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'Mitral Stenosis' (22404)


Feb
2018

The Inoue balloon technique is the standard technique for mitral valve balloon commissurotomy at this stage. However, the hardware for this technique is expensive and may not always be available in resource-limited settings.
This article reports our experience with percutaneous transmitral balloon commissurotomy using a single balloon (Nucleus) with arteriovenous loop stabilisation.

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Dec
1969

Acute bioprosthetic valve thrombosis can occur after surgery and sometimes cause hemodynamic instability and cardiogenic shock. Risk factors for bioprosthetic valve thrombosis are hypercoagulability, atrial fibrillation, atrial dilatation, low cardiac function, and lack of anticoagulation therapy. The authors present a case of severe mitral stenosis due to bioprosthetic valve thrombus.

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Mar
2018

Sutureless aortic valves are increasingly used for aortic valve replacement (AVR) with excellent outcomes. Implantation requires device expansion in a subannular position within the native aortic root. We report a patient with severe aortic stenosis who received a Perceval sutureless AVR (LivaNova, London, United Kingdom), resulting in a competent prosthesis with an absence of paravalvular leak and aortic regurgitation.

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Feb
2018

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is frequent in patients with rheumatic mitral stenosis (MS). Pressure overload leads to marked structural and electrical remodelling of left atrium. The frequency of persistent AF increases with age and paroxysmal, asymptomatic, AF seems even more frequent.

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Feb
2018

Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is the second most common congenital heart disease associated with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). The reported survival of neonates with CDH and HLHS is only 1-5%. We review our experience with CDH and HLHS and compare our outcomes to published literature.

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Jan
2018

Background Epicardial fat is a true visceral fat deposit with adverse effects through the secretion of numerous proinflammatory and proatherogenic cytokines. Previous studies showed an association between aortic valve sclerosis and coronary artery disease. The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between epicardial fat thickness and aortic valve sclerosis.

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Feb
2018

To assess the clinical implementation and report preliminary results of a novel technique called the Ozaki procedure for stentless aortic valve replacement through reconstruction of the valve leaflets from autologous pericardium.
Between September 2015 and May 2017 30 patients (20 males, mean ± standard deviation age 66.83 ± 10.

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Feb
2018

To describe the early hemodynamic changes after fetal aortic valvuloplasty (FAV) for evolving hypoplastic left heart syndrome due to mid-gestational aortic stenosis and to assess whether these early changes predict biventricular (BiV) circulation at neonatal discharge.
We retrospectively reviewed all technically successful FAV cases resulting in live birth between 2000 and 2015 (n=93, 45% BiV circulation at neonatal discharge). Paired testing methods were used to compare pre- and post-intervention measures of left ventricular hemodynamics.

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Mar
2018

We determined factors associated with long-term outcomes of patients who underwent successful percutaneous mitral balloon valvuloplasty (PMV).
Between August 1980 and May 2013, 1187 patients underwent PMV at Severance Hospital, Seoul, Korea. A total of 742 patients who underwent regular clinic visits for more than 10 years were retrospectively analyzed.

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Jan
2018

Patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis and severe mitral regurgitation or severe tricuspid regurgitation were excluded from the major transcatheter aortic valve replacement trials. We studied these 2 subgroups in patients at extreme risk for surgery in the prospective, nonrandomized, single-arm CoreValve US Expanded Use Study.
The primary end point was all-cause mortality or major stroke at 1 year.

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Mar
2018

Repair for Congenital Mitral Valve Stenosis.

Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg Pediatr Card Surg Annu 2018 Mar;21:46-57
Eva Maria Delmo Walter, Roland Hetzer
We report the techniques and long-term outcome of mitral valve (MV) repair to correct congenital mitral stenosis in children. Between 1986 and 2014, 137 children (mean age 4.1 ± 5.

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Feb
2018

Echocardiographic 3D-guided 2D planimetry can improve the accuracy of valvular disease assessment. Acquisition of 3D pyramidal dataset allows subsequent multiplanar reconstruction with accurate orthogonal plane alignment to obtain the correct borders of an anatomic orifice or flow area. Studies examining the 3D-guided 2D planimetry approach in left-sided valvular heart disease were identified and reviewed.

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Dec
1969

The primary aim was to investigate the role of underlying heart disease on preoperative NT-proBNP levels in patients admitted for adult cardiac surgery, after adjusting for the known confounders age, gender, obesity and renal function. The second aim was to investigate the predictive value of preoperative NT-proBNP with regard to severe postoperative heart failure (SPHF) and postoperative mortality.
A retrospective cohort study based on preoperative NT-proBNP measurements in an unselected cohort including all patients undergoing first time surgery for coronary artery disease (CAD; n = 2226), aortic stenosis (AS; n = 406) or mitral regurgitation (MR; n = 346) from April 2010 to August 2016 in the southeast region of Sweden (n = 2978).

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Dec
2017

Excess dilatation of the left atrium >65 mm is known in the literature as gigantic atrium. This dilation is most commonly encountered in the mitral insufficiency of rheumatic etiology, but also in severe prolapses of the mitral valve, permanent atrial fibrillation, and at the left right shunt with cardiac insufficiency.
In this paper is presented a case study of echocardiographically verified giant thrombus in left atrium in a 50 years old female patient aged 50 hospitalized because of tiredness, choking, heartburn and urinary tract symptoms.

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Jan
2018

Subaortic septal myectomy is usually performed to mitigate obstruction in patients with the obstructive form of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) or in those with congenital subaortic stenosis. Moreover, it is combined with aortic valve replacement in patients with severe aortic valve stenosis (SAS) and asymmetrical septal hypertrophy causing concomitant left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. When both conditions coexist, it is conceptually difficult to identify a cardiomyopathy beyond an adaptive myocardial hypertrophy, strictly related to pressure overload.

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Feb
2018

The Adult Congenital Heart Surgery (ACHS) score was derived from the Society of Thoracic Surgeons Congenital Heart Surgery Database. The score was validated with data of 1,603 operations and reached a good predictive power. We sought to evaluate its predictive power on 1,654 operations performed in 2 European centers.

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Mar
2018

Valvular Heart Disease.

Prim Care 2018 Mar 27;45(1):81-94. Epub 2017 Dec 27.
Zorana Mrsic, Scott P Hopkins, Jared L Antevil, Philip S Mullenix
This article outlines the diagnosis and management of commonly occurring valvular heart diseases for the primary care provider. Basic understanding of pathologic murmurs is important for appropriate referral. Echocardiography is the gold standard for diagnosis and severity grading.

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Feb
2018

Gastrointestinal Bleeding in Native and Prosthetic Valve Disease.

Curr Treat Options Cardiovasc Med 2018 Feb 3;20(1). Epub 2018 Feb 3.
Joseph L Blackshear
Gastrointestinal bleeding with severe aortic stenosis was originally described in the 1950s by Heyde, although for years, the association was debated. Further discovery of mechanisms and the ubiquity and severity of acquired von Willebrand syndrome in the left ventricular assist device therapy have removed any doubts. At this time, gastrointestinal bleeding from intestinal angiodysplasia in patients with turbulence-related proteolysis of the highest molecular weight multimers of von Willebrand factor is now known to occur in patients with aortic stenosis, and also subaortic obstruction and associated mitral insufficiency in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, isolated mitral and aortic insufficiency, endocarditis, and in patients with prosthetic valve dysfunction, either from stenosis or insufficiency.

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Jan
2018

Mitral regurgitation (MR) and elevated pulmonary artery pressure are common findings in patients with aortic valve stenosis (AS). The pathophysiologic role of quantitatively defined MR as a determinant of pulmonary hypertension (PH) is incompletely characterized across the whole spectrum of AS degrees. The purpose of the study was to investigate whether the quantification of MR reveals a link to PH in patients with AS.

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Jan
2018

The objective of this study was to evaluate surgical handling, in vivo hemodynamic performance and morphological characteristics of decellularized mitral valves (DMVs) in a long-term sheep model.
Ovine mitral valves were decellularized using detergents and β-mercaptoethanol. Orthotopic implantations were performed in 6-month-old sheep (41.

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Jan
2018

Transapical transcatheter mitral valve-in-valve implantation (TA-MVIVI) for bioprosthetic valve failure is an emerging alternative to re-operation in high risk patients. We report our outcomes in a patient population with a high proportion of cardiogenic shock.
Retrospective review was performed of all patients undergoing TA-MVIVI with an Edwards SAPIEN (Edwards Life sciences, Irvine, CA) prosthesis at our center between the years of 2013-2017.

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Feb
2018

A 79-year-old woman had an atretic LIMA to LAD but without significant LAD stenosis, patent SVG to OM1, patent SVG to RCA, and severe tandem lesions in a very tortuous LCX for which she underwent PCI. Placement of a BMW coronary guidewire into the LCX resulted in the straightening of the vessel.

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Dec
1969

Yuan SM. Congenital heart defects in Williams syndrome. Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 225-232.

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Jan
2018

To evaluate the safety and feasibility of treating de novo coronary lesions with paclitaxel-eluting balloon.This is a retrospective study, which enrolled 76 patients with 80 de novo coronary lesions treated with paclitaxel-eluting balloons(<30% residual stenosis and there was no blood flow limited dissection after pretreatment) from April 2015 to November 2016 in Guangdong general hospital. The data of basic characteristics,procedures,devices and follow-up information were retrieved and analyzed.

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Jan
2018

To assess the feasibility of hybrid Stage I palliation consisting of bilateral pulmonary artery bandings and ductal stenting for patients with 2 ventricular cavities and hypoplastic left heart structures.
Eleven consecutive patients who underwent hybrid Stage I palliation between 2010 and 2017 were enrolled. The diagnoses were interrupted aortic arch/coarctation of the aorta, ventricular septal defect and significant left ventricular (LV) outflow tract obstruction in 5 patients, critical aortic stenosis and reduced LV contraction in 3 patients and hypoplastic left heart complex in 3 patients.

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Jan
2018

Since the description of a correlation between aortic stenosis and angioectasia, controversy has persisted about whether these diseases are truly associated or coincidental findings of older age. Our objective was to determine the association of aortic valve disease and bleeding intestinal angioectasia from a large database.
We used the 2011 Nationwide Inpatient Sample database to identify hospitalizations in the USA in patients with bleeding intestinal angioectasia.

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Jan
2018

We aimed to evaluate the incidence and midterm clinical outcomes of left ventricular obstruction (LVO) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI).
LVO is occasionally unmasked following valve replacement for severe aortic stenosis. However, little is known about the prevalence and effects of LVO after TAVI.

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Jan
2018

Nimura lecture: "Three EBMs".

J Echocardiogr 2018 Jan 22. Epub 2018 Jan 22.
Shinichi Minagoe
The three EBMs in the title refer to the following concepts: evidence-based medicine, experience-based medicine, and echo-based medicine. Evidence-based medicine: I have carried out the following clinical research using transthoracic Doppler echocardiography: (1) noninvasive pulsed-wave Doppler echocardiographic detection of the direction of shunt flow in patients with atrial septal defect: usefulness of the right parasternal approach (1985), (2) significance of laminar systolic regurgitant flow in patients with tricuspid regurgitation: a combined pulsed-wave, continuous-wave, and two-dimensional echocardiography (1990), (3) obstruction of the inferior vena caval orifice by the giant left atrium in patients with mitral stenosis: a Doppler echocardiographic study from the right parasternal approach (1992), and (4) demonstration of a localized acceleration flow signal in the transmural penetrating coronary artery using transthoracic color and pulsed-wave Doppler echocardiography in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (1996-2017). Experience-based medicine: Dr.

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Feb
2018

Speckle tracking echocardiography is considered valuable in assessing left ventricular (LV) function. The method has been refined to assess deformation in different myocardial layers, but the effect of volume vs pressure overload on this pattern is unknown. The aim was to test whether layer-specific myocardial strain (LSS) obtained by speckle tracking echocardiography exhibits different patterns in conditions with different loading conditions.

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Jan
2018

Determining severity of mitral stenosis (MS) by planimetry of mitral valve orifice area (MVA) has been a challenging issue in clinical practice, especially for less experienced cardiologists. Mitral leaflet separation (MLS) has shown a good correlation with MVA measurements. However, it has never been validated against multiplane 3DTEE planimetry (MVA).

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Jan
2018

To assess stroke/systemic embolism, major bleeding and other outcomes, and treatment effect of apixaban versus warfarin, in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and different types of valvular heart disease (VHD), using data from the Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation trial.
There were 14 793 patients with known VHD status, categorised as having moderate or severe mitral regurgitation (MR) (n=3382), aortic regurgitation (AR) (n=842) or aortic stenosis (AS) (n=324); patients with moderate or severe mitral stenosis were excluded from the trial. Baseline characteristics, efficacy and safety outcomes were compared between each type and no significant VHD.

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Feb
2018

Caseous calcification of the mitral annulus (CCMA) is considered a rare variant of mitral annular calcification (MAC) due to caseous transformation of the inner material and prevalence of CCMA, about 0.63% of all MAC cases and 0.06%-0.

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Jan
2018

Mitral stenosis is a uncommon valvular lesion in the developed countries. Noninvasive evaluation is the first-line modality for assessment of mitral stenosis, however the noninvasive methods may have limitations in certain cases. Invasive hemodynamics can be used as adjunct tool for assessment of mitral stenosis in such difficult cases.

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Jan
2018

A supramitral ring is a rare cause of mitral stenosis, while an isolated mitral valve cleft is a rare cause of congenital mitral regurgitation. Fortunately, both the lesions are known to have good outcomes after surgical correction. Although each is known to be associated with a variety of other structural heart defects, their coexistence has not been reported previously.

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Jan
2018

Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVR) are increasingly used for managing patients with valvular heart disease to whom surgery presents a high-risk. As these are costly procedures, a systematic review of studies concerned with their economic assessment was undertaken.
The search was performed in PubMed and the Cochrane Library and followed recommended methodological steps.

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Jan
2018

This study aimed to evaluate the causes of initial mitral valve (MV) repair failure, the details of reoperation and the long-term outcomes of mitral valve re-repair (Re-MVP).
We retrospectively reviewed 86 patients who underwent reoperation after MV repair for MR due to degenerative disease from October 1991 to December 2015. First, we analysed the initial MV repair data, causes of MV repair failure, reoperation data and long-term outcomes including survival.

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Nov
2017

Accurate measurement of Mitral Valve Area (MVA) is essential to determining the Mitral Stenosis (MS) severity and to achieving the best management strategies for this disease. The goal of the present study is to compare mitral valve area (MVA) measurement by Continuity Equation (CE) and Pressure Half-Time (PHT) methods with that of 2D-Planimetry (PL) in patients with moderate to severe mitral stenosis (MS). This comparison also was performed in subgroups of patients with significant Aortic Insufficiency (AI), Mitral Regurgitation (MR) and Atrial Fibrillation (AF).

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Feb
2018

Transcatheter heart valve replacement technology was introduced as alternative to surgery for the growing high-risk profile population. Developed first, aortic valve replacement (TAVR) became a standard of care for patients with severe aortic stenosis at high operative risk, with a potential future use also for low-risk subjects. In the last decade, a multitude of transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR) devices have been developed for the treatment of severe mitral regurgitation, with encouraging results coming from first-in-man and feasibility studies.

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Jul
2017

Parachute mitral valve (PMV) is a congenital heart anomaly which consists of a unifocal attachment of the mitral valve chordae into a single or dominant papillary muscle. This morphological anomaly determines the impairment of mitral leaflet motion, resulting in different grades of mitral stenosis. Due to its frequent association with other congenital cardiac defects requiring surgical correction, the therapy of a relevant stenotic PMV is usually represented by surgical commissurotomy.

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Jul
2017

Left ventricular (LV) perforation is one of the rare and most serious complications of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The study aim was to determine the pathophysiological factors associated with this serious complication.
A retrospective study was conducted of pathophysiological factors shown in echocardiograms and computed tomography angiograms performed preoperatively in patients who developed LV perforation during transfemoral TAVI (study group) with regards to anatomic and functional variables.

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Jan
2018

We present the case of a patient who presented with acute coronary syndrome and was found to have a mass compressing the left atrium. An angiogram revealed a large saphenous vein graft aneurysm with a fistula into a cardiac chamber, presumed to be the left ventricle. The patient also developed a functional mitral stenosis secondary to this mass causing left atrial compression.

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Dec
2017

Significant mitral regurgitation in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is associated with increased mortality. The aim of this study is to determine if surgical correction of both aortic and mitral valves in high risk patients with concomitant valvular disease would offer patients better outcomes than TAVR alone.
A retrospective analysis of 43 high-risk patients who underwent concomitant surgical aortic valve replacement and mitral valve surgery from 2008 to 2012 was performed.

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Dec
1969

Over the last 25 years, cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) has emerged as an alternative to echocardiography for assessment of valvular heart disease (VHD). Although echo remains the first-line imaging modality for the assessment of patients with VHD, CMR can now provide a comprehensive assessment in many instances. Using a combination of techniques, CMR provides information on valve anatomy and enables quantitative analysis of the severity of the valve lesion.

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Dec
1969

Heart valve surgery outcomes are unknown in middle-income countries and thus cannot be used in health system decision making processes. This study estimated in-hospital mortality and medium and long-term survival.
This was a retrospective study of 78,806 patients who underwent heart valve surgery between 2001 and 2007 in Brazil.

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Apr
2018

There are few reports regarding factors related to late-onset of atrial fibrillation (Af) after mitral valve repair, which can compromise long-term outcome. We analyzed the risk factors for late Af after mitral valve repair.
Between 2001 and 2015, 318 patients (214 males; median, 57.

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Dec
2017

Atrial myxoma is a benign tumor of the heart that occurs primarily in the left atrium. Floating or large left atrial myxomas frequently cause functional mitral stenosis, may also affect mitral valve structure and flow, and lead to mitral regurgitation. Systemic embolization occurs in around 30% of cases either from tumor fragmentation or complete tumor detachment hence it should be removed as soon as it is detected.

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