embolization by administration of anticoagulants. The etiology of arterial dissections differ and can be either spontaneous or traumatic. Even though the historical gold standard is still catheter angiography, recent studies suggest a good performance of computed tomography angiography (CTA) for detection of CAD.

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Jan
2018

OBJECTIVE The occipital artery (OA) is a frequently used donor vessel for posterior circulation bypass procedures due to its proximity to the recipient vessels and its optimal caliber, length, and flow rate. However, its tortuous course through multiple layers of suboccipital muscles necessitates layer-by-layer dissection. The authors of this cadaveric study aimed to describe a landmark-based novel anterograde approach to harvest OA in a proximal-to-distal "inside-out" fashion, which avoids multilayer dissection.

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Jan
2018

Cervical spinal cord infarction is a rare and severe complication of vertebral artery dissection (VAD). We report a case of VAD in an acute stage followed by cervical spinal cord infarction that was treated using direct endovascular tirofiban infusion via digital subtraction angiography (DSA) monitoring.
A 48-year-old man presented with vertigo, neck pain, numbness and weakness in four limbs with subsequent cardiac and respiratory arrest.

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Jan
2018

Cervicothoracic junction can be approached anteriorly, anterolaterally, posterolaterally, and posteriorly. The anterior approaches in this region best address the ventral vertebral body disease but may cause significant morbidity. Twelve patients with their disease process located ventral to the spinal cord in the cervicothoracic junction underwent expansile manubriotomy and corpectomy.

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Dec
2017

Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare entity that can cause acute myocardial infarction and sudden cardiac death (SCD) which often goes unrecognized. We report a case of SCAD in a young postpartum female who presented with sudden cardiac arrest. The patient was managed medically and found to have fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD).

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Dec
2017

This study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of improved motion-sensitized driven-equilibrium (iMSDE)-prepared 3D T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (iMSDE-3DMRI) in intracranial vertebrobasilary dissection (VBD) and to compare iMSDE-3DMRI images with those obtained using 2D high-resolution (HR) MRI with respect to their diagnostic performance in VBD.
We retrospectively reviewed 105 lesions from 102 patients who underwent multimodal imaging and contrast-enhanced iMSDE-3DMRI (CE-iMSDE-3DMRI). The 2D-HRMRI protocol comprised four axial HR images.

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Dec
2017

Fenestration of a vertebral artery(VA)is a rare anomaly that has occasionally been associated with the formation of saccular aneurysms, whereas dissection of a limb of the fenestrated artery is an extremely rare occurrence. We report the case of a ruptured dissecting aneurysm of a fenestrated VA. A 56-year-old man presented with acute-onset headache followed by respiratory failure.

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Feb
2018

Vertebral artery dissection (VAD) has been recognized as a cause of headache and stroke. Accurate evaluation of dissection using several modalities such as catheter-based angiography, CT angiography (CTA), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is essential for subsequent management. The aim of this retrospective study is to compare cone-beam computed tomography angiography (CBCT-A) with other image modalities for the evaluation of the detailed structures of VAD.

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Jan
2017

When multiple, recurrent infarcts occur in spite of maximal medical management, the level of suspicion for atypical vascular injury should be heightened. We present a case of a patient who presented with recurrent posterior circulation infarcts despite optimized medical management. On imaging, he was found to have external anatomical vertebral artery muscular and/or osseous compression leading to repetitive vascular injury and strokes.

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Dec
2017

We report the case of a young woman who experienced ischemia of upper limb after osteopathic manipulation. Duplex and computed tomography scan showed wall hematoma of the ostium of subclavian artery. The patient spontaneously recovered so that no surgery was necessary.

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Dec
2017

The deformed joints seen in congenital atlantoaxial dislocation (CAAD) are often associated with vascular anomalies. It is important to identify these vascular anomalies and address them appropriately without compromising the manipulation and fusion of C1-C2 joints. The small bones in pediatric age group pose an additional challenge.

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Sep
2017

Vertebral artery dissection is an infrequent and often misdiagnosed cause of stroke. In this case report, we describe a patient with a posterior circulation stroke caused by a vertebral artery dissection, who presented to the emergency department with isolated truncal ataxia. This case emphasizes the importance of obtaining a thorough history and physical exam for all neurologic complaints, including a careful ambulation assessment.

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Dec
1969

The primary aim of this study was to assess the results attained for 12 patients with an anterior or lateral foramen magnum meningioma, treated microsurgically.
Between June 2005 and December 2016, 12 patients with foramen magnum meningiomas underwent microsurgical resection. Patients' age and gender, tumor localization (anterior or lateral), symptoms, approach, and postoperative results were analyzed.

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Feb
2018

To treat a 13-year-old boy with a spontaneous vertebrobasilar artery dissecting aneurysm in the extracranial artery, which was only 1 mm away from the initial segment of subclavian artery.
A covered stent was inserted to block the artery of the vertebrobasilar artery dissecting aneurysm.
The vertebrobasilar artery dissecting aneurysm was successfully treated without complications.

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Oct
2017

Acute basilar artery (BA) occlusion has a very poor prognosis. Recanalization can be challenged by bilateral vertebral artery (VA) occlusions, arterial dissection, or advanced atherosclerotic disease. We describe a case in whom the BA was accessed and recanalized through a retrograde-antegrade approach from the anterior circulation using a large posterior communicating artery (PCOM).

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Feb
2018

There are no detailed reports, in terms of epidemiology and pathology, on intracranial aneurysms and on dissections that were found in unexpected fatal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) cases. In this report we analyzed, based on large-sized medicolegal autopsy cases, the detailed epidemiology and pathological aspects of both lesions.
We analyzed 607 autopsy cases of unexpected fatal SAHs including 496 aneurysms and 111 dissections.

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Feb
2018

Cervical arterial dissection is a leading cause of stroke in young patients, yet optimal management remains controversial. Existing studies focusing on recurrent stroke were underpowered to demonstrate differences between antithrombotic strategies. Vessel recanalization is a more prevalent outcome and is potentially clinically important.

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Nov
2017

Knowledge about the localization and outcome of iatrogenic dissection (ID) during endovascular treatment of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is limited. We aimed to determine the frequency, clinical aspects and morphology of ID in endovascular AIS treatment and to identify predictors of this complication.
Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) of ID carried out during endovascular treatment between January 2000 and March 2012 have been re-evaluated.

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Nov
2017

We present a rarely seen case of cerebral infarction due to intracranial dolichoectasia coexisting with spontaneous dissection of the basilar artery. A definition of dolichoectasia, its pathology, and imaging findings, as well as the clinical management and prognosis are briefly reviewed.
We discuss in general terms the diagnosis of basilar artery dissection and its probable relationship with the occurrence of dolichoectasia.

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Jan
2018

Traumatic vertebral artery dissection (VAD) has been reported in various types of sports and recreation. However, there have been no reports of VAD in rugby players, except for those with cervical spine injuries. We experienced two cases of VAD without cervical spine injuries in high school rugby players.

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Jan
2018

Here, we present a unique case with 5 branches of the aortic arch (AA), namely the right common carotid artery, left common carotid artery, left thyrocervical trunk, left subclavian artery and right subclavian artery (RSA), from right to left. We found that the left thyrocervical trunk originated directly from the AA rather than the left subclavian artery. In addition, the RSA arose dorsally as the last branch of the AA and passed posteriorly to the oesophagus to supply the right upper limb.

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Oct
2017

Intracranial vertebral artery dissection (VAD) is a well-recognized cause of stroke in young and middle-aged individuals, especially in Asian populations. However, a long-term natural course remains unclear. We investigated the long-term time course of VAD using imaging findings to examine the rate and predisposing factors for improvement.

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Feb
2018

Small studies have suggested that Marfan syndrome is associated with a number of cerebrovascular complications. We sought to determine whether a clinical diagnosis of Marfan syndrome is associated with a higher prevalence of cerebrovascular diseases than the general population by performing a case-control study of hospitalized patients in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS).
Using the 2000-2012 NIS, we performed a case-control study matching cases of Marfan syndrome to controls without such a diagnosis.

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Jan
2018

Treatment of ruptured posterior circulation dissecting aneurysms is technically challenging with potentially high morbidity and mortality. We sought to assess the safety and feasibility of using a flow-diversion device (FDD) and a specific acute antiplatelet aggregation protocol in the management of ruptured dissecting aneurysms.
Subjects with ruptured dissecting aneurysms treated during a 3-year period were retrospectively identified from a prospective registry.

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Nov
2017

Extracranial Cervical Artery Dissections.

Emerg Med Clin North Am 2017 Nov 23;35(4):727-741. Epub 2017 Aug 23.
Jennifer J Robertson, Alex Koyfman
Cervical artery dissections (CeAD) include both internal carotid and vertebral artery dissections. They are rare but important causes of stroke, especially in younger patients. CeAD should be considered in patients with strokelike symptoms, a new-onset headache and/or neck pain, and/or other risk factors.

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Nov
2017

Spontaneous subclavian artery dissection is a rare etiology. Spontaneous artery dissection causing brain ischemia is rare in all ischemic strokes. However, in young to middle-aged patients with brain ischemia, spontaneous carotid or vertebral artery dissection causing ischemic stroke accounts for 10-25%.

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Jan
2018

Lumbar spinal fluid drainage is a common procedure for treating hydrocephalus and alleviating vasospasm by egesting blood in the subarachnoid cavity after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Despite being an effective and safe procedure, cerebrospinal fluid overdrainage might result in serious complications. Here we report the case of a 49-year-old man who suffered from tonsillar herniation with subsequent cervicothoracic syringomyelia in the acute phase of subarachnoid hemorrhage due to vertebral artery dissection.

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Sep
2017

A Diagnostic Approach to Stroke in Young Adults.

Curr Treat Options Cardiovasc Med 2017 Sep 25;19(11):84. Epub 2017 Sep 25.
Christopher A Stack, John W Cole
Optimal diagnosis and management of stroke in young adults benefit from a multidisciplinary team, including a vascular neurology specialist. In addition to the "standard" vascular risk factors including smoking, hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia, one needs to consider alternative etiologies including substance abuse, carotid/vertebral artery dissections, and rare genetic conditions among others. Once a young patient is determined to have had a stroke, the next question a clinician should ask is why did this patient have a stroke? A "heart to head" diagnostic approach is recommended.

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Dec
2017

Rotational vertebral artery occlusion is a rare syndrome characterized by vertebrobasilar insufficiency secondary to position-dependent occlusion of the vertebral artery. Most cases reported in the literature have been attributed to osteophytic compression, either from the occipital condyle or within the transverse foramen. However, vertebral artery dissection secondary to motion in the setting of anomalous anatomy has not been reported.

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Dec
2017

The authors describe a modified technique for placement of the C1 lateral mass screw using a Steinmann pin as a guide. This technique minimizes dissection and provides atlantoaxial stabilization during arthrodesis.
In our technique, a nonthreaded 1.

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Oct
2017

Fusiform intracranial aneurysms are challenging due to the circumferential nature of the disease. Endovascular parent vessel sacrifice with coils may be a treatment option, but typically requires a long vessel segment to induce complete cessation of flow.
  We evaluate early clinical experience with the intracranial use of the microvascular plug (MVP; Medtronic, Dublin, Ireland) device and to compare to previous coil-only techniques for vertebral artery sacrifice for fusiform vertebral aneurysm.

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Dec
2017

Background and purpose Previous studies have suggested that atrial septal aneurysm is a potential risk factor for cerebral embolism. However, the association between the level of atrial septal protrusion and cerebral embolism is still unclear. The purpose of the present study was to assess the association between the maximal distance of atrial septal protrusion and cryptogenic stroke.

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Dec
2017

Quantitative measurements of intracranial vessel walls are reliable in 3-T high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (HR-MRI). However, few reports have assessed the arterial wall after endovascular treatment (EVT) by 3-T HR-MRI. This study aimed to quantitatively analyze vessel walls in vertebrobasilar artery dissecting aneurysms after EVT.

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Oct
2017

 We evaluated a transrectus capitis posterior muscle triangle approach to the posterolateral foramen magnum, occipital condyles, jugular tubercle, and the fourth ventricle. We also assessed factors that affect the amount of bone removal required. To evaluate if the proposed approach is as effective as standard open approaches to expose the lateral portion of the foramen magnum.

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Sep
2017

The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of patients seen at a single institution who were diagnosed with a cervical vessel dissection related to chiropractic neck manipulation.
We identified cases through a retrospective chart review of patients seen between April 2008 and March 2012 who had a diagnosis of cervical artery dissection following a recent chiropractic manipulation. Relevant imaging studies were reviewed by a board-certified neuroradiologist to confirm the findings of a cervical artery dissection and stroke.

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Oct
2017

Vertebral artery (VA) identification within the suboccipital triangle is a key step in craniocervical junction surgery. Often VA exposition at this level is arduous (space-occupying lesions, previous surgery); to identify VA more proximally may prove useful in complex cases. An alternative triangle is present just below the suboccipital one, where VA can be easily controlled; we named it the inferior suboccipital triangle (IST).

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Nov
2017

Spontaneous dissection of cervical arteries (sCAD) is a major cause of ischemic stroke in young patients, with an incidence varying from 1.7 to 3/100,000/year for extracranial internal carotid artery (ICAD) and 1 to 1.9/100,000/year for extracranial vertebral artery (VAD).

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