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'Distraction Osteogenesis of the Mandible' (1697)


Feb
2018

Mandibular reconstruction after ablative surgery is challenging not only for the amount of bone tissue needed following bone loss after benign or malignant tumor surgical removal, but mainly to reconstruct bone shape and structure necessary for subsequent implant insertion to preserve the function (speech, swallowing and chewing) and aesthetic of the lower face. Several different techniques for maxillary bone defects reconstruction have been described. The aim of our work is to describe a new technique for mandibular reconstruction that uses an intramural distractor, which is placed in one surgical step and without the need for a skin incision.

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Jan
2018

1) To assess the fate of the permanent teeth in and adjacent to the regenerate in pediatric patients who underwent mandibular distraction osteogenesis (DO) and 2) to compare the postoperative growth of the distracted mandible with age- and gender-matched controls.
This was a retrospective cohort study of children who underwent mandibular DO during the primary or mixed dentition period and before completion of somatic growth (boys aged ≤14 years and girls aged ≤12 years) at Massachusetts General Hospital from 1996 to 2014. From the DO registry, patients were selected who had complete clinical and radiographic records and at least 1 year of follow-up.

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Jan
2018

Distraction osteogenesis (DO) is a technique that allows the generation of new bone in a gap between 2 vascularized bone surfaces in response to the application of graduated tensile stress across the bone gap.Distraction osteogenesis has become a routine treatment of choice to correct skeletal deformities and severe bone defects in the craniofacial complex over the past decade. Distraction osteogenesis has been successfully chosen in lengthening the maxilla and the mandible; in the maxilla and recently in the mandible, the jawbones have been distracted and widened transversely to relieve severe anterior dental crowding and transverse discrepancies between the dental arches.

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Nov
2017

The aim of this study was to assess the clinical effectiveness of alveolar distraction osteogenesis (ADO) versus recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rh-BMP-2) for vertical ridge augmentation. Few data have been published on vertical bone regeneration using rh-BMP-2.
The authors implemented a retrospective cohort study and enrolled a sample composed of patients with deficient alveolar vertical bone height.

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Nov
2017

We describe the case of a 16-year-old female patient with micrognathia, temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis, and obstructive sleep apnea, who was treated with mandibular distraction osteogenesis (DO) combined with sliding genioplasty, using skeletal anchorage.
We first performed interpositional arthroplasty, in which an interposition of fascia temporalis and surrounding fat tissue was inserted into the defect after bilateral condylectomy, increasing the maximum mouth opening from 5.0 to 32.

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Nov
2017

Bisphosphonates that constrain bone resorption have a direct effect on osteoclast function. In this experimental study, the effects of low-dose local alendronate injections on the distraction gap (DG) in rabbit mandible at 2 different rates were evaluated.The experimental study was conducted on 20 male, New Zealand white rabbits.

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Nov
2017

Mandibular retrognathism is one of the important contributing anatomical factors to the obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Such patients suffer from number of apneic or hypopneic events during sleep such as snoring, daytime sleepiness, fatigue, inability to concentrate, and irritability. Distraction osteogenesis is a less invasive surgical technique in the management of OSA by correcting the reduced airway space.

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Nov
2017

Distraction osteogenesis (DO) has become an important alternative for bone defect reconstruction. The study aims to investigate the clinical feasibility and efficiency of transport disc DO (TDDO) for reconstruction of segmental defect of mandible and further dental implant treatment.
A serial of 6 patients diagnosed with ameloblastoma or keratocystic odontogenic tumor were included in this study.

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Oct
2017

This case report describes the retreatment of a 49-year-old woman with severe crowding in the mandibular incisor region and tapered maxillary and mandibular arches. Treatment consisted of mandibular midline distraction and surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion to increase arch length. The need for proper presurgical orthodontics is described, and the complications during treatment are discussed.

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Nov
2017

For Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) patients, there is incomplete characterization of 3D differences and effects of mandibular distraction osteogenesis (MDO) on the mandible compared to normal controls.
PRS infants who underwent MDO at 2 craniofacial referral centerals with pre- and postoperative computed tomography (CT) scans were identified. A group of age-matched control patients with CTs were identified in the PACS database.

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Nov
2017

Craniofacial microsomia (CFM) is a common craniofacial anomaly characterized by asymmetric malformation of the mandible, ear, and other structures including the upper airway. The degree of mandibular hypoplasia is classified using a scheme developed by Pruzansky and modified by Kaban. Severe condylar dysplasia is the hallmark of Pruzansky-Kaban types IIB and III.

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Oct
2017

This animal study is to investigate the accuracy of navigation-guided mandibular distraction osteogenesis with a special designed distraction device by TBNavis-CMFS navigation system.
Four goats were included in this study. The 3D simulation unilateral mandibular distraction osteogenesis was simulated for 14 mm lengthening in TBNavis-CMFS navigation system.

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Aug
2017

Complications related to distraction osteogenesis can cause degradation of newly regenerated bone. Additionally, an unfavorable shape of the regenerated bone at the distraction gap can reduce the quantity of regenerated bone. The aim of the present study was to report on the prevention of unfavorable shapes of regenerated bone using guided bone regeneration during distraction.

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Jan
2018

This study aimed to analyze the changes in mandibular morphology after bilateral mandibular distraction osteogenesis (BMDO) in children with Pierre Robin sequence. The positions of the condyles were analyzed in reconstructed three-dimensional craniomaxillofacial images obtained for 18 children before and 8-12 weeks after BMDO. Differences between pre- and postoperative parameters were assessed using paired t-tests.

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Feb
2018

The hydrogen sulfide (HS) signal system plays an important role in bone metabolism. However, the role of endogenous HS during distraction osteogenesis (DO) remains unclear. Sixty-two male New Zealand White rabbits were subjected to right mandibular DO.

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Jan
2018

Distraction osteogenesis for the augmentation of severe alveolar bone deficiency has gained popularity during the past two decades. In cases where the vertical bone height is not sufficient to create a stable transport segment, performing alveolar distraction osteogenesis (ADO) is not possible. In these severe cases, a two-stage treatment protocol is suggested: onlay bone grafting followed by ADO.

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Nov
2017

Maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) can be effective for managing obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA); however, limited information is available on the predictor surgical variables. This study investigated whether normalization of the mandibular occlusal plane (MOP) was a determinant factor in curing OSA. Patients with moderate or severe OSA who underwent MMA were evaluated by preoperative and postoperative three-dimensional (3D) scans and polysomnograms.

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Jan
2018

To evaluate changes in mandibular morphology in infants with Robin sequence (RS) after mandibular distraction osteogenesis (MDO) and compare the post-distraction morphology with that in infants without RS and infants with RS who had not undergone MDO.
Infants with RS treated with MDO were retrospectively evaluated over a 12-year period. All patients had pre-distraction and end-consolidation maxillofacial computed tomograms.

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Jan
2018

In craniofacial microsomia (CFM) Type III patients, autogenous costochondral grafts (CCG) are conventionally used for the reconstruction of the ramus and condyle. The aim of this study was to describe the use of CCG in children with CFM in terms of outcomes, growth patterns, and complications.
This is a retrospective study of nine, aged 4-12 years, patients with CFM Type III, who underwent reconstruction of the mandibular ramus condyle unit by CCG.

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Jan
2018

Maxillofacial deformities are always psychologically and physically distressing to the patients and is also challenging to the treating surgeons. The term Micrognathia means a "small jaw". True micrognathia, where the maxilla or the mandibular skeleton does not grow to the full size can be congenital or acquired.

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Oct
2017

Nager syndrome, also known as Nager acrofacial dysostosis, was first described by Nager and de Reynier in 1948. The patients commonly present with micrognathia, and a preventive tracheostomy is necessary when there are symptoms of upper airway obstruction. Mandibular distraction osteogenesis is considered as an effective procedure, which not only improves micrognathia but also minimizes the chances of tracheostomy.

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Jul
2017

Craniofacial distraction osteogenesis (DO) is a common treatment modality today. Despite its numerous advantages, however, concerns have been expressed regarding the use of DO in the irradiated setting.
A systematic review was performed to identify all published reports of patients who underwent DO of the irradiated craniofacial skeleton.

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Aug
2017

To determine whether low-dose recombinant human parathyroid hormone (rhPTH) would have a beneficial effect on regenerate healing and surrounding bone in a rabbit model of rapid mandibular distraction osteogenesis (DO).
Twenty-eight rabbits underwent unilateral mandibular lengthening at a rapid rate of 2 mm per day for 5 days. From the first day of DO, the experimental group received daily subcutaneous injections of rhPTH 10 μg/kg for 30 days and the control group received the same volume of saline (n = 14 in each group).

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Jul
2017

Mandibular distraction osteogenesis (MDO) involves a lengthy consolidation phase where complications can occur. Strontium is an element that has been shown to improve bone healing. The objective of this study was to determine whether strontium citrate can be used to enhance bone healing during MDO in a rabbit model.

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May
2017

Mandibular bone defects due to extensive trauma impair occlusion and affect the aesthetics of facial contouring, making it difficult to obtain a satisfactory outcome. Distraction osteogenesis and free flap is an effective and aesthetic treatment option for rehabilating these defects. In this clinical report, the authors present rehabilitation of a wide mandibular traumatic defect due to a work-related accident with iliac free flap, distraction osteogenesis, and dental implants.

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Aug
2017

The aim of this study was to describe the treatment of class II malocclusion by sagittal advancement of the alveolar bone in the symphyseal area using an intraoral archwise distractor device and to determine the effects of this method on the dentoalveolar complex. Fifteen patients (10 female, five male) aged 16-20 years with a class II division 2 malocclusion, characterized by mandibular dentoalveolar retrusion and a prominent chin, underwent archwise alveolar distraction in the anterior mandible. Lateral cephalometric radiographs were obtained before distraction (T0), after 6 weeks of consolidation (T1), and after debonding (T2).

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Apr
2017

Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) is a member of the TGF-β superfamily, and plays an important role in promoting various stages of intramembranous and endochondral bone formation. It is one of the major growth factors that influence new bone formation in the distraction gap during distraction osteogenesis (DO). The major problem of DO is the time required for the treatment.

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Apr
2017

Distraction osteogenesis and bone transport has been used to reconstruct bone loss defect by allowing new bone to form in the gap. Plate-guided bone transport has been successfully described in literature to treat bone loss defect in the femur, tibia, and mandible. This study reports two cases of fracture of femur with segmental bone loss treated with locking plate fixation and bone transport with Ilizarov ring fixator.

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Jul
2017

This study was conducted to analyze the long-term facial growth of patients with craniofacial microsomia (CFM) after early mandible distraction osteogenesis (DO), and compared adult three-dimensional (3D) craniofacial features of patients with and without early mandibular DO for Pruzansky grade II deformities. The study included 20 patients: 9 with early mandible DO (the DO group) and 11 without previous treatment (the NDO group). Longitudinal radiographs were measured for growth changes after DO.

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Apr
2017

Pierre Robin sequence is characterized by mandibular retrognathia and glossoptosis resulting in airway obstruction and feeding difficulties. When conservative management fails, mandibular distraction osteogenesis or tongue-lip adhesion may be required to avoid tracheostomy. The authors' goal was to prospectively evaluate the airway and feeding outcomes of their comprehensive approach to Pierre Robin sequence, which includes conservative management, mandibular distraction osteogenesis, and tongue-lip adhesion.

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May
2017

Mandibular distraction osteogenesis is an important technique to correct the pediatric hypoplastic mandible. Regression of the mandible after distraction continues to be a challenge, with some studies reporting up to 22% to 56% decrease toward predistraction length in the first year. We hypothesize that a resorbable plate placed after removal of the distractor will provide additional stability to newly formed bone, allowing further time for consolidation and minimizing regression.

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May
2017

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in individuals with craniofacial anomalies can compromise airway and is a serious life-threatening condition. In many cases, tracheostomy is carried out as the treatment of choice. Distraction osteogenesis of the mandible as a treatment modality for OSA is very useful and may spare the need for tracheostomy or allow decannulation, yet controlling the vector of distraction is still a major challenge.

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May
2017

To systematically appraise the effectiveness/reliability of vertical ridge augmentation (VRA) in the atrophic mandible. Articles that addressed any one of the following four areas were included in this study: amount of VRA, implant survival (ISR) and success rates (SSR) in the area of newly regenerated bone, complication rate during the bone augmentation procedure, and bone resorption.
An electronic literature search was conducted by two independent reviewers in several databases, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Cochrane Oral Health Group Trials Register databases for articles reporting VRA in the atrophic mandible via distraction osteogenesis (DO), inlay block grafting (IBG), onlay block grafting (OBG), and guided bone regeneration (GBR).

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Mar
2017

To study a series of cases where vascularised fibula flap was used in various combinations of bone with muscle and skin along with its modifications for reconstruction of simple and composite defects of the facial region.
The investigators designed a retrospective study composed of patients with any pathology or defect who underwent reconstruction of maxilla or mandible with vascularised fibula free flap from 2009 to 2013. All patients were evaluated for age, gender, location and type of defect, incorporation of adjoining skin paddle and muscle, number of fibula osteotomies, ischaemia time, anticoagulant regimen, length of hospital stay, flap failure rate, dental implant rehabilitation.

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Mar
2017

Tooth-arch discrepancy is a disproportion between dental volume and bone base. Extraction therapy can be a solution in case of excessive tooth volume and insufficient basal bone length. Techniques including bone distraction popularized by Ilizarov in the fifties allow the increase of the basal arch length in the maxilla as well as in the mandible.

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Jun
2017

Augmentation of deficient mandibular posterior alveolar ridges poses a great challenge because of extensive bone deficiency and the presence of the inferior alveolar nerve. This study sets its focus on vertical alveolar distraction osteogenesis (ADO) at the posterior mandible before dental implant placement.
The study included 21 sites in 18 patients with severe mandibular posterior alveolar ridge deficiency.

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Jan
2017

The authors present a new technique for reconstruction of large curvilinear mandibular defects with distraction osteogenesis and early open callus manipulation. In phase 1, transport disks are created from mandibular bone and distracted across the entire length of the defect, without the restriction from a mandible plate fixation. This allows for full-length distraction until enough regenerate is obtained to reconstruct the defect without the need for additional bone grafts.

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Jan
2017

The purpose of this study was to compare the frontal lip cant changes in common facial asymmetry (FA) cases after simultaneous maxillomandibular distraction osteogenesis (DO) and mandibular DO with maxillary orthognathic surgery.
Retrospective analysis of FA cases at tertiary craniofacial referral was performed. Patients of either gender with all medical imaging records and pre- and post-operative (1 year) facial photographs in natural head position were included in the study.

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Mar
2017

In this study we examined the effects of two different repeated Extracorporeal Shock Waves (ESW) on the consolidation period of the distraction osteogenesis (DO) of the rabbit mandible using stereological, radiological and immunohistochemical methods.
DO was performed unilaterally in the mandible of 18 New Zealand rabbits (six months old, weighing between 2.5-3 kg).

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Jun
2017

Maxillary hypoplasia is a major issue in cleft lip and palate patients, and predictable surgical maxillary advancement is required. In the present study, the changes and stability of the maxilla and soft tissue profile achieved after the application of anterior maxillary distraction osteogenesis (AMDO) using intraoral expander in unilateral cleft lip and palate and isolated cleft palate patients were investigated by comparing to the Le Fort I osteotomy (LFI) and maxillary distraction osteogenesis (DO) with rigid external distraction (RED) system.Ten patients who underwent orthognathic treatment with AMDO were examined (AMDO group).

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Apr
2017

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of static strain on bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMMSC) migration and whether the p38/matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) axis plays a role in induction of BMMSC migration under mechanical strain.
Both in vivo and in vitro investigations were performed. Twelve adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 2 groups (n=6 per group).

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Mar
2017

Newborns with Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) and syndromic micrognathia show microgenia and glossoptosis, which cause reduction of the airway and breathing difficulty from birth. Our goal is to analyze quantitative and qualitative volumetric changes before and after fast and early mandibular osteodistraction (FEMOD) and to compare radiological data.
The sample was composed of 4 patients, who satisfied inclusion criteria for completeness of data.

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Dec
1969

The treatment of bone defects is challenging and controversial. As a new technology, periosteal distraction osteogenesis (PDO) uses the osteogenicity of periosteum, which creates an artificial space between the bone surface and periosteum to generate new bone by gradually expanding the periosteum with no need for corticotomy. Using the newly formed bone of PDO to treat bone defects is effective, which can not only avoid the occurrence of immune-related complications, but also solve the problem of insufficient donor.

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Dec
2016

In this study, we present the surgical treatment of obstructive sleep apnea in a child with Treacher Collins syndrome. A 10-year-old girl with a past history of Treacher Collins syndrome presented to our clinic with her parents for respiratory distress and insomnia. The patient was referred to a sleep laboratory where she was diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea, which was a consequence of her Treacher Collins syndrome.

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Mar
2017

Pierre Robin sequence (formerly a syndrome) is named after the French stomatologist who, in 1923 and 1934, described the problems associated with micrognathia in newborn. It comprises mandibular micrognathia, U-shaped cleft palate, and glossoptosis. The typical symptoms are hypoxaemia, noisy breathing, snoring, stridor, cyanosis, bradycardia, feeding difficulties, and failure to thrive.

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Jan
2017

Our objective was to report a patient treated with 3-dimensional virtual-surgery simulation-assisted asymmetric bilateral mandibular distraction osteogenesis.
A boy (age, 9.5 years) had mandibular hypoplasia and facial asymmetry, induced by bilateral condylar fractures at 4 years of age.

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Dec
1969

The purpose of this study was to review the application of mandibular distraction to relieve severe airway obstruction or feeding problems of neonates. Thirteen neonates with Pierre Robin sequence who underwent bilateral mandibular distraction between 2010 and 2013 for relief of their severe airway obstruction or feeding problems were retrospectively reviewed. The mean preoperative and postoperative airway diameters were 3.

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