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'Lutembacher Syndrome' (173)


Jan
2017

Situs inversus with dextrocardia and Lutembacher syndrome is a rare cardiac anomaly. It is associated with other complex cardiac anomalies and anatomical defects. A 30-year-old woman with this condition underwent mitral valve replacement and closure of a secundum atrial septal defect.

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May
2017

Atrial septal defects (ASDs) are common immediately after percutaneous mitral commissurotomy (PMC). They are usually small, hemodynamically insignificant, and tend to decrease or disappear within 6 to 12 months. Herein, a case is described of persistent ASD in a patient with mitral valve stenosis who had undergone successful PMC three years previously.

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May
2017

We discuss the case of a 24-year-old woman with Lutembacher syndrome and severe tricuspid regurgitation (TR) who underwent surgical closure of atrial septal defect and mitral valve replacement without tricuspid annuloplasty despite a severe TR and a large tricuspid annulus on preoperative echo. The pathophysiology of Lutembacher syndrome is discussed below. The utility of perioperative echocardiography in assessing the annular diameter, tenting area and coaptation depth and thus providing insights into the functioning of the tricuspid valve will also be emphasized.

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May
2017

The mitral valve disease (MVD) in Lutembacher's syndrome has been infrequently analyzed from a pathological standpoint. In this study, we have attempted to elucidate the pathology of MVD in this interesting syndrome in 44 autopsied cases of combined non-primum atrial septal defect (ASD) and MVD collected over 16 years. The patients were divided into 3 groups: Group 1: non-primum ASD with clinically diagnosed mitral stenosis (MS)±regurgitation, Group 2: non-primum ASD with clinically diagnosed mitral regurgitation (MR) and, Group 3: non-primum ASD with no clinically evident MVD, but with mitral valve pathology diagnosed at autopsy.

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Oct
2016

Lutembacher syndrome is defined as a combination of congenital Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) with an acquired Mitral Stenosis (MS). There are various challenges involved in the percutaneous management of Lutembacher syndrome. Here, we present a case that had a very small Left Atrium (LA) and Left Ventricle (LV) cavities with an anteriorly placed ASD.

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Apr
2015

Lutembacher syndrome (LS) is a rare cardiac abnormality characterized by any combination of a congenital or iatrogenic atrial septal defect (ASD) and a congenital or acquired mitral stenosis (MS). Clinical features and hemodynamic effects of LS depend on the balance of effects of the MS and the ASD. Prognosis is influenced by several factors [pulmonary vascular resistance, right ventricle (RV) compliance, size of ASD and MS severity] but the occurrence of secondary pulmonary hypertension and congestive heart failure is commonly associated with poor outcome.

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Jun
2014

Lutembacher syndrome (LS) is a rare cardiac clinical entity marked by the combination of an atrial septal defect (ASD) and mitral stenosis (MS). Its prognosis is influenced by several factors.
We present the case of a young adult male who presented with a 10-month history of exertional dyspnea, orthopnoea, fatigue and cough.

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Jun
2014

The surgical management of Lutembacher syndrome is straight forward but percutaneous management, though technically demanding, is always desirable.
A 17 year old unmarried female presented with severe Mitral stenosis and a 19 mm almost circular Ostium secundum ASD with moderate pulmonary artery hypertension and dilated right sided chambers. She was managed in a staged manner.

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Jul
2014

Lutembacher's syndrome is an uncommon combination of a congenital ostium secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) with acquired mitral stenosis (MS). The incidence of this condition is very rare. The symptoms are dependent upon the size of the ASD, severity of the MS, compliance of the right ventricle and pulmonary artery hypertension.

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Jan
2014

An 18-year-old male with Lutembacher's syndrome underwent balloon mitral valvotomy (BMV) and device closure of the atrial septal defect (ASD). BMV necessitated technical modification of taking the Inoue balloon over the wire (OTW) into the left ventricle (LV). The procedure was complicated by slippage of ASD device into the right atrium, which was managed successfully by percutaneous retrieval, and deployment of a larger device.

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Dec
1969

Lutembacher syndrome involving the association of congenital atrial septal defect (ASD), usually of the ostium secundum variety, and mitral valve disease is a well-known entity. Its association with a coronary sinus, ASD, and a persistent left superior vena cava (LSVC) draining into the left atrium (LA) (Raghib syndrome) is rarely described in the literature. This association in a 15-year-old boy erroneously deemed to be inoperable before referral to the authors' hospital due to cyanosis in the presence of atrial septal defect (ASD) and mitral stenosis is described in this report.

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Oct
2012

Lutembacher syndrome is a rare combination of atrial septal defect (ASD) and mitral stenosis. Symptoms depend on the size of ASD, extent of mitral stenosis and degree of changes in the pulmonary circulation. Presentation can be due to cardiac failure, atrial arrhythmias, dyspnoea, exercise intolerance, paradoxical emboli or other disease related complications like pulmonary hypertension and infective endocarditis.

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Apr
2012

The definition of Lutembacher's syndrome has undergone many changes. It refers to combination of congenital Atrial Septal Defect with acquired mitral stenosis. Lutembacher's syndrome is a very rare disease and in the past, it has been either overdiagnosed or misdiagnosed.

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Jul
2011

Incidence of congenital cardiac anomalies in dextrocardia with situs inversus is low as compared to congenital cardiac anomalies in isolated dextrocardia. We describe the first ever case of situs inversus with dextrocardia, Lutembacher's syndrome, and pericardial effusion. The pericardial effusion in our case was acquired and was tubercular in etiology.

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Mar
2012

Most cases of combination congenital cardiac anomalies are treated with open-heart surgeries because the coexisting anomalies change the cardiac anatomy in an adverse way, making catheter manipulations complex. Lutembacher syndrome is a combination of acquired mitral stenosis and congenital ostium secundum atrial septal defect. The large defect in the septum makes an Inoue balloon catheter unstable, which provides excessive space for free floatation of the catheter, making its passage into the left ventricle difficult by Inoue technique.

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Dec
1969

We report the case of an 82 year-old woman with symptoms of advanced heart failure and pulmonary arterial hypertension. An echocardiogram showed an ostium secundum type atrial septal defect and concomitant mitral valve stenosis (Lutembacher syndrome). Echocardiographic assessment of mitral pathology was hampered by the interatrial septal defect.

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Dec
1969

Lutembacher syndrome refers to the rare combination of a congenital atrial septal defect and acquired mitral stenosis. Traditionally, Lutembacher syndrome has been corrected by surgical treatment. We describe two patients treated percutaneouly with a combined Inoue balloon valvuloplasty and septal defect closure using the Amplatzer septal occlusion device.

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Feb
2011

We describe an unusual case of orthodeoxia platypnea syndrome exacerbated by right ventricular inflow obstruction due to iatrogenic steroid-induced adipose deposition in cardiac tissues. A 68-year-old man on long-term prednisone therapy for eosinophilic pneumonia presented with progressive dyspnea worsened by bending forward. By using pulse oximetry, he was noted to have positional hypoxemia.

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Jan
2010

Lutembacher syndrome is a rare combination of congenital atrial septal defect (ASD) and acquired mitral stenosis (MS). Although it is traditionally corrected by surgical treatment, both conditions are amenable to transcatheter treatment without the need for surgery. We present a 49-year-old woman with Lutembacher syndrome.

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May
2009

We report the case of a very large anomalous connection of the veins draining the upper lobe of the left lung to both the left-sided vertical vein and the left atrium, associated with mild rheumatic mitral valve stenosis, in which the atrial septum was intact and the remaining venous system, including the coronary sinus, was otherwise normal (a variant of Lutembacher's syndrome). In order to abolish the left-to-right shunting, a transcatheter approach to close this venous structure was successfully attempted using an Amplatzer ASD Occluder device. The technical aspects and the alternative options of performing a procedure with a device for a purpose outside the scope of its approved label are discussed.

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Feb
2008

Lutembacher's syndrome is a rare combination of atrial septal defect (ASD) and rheumatic mitral stenosis. Traditionally, this condition is treated surgically. We present a case of Lutembacher's syndrome that was successfully treated with percutaneous transcatheter mitral commissurotomy (PTMC) using the Inoue balloon.

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Apr
2008

Lutembacher's syndrome is a rare combination of congenital atrial septal defect and mitral stenosis (almost always rheumatic). The hemodynamic effect of this combination makes the clinical diagnosis difficult due to a wide variation of clinical presentation. Echocardiography and cardiac catheterization are useful tools for proper diagnosis and planning of the therapeutic strategy.

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Oct
2007

To investigate the efficiency and safety of transcatheter interventional therapy for compound congenital cardiovascular abnormalities.
From Nov 2001 to Jun 2006, a total of 36 patients (17 male, 19 female), aged 17.20 +/- 10.

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Jun
2007

Lutembacher syndrome is a combination of congenital atrial septal defect (ASD) and acquired mitral stenosis (MS). The combination of these 2 diseases has hemodynamic influences on each other and the degree of MS may be underestimated. Traditionally, Lutembacher syndrome is corrected by surgical treatment.

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Jun
2006

Lutembacher syndrome refers to the rare combination of congenital atrial septal defect and acquired mitral stenosis. This condition is usually treated surgically by mitral valve operation with concomitant closure of the atrial septal defect.
Between 1993 and 2003, 4 patients with congenital Lutembacher syndrome had percutaneous mitral commissurotomy without closure of the atrial septal defect at our institution.

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Feb
2006

The patient was a 29-year-old woman who, when she was an 8-year-old, had undergone atrial septal defect (ASD) closure and mitral valve replacement (MVR) using a Björk-Shiley valve (25 mm) for Lutembacher syndrome. Because of a planned pregnancy, warfarin had been replaced by heparin. During the 7th week of pregnancy, she was admitted to our hospital because of dyspnea.

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Oct
2005

Lutembacher's syndrome is a rare clinical combination of congenital ostium secundum atrial septal defect associated with acquired mitral valve stenosis (usually rheumatic). This unusual cardiac entity is difficult to diagnose clinically because each lesion alters the hemodynamics and clinical characteristics of the other. The resulting clinical manifestations depend chiefly on the size of the defect, the severity of the mitral stenosis, and the compliance of the right ventricle.

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Jul
2005

A 56 years old farmer from Churkhai, Mymensingh was admitted in Cardiology unit of Mymensingh Medical College Hospital 24 October, 2004 with the complaints of progressive breathlessness on exertion with the repeated respiratory tract infection. He had 3 episodes of multiple large joints swelling involving knee, ankle, wrist, during his childhood with spontaneous recovery without any residual deformity. At the age of 45 years, he was incidentally diagnosed as enlarged heart by a medical board, when applied for Foreign Service.

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Nov
2004

We present a case of a 53-year-old woman with intractable shortness of breath that was originally ascribed to bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia. Subsequently evaluation by echocardiography and cardiac catheterization revealed that she had Lutembacher's syndrome, an uncommon combination of congenital atrial septal defect (ASD) and acquired mitral stenosis that is difficult to diagnose clinically. Our case illustrates the pitfalls and advantages of echocardiographic assessment of the mitral valve area (MVA) and the left atrial pressure (LAP).

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Nov
2004


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Mar
2003

Lutembacher syndrome is the combination of congenital atrial septal defect and acquired mitral stenosis. The condition is usually treated surgically. We describe a patient treated percutaneously with a combined Inoue balloon valvuloplasty and septal defect closure using the Amplatzer septal occlusion device.

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Dec
1999

[Lutembacher's syndrome].

Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi 1999 Dec;37(12):747-8
H Guo, J Zhang, R Wu, C Lu, J Zhuang, S Zheng
To compare classical and acquired Lutembacher's syndrome (mitral restenosis after percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty) in attempt to know their different in pathophysiology, diagnosis, and surgical treatment.
The data from 22 cases of classical and acquired Lutembacher's syndrome who underwent surgical treatment in the same period were analyzed.
No death occurred in the classical group.

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Oct
2001

Lutembacher syndrome is an unusual clinical entity of congenital secundum atrial septal defect in combination with rheumatic mitral stenosis. Although this classic form is seldom seen by the adult cardiologist, spontaneous Lutembacher syndrome as discussed later or the iatrogenic variant is not infrequently encountered. The pathophysiologic, clinical, and hemodynamic differences of mitral valve disease in the presence of atrial septal defect compared with isolated mitral stenosis are highlighted in this case review.

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Mar
2001

We describe a 70-year-old woman who underwent successful percutaneous Inoue antegrade-technique mitral valvuloplasty. Three months later, the patient developed right-sided heart failure. Color Doppler echocardiography and cardiac catheterization demonstrated an atrial septal defect with bidirectional shunting and no restenosis of the mitral valve (iatrogenic Lutembacher's syndrome).

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May
2000

Lutembacher syndrome refers to the rare combination of congenital atrial septal defect and acquired mitral stenosis. This condition is usually treated by mitral valve operation with concomitant closure of the atrial septal defect. We describe a case of Lutembacher syndrome that was treated successfully with percutaneous transcatheter mitral commissurotomy using the Inoue balloon and closure of the atrial septal defect with the Amplatzer atrial septal defect occluder.

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Oct
1999

Definitive percutaneous treatment of a patient with Lutembacher's syndrome was successfully accomplished using the Amplatzer septal occluder to close a secundum atrial septal defect and the Joseph mitral balloon catheter to dilate rheumatic mitral valve stenosis. Transcatheter therapy is an effective alternative to surgery in selected patients with Lutembacher's syndrome. Cathet.

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Mar
1999

We report on a Lebanese family in which 12 persons had an atrial septal defect and various cardiac and noncardiac anomalies. Cardiac anomalies are left axis deviation of QRS, right bundle branch block, atrial fibrillation, Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, nodal atrioventricular rhythm, aortic stenosis, pulmonic valve stenosis, mitral stenosis (Lutembacher syndrome), and low implantation of the tricuspid valve (Ebstein disease). Noncardiac abnormalities consisted specially of the presence of hypertelorism, cleft lip, and pectus excavatum.

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Oct
1998

The following paper describes a mitral valve replacement (SJM 27 mm), the patch closure (EPTFE) of an ostium primum atrial septal defect and tricuspid annuloplasty (De Vega's method) in a 64-year-old female patient with an incomplete endocardial cushion defect and mitral stenosis. Surgery revealed thickened, mitral valve leaflets and the presence of a cleft, findings similar to those observed in case of rheumatic degeneration. Investigation of patient hemodynamics confirmed a diagnosis of Lutembacher syndrome and a lower with left ventricle volume.

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Sep
1998

This study demonstrated a rare anomaly of a persistent left superior vena cava draining into the left atrium in a patient with developing left-to-right shunt caused by bicuspid aortic stenosis. The venous system, including the coronary sinus, was otherwise normal. We believe that, in this anatomic situation, a marked increase in left ventricular impedance caused a moderate left-to-right shunt from the left atrium into the left innominate vein.

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