Helping You Find Full Text Journal Articles

Search Results:

'Libman-Sacks Endocarditis' (66604)


Feb
2018

To translate and validate the Brazilian Portuguese version of the Transition Readiness Assessment Questionnaire in a population of adolescents and young adults with chronic rheumatologic disorders. This questionnaire evaluates the patient's readiness for making the transition from the pediatric health service to adult care.
The four-phase methodology for the translation and validation of generic questionnaires was followed, including translation, back-translation, pilot testing and clinical validation of the final tool.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2018

Btk is a non-receptor cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase involved in B-cell and myeloid cell activation, downstream of B-cell and Fcγ receptors, respectively. Pre-clinical studies have indicated that inhibition of Btk activity might offer a potential therapy in autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. Here we disclose the discovery and pre-clinical characterization of a potent, selective, and non-covalent Btk inhibitor currently in clinical development.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Mar
2018

Previous findings have identified that tumor necrosis factor-related weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) is associated with lupus nephritis (LN) activity status; however, the mechanism involved remains unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the roles of TWEAK and the nuclear factor (NF)-κB signaling pathway in LN. TWEAK levels in the blood and urine of patients with LN or non-LN systemic lupus erythematosus were measured by ELISA and compared with those in healthy controls.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Mar
2018

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multi-organ autoimmune disease in which tissue damage is caused by autoantibodies. The induction of specific immune tolerance, including the utilization of immune regulatory cells, may enhance the therapeutic effects of organ transplantation in patients with SLE. Furthermore, inhibiting immune responses has been reported to be an effective treatment for SLE.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Mar
2018

Lupus nephritis (LN) is one of the most common and severe manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus, leading to permanent renal damage and chronic kidney disease. Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) serves a protective role against lupus-associated clinical manifestations and medical complications; however, it results in numerous adverse reactions, limiting its long-term use. The aim of the present study was to investigate the combined effect of HCQ and artemisinin (ART) on LN, and to elucidate the underlying mechanisms.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2018

The aims of this study in SLE population were 1) to describe ultrasonography (US) joint abnormalities, 2) to estimate the reliability of clinical swollen joint count (C-SJC) and SLEDAI (C-SLEDAI) versus US-SJC and US-SLEDAI scores, 3) to highlight specific patterns of lupus patients with Power Doppler (PD) abnormalities.
For this cross-sectional multicenter study, 151 consecutive adult SLE patients were recruited. Evaluation included a clinical standardized joint assessment, B-mode and PD US of 40 joints and 26 tendons blinded for clinical examination.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2018

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small RNA molecules with regulatory functions on the expression of genes through binding directly to target messenger RNA (mRNA) transcripts, eventuating in gene expression suppression via translational hindrance and/or target mRNA cleavage. These molecules have been established to participate in numerous critical cellular settings, including differentiation, development, and function of immune cells. As an important suppressor cell of immune system, regulatory T cells (Tregs) are important in modulating the immune homeostasis as well as tolerance to self-antigens.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2018

Nucleic acid (NA)-sensing Toll-like receptors (TLRs) respond to DNA/RNA derived from pathogens and dead cells. Structural studies have revealed a variety of molecular mechanisms by which TLRs sense NAs. Double-stranded RNA and single-stranded DNA directly bind to TLR3 and TLR9, respectively, whereas TLR7 and 8 bind to nucleosides and oligoribonucleotides derived from RNAs.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Nov
2017

Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune disease characterized by antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) associated with thrombosis and/or pregnancy morbidity. Most APS events are directly related to thrombotic events, which may affect small, medium or large vessels. Other clinical features like thrombocytopenia, nephropathy, cardiac valve disease, cognitive dysfunction and skin ulcers (called non-criteria manifestations) add significant morbidity to this syndrome and represent clinical situations that are challenging.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jan
2018

Background Macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) is an uncommon but serious complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We aimed to identify factors associated with MAS among adult hospitalized SLE patients. Methods Within the Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) Lupus Center Registry, we identified adult SLE patients > age 17 who had been hospitalized from 1970 to 2016, with either ferritin > 5000 ng/ml during admission or "macrophage activation syndrome" or "MAS" in discharge summary.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jan
2018

Objective Visceral adipose tissue (VAT) correlates with cardiovascular risk factors and has never been assessed in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Our aim was to evaluate VAT in premenopausal SLE patients. Methods Sixty-three premenopausal SLE patients and 186 age-matched healthy women were included.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jan
2018

Reliable markers for the rapid discrimination of severe renal damage remain a vital concern for lupus nephritis (LN). To determine a better tool for kidney damage detection, the present study compared the evaluation ability of novel urinary cytokines and chemokines (namely urinary monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (uMCP-1), tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis (uTWEAK)) with traditional serum or urinary markers (namely urinary alpha 1-microgrobulin (uα1-MG), beta 2-microglobulin (uβ2-MG) and serum complement C3 (C3), complement C4 (C4), creatinine (Cr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and cystatin C (Cys C)) in discriminating LN renal damage. Correlations between markers with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI) renal SLEDAI scores, biopsy activity index (BAI) and biopsy chronicity index (BCI) scores were evaluated.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jan
2018

Background The Multidimensional Health Assessment Questionnaire (MDHAQ) is a patient-reported outcome (PRO) tool that includes the Routine Assessment of Patient Index Data 3 (RAPID3), an index that can be calculated at the point of care. The objective of this study was to perform psychometric analyses of MDHAQ/RAPID3 to study its measurement properties in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods The MDHAQ was completed by 161 SLE patients in routine care, along with LupusPRO (a disease-specific PRO).

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2018

Cyclophosphamide (CYC) has been the backbone immunosuppressive drug to achieve sustained remission in lupus nephritis (LN). The aim was to evaluate the efficacy and compare adverse effects of low and high dose intravenous CYC therapy in Indian patients with proliferative lupus nephritis. An open-label, parallel group, randomized controlled trial involving 75 patients with class III/IV LN was conducted after obtaining informed consent.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
1969

The aim of the study was to find structural brain changes in systemic lupus erythematosus patients without major neuropsychiatric manifestations [non-neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (non-NPSLE)] using quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and possible associations with clinical characteristics. 89 non-NPSLE patients with normal conventional MRI and 84 healthy controls (HCs) were recruited. The whole brain gray matter volume (GMV) and white matter volume (WMV) were calculated for each individual.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2018

To investigate the renal protective effects of early renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) blockade with renin-angiotensin system inhibitors (RASI) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients with antiphospholipid-associated nephropathy (aPLN).
Medical data of 57 SLE patients with biopsy-proven aPLN were analyzed. Early RAAS blockade was defined as administration of RASI within 3 months after kidney biopsy and continued for ≥ 12 months.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jan
2018

Standard induction therapy for lupus nephritis (LN) with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) or cyclophosphamide (CYC) is often ineffective. Evidence on rescue induction regimens is scarce. We analyzed efficacy and tolerability of multitarget immunosuppression with MMF and cyclosporine A (CsA) as induction treatment for LN (class III/IV/V) refractory to CYC and/or MMF.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jan
2018

Objectives Outcomes of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have significantly improved over the years. However, when there is major organ involvement, the outcomes can still be unfavorable. Outcomes of multitarget therapy using mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and tacrolimus in patients with SLE who were refractory to standard therapy were assessed.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2018

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a major cause of nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis (NBTE) associated with intracardiac sterile vegetations. It is rare for vegetations to present as an atrial tumor. This report describes a 48-year-old female with SLE and antiphospholipid syndrome complicated by recurrent thrombosis on anticoagulation.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Mar
2018

The spleen has been one of the least understood major organs for centuries. Its significance is relatively well-known today but it seems that all aspects of its activities are not fully understood. Persian medicine (PM) has special views on the function of spleen; many side effects were reported in PM due to spleen dysfunction.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2018

Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) is a rare primary immunodeficiency caused by mutations in WASp, a key regulator of cytoskeletal dynamics in hematopoietic cells. A high proportion of patients develop autoimmunity due to a breakdown in T and B cell tolerance. Moreover, excessive production of type-I interferon by plasmacytoid DCs contribute to autoimmune signs, however, the factors that triggers excessive innate activation have not been defined.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Nov
2017

Neutrophilic urticarial dermatosis (NUD) is a useful diagnostic term for urticarial lesions that are less pruritic and more painful than conventional urticaria. The histopathologic features include neutrophilic infiltrates in the interstitial dermis with a higher density than idiopathic urticaria. NUD has been associated with several systemic conditions, which are predominantly autoimmune and autoinflammatory in nature.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2018

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in adults with systemic autoimmune rheumatic diseases (ARDs). The aim of this study was to determine whether adults with ARDs and PAH on right-sided heart catheterization (ARD-PAH) have increased mortality following lung transplantation compared with those with PAH not due to an ARD.
We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 93 adults with ARD-PAH and 222 adults with PAH who underwent lung transplantation in the USA between 4 May 2005 and 9 March 2015 using data from the United Network for Organ Sharing.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2018

Lupus nephritis (LN) is one of the most common and severe complications in Systemic lupus erythematosus patients, and the mechanism underlining the pathogenesis of LN is still unknown. Autophagy plays vital roles in maintaining cell homeostasis and is involved in the pathogenesis of many diseases. In this study, we investigated the role of autophagy in the progression of LN.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2018

Guidelines or recommendations help to provide uniform standards in medical practice. The development of guidelines requires adherence to pre-defined norms prescribed by different international organizations such as the European League against Rheumatism (EULAR). We searched Pubmed and LILACS to identify published papers in five major rheumatic diseases (rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, spondyloarthropathies, osteoarthritis, and scleroderma) from different countries based on their economic prosperity and could find a lack of published literature from most economically weaker regions.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
1969

Curcumin contained inis an immunomodulator that has similar biological effect as vitamin D. Combination of curcumin and vitamin Dis expected to work synergistically.
To determine the effect ofsupplementation on vitamin Dadministration to SLEDAI, IL-6, and TGF-1 serum in SLE patients with hypovitamin D.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jan
2018

"Polyamine patterns in plasma of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and fever" by Kim et al. provides insight into possible involvement of polyamines in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The authors report decreases in N1-acetylspermidine, spermidine, spermine, and N1-acetylcadaverine and increased cadaverine in SLE.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2018

To evaluate olfactory function in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), systemic sclerosis (SSc) and healthy controls over a 2-year period, and to determine the association of olfactory dysfunction with age, disease activity, disease damage, treatment, anxiety and depression symptoms and limbic structures volumes.
Consecutive SLE and SSc patients were enrolled in this study. Clinical, laboratory disease activity and damage were assessed according to diseases specific guidelines.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2018

Haemolytic-uremic syndrome is a rare but serious complication of bacterial and viral infections, which is characterized by the triad of: acute renal failure, microangiopathic haemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia, sometimes severe, requiring peritoneal dialysis. In Europe, hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) in paediatric pathology is primarily caused by Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157, followed by O26. Beside these etiologies, there are other bacterial and viral infections, and also noninfectious ones that have been associated to lead to HUS as well: in the progression of neoplasia, medication-related, post-transplantation, during pregnancy or associated with the antiphospholipid syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus or family causes with autosomal dominant or recessive inheritance.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2018

Eosinophils were reported to serve as an essential component of the plasma cell niche within the bone marrow. As the potential contribution of eosinophils to humoral immunity has remained incompletely understood, we aimed to further characterize their role during antibody responses and to additionally investigate their role in autoimmune disease. Contrary to our expectations and the currently prevailing paradigm, we found that eosinophils are fully dispensable for the survival of murine bone marrow plasma cells and accordingly do not contribute to antibody production and autoantibody-mediated disease.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Aug
2017

Lupus nephritis is a frequent and serious complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Therefore, better understanding regarding the underlying mechanism of renal tubular injury induced by SLE, is beneficial to develop different therapeutic strategies for lupus nephritis. The study aimed to investigate the role of miR-130a against lipopolysaccharide-induced glomerular cell injury.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jan
2017

Azathioprine (AZA) is increasingly being prescribed to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Following oral administration, AZA is converted into its active form. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients with low thiopurine (S)-methyltransferase (TPMT) activity tend to respond well to AZA therapy.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
1969

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) disease has been shown to be associated with the generation of multiple auto-antibodies. Among these, anti-dsDNA antibodies (anti-DNAs) are specific and play a pathogenic role in SLE. Indeed, anti-DNASLE patients display a worse disease course.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
1969

Lupus nephritis is one of most severe complications of systemic erythematosus lupus and current approaches are not curative for lupus nephritis. Although CD4Foxp3regulatory T cells (Treg) are crucial for prevention of autoimmunity, the therapeutic effect of these cells on lupus nephritis is not satisfactory. We previously reported that CD8CD103Treg inducedwith TGF-β1 and IL-2 (CD8CD103iTreg), regardless of Foxp3 expression, displayed potent immunosuppressive effect on Th cell response and had therapeutic effect on Th cell-mediated colitis.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2018

Identifying new markers of disease flares in lupus nephritis (LN) that facilitate patient stratification and prognosis is important. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze whether urinary SIRT1 expression was altered in LN and whether SIRT1 values in urine could be valuable biomarker of disease activity. In a cohort study, urinary pellets from 40 patients diagnosed with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) were analyzed.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Mar
2018

Correction:.

Ann Rheum Dis 2018 Mar;77(3):472

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2018

The expression of antinuclear antibodies (ANA) is considered almost constant in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), although recent experience has suggested that many subjects with SLE considered for clinical trials are ANA negative at screening. The objective of this study is to determine whether assay variation can influence ANA detection in patients with established SLE.
Sera from 103 patients with established SLE were tested using three different immunofluorescence assays (IFA) for ANA determination.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2018

This systematic review was aimed at analysing the existing scientific evidence regarding the effects of physical exercise on the symptomatology, disease activity, and fitness level in a population with systemic lupus erythematosus. Following the PRISMA checklist, a search was carried out on PubMed, PEDro, and Sportdiscus databases. The PEDro and MINORS checklists were used in order to identify the methodological quality of the studies selected.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2018

To determine the prevalence of fatigue in our cohort as well as the factors to which it is associated, its relationship with demographic variables, vitamin D levels, treatment, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) symptoms and disease activity.
A cross-sectional study was carried out including 102 consecutive female patients with SLE (American College of Rheumatology 1997 criteria) who attended the Parc de Salut Mar between January 2012 and May 2014. Variables collected were: sociodemographic data, vitamin D supplementation, fatigue VAS, pharmacological treatment, main serological markers of SLE, and plasma levels of 25(OH)-vitD.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jan
2018

The aim of this case-control study was to investigate the association of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) Class II alleles with the susceptibility and phenotypic heterogeneity in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in South Indian patients. A total of 439 individuals (212 SLE cases and 227 age- and ethnicity-matched controls) were included in the study. The genotyping of HLA-DRβ1 and - DQβ1 was conducted by the PCR-SSP method.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2018

Idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) has been linked to the lectin pathway, IgG4 and genetic susceptibility. We investigated the frequency of mannose-binding lectin2 (MBL2) gene polymorphisms and the serum ratio of IgG4 in patients with membranous nephropathy (MN).
Polymorphisms in the exon 1 of the MBL2 gene (codons 52, 54, and 57) and single base polymorphisms at positions -550 (HL) and -221 (XY) in the promoter region were evaluated in 60 patients compared to a control group (CG) of 101 blood donors.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2018

The autoimmune ecology refers to the interactions between individuals and their environment leading to a breakdown in immune tolerance and, therefore, to the development of one or more autoimmune diseases in such an individual. Herein, an update is offered on four specific factors associated with autoimmune diseases, namely, vitamin D, smoking, alcohol and coffee consumption from the perspective of exposome and metabolomics.
Smoking is associated with an increased risk for most of the autoimmune diseases.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2018

Tuberculosis (TB) is a millenarian chronic infection and, yet, remains a major global health problem. The interaction between systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and TB is complex, as one seems to be a risk factor for the development of the other. SLE patients are more likely to develop TB, that is more frequently extrapulmonary, with more extensive pulmonary involvement, and with a higher relapse rate.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2018

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune condition with heterogeneous presentation and complex aetiology where DNA methylation changes are emerging as a contributing factor. In order to discover novel epigenetic associations and investigate their relationship to genetic risk for SLE, we analysed DNA methylation profiles in a large collection of patients with SLE and healthy individuals.
DNA extracted from blood from 548 patients with SLE and 587 healthy controls were analysed on the Illumina HumanMethylation 450 k BeadChip, which targets 485 000 CpG sites across the genome.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2018

Common auto-inflammatory disorders (CAIDs) induce considerable suffering over the world. A panoply of synthetic medications areis available for theirits management. Nonetheless, available drug classes are limited by adverse effects, low systemic absorption, and high costs.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
1969

The systemic inflammatory nature of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is well patent not only in the diverse clinical manifestations of the disease but also in the increased risk of premature atherosclerosis and cardiovascular events (CVE), making SLE one of the most complex diseases to study and manage in clinical practice.
To travel from old aspects to modern insights on the physiopathology, new molecular biomarkers, imaging methods of atherosclerosis assessment, and the potential treatments of atherosclerosis in SLE.
We conducted a literature search using PubMed database and performed a critical review.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Back to top