Helping You Find Full Text Journal Articles

Search Results:

'Immunoglobulin D Deficiency' (234)


Jan
2018

Innate immune cells can develop long-term memory after stimulation by microbial products during infections or vaccinations. Here, we report that metabolic signals can induce trained immunity. Pharmacological and genetic experiments reveal that activation of the cholesterol synthesis pathway, but not the synthesis of cholesterol itself, is essential for training of myeloid cells.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
1969

B cells play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases, such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, the relevance of the metabolic pathway in the differentiation of human B cell subsets remains unknown. In this article, we show that the combination of CpG/TLR9 and IFN-α markedly induced the differentiation of CD27IgDunswitched memory B cells into CD27CD38plasmablasts.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
1969

We experienced a 6-year-old girl diagnosed with mevalonate kinase deficiency (MKD) who had cholestasis, anemia, and elevated inflammatory markers in neonatal period. She was admitted to our hospital because of fever and elevated inflammatory markers at 5 years 11months of age. Without using antibiotics, the fever and the inflammatory markers were spontaneously resolved.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
1969

To report the clinical and molecular genetic findings in two brothers with retinitis pigmentosa (RP) and mevalonate kinase deficiency (MKD).
The brothers were examined clinically and with fundus autofluorescence, near-infrared autofluorescence, and spectral domain optical coherence tomography. Targeted resequencing was done with a custom designed gene panel containing 78 genes associated with RP.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
1969

Plasmalemma vesicle-associated protein (Plvap) is an endothelial protein with roles in endothelial diaphragm formation and maintenance of basal vascular permeability. At the same time, Plvap has roles in immunity by facilitating leukocyte diapedesis at inflammatory sites and controlling peripheral lymph node morphogenesis and the entry of soluble Ags into lymph node conduits. Based on its postulated role in diapedesis, we have investigated the role of Plvap in hematopoiesis and show that deletion of Plvap results in a dramatic decrease of IgMIgDB cells in both the spleen and the peritoneal cavity.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
1969

We have developed a specific Haemophilus influenzae quantitative PCR (qPCR) that also identifies fucose-negative and protein D-negative strains. Analysis of 100 H. influenzae isolates, 28 Haemophilus haemolyticus isolates, and 14 other bacterial species revealed 100% sensitivity (95% confidence interval [CI], 96% to 100%) and 100% specificity (95% CI, 92% to 100%) for this assay.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Oct
2015

Regulation of neutrophil activity is critical for immune evasion among extracellular pathogens, yet the mechanisms by which many bacteria disrupt phagocyte function remain unclear. Here, we have shown that the respiratory pathogen Streptococcus pneumoniae disables neutrophils by exploiting molecular mimicry to degrade platelet-activating factor (PAF), a host-derived inflammatory phospholipid. Using mass spectrometry and murine upper airway infection models, we demonstrated that phosphorylcholine (ChoP) moieties that are shared by PAF and the bacterial cell wall allow S.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Nov
2015

Mevalonate kinase (MVK) catalyses the phosphorylation of mevalonate. Deficiency of MVK is associated with two rare periodic fever syndromes, mevalonic aciduria (MA), a severe form and hyper-immunoglobulin-D syndrome (HIDS), a milder form. An in silico approach was used to analyse the physicochemical and structural effects of 47 disease-associated variants of MVK.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jul
2015

Mevalonate kinase deficiency (MKD) is an autosomic recessive auto-inflammatory disease caused by mutations of the MVK gene. MKD being a very rare disease, numerous misdiagnoses and medical referrals may precede the right diagnosis, amplifying the burden of the disease.
To evaluate the patient's medical referrals between the first symptom and the diagnosis of MKD and the diagnosis delay.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Mar
2015

We performed molecular modeling analysis onto a novel mutation in the gene MVK, described by Santos et al., found to be causative of a severe form of Hyper-IgD/Mevalonate Kinase Deficiency. The mutation p.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Mar
2015

Mevalonate kinase deficiency (MKD) is a rare autosomal recessive autoinflammatory metabolic disease that is caused by mutations in the MVK gene. Patients with MKD typically have an early onset in infancy. MKD is characterized by recurrent episodes of high fever, abdominal distress, diffuse joint pain, and skin rashes.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jan
2015

Endobronchial infections related to non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) are common in children and adults with suppurative airway disease such as bronchiectasis and COPD. Impaired cell mediated immune responses to NTHi have been described in these patients. Currently there are no interventions known to correct the deficiency in cell mediated immune responses to NTHi.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Nov
2014

Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is the most frequent form of primary symptomatic hypogammaglobulinemia. CVID patients display a number of abnormalities in lymphocyte subpopulations including chronic T-cell activation and decreased numbers of circulating CD4(+) T cells and NK cells. We and others have recently shown that CVID is associated with increased concentration of soluble CD14 (sCD14) and other factors indicating limited microbial translocation.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Sep
2014

Coordination of V rearrangements between loci on homologous chromosomes is critical for Ig and TCR allelic exclusion. The Ataxia Telangietasia mutated (ATM) protein kinase promotes DNA repair and activates checkpoints to suppress aberrant Ig and TCR rearrangements. In response to RAG cleavage of Igκ loci, ATM inhibits RAG expression and suppresses further Vκ-to-Jκ rearrangements to enforce Igκ allelic exclusion.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Sep
2014

The protein Zfp318 is expressed during the transition of naive B cells from an immature to mature state. To evaluate its role in mature B cell functions, a conditional gene deficiency in Zfp318 was created and deleted in bone marrow lineages via Vav-Cre. B cell development was minimally altered in the absence of the protein, although transitional 2 (T2) B cell populations were depressed in the absence of Zfp318.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Aug
2014

B cell memory to T cell-dependent (TD) Ags are considered to largely reside in class-switched CD27(+) cells. However, we previously observed that anti-RhD (D) Igs cloned from two donors, hyperimmunized with D(+) erythrocytes, were predominantly of the IgM isotype. We therefore analyzed in this study the phenotype and frequency of D- and tetanus toxoid-specific B cells by culturing B cells in limiting dilution upon irradiated CD40L-expressing EL4.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jan
2015

Plasma cell leukemia (PCL) is an uncommon and aggressive disease caused by the clonal proliferation of atypical plasma cells with phenotypical abnormalities similar to those seen in multiple myeloma (MM), although at different rates. Here, we report a case of IgD PCL with a very unusual CD138-/CD19+/CD4+ phenotype.
Peripheral blood and bone marrow samples from a 37-year-old patient afflicted by an aggressive plasma cell dyscrasia were examined and analyzed by conventional morphology, flow cytometry, and immunohistochemistry.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jun
2014

Hyperimmunoglobulinemia D and periodic fever syndrome (HIDS; MIM# 260920) is a rare recessively-inherited autoinflammatory condition caused by mutations in the MVK gene, which encodes for mevalonate kinase, an essential enzyme in the isoprenoid pathway. HIDS is clinically characterized by recurrent episodes of fever and inflammation. Here we report on the case of a 2 year-old Portuguese boy with recurrent episodes of fever, malaise, massive cervical lymphadenopathy and hepatosplenomegaly since the age of 12 months.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jan
2014

A 15-month-old boy, born to Iranian consanguineous parents presented with intermittent neutropenia interspersed with episodes of fever and leukocytosis since early infancy. No ELA2 mutations were found and the bone marrow study was normal. At age 4 years he progressed to more typical attacks of periodic attacks of fever, abdominal pain, oral aphthous ulcers, cutaneous rash and leukocytosis.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2014

IgD has been found in almost all jawed vertebrates, including cartilaginous and teleost fish. However, IgD is missing in acipenseriformes, a branch that is evolutionarily positioned between elasmobranchs and teleost fish. Here, by analyzing transcriptome data, we identified a transcriptionally active IgD-encoding gene in the Siberian sturgeon (Acipenser baerii).

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2014

Mevalonate kinase deficiency nomenclature.

Rheumatol Int 2014 Feb 7;34(2):295-6. Epub 2013 Aug 7.
Monique Stoffels, Jos W M van der Meer, Anna Simon

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
1969

The pathogenesis of some primary humoral immunodeficiencies, such as transient hypogammaglobulinemia of infancy (THI) and immunoglobulin (Ig) A deficiency, remains unknown and can render diagnosis problematic.
In the present study, we used flow cytometry to analyze peripheral blood B-cell subsets in patients with THI and unclassified hypogammaglobulinemia (UCH), partial IgA deficiency, and selective IgM deficiency.
The study population comprised 41 patients with hypogammaglobulinemia (THI, 18; UCH, 23), 16 patients with partial IgA deficiency, and 16 patients with selective IgM deficiency who were admitted to Ankara University Department of Pediatric Immunology-Allergy between January 2010 and April 2011, as well as 29 healthy controls.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Nov
2013

Birds have a smaller repertoire of immune genes than mammals. In our efforts to study antiviral responses to influenza in avian hosts, we have noted key genes that appear to be missing. As a result, we speculate that birds have impaired detection of viruses and intracellular pathogens.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2013

Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by recurrent episodes of fever accompanied by peritonitis, pleuritis, arthritis, or erysipelas-like erythema. It is known to occur mainly among Mediterranean and Middle Eastern populations such as non-Ashkenazi Jews, Arabs, Turks, and Armenians. FMF is not familiar to clinicians beyond this area and diagnosing FMF can be challenging.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Mar
2013

To examine essential fatty acids (EFAs) in hyper-IgD syndrome (HIDS) and Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF).
EFAs were determined in sera derived from an archival, cross-sectional group of HIDS/FMF patients, stratified for presence and absence of fever. Control populations included healthy afebrile adults, and individuals with non-periodic fever (septic shock).

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jan
2013

Druggable proteins required for B lymphocyte survival and immune responses are an emerging source of new treatments for autoimmunity and lymphoid malignancy. In this study, we show that mice with an inactivating mutation in the intramembrane protease signal peptide peptidase-like 2A (SPPL2A) unexpectedly exhibit profound humoral immunodeficiency and lack mature B cell subsets, mirroring deficiency of the cytokine B cell-activating factor (BAFF). Accumulation of Sppl2a-deficient B cells was rescued by overexpression of the BAFF-induced survival protein B cell lymphoma 2 (BCL2) but not BAFF and was distinguished by low surface BAFF receptor and IgM and IgD B cell receptors.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
2013

In selected cases, childhood's recurrent fevers of unknown origin can be referred to systemic autoinflammatory diseases as mevalonate kinase deficiency (MKD), caused by mutations in the mevalonate kinase gene (MVK), previously named "hyper-IgD syndrome" due to its characteristic increase in serum IgD level. There is no clear evidence for studying MVK genotype in these patients. From a cohort of 305 children evaluated for recurrent fevers in our outpatient clinic during the decade 2001-2011, we have retrospectively selected 10 unrelated Italian children displaying febrile episodes, associated with recurrent inflammatory signs (variably involving gastrointestinal tube, joints, lymph nodes, and skin) and persistently increased serum IgD levels.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Sep
2011

The hyper-IgD and periodic fever syndrome (HIDS) is one of the classical monogenetic hereditary autoinflammatory disorders, and together with the more severe mevalonic aciduria it is also known as 'mevalonate kinase deficiency' (MKD). In this study, we will give an overview of the primary research on mevalonate kinase deficiency published in the past 2 years.
Besides an inventory of a number of recent case reports, literature review shows there are several interesting developments in the basic field of research.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Sep
2011

A tired 32-year-old woman complaining of tiredness was referred for work-up of a possible immune deficiency. She had a history of recurrent infections since birth, which usually responded to antibiotics within a few days. Her mother, a nurse, had reported that early charts had disappeared.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jan
2012

We sought to determine the activation status and proliferative capacities of splenic lymphocyte populations from a mevalonate kinase-deficient mouse model of hyper-IgD syndrome (HIDS). We previously reported that murine mevalonate kinase gene ablation was embryonic lethal for homozygous mutants while heterozygotes (Mvk (+/-)) demonstrated several phenotypic features of human HIDS including increased serum levels of IgD, IgA, and TNFα, temperature dysregulation, hematological abnormalities, and splenomegaly.
Flow cytometric analysis of cell surface activation markers on T and B lymphocytes, and macrophage populations, demonstrated aberrant expression of B7 glycoproteins in all splenic cell types studied.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

May
2011

Immunoglobulin (Ig)D is the major antigen receptor isotype co-expressed with IgM on the surface of most peripheral B cells in mice and humans. However, the biological role of IgD as B cell receptor (BCR) has remained unclear. Previous studies have indicated that IgD may play a role in B cell tolerance.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
1969

The periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and cervical adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome appears to be more common than generally appreciated and should be differentiated from hereditary periodic fever syndromes, particularly from mevalonate kinase deficiency (MKD).
14 unrelated patients (7 males, 7 females) met clinical criteria for both the PFAPA syndrome and MKD. Immunoglobulin D (IgD) levels, mevalonic aciduria and mevalonate kinase (MVK) genotype was determined in all patients.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jun
2010


View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jan
2011

Hyperimmunoglobulinemia D syndrome (HIDS) is a rare, autosomal recessively inherited autoinflammatory disease caused by mutations in the mevalonate kinase gene. HIDS usually starts in infancy with recurrent fever episodes lasting 3-7 days and recurring every 4-6 weeks, with only partial symptom decrease in adulthood. Fever is typically accompanied by abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhoea and cervical lymphadenopathy, and sometimes by skin and joint symptoms.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Mar
2010

We describe and characterize a stromal cell independent culture system that efficiently supports pro-B cell to IgM+ B cell development with near normal levels of IgH and Igkappa diversity. Pro-B cells present in non-adherent bone marrow cells proliferate in the presence of IL-7 and subsequent to the removal of IL-7 and addition of BAFF, differentiate normally into IgM+ B cells. B cell development in vitro closely follows the patterns of development in vivo with culture-derived (CD) B cells demonstrating characteristic patterns of surface antigen expression and gene activation.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jan
2010

CD20 was the first B cell differentiation antigen identified, and CD20-specific mAbs are commonly used for the treatment of B cell malignancies and autoantibody-mediated autoimmune diseases. Despite this the role of CD20 in human B cell physiology has remained elusive. We describe here a juvenile patient with CD20 deficiency due to a homozygous mutation in a splice junction of the CD20 gene (also known as MS4A1) that results in "cryptic" splicing and nonfunctional mRNA species.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jan
2010

We developed a genetic investigation using denaturing high performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC), in order to identify polymorphisms of the gene MVK in patients with autoinflammatory syndrome suspicion.
We evaluated 19 patients affected by recurrent fevers and other clinical manifestations usually found in autoinflammatory syndromes and not correlated with infections or autoimmune disease and 10 healthy controls. IgD level was measured in all patients.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Aug
2009

Immunoglobulin D (IgD) is an enigmatic antibody isotype that mature B cells express together with IgM through alternative RNA splicing. Here we report active T cell-dependent and T cell-independent IgM-to-IgD class switching in B cells of the human upper respiratory mucosa. This process required activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) and generated local and circulating IgD-producing plasmablasts reactive to respiratory bacteria.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
2009

In order to determine the glycosylation pattern for IgD, and to examine whether there are changes in the pattern of IgD and IgA1 O-glycosylation in patients with hyperimmunoglobulinaemia D and periodic fever syndrome (HIDS) during acute febrile attacks and during periods of quiescence, serum was obtained from 20 patients with HIDS and 20 control subjects. In the HIDS group, serum was obtained either during an acute febrile episode (n = 9) or during a period of quiescence (n = 11). The O-glycosylation profiles of native and desialylated IgA1 and IgD were measured in an ELISA-type system using the lectins Helix aspersa and peanut agglutinin, which bind to alternative forms of O-glycan moieties.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jun
2009

The proteins composed of short polypeptides (about 70 amino acid residues) participating in large complexes (ribosome) and proteins interacting with DNA/RNA were taken for analysis and classified according to the hydrophobicity excess/deficiency distribution as a measure of structural and functional specificity and similarity. The characterization of this group of proteins is the introductory part to the analysis of the so called "Never Born Proteins" (NBP) in search for protein compounds exhibiting biological activity that may be valuable in pharmacological research. The entropy scale (classification between random and deterministic limits) organized in ranking list allows the comparative analysis of the proteins under consideration.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Apr
2009

This unit describes an ELISA for the quantitative measurement of IgD levels in human serum. The ELISA is highly specific and sensitive, with a minimum detectable concentration of 30 pg/ml and more than 10,000-fold specificity for IgD over all other human immunoglobulins. Linear dilution characteristics enable measurement of IgD concentrations ranging over 5 orders of magnitude.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

May
2009

After adolescence, the incidence of meningococcal disease decreases with age as a result of the cumulative immunizing effect of repeated nasopharyngeal colonization. Nevertheless, some adults succumb to meningococcal disease, so we hypothesized that this is due to a subtle functional immunological defect. Peripheral blood lymphocytes derived from survivors of serogroup C meningococcal disease and from age- and sex-matched controls were incubated with a polyclonal B-cell activator containing anti-immunoglobulin D (alpha-delta-dex) employed to mimic antigen-specific stimuli encountered during immune responses to bacterial polysaccharides, with and without T-cell activation (using anti-CD3/anti-CD28).

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Nov
2008

Infections with helminth parasites are associated with an IgE isotype switch and high serum IgE concentrations. IgE is rapidly bound by the high affinity IgE receptor (Fc epsilonRI), thereby sensitizing Fc epsilonRI-bearing basophils and mast cells for IgE-inducible effector functions such as IL-4 production. The development of Ab-secreting B cells is dependent on IgM and consequently, muMT mice, which lack surface IgM, are considered devoid of Abs.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jul
2009

We report on two brothers with hyperimmunoglobulinemia D (patient 1: serum immunoglobulin D [IgD] concentration initially 61 IU/ml, later on 340 IU/ml; patient 2: serum IgD concentration 144 IU/ml; normal <100 IU/ml, 97th centile) and periodic fever syndrome (HIDS). Both are compound heterozygous for the mevalonate kinase (MVK) mutations V377I and I268T. They developed significant B cell cytopenia (7%, 129/microl and 11%, 132/microl, respectively; normal ranges 12-22%, 300-500/microl) with hypogammaglobulinemia (IgG 5.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Aug
2008

Contact sensitivity (CS) is related to delayed-type hypersensitivity and is a well-characterized prototype of T cell-mediated inflammation. However, the inflammatory response associated with CS is additionally dependent on Ag-specific IgM produced by a subpopulation of B cells in response to sensitization. Upon re-exposure to hapten, this IgM mediates rapid vascular activation and subsequent recruitment of proinflammatory T cells to the local site.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Nov
2007

In the current study our objective was to develop a murine model of human hyper-IgD syndrome (HIDS) and severe mevalonic aciduria (MA), autoinflammatory disorders associated with mevalonate kinase deficiency (MKD). Deletion of one Mvk allele (Mvk (+/-)) yielded viable mice with significantly reduced liver Mvk enzyme activity; multiple matings failed to produce Mvk (-/-) mice. Cholesterol levels in tissues and blood, and isoprene end-products (ubiquinone, dolichol) in tissues were normal in Mvk (+/-) mice; conversely, mevalonate concentrations were increased in spleen, heart, and kidney yet normal in brain and liver.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Back to top