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'Hypomagnesemia' (2675)


Feb
2018

Hypokalemia and hypomagnesemia are frequently observed in patients with chronic alcoholism. However, the involvement of deranged cortisol regulation in patients with those conditions has not been reported. A 63-year-old Japanese male with chronic alcoholism was referred to the Department of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism for examination and treatment of hypokalemic periodic paralysis.

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Dec
1969

In order to clarify the occurrence of hypomagnesemia in Japan, we conducted a database search and analysis using the Japanese Adverse Drug Event Report database (JADER).
Among the cases recorded in JADER between April 2004 and December 2015, we targeted "hypomagnesemia" and analyzed the patients' backgrounds, drug involvement, other adverse events reported with hypomagnesemia, the time of hypomagnesemia onset, outcomes, and year when reported. For drugs with three or more reports, the signal index was calculated using the Reporting Odds Ratio (ROR) method.

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Jul
2016

Electrolyte disturbances are a known side effect of cetuximab (cmab) and panitumumab (pmab) administration and monitoring is recommended during and for at least 8 weeks after pmab administration. However, the recommended duration of electrolyte monitoring is not stated on the cmab package insert in the EU or Japan and no previous studies have investigated the appropriate monitoring period for cmab and pmab. We retrospectively investigated electrolyte levels in 16 cmab-treated patients and 7 pmab-treated patients between 1 June 2009 and 31 December 2014.

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Feb
2018

Controversy exists whether NE after LT are more frequently observed in children or adults. We aimed to compare the incidence and outcomes for NE after LT in pediatric and adult recipients. A single-center cohort study, including all LT between 2001 and 2013, was performed.

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Feb
2018

First introduced in 1989, proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are among the most widely utilized medications worldwide, both in the ambulatory and inpatient clinical settings. The PPIs are currently approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for the management of a variety of gastrointestinal disorders including symptomatic peptic ulcer disease, gastroesophageal reflux disease, and nonulcer dyspepsia as well as for prevention of gastrointestinal bleeding in patients receiving antiplatelet therapy. PPIs inhibit gastric acid secretion, and the most commonly associated adverse effects include abdominal pain, diarrhea, and headache.

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Oct
2017

Magnesium gluconate is a classical organometallic pharmaceutical compound used for the prevention and treatment of hypomagnesemia as a source of magnesium ion. The present research described the in-depth study on solid state propertiesphysicochemical and thermal properties of magnesium gluconate using sophisticated analytical techniques like PXRD, PSA, FT-IR, UV-Vis spectroscopy, TGA/DTG, and DSC. Magnesium gluconate was found to be crystalline in nature along with the crystallite size ranging from 14.

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Dec
1969

Gitelman syndrome (GS) is considered as the most common renal tubular disorder, and we report the first Romanian patient with GS confirmed at molecular level and diagnosed according to genetic testing.
This paper describes the case of a 27-year-old woman admitted with severe hypokalemia, slight hypomagnesemia, hypocalcemia, hypocalciuria, metabolic alkalosis, hyperreninemia, low blood pressure, limb muscle weakness, marked fatigue and palpitations. Family history revealed a consanguineous family with autosomal-recessive transmission of GS with two cases over five generations.

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Feb
2018

Hypomagnesemia is a recognized side-effect of cetuximab- or panitumumab-based chemotherapy for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). The clinical relevance of hypomagnesemia is under debate. Thus, a systematic review and meta-analysis of retrospective studies and randomized clinical trials (RCTs) comparing hypomagnesemia with normal magnesium levels in wild-type KRAS mCRC was performed.

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Jan
2018

Gitelman syndrome (GS) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by genic mutations of SLC12A3 (Solute carrier family 12 member 3), which encodes the Na-Cl cotransporter (NCC), and presents with characteristic metabolic abnormalities, including hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis, hypomagnesemia, and hypocalciuria. In this study, we report a case of a GS pedigree, including analysis of GS-associated gene mutations.
We performed next-generation sequencing analysis and Sanger sequencing to explore the SLC12A3 mutations in a GS pedigree that included a 35-year-old female patient with GS and five family members within three generations.

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Jan
2018

Gitelman syndrome (GS) is transmitted as an autosomal recessive trait and characterized by hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis in combination with significant hypomagnesemia and low urinary calcium excretion. The symptoms and severity of the disease can vary greatly from one person to another and can range from mild to severe. Sudden cardiac arrest has been reported occasionally as well.

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Jan
2018

To determine the prevalence of hypomagnesemia in children with mild persistent asthma and to correlate the serum magnesium levels with symptom control in the above children.
It was a cross sectional study carried out from 1st April 2015 to 31st July 2016 at the department of Pediatrics, JIPMER Hospital. Participants included six to 12-y-old children with mild persistent asthma registered at childhood asthma clinic.

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Oct
2017

The aim of this study was to evaluate the protective role of short hydration against nephrotoxicity induced by cisplatin (CDDP).Twenty-two patients (13 men and 9 women) under CDDP therapy were enrolled in this retrospective study between 2009 and 2014. The CDDP was given in 500 ml of isotonic solution, and before and after CDDP administration, the patients received 10mEq potassium chloride15% and 1gr magnesium sulfate in 1000 ml isotonic saline.

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Dec
2017

Hydrofluoric acid (HF) is a highly corrosive agent and can cause corrosive burns. HF can penetrate deeply into tissues through intact skin and the lipid barrier, leading to painful liquefactive necrosis, and inducing hypocalcemia and hypomagnesemia. In this study, we hypothesize that continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) may be beneficial in addressing hemodynamic instability in cases of HF poisoning.

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Aug
2017

Hepatocyte nuclear factor 1β (HNF1β) is a transcription factor that is involved in embryonic development and tissue-specific gene expression in several organs, including the kidney and the liver. HNF1β mutations are associated with hypomagnesemia and renal magnesium wasting; however, to date, the exact molecular mechanism involved in this regulation is unclear. Furthermore, it is not known whether the Mg concentration could per se participate to this regulation by modifying HNF1β expression.

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Dec
2017

Trifluoroacetic acid (TFAA) is a carboxylic acid, similar to acetic acid, used industrially and in laboratories. There is a paucity of data regarding exposure and the concern is that toxicity may mimic that of hydrofluoric acid (HF), causing electrolyte abnormalities, dysrhythmia, and cardiac arrest. We report a case of a 27-year-old male that presents with a dermal exposure to TFAA.

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Dec
2017

A one-year prospective study on developmentally normal children between 1-mo to 2-y with seizures was done to study the prevalence of hypocalcemia. The contribution of hypovitaminosis-D to hypocalcemia was also studied. Of 78 infants (51 boys) enrolled, 18 (23.

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Dec
2017

Both hypomagnesemia and hypermagnesemia have been associated with cardiovascular diseases, bone diseases, and mortality in dialysis patients. We aimed to investigate the prevalence of and influencing factors for abnormal serum Mg levels in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD).
A cross-sectional study in Peking University People's Hospital recorded the demographic information, clinical characteristics, and laboratory data.

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Nov
2017

Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP) is an uncommon chronic destructive granulomatous inflammation of the kidney. It was first described in 1916, and is thought to affect 6/1000 cases of pyelonephritis. Its manifestations are varied, and with a limited number of cases in the literature, the optimal diagnosis and management of XGP in the paediatric cohort is still unknown.

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Nov
2017

The frequency of the combination of congenital heart defects (CHD) and connective tissue dysplasia remains poorly understood. And connective tissue dysplasia enhance severity the clinical of CHD. The aim of the study was to conduct a clinical and laboratory analysis of combinations of congenital heart defects and connective tissue dysplasia in children of Semey and to determine the risk for the development of these pathologies.

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Dec
2017

We aimed at summarizing current evidence about mechanisms for potentially harmful effects of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs).
A Pubmed search was performed, and 207 studies concerning the relationship between use of PPIs and cardiovascular diseases, kidney impairment, nutritional disorders, fractures, infections, functional decline, and mortality were selected and reviewed.
PPIs may cause potentially harmful effects by several mechanisms, including endothelial dysfunction, hypomagnesemia, drug interactions, reduced absorption of selected nutrients, increased gastric microbiota and small intestine bacterial overgrowth, reduced immune response, tubular-interstitial inflammation, increased bone turnover, accumulation of amyloid in the brain.

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Dec
1969

The meta-analyses of observational studies (OBS) showed the risk of any fracture and hip fracture slightly increased with proton pump inhibitor (PPI) treatment depending on the dose and regardless of time. This was not observed with histamine-2 receptor antagonists (H2RA). The risk of bacterial overgrowth and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis were increased with PPI therapy, but not with H2RA.

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Dec
1969

Maternal hypercholesterolemia is a risk factor to renal injury in rat pups at adulthood, especially if they feed a cholesterol-enriched diet after weaning. However, the renal function of male pups of dams with hypercholesterolemia (PH) that were fed a regular chow from weaning to adulthood needs investigation, particularly those exposed to an adverse risk such as nicotine.
We evaluated the renal function of PH animals and we compared the data with those found in male pups of control dams (PC) at 3- and 6-month-old by inulin clearance.

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Dec
1969

Hypomagnesemia is a known predisposing condition for the appearance of digitalis toxicity. The detection of a genetic form of Mg urinary wasting with hypomagnesemia being caused by a mutation in the γ subunit (FXYD2) of the Na,K-ATPase, the pharmacological target of Digoxin, prompted us to investigate whether Digoxin administration increases urinary Mg excretion.
Two groups of subjects, with rapid atrial fibrillation, received intravenous Digoxin (n = 9) or verapamil (n = 8), for heart rate control.

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Dec
1969

In a recent issue of Nephron, Abu-Amer et al.[ref 1] reported the presence of hypermagnesuria in patients following acute intravenous administration of digoxin and suggested that the Na+/K+-ATPase γ-subunit, which is the pharmacological target of digoxin, can play a role in this process. Hypermagnesuria induced by digoxin may have important clinical consequences, particularly in the presence of inherited and acquired conditions associated with hypermagnesuria and hypomagnesemia.

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Feb
2018

Hungry bone syndrome is a well-established cause of postoperative hypocalcemia in thyrotoxicosis. To date, the incidence of hungry bone syndrome after total thyroidectomy is unclear. This prospective study examined the incidence of postthyroidectomy hungry bone syndrome and its correlation with preoperative bone mineral density.

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Nov
2017

In humans, germline mutations in Trpm6 cause autosomal dominant hypomagnesemia with secondary hypocalcemia disorder. Loss of Trpm6 in mice also perturbs cellular magnesium homeostasis but additionally results in early embryonic lethality and neural tube closure defects. To define the mechanisms by which TRPM6 influences neural tube closure, we functionally characterized the role of TRPM6 during early embryogenesis in Xenopus laevis.

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Nov
2017

The tight junction proteins claudin-10 and -16 are crucial for the paracellular reabsorption of cations along the thick ascending limb of Henle's loop in the kidney. In patients, mutations in CLDN16 cause familial hypomagnesemia with hypercalciuria and nephrocalcinosis, while mutations in CLDN10 impair kidney function. Mice lacking claudin-16 display magnesium and calcium wasting, whereas absence of claudin-10 results in hypermagnesemia and interstitial nephrocalcinosis.

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Oct
2017

Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are among the most frequently prescribed drugs. Even if PPI are usually considered as safe, there is a growing concern for a range of adverse effects of chronic PPI therapy often in the absence of appropriate indications. We propose, after a summary of renal, cardiovascular and neurological complications (dementia, chronic kidney disease, myocardial infarction and stroke), an integrative overview of the potential biological mechanisms involved.

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Dec
1969

Children with cancer treated with cytotoxic drugs are frequently at risk of developing renal dysfunction. The cytotoxic drugs that are widely used for cancer treatment in children are cisplatin (CPL), ifosfamide (IFO), carboplatin, and methotrexate (MTX). Mechanisms of anticancer drug-induced renal disorders are different and include acute kidney injury (AKI), tubulointerstitial disease, vascular damage, hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), and intrarenal obstruction.

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Oct
2017

There are very few reports on the epidemiology of chronic hypoparathyroidism. A population-based study was undertaken to describe the prevalence and incidence of hypoparathyroidism in Tayside, Scotland. Data on biochemistry, hospital admissions, prescribing, and death records in Tayside, Scotland, from 1988 to 2015 were linked electronically.

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Oct
2017

Magnesium deficiency can cause a variety of symptoms, including potentially life-threatening complications such as seizures, cardiac arrhythmias and secondary electrolyte disturbances. Hypomagnesemia can be a serious adverse effect to proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy, which is worrying due to the widespread use of PPIs. Current evidence suggest that the mechanism of PPI induced hypomagnesemia is impaired intestinal magnesium absorption.

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Oct
2017

Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) is a well-known pathophysiologic feature of chronic renal failure. In recent years, SHPT has become recognized as a complication of the aldosteronism associated with congestive heart failure and where excretory Caand Mgwasting results in plasma-ionized hypocalcemia and hypomagnesemia. Elevations in plasma parathyroid hormone have adverse systemic consequences, including intracellular Caoverloading of myocytes and vascular smooth muscle with the induction of oxidative stress.

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Dec
1969

Unusual Complication of Multidrug Resistant Tuberculosis.

Case Rep Nephrol 2017 18;2017:6835813. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
Prerna Sharma, Ravindra Nath Sahay
Capreomycin is a second-line drug often used for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis which can result in nephrotoxic effects similar to other aminoglycosides. We describe a case of capreomycin induced Bartter-like syndrome with hypocalcemic tetany.
23-year-old female patient presented with carpopedal spasms and tingling sensations in hands.

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Oct
2017

Distal renal tubular acidosis (RTA) manifests either as Complete/Classical form or Incomplete/Latent Form. Distal RTA causes normal anion gap metabolic acidosis and hypokalemia. Interstitial Nephritis is the most frequent renal manifestation of Sjogren's, which presents as Distal RTA in 25-40% of patients with Sjogren's syndrome.

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Oct
2017

Pregnancy is a phenomenon associated with dynamic changes in physical, mental and biochemical status of body and demands increased nutritional intake for developing foetus. The level of various micronutrients which act as co-factors for antioxidant enzymes or it-self as antioxidants gets altered with the progression of pregnancy. The present longitudinal study summarized the trend of selected micronutrients level in anaemic (AP) and non-anaemic primigravida (NAP) supplemented with daily and weekly oral iron folic acid (IFA) tablet during pregnancy and postpartum.

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Sep
2017

Posttransplant hyperglycemia is an important predictor of new-onset diabetes after transplantation, and both are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Precise estimates of posttransplant hyperglycemia and diabetes in children are unknown. Low magnesium and potassium levels may also lead to diabetes after transplantation, with limited evidence in children.

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Dec
1969

Asphyxia is one the most important causes of neonatal mortality and morbidity. It is suggested that magnesium may have a protective role against cellular damage during hypoxic brain insult, or change effect post-asphyxia consequences. Our study was performed for comparison of serum magnesium in neonates with and without asphyxia.

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Sep
2017

Saccharated ferric oxide has been shown to lead to elevation of fibroblast growth factor 23, hypophosphatemia, and, consequently, osteomalacia. Moreover, mineral imbalance is often observed in patients with short-bowel syndrome to some degree.
A 62-year-old woman with short-bowel syndrome related with multiple resections of small intestines due to Crohn disease received regular intravenous administration of saccharated ferric oxide.

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Jan
2017

In this case report, we describe a patient who remains in complete remission two years after the discontinuation of anti-EGFR monotherapy as a third-line treatment, accompanied by persistent severe hypomagnesemia. A 45-year-old Caucasian woman with mCRC started chemotherapy with weekly cetuximab. After ten months of treatment, the therapy was stopped because the patient had persistent grade III hypomagnesemia despite amiloride, oral, and intravenous magnesium.

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Dec
1969

Magnesium (Mg) is an essential mineral required to regulate body temperature, nucleic acid, and protein synthesis with an important role in maintaining nerve and muscle cell electrical potentials. It may reduce fetal growth restriction and preeclampsia as well as increase birth weight. This study aimed to assess the effects of consuming Mg supplementation during pregnancy on pregnancy outcomes.

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Jun
2017

Hypertension is a common cardiovascular risk factor leading to heart failure (HF), coronary artery disease, stroke, peripheral artery disease and chronic renal insufficiency. Hypertensive heart disease can manifest as many cardiac arrhythmias, most commonly being atrial fibrillation (AF). Both supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias may occur in hypertensive patients, especially in those with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) or HF.

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Sep
2017

Gitelman syndrome (GS) is an autosomal recessive, salt-losing tubulopathy caused by inactivating mutations in the123 gene that encodes the thiazide-sensitive sodium-chloride cotransporter (NCC). GS is characterized by hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis, hypomagnesemia and hypocalciuria. GS is one of the most common inherited renal tubulopathy with a prevalence estimated at about one to ten per 40 000 people.

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Aug
2017

BACKGROUND Hypomagnesemia is associated with a disturbed glucose metabolism. Insulin hypo-secretion predicts diabetes in the general population and in transplant recipients. We aimed to assess whether magnesium improves insulin secretion and glycemic control after transplantation in prevalent hypomagnesemic kidney transplant recipients.

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Nov
2017

Gitelman syndrome (GS) is an autosomal recessive, salt-losing renal tubulopathy caused by mutations in the SLC12A3 gene; however, it can also be acquired in patients with autoimmune disease, especially in those with Sjögren's syndrome. Differentiating between the inherited and acquired forms of GS is clinically difficult. We report a case of inherited, not acquired, GS in a patient with Sjögren's syndrome.

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Aug
2017

Magnesium (Mg) is an essential cation implicated in carcinogenesis, solid tumor progression and metastatic potential. The Transient Receptor Potential Melastatin Member 7 (TRPM7) is a divalent ion channel involved in cellular and systemic Mghomeostasis. Abnormal expression of TRPM7 is found in numerous cancers, including colon, implicating TRPM7 in this process.

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Aug
2017

Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are widely prescribed to treat a number of gastrointestinal (GI) disorders due to excessive acid production. While effective and safe, adverse renal effects have been increasingly described in epidemiological literature. The most well-documented adverse renal outcome is acute interstitial nephritis; however, association with overall acute kidney injury has also been recently reported.

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