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'Holt-Oram Syndrome' (414)


Dec
1969

Several factors have been proposed as contributors to interfamilial and intrafamilial phenotypic variability in autosomal dominant disorders, including allelic variation, modifier genes, environmental factors and complex genetic and environmental interactions. However, regardless of the similarity of genetic background and environmental factors, asymmetric limb or trunk anomalies in a single individual and variable manifestation between monozygotic twins have been observed, indicating other mechanisms possibly involved in expressivity of autosomal dominant diseases. One such example is Holt-Oram syndrome (HOS), which is characterized by congenital cardiac defects and forelimb anomalies, mainly attributed to mutations in thegene.

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Jan
2018

TBX5 plays a critical role in heart and forelimb development. Mutations in TBX5 cause Holt-Oram syndrome, an autosomal dominant condition that affects the formation of the heart and upper-limb. Several studies have provided significant insight into the role of TBX5 in cardiogenesis; however, how TBX5 activity is regulated by other factors is still unknown.

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Nov
2017

We report the first trimester three-dimensional ultrasonographic findings in a 13-week-old fetus with complex phenotype and a de novo 4.7 Mb multigene deletion encompassing chromosome region 20q13.13-q13.

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Jul
2017

Holt-Oram syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder, characterised by skeletal abnormalities of the upper limb associated with congenital heart defect, mainly atrial and ventricular septal defects. Skeletal defects exclusively affect the upper limbs in the preaxial radial ray distribution and are bilateral and asymmetrical. They range from clinodactyly, absent or digitalised thumb, hypoplastic or absent radii, and first metacarpal to hypoplastic ulna and carpal bone anomalies.

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Mar
2017

Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of infant death, affecting approximately 4-14 live births per 1,000. Although surgical techniques and interventions have improved significantly, a large number of infants still face poor clinical outcomes. MicroRNAs (miRs) are known to coordinately regulate cardiac development and stimulate pathological processes in the heart, including fibrosis or hypertrophy and impair angiogenesis.

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Dec
1969

The T-box gene family refers to a group of transcription factors that share a highly conserved, sequence-specific DNA-binding domain (T-box) containing around 180-amino acids. According to HUGO gene nomenclature committee (HGNC), there are 18 T-box family members. These T-box genes have been implicated essential roles during embryogenesis and cardiac development, given their specific expression pattern in developing mammalian heart for several T-box genes, including.

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May
2017

Targeted genetic engineering using programmable nucleases such as transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALENs) is a valuable tool for precise, site-specific genetic modification in the human genome.
The emergence of novel technologies such as human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) and nuclease-mediated genome editing represent a unique opportunity for studying cardiovascular diseases in vitro.
By incorporating extensive literature and database searches, we designed a collection of TALEN constructs to knockout 88 human genes that are associated with cardiomyopathies and congenital heart diseases.

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Aug
2017

Knowledge of dimensions of fetal long bones is useful in both the assessment of fetal growth and early detection of inherited defects. Measurements of the fetal clavicle may facilitate detection of numerous defects, e.g.

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Dec
1969

TBX5, a member of the T-box family of transcription factors, is a dosage sensitive regulator of heart development. Mutations in TBX5 are responsible for Holt-Oram Syndrome, an autosomal dominant disease with variable and partially penetrant cardiac defects suggestive of the existence of genetic and environmental modifiers. KLF13, a member of the Krüppel-like family of zinc finger proteins is co-expressed with TBX5 in several cardiac cells including atrial cardiomyocytes and cells of the interatrial septum.

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Dec
1969

Holt-Oram syndrome (HOS) is an autosomal dominant disease with skeletal and cardiac manifestations. We here are presenting a 31-year-old man and a diagnosed case of HOS, with an ulceroproliferative lesion on lateral border of the tongue, was posted for wide excision of lesion with primary closure and left side radical neck dissection.

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Dec
1969

TBX5: A Key Regulator of Heart Development.

Curr Top Dev Biol 2017 28;122:195-221. Epub 2016 Sep 28.
J D Steimle, I P Moskowitz
TBX5 is a member of the T-box transcription factor family and is primarily known for its role in cardiac and forelimb development. Human patients with dominant mutations in TBX5 are characterized by Holt-Oram syndrome, and show defects of the cardiac septa, cardiac conduction system, and the anterior forelimb. The range of cardiac defects associated with TBX5 mutations in humans suggests multiple roles for the transcription factor in cardiac development and function.

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Dec
2016

The forelimbs and hindlimbs of vertebrates are bilaterally symmetric. The mechanisms that ensure symmetric limb formation are unknown but they can be disrupted in disease. In Holt-Oram Syndrome (HOS), caused by mutations in TBX5, affected individuals have left-biased upper/forelimb defects.

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Dec
1969

Holt-Oram syndrome manifests with defects of upper limbs, pectoral girdle and cardiovascular system. The aim of this paper was to present complex clinical picture of the syndrome and its variable expression on the example of the family diagnosed genetically on the neonatal ward, after proband's prenatal examination.
Nine family members were tested for TBX5 gene mutation.

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Jun
2017

Limb malformations are amongst the most common and visible birth effects. Causes have been purported to include genetic aberrations as well as teratogens, such as thalidomide. Here we review the evidence for vascular disruption in the genesis of limb malformations through abnormal arterial transitioning and from events such as amniocentesis, uterine constriction, and through teratogen exposure.

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Dec
1969

Holt-Oram syndrome (HOS) features radial ray hypoplasia, heart defect and cardiac conduction impairment. Ulnar-mammary syndrome (UMS) characterizes congenital defects of the ulnar side of the upper limbs, underdevelopment of apocrine glands including hypoplasia and the dysfunction of mammary glands, hypogonadism and obesity. Inheritance of both conditions is autosomal dominant, mutations or deletions are found in theandgene, respectively.

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Dec
1969

Holt-Oram syndrome (HOS) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder, characterized by upper limb dysplasia and congenital cardiac defect. We report two cases with HOS, first associated with renal agenesis, coronal hypospadias, urethral duplication and second associated with duodenal atresia and horseshoe kidney that have not been reported in English literature.

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Sep
2016

The Holt-Oram syndrome (HOS) is an autosomal dominant disorder affecting 1/100.000 live births. It is defined by upper limb anomalies and congenital heart defects with variable severity.

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Aug
2016

The occurrence of an anorectal malformation with Holt-Oram syndrome, microcephaly, and bilateral corneal opacity is rare and to the best of our knowledge has not previously been reported in the literature. Hence, there is a need to document our experience in this case and learn as much as possible from it.
We present the case of a Nigerian female neonate with a postnatal diagnosis of syndromic anorectal malformation associated with Holt-Oram syndrome, microcephaly, and bilateral corneal opacity.

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Dec
1969

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that play an important role in the post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. miRNAs are involved in the regulation of many biological processes such as differentiation, apoptosis, and cell proliferation. miRNAs are expressed in embryonic, postnatal, and adult hearts, and they have a key role in the regulation of gene expression during cardiovascular development and disease.

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Mar
2017

Congenital heart disease (CHD), one of the causes of childhood morbidity and mortality, is mainly triggered by a combination of environmental and genetic factors. Several susceptible genes, such as NKX2-5, GATA4 and TBX5, have been reported as closely related to heart and vessel development. CHD subtypes are classified into diverse clinical phenotypes, such as atrial septal defects (ASD), ventricular septal defects (VSD), tetralogy of Fallot (TOF), and Holt-Oram syndrome (HOS).

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Mar
2017

Holt-Oram syndrome (HOS) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder that causes abnormalities of the upper limbs and heart. It is seen in 1:1, 00, 000 live births. It is linked to a single-gene TBX5 "protein-producing" mutation with gene map locus 12q24.

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Dec
1969

Holt Oram syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant syndrome on average, of varying severity, which may result in heterogeneous pictures, predominantly with involvement of the bony segments of the upper limbs and the cardiovascular system. The syndrome is caused by mutations in two genes of the T-box (TBX5, 601 620 and TBX 3) located on the 12q24.1p.

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May
2016

Previous genome-wide association studies have demonstrated that single nucleotide polymorphisms in T‑box (TBX)5 are associated with increased susceptibility to atrial fibrillation (AF), and a recent study has causally linked a TBX5 mutation to atypical Holt-Oram syndrome and paroxysmal AF. However, the prevalence and spectrum of TBX5 mutations in patients with AF remain to be elucidated. In the present study, a cohort of 190 unrelated patients with idiopathic AF were prospectively recruited, with 400 unrelated healthy individuals recruited as controls.

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Dec
1969

We report a case of a 31-year-old pregnant woman who was admitted to our perinatology outpatient clinic because of a fetal ventricular septal defect and limb reduction in the upper extremities of fetus revealed by ultrasonographic investigation diagnosed in the 16(th) week of gestation. First child of the family was diagnosed with Holt-Oram syndrome who had atrial septal defect and upper limb anomalies, whereas the father was documented to have arrhythmia and shortening of upper limbs. The pregnancy was terminated in the 16(th) week of gestation with the consent of the family.

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Aug
2015

Radial deficiencies (RDs), defined as under/abnormal development or absence of any of the structures of the forearm, radial carpal bones and thumb, occur with a live birth incidence ranging from 1 out of 30,000 to 1 out 6,000 newborns and represent about one third/one fourth of all the congenital upper limb anomalies. About half of radial disorders have a mendelian cause and pattern of inheritance, whereas the remaining half appears sporadic with no known gene involved. In sporadic forms certain anomalies, such as thumb or radial hypoplasia, may occur either alone or in association with systemic conditions, like vertebral abnormalities or renal defects.

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Dec
1969

Atrial fibrillation (AF), the most common type of cardiac rhythm disturbance encountered in clinical practice, is associated with substantially increased morbidity and mortality. Aggregating evidence demonstrates that abnormal cardiovascular development is involved in the pathogenesis of AF. A recent study has revealed that the TBX5 gene, which encodes a T-box transcription factor key to cardiovascular development, was associated with AF and atypical Holt-Oram syndrome.

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Feb
2016

Holt-Oram syndrome (HOS) is a rare but significant syndrome consisting of structural heart defects, conduction abnormalities, and upper extremity anomalies. It was first described in the British Heart Journal in 1960 by Mary Holt and Samuel Oram as a report of atrial septal defect, conduction disturbances, and hand malformations occurring in family members. Patients can present with heart blocks or symptoms of underlying congenital heart defects.

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Jun
2016

Holt-Oram Syndrome is an autosomal dominant condition with complete penetrance and which involves upper limb skeletal and cardiac abnormalities. The latter can be structural defects or involve the conduction system. This report details the occurrence of left ventricular non-compaction in multiple family members with Holt-Oram Syndrome.

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Dec
2015

Holt-Oram syndrome (HOS) is an autosomal dominant condition characterized by upper limb and congenital heart defects and caused by numerous germline mutations of TBX5 producing preterminal stop codons. Here, we report on a novel and unusual heterozygous TBX5 microdeletion with microinsertion (microindel) mutation (c.627delinsGTGACTCAGGAAACGCTTTCCTGA), which is predicted to synthesize a truncated TBX5 protein, detected in a sporadic patient with clinical features of HOS prenatally diagnosed by ultrasonography.

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May
2016

Limb reduction malformations are highly heterogeneous in their clinical presentation and so, predicting the underlying mutation on a clinical basis can be challenging. Molecular karyotyping is a powerful genomic tool that has quickly become the mainstay for the study of children with malformation syndromes. We describe three patients with major limb reduction anomalies in whom pathogenic copy number variants were identified on molecular karyotyping.

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Dec
2015

Holt-Oram Syndrome (HOS) is an autosomal dominant heart-hand syndrome caused by mutations in the TBX5 gene, a transcription factor capable of regulating hundreds of cardiac-specific genes through complex transcriptional networks. Here we show that, in zebrafish, modulation of a single miRNA is sufficient to rescue the morphogenetic defects generated by HOS. The analysis of miRNA-seq profiling revealed a decreased expression of miR-19a in Tbx5-depleted zebrafish embryos compared to the wild type.

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Dec
2015

Tbx5 plays a pivotal role in vertebrate forelimb initiation, and loss-of-function experiments result in deformed or absent forelimbs in all taxa studied to date. Combining single-cell fate mapping and three-dimensional cell tracking in the zebrafish, we describe a Tbx5a-dependent cell convergence pattern that is both asymmetric and topological within the fin-field lateral plate mesoderm during early fin bud initiation. We further demonstrate that a mesodermal Fgf24 convergence cue controlled by Tbx5a underlies this asymmetric convergent motility.

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Dec
1969

Congenital heart defects (CHD) can occur with upper limbs deformities. Holt-Oram syndrome is the main type of heart-hand syndromes, characterized by upper limb radial ray malformations, CHD and/or conduction abnormalities. Mutations of the TBX5 gene, most of which are found within the T-box domain, are one cause of the disease.

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Sep
2015

To investigate the distinguishing morphological characteristics of children with radial longitudinal deficiency (RLD) in Holt-Oram syndrome (HOS).
One hundred fourteen involved extremities in 62 patients with a diagnosis of HOS were identified at 3 institutions. Medical records and radiographs were evaluated.

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Aug
2015

We report on a Saudi infant with Holt-Oram syndrome caused by a de novo missense mutation of the TBX5 gene. The mutation (Thr72Lys) is novel and has not been previously reported. The cardiac and limb defects in our patient were both severe, and the infant also had micrognathia and cleft palate.

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Apr
2015

Horseshoe Lung Associated With Holt-Oram Syndrome.

Iran J Pediatr 2015 Apr 18;25(2):e251. Epub 2015 Apr 18.
Xu Qin, Wang Wei, Gong Fangqi

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Dec
1969

Wildervanck syndrome (WS) combines features of Klippel-Feil syndrome (KFS), sixth nerve palsy, and deafness. This is a case of a 23 year old woman, diagnosed with KFS (a triad of short neck, low posterior hairline and restricted neck movements) at the age of 20 days. The manifestations of the WS in this patient are severe: she has torticollis, and an extremely severe scoliosis.

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Aug
2015

Mutations of TBX5 cause Holt-Oram syndrome (HOS) in humans, a disease characterized by atrial or occasionally ventricular septal defects in the heart and skeletal abnormalities of the upper extremity. Previous studies have demonstrated that Tbx5 regulates Osr1 expression in the second heart field (SHF) of E9.5 mouse embryos.

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Jul
2015

Ventricular septal defects (VSDs) are the most commonly occurring congenital heart defect. They are regularly associated with complex syndromes, including DiGeorge syndrome and Holt-Oram syndrome, which are characterised by haploinsufficiency for the T-box transcription factors TBX1 and TBX5, respectively. The histone acetyltransferase monocytic leukaemia zinc finger protein, MOZ (MYST3/KAT6A), is required for the expression of the Tbx1 and Tbx5 genes.

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Sep
2015

Congenital hypotrichosis may be due to a number of causes and may have multiple systemic associations. A child born of second-degree consanguineous marriage was found to have monilethrix as the cause of congenital hypotrichosis. A detailed systemic evaluation in the child revealed atrial septal defect and a hypoplastic right thumb leading to a diagnosis of coexisting Holt-Oram syndrome.

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Apr
2015

This paper reviews the molecular basis of the clinical features of Holt-Oram syndrome resulting from missense and extended protein mutations of the TBX5 gene as well as TBX5 intragenic duplications. First, we review all previously reported cases with these mutations, and then describe the pathogenesis of the clinical features in the heart and upper limb. Special emphasis is given to 'non-classic' upper limb features which are known to occur with these mutations.

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Mar
2015

TBX5 is the gene mutated in Holt-Oram syndrome, an autosomal dominant disorder with complex heart and limb deformities. Its protein product is a member of the T-box family of transcription factors and an evolutionarily conserved dosage-sensitive regulator of heart and limb development. Understanding TBX5 regulation is therefore of paramount importance.

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Dec
1969

We present a case report of a patient diagnosed with Holt-Oram syndrome (HOS) presenting with clinical and electrophysiologically confirmed carpal tunnel syndrome. Pre-operative Magnetic resonance imaging revealed an abnormal course of the median nerve; as such an atypical incision and approach were carried out to decompress the nerve to excellent post operative clinical effect. To our knowledge this is the first description of abnormal nervous course in a patient with HOS leading to peripheral entrapment.

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Dec
2014

The sternum bone lies at the ventral midline of the thorax where it provides a critical attachment for the pectoral muscles that allow the forelimbs to raise the body from the ground. Among tetrapods, sternum morphology is correlated with the mode of locomotion: Avians that fly have a ventral extension, or keel, on their sterna, which provides an increased area for flight muscle attachment. The sternum is fused with the ribs attaching on either side; however, unlike the ribs, the sternal precursors do not originate from the somites.

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