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'Hypogammaglobulinemia' (7818)


Feb
2018

Immune dysfunction attributed to hypogammaglobulinaemia is common in chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) and infection is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality. A higher incidence of multiple immunoglobulin and immunoglobulin G (IgG) subclass deficiency was associated with more advanced disease (P < 0·001 and P < 0·001, respectively) in a cohort of 147 CLL patients. Multiple immunoglobulin and IgG subclass deficiency were significantly associated with shorter treatment-free survival (TFS) (P < 0·001 and P = 0·006, respectively).

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Feb
2018

Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is characterized by accumulation of a surfactant-like substance in alveolar spaces and hypoxemic respiratory failure. Genetic PAP (GPAP) is caused by mutations in genes encoding surfactant proteins or genes encoding a surfactant phospholipid transporter in alveolar type II epithelial cells. GPAP is also caused by mutations in genes whose products are implicated in surfactant catabolism in alveolar macrophages (AMs).

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Feb
2018

Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) is a non-receptor kinase that plays a crucial role in oncogenic signaling that is critical for proliferation and survival of leukemic cells in many B cell malignancies. BTK was initially shown to be defective in the primary immunodeficiency X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) and is essential both for B cell development and function of mature B cells. Shortly after its discovery, BTK was placed in the signal transduction pathway downstream of the B cell antigen receptor (BCR).

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Feb
2018

Although small prior studies have suggested that IgE can be low in common variable immunodeficiency (CVID), the workup for patients with recurrent infections and suspected hypogammaglobulinemia does not include the routine measurement of serum IgE. We sought to test the hypothesis that low/undetectable serum IgE is characteristic of CVID by comparing the frequency of low/undetectable serum IgE in healthy controls and patients with CVID. We measured total serum IgE in a large multi-center cohort of patients with CVID (n = 354) and compared this to large population-based cohorts of children and adults.

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Feb
2018

The present review is part of the ESCMID Study Group for Infections in Compromised Hosts (ESGICH) Consensus Document on the safety of targeted and biological therapies.
To review, from an Infectious Diseases perspective, the safety profile of agents targeting CD19, CD20 and CD52 and to suggest preventive recommendations.
Computer-based MEDLINE searches with MeSH terms pertaining to each agent or therapeutic family.

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Dec
1969

Primary immunodeficiencies with selective susceptibility to EBV infection are rare conditions associated with severe lymphoproliferation. We followed a patient, son of consanguineous parents, referred to our center for recurrent periodic episodes of fever associated with tonsillitis and adenitis started after an infectious mononucleosis and responsive to oral steroid. An initial diagnosis of periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, cervical adenitis syndrome was done.

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Feb
2018

X-linked agammaglobulinemia is a primary immunodeficiency disorder resulting from BTK gene mutations. There are many studies in the literature suggesting contradictory ideas about phenotype- genotype correlation.
The aim of this study was to identify the mutations and clinical findings of patients with XLA in Turkey, to determine long-term complications related to the disease and to analyze the phenotype-genotype correlation.

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Jan
2018

The nervous system may be affected in primary immune deficiency (PID) syndromes through infectious, autoimmune, neoplastic mechanisms, or as a primary feature of the syndrome. However certain neurologic problems do not conform to these etiopathogenetic groups. We retrospectively examined PID patients seen in neurology consultation between 2014 and 2017 in order to determine the spectrum of nervous system involvement.

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Feb
2018

Patients with humoral immune deficiency are susceptible to invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD). This study estimates the prevalence of underlying hypogammaglobulinemia in admitted IPD cases and examines whether IPD cases had received preventative treatment.
All adult IPD cases (Streptococcus pneumoniae in blood or cerebrospinal fluid) admitted to The Ottawa Hospital (TOH) from January 2013 to December 2015 were identified through the Eastern Ontario Regional Laboratory.

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Jan
2018

Roifman syndrome is a rare inherited disorder characterized by spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia, growth retardation, cognitive delay, hypogammaglobulinemia and, in some patients, thrombocytopenia. Compound heterozygous variants in small nuclear RNA gene RNU4ATAC, necessary for U12-type intron splicing, were recently identified to drive Roifman syndrome.
We studied three patients from two unrelated kindreds harboring compound heterozygous or homozygous stem II variants in RNU4ATAC to gain insights in the mechanisms behind this disorder.

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Dec
1969

Cervical necrotizing fasciitis (CNF) and descending necrotizing mediastinitis (DNM) are rare forms of complication of Ludwig angina. These potentially lethal infections are difficult to recognize in early stages and are often associated with predisposing factors like diabetes and immunocompromised states. Moreover, IgG hypogammaglobulinemia (hypo-IgG) is considered to be a risk factor of mortality in patients with septic shock; however, it is not routinely quantified in patients with extremely serious infections, particularly in cases with no history or evidence of immunocompromising disorders.

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Dec
1969

Heterozygous mutations in the cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA-4) are associated with lymphadenopathy, autoimmunity, immune dysregulation, and hypogammaglobulinemia in about 70% of the carriers. So far, the incomplete penetrance of CTLA-4 haploinsufficiency has been attributed to unknown genetic modifiers, epigenetic changes, or environmental effects. We sought to identify potential genetic modifiers in a family with differential clinical penetrance of CTLA-4 haploinsufficiency.

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Jan
2018

Antibody replacement therapy for patients with antibody deficiencies contains only IgG. As a result, concurrent IgM and IgA deficiency present in a large proportion of antibody deficient patients persists. Especially patients with IgM deficiency remain at risk for recurrent infections of the gastrointestinal and respiratory tract.

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Jan
2018

Evans syndrome (ES) is defined by the combination of autoimmune hemolytic anemia and immune thrombocytopenia. Clinical presentation includes manifestations of immune dysregulation, found in primary immune deficiencies, autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome with FAS (ALPS-FAS), Cytotoxic T Lymphocyte Antigen-4 (CTLA-4) and Lipopolysaccharide-Responsive vesicle trafficking Beige-like and Anchor protein (LRBA) defects. We report the clinical history and genetic results of 18 children with ES after excluding ALPS-FAS.

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Jan
2018

Levetiracetam (LEV) is a second-generation antiepileptic drug approved for the treatment of several types of epilepsy. We report a 45-year-old female who developed hypogammaglobulinemia and B cell aplasia during LEV treatment. The Naranjo probability score for an adverse drug reaction was 6.

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Oct
2017

Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is typically characterized by hypogammaglobulinemia and often but not always recurrent infections. Paradoxically, 8-22% of patients with CVID develop granulomatous disease. Granulomata have been described in many organs including the lungs, skin, liver, spleen, kidneys, eyes, lymph nodes, and intestines.

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Dec
2017

For decades, intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) has provided safe and effective therapy for immunodeficient patients. This proof-of-principle study describes a novel approach to generate personalized IVIg for chronic, antibiotic-resistant infection in real time.

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Dec
2017

Primary immunodeficiencies (PIDs) are low-incidence diseases caused by defects in genes involved in the development, maintenance, and regulation of the immune system. Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is the most common symptomatic immunodeficiency of adulthood. It has an approximate prevalence of 1 in 25 000-50 000 in the general population, with a delay in diagnosis between 6-7 years.

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Apr
2018

Hypogammaglobulinemia due to CAR T-cell therapy.

Pediatr Blood Cancer 2018 Apr 12;65(4). Epub 2017 Dec 12.
Andrew Doan, Michael A Pulsipher

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Dec
1969

Primary immunodeficiency disorders (PIDs) render patients vulnerable to infection with a wide range of microorganisms and thus provide goodmodels for the assessment of immune responses during infectious challenges. Priming of the immune system, especially in infancy, depends on different environmental exposures and medical practices. This may determine the timing and phenotype of clinical appearance of immune deficits as exemplified with early exposure to Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccination and dissemination in combined immunodeficiencies.

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Dec
2017

Primary immunodeficiency disorders are rarely diagnosed in adults but must be considered in the differential diagnosis of combined recurrent infections and autoimmune disease. We describe a patient with CTLA-4 haploinsufficiency and an abnormal regulatory T-cell phenotype. Unusually, infections were more severe than autoimmunity, illustrating therapeutic challenges in disease course.

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Feb
2018

Pure red cell aplasia is an orphan disease, and as such lacks rationally established standard therapies. Most cases are idiopathic; a subset is antibody-mediated. There is overlap between idiopathic cases and those with T-cell large granular lymphocytic leukemia, hypogammaglobulinemia, and low-grade lymphomas.

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Dec
1969

Immunoparesis (hypogammaglobulinemia) is associated to an unfavorable prognosis in newly diagnosed Multiple myeloma (MM) patients. However, this finding has not been validated in an unselected population-based cohort. We analyzed 2558 newly diagnosed MM patients in the Danish Multiple Myeloma Registry representing the entire MM population in Denmark from 2005-2013.

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Dec
1969

To evaluate hypogammaglobulinaemia and risk of serious infectious adverse events in active lupus nephritis.
The Abatacept and Cyclophosphamide Combination Efficacy and Safety Study (ACCESS) compared abatacept with placebo in participants with lupus nephritis undergoing treatment with Euro-Lupus Nephritis low-dose cyclophosphamide. Serum IgG levels were assessed prior to initiation of treatment and throughout the trial.

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Jan
2018

X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) is characterized by the absence of immunoglobulin and B cells. Patients suffer from recurrent bacterial infections from early childhood, and require lifelong immunoglobulin replacement therapy. Mutations in BTK (Bruton's Tyrosine Kinase) are associated with this phenotype.

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Dec
1969

Avoidance of Harm From Treatment for ANCA-Associated Vasculitis.

Curr Treatm Opt Rheumatol 2017 13;3(4):230-243. Epub 2017 Nov 13.
Catherine King, Lorraine Harper
With established immunosuppressant treatment regimens for anti-neutrophil cytoplasm antibody-associated vasculitides (AAV), prognosis has significantly improved. The mainstay of treatment still comprises high-dose corticosteroids and cyclophosphamide for severe forms, although rituximab is being increasingly utilised instead of cyclophosphamide as induction therapy. AAV patients experience an excess of infections, malignancies and cardiovascular events as compared to the general population, which is a combination of the systemic inflammatory process associated with vasculitis and the adverse events from treatment.

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Dec
2017

Novel primary immunodeficiency disorders are being identified with next generation sequencing technologies. We describe 1 patient with cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4) haploinsufficiency who had recurrent enhancing brain lesions, nodular pulmonary infiltrates, hepatosplenomegaly, immune cytopenias, as well as progressive hypogammaglobulinemia and lymphopenia. We describe a second patient with activated p110δ syndrome (APDS)/p110δ activating mutation causing senescent T cells, lymphadenopathy, and immunodeficiency (PASLI) in association with recurrent respiratory tract infections, Epstein-Barr virus infection, lymphadenopathy, elevated serum IgM, and progressive lymphopenia.

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Feb
2018

Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) has known efficacy in various hematologic conditions, including immune thrombocytopenic purpura.
We present the clinical course of a patient with splenic marginal zone lymphoma, who developed acute thrombocytopenia on three consecutive episodes, with nadir counts of 27 × 10, 50 × 10, and 9 × 10/L, upon administration of Intratect IVIG for hypogammaglobulinemia. An immunofluorescence test applying flow cytometry and monoclonal antibody immobilization of platelet antigens (MAIPA) assay were used to evaluate the reaction between IgG present in the IVIG preparations and the patient's or healthy donors' platelets (PLTs).

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Nov
2017

Multiple myeloma is commonly associated with a reduction of non-paraprotein immunoglobulins, resulting in a higher risk of infections that represent the leading cause of the patients' death. Therefore, immunoglobulin replacement therapy appears a logical approach. A total number of 46 myeloma patients were enrolled: 24 of them were assigned to receive subcutaneous immunoglobulins, and 22 were controls.

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Nov
2017

Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a rare disorder that is characterized by the excessive accumulation of surfactant-like materials in the alveoli, leading to hypoxemic respiratory failure. We describe two Japanese infants with PAP associated with hypogammaglobulinemia and monocytopenia. These patients may have underlying primary immunodeficiency (PID) and were successfully treated with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT).

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Nov
2017

Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is characterised by repeated infection associated with primary acquired hypogammaglobulinemia. CVID frequently has a complex aetiology but, in certain cases, it has a monogenic cause. Recently, variants within the gene encoding the transcription factor STAT3 were implicated in monogenic CVID.

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Jan
2018

The role of class IA phosphoinositide 3 kinases (PI3Ks) in immune function and regulation continues to expand with the identification of greater numbers of genetic variants. This case report is the second reported case of a homozygous premature stop codon within the PIK3R1 gene leading to autosomal recessive agammaglobulinemia. The proband, born to consanguineous parents, presented at 10 months of age with a history of oropharyngeal petechiae and bleeding from the mouth, gums, and tear ducts.

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Nov
2017

Tricho-hepato-enteric syndrome (SD/THE) and Multiple intestinal atresia with combined immune deficiency (MIA-CID) are autosomal recessive disorders that present immunological and gastrointestinal features. There are two different phenotypes of patients with TTC7A mutations: the severe form, caused by null mutations and leading to the classical MIA-CID; and the mild form, caused by missense mutations and leading to predominant features of VEO-IBD, less severe immunological involvement and hair abnormalities. We expand the knowledge about TTC7A deficiency, describing a patient with the mild phenotype of TTC7A deficiency but presenting overlapping features of SD/THE and MIA-CID: intestinal atresia and inflammatory bowel disease evocative of MIA-CID, but also dental abnormalities, huge forehead, liver abnormalities, autoimmune thyroiditis and hypogammaglobulinemia, evocative of SD/THE.

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Dec
1969

Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) was initially discovered as a critical mediator of B cell receptor signaling in the development and functioning of adaptive immunity. Growing evidence also suggests multiple roles for BTK in mononuclear cells of the innate immune system, especially in dendritic cells and macrophages. For example, BTK has been shown to function in Toll-like receptor-mediated recognition of infectious agents, cellular maturation and recruitment processes, and Fc receptor signaling.

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Jan
2018

The majority of patients with CLL will suffer from infections during their disease, accounting for approximately 60% of deaths in CLL. Patients are predisposed to infection due to immune defects related to the primary disease, and as a result of therapy. The range of infectious complications has evolved alongside therapeutic advances in the treatment of CLL.

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Jan
2018

We evaluated 43 published cases of dogs with confirmed Pneumocystis infection regarding the value of clinical parameters indicating the presence of the disease as well as tools for the detection of the pathogen. The assessed parameters included clinical signs, laboratory findings, results of thoracic radiography, autopsy, histopathology, methods for the detection of Pneumocystis, as well as medical therapy. Pneumocystosis was diagnosed most often in certain breeds (Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, Miniature Dachshund) with a predisposition for impaired immunity.

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Mar
2018

Immunodeficiency (ID) correlates with worse outcomes and decreased immune checkpoint molecule expression in melanoma. The impact of ID in mycosis fungoides (MF) is unknown.
Our goal was to evaluate the impact of ID in MF.

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Oct
2017

Common variable immunodeficiency disorders (CVID) are a group of primary immunodeficiencies where monogenetic causes account for only a fraction of cases. On this evidence, CVID is potentially polygenic and epistatic although there are, as yet, no examples to support this hypothesis. We have identified a non-consanguineous family, who carry the C104R (c.

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Jan
2018

Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is characterized by hypogammaglobulinemia and clinical manifestations such as infections, autoimmunity, and malignancy. We sought to determine if responsiveness to interleukin-21 (IL-21), a key cytokine for B cell differentiation, correlates with distinct clinical phenotypes in CVID.
CVID subjects were recruited through the Canadian Primary Immunodeficiency Evaluative Survey registry.

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Feb
2018

The use of rituximab (RTX) is increasing, even in developing countries. It has become the first-line therapy or adjuvant to chemotherapy (CHOP; cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunorubicin, oncovin and prednisone) for various diseases, including B cell lymphoma and autoimmune diseases.
We describe the infectious diseases and immunological markers associated with RTX treatment of patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL).

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Dec
1969

Warts, hypogammaglobulinemia, infections, and myelokathexis (WHIM) syndrome is a genetic disease characterized by neutropenia, lymphopenia, susceptibility to infections, and myelokathexis, which describes degenerative changes of mature neutrophils and hyperplasia of bone marrow myeloid cells. Some patients present with hypogammaglobulinemia and/or refractory warts of skin and genitalia. Congenital cardiac defects constitute uncommon manifestations of the disease.

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Dec
1969

Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is the most common primary immunodeficiency. Prevalence varies greatly between countries and studies. Most diagnostic criteria include hypogammaglobulinemia and impaired vaccine response.

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Oct
2017

Treatment of patients with relapsed or refractory lymphoma may require allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT), but treatment of post-transplant relapse disease remains very challenging. Donor lymphocyte infusion and blinatumomab have been used with limited success for the treatment of relapse. Initial data on donor-derived CAR T cells has shown this modality to be safe and highly effective in various hematological malignancies.

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