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'Myocardial Abscess' (604)



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Dec
1969

Infective endocarditis (IE) is still a condition with high mortality and morbidity, especially in the elderly, and in patients with prosthetic valves. The concept of "time-to-therapy" plays a key role for the prompt management of IE and related complications, and the currently available multimodality imaging may play a key role in this setting. Myocardial ischemia due to extrinsic coronary compression from an aortic abscess is an extremely rare condition where the optimal therapeutic strategy has not been defined yet.

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Jan
2018

Caseous calcification of the mitral annulus (CCMA) is a rare echocardiographic finding. It is commonly misdiagnosed as an abscess, tumor or infective vegetation on the mitral valve. Since it is a benign process, differentiating it from malignant intra-cardiac mass is primordial to avoid unnecessary surgery.

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Dec
2017

We report a case of recurrent post-partum pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) complicated by post-partum cardiomyopathy (PPCM).
A 23-year-old woman presented with a previous medical history of aseptic abscess of the left breast in her fourth pregnancy, which developed after surgical drainage of an inflammatory ulceration treated by atraumatic topical care. During her fifth pregnancy, the patient presented a large and painful ulceration in relation to the scar of the Caesarean section, despite the introduction of broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy.

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Dec
1969

Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) are structurally abnormal vascular communications that provide a continuous right-to-left shunt between pulmonary arteries and veins. Their importance stems from the risks they pose (>1 in 4 patients will have a paradoxical embolic stroke, abscess or myocardial infarction while life-threatening haemorrhage affects 1 in 100 women in pregnancy), opportunities for risk prevention, surprisingly high prevalence and under-appreciation, thus representing a challenging condition for practising healthcare professionals. The driver for the current Clinical Statement was the plethora of new data since previous hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) guidelines generated in 2006 and a systematic Cochrane Review for PAVM embolisation in 2011.

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Mar
2018

Fistula to the pericardial cavity is a very rare complication of perivalvular abscess during infective endocarditis, with Staphylococcus aureus being the most commonly associated microorganism.
We report a fatal septic shock due to a mitral endocarditis revealed by a myocardial abscess fistulised toward the pericardial cavity.
A 66-year-old female without previous valvular disease was admitted to intensive care for severe sepsis.

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Nov
2017

An increasing number of invasive infections due to Streptococcus agalactiae in non-pregnant adults have been reported. We report a case of infective endocarditis complicated by intraventricular abscesses, pericarditis, and mycotic aneurysm due to S. agalactiae belonging to ST681 with a capsular serotype VI in a woman with diabetes.

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Nov
2017

A 80-year-old man was admitted to catheterization room for an acute infero-lateral ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Coronary angiography showed a thrombotic occlusion of the second left marginal branch, and normal other coronary arteries. The thrombo-embolic mechanism of the STEMI, and the infectious context in this patient who had had a transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) two months earlier, led us to suspect a bioprosthesis endocarditis.

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Jan
2017

Several articles have been published during 2016 suggesting amendments in certain established practices of emergency medicine. Amongst such practices now in question are : 1) the use in mechanical cardiopulmonary resuscitation of amiodarone and lidocaine which appear not to improve survival or neurological outcome ; 2) apneic oxygenation being associated with a significant increase in first pass success intubation ; 3) an updating of the definition of sepsis and septic shock which facilitate earlier identification of susceptible patients ; 4) the use of the high sensitivity troponin 0-hour / 1-hour algorithm which differentiates earlier patients with or without acute myocardial infarction ; 5) that intramuscular non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs offer effective sustained analgesia for renal colic, and finally 6) that irrigation of an abscess cavity after incision and drainage is not beneficial.

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Dec
1969

The maritime medical tele-consultation carried out by a doctor from the Toulouse Tele-Medical Assistance Service is currently based on tele-consultation using radiotelegraphy and the complementary transmission of data (photographs, electrocardiogram) via the Internet. In a previous article, we presented the benefits of photograph transmission for trauma management in isolated areas. Through this new series of cases, we wanted to expose the aspect of the medical pathologies and the contribution of sending photographs in their management.

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Jun
2017

Pancarditis is a rare condition with a poor prognosis combining endocarditis, myocarditis with abscess formation, and purulent pericarditis. Diagnosis is often delayed and the clinical signs are predominantly those of the embolic complications. Literature is scarce.

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May
2017

Myocardial Abscess (MA) is a rare life threatening condition mostly occurring secondary to underlying infective endocarditis. But it can also be found secondary to septicemia with some unknown focus of sepsis in the body. Development of MA as a consequence of left ventricular aneurysm (LVA) secondary to myocardial infarction is very rare.

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Dec
1969

Mortality and morbidity was assessed after adoption of a systematic care for patient with pancreatoduodenectomy starting from patient selection and preparation, operative technique, and postoperative care. In this prospective study seventy patients who underwent pancreatoduodenectomy for periampullary carcinoma with curative intent between January 2010 and December 2014 were carefully analyzed prospectively. Patients were selected those who had ampullary carcinoma, lower bile duct carcinoma and small size carcinoma head of pancreas without local invasion and distant metastasis, and the patient who did not have any major disabling comorbid diseases.

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Dec
1969

A 53-year-old woman presented to our hospital with dizziness and low-grade fever. She underwent percutaneous coronary intervention to the obtuse marginal artery with a drug-eluting stent 20 months prior to this presentation. Physical examination was remarkable for bradycardia.

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Dec
1969

A rapid diagnosis of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is mandatory for optimal treatment of an acute coronary syndrome. However, a small number of patients with suspected STEMI are afflicted with other medical conditions. These medical conditions are rare, but important clinical entities that should be considered when evaluating a STEMI alert.

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Jan
2017

Systemic nocardiosis due to Nocardia cyriacigeorgica has not been reported in dogs.
Light and electron microscopy, microbiological culture and molecular identification (PCR) were used to diagnose systemic nocardiosis caused by Nocardia cyriacigeorgica in a 3-month-old husky dog. The postmortem changes included multifocal to coalescing, sharply circumscribed pyogranulomatous inflammation and abscess formation in lungs, liver, myocardium, spleen, kidneys, brain, and hilar lymph nodes.

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Jan
2017

Infective endocarditis (IE) is a serious infectious condition with high morbidity and mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). It has been particularly associated with recurrent bacteremia due to vascular access via lumen catheters. The most common pathogen is Staphylococcus (S.

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Dec
1969

Healthcare teams that frequently follow a bundle of evidence-based processes provide care with lower rates of morbidity. Few process bundles to improve surgical outcomes in hysterectomy have been identified.
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether a bundle of 4 perioperative care processes is associated with fewer postoperative complications and readmissions for hysterectomies in the Michigan Surgical Quality Collaborative.

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Nov
2015

Whilst echocardiography is currently the 'gold standard' for the diagnosis of infective endocarditis (IE), it has certain limitations and alternative imaging methods are being sought. The study aim was assess the usefulness of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging when diagnosing IE.
Twenty consecutive patients with diagnosed IE were included in the study.

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Dec
1969

To determine the local rates of massive intraoperative blood loss and subsequent infectious morbidity for patients undergoing gynaecologic laparotomy.
We performed a retrospective chart review of all patients undergoing gynaecologic laparotomy between January 1, 2013 and December 31, 2013 to identify cases of massive intraoperative blood loss (defined as ≥1 L estimated intraoperative blood loss, a postoperative reduction in hemoglobin concentration of ≥40 g/L, or a perioperative blood transfusion). For cases meeting these criteria, we abstracted further data to assess the rate of postoperative infectious morbidity (defined as a positive wound swab culture, positive urine culture, or satisfying the 1991 criteria for systemic inflammatory response syndrome).

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Dec
1969

Tuberculosis can affect any organ of the body, including the heart.
An 18-year old woman presented with a multifocal tuberculosis infection involving abdominal lymph nodes, a sternotomy wound, an abscess of the abdominal wall and most notably a myocardial tuberculoma. Establishing the diagnosis of the myocardial tuberculoma was challenging mainly due to the location within the heart.

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Mar
2017

Two cases of occult pseudoaneurysms of the sinus of Valsalva (SoV) are reported to demonstrate different etiologies and lethal mechanisms. A previously well 9-month-old boy who suffered an unexpected fatal cardiorespiratory arrest was found at autopsy to have a ruptured pseudoaneurysm of the left SoV resulting in lethal hemopericardium. A 13.

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Sep
2016

Coronary artery stent infection has been reported with both bare metal stent and drug eluting stent and can present as mycotic coronary artery aneurysm, pseudoaneurysm, myocardial abscess, pericarditis or exudative effusion. Infection at the site of coronary stent implantation is rare and is believed to result typically from either direct stent contamination at the time of delivery or transient bacteraemia from access site. Introduction of drug-eluting stent (DES) has led to a marked reduction in the problem of in-stent restenosis across all patient subsets and lesions complexities.

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Aug
2017

Despite improvements in clinical practice, pneumonia remains one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Pathologic findings from autopsy reports could provide more precise and valid data on characteristics of pneumonia patients.
We retrospectively reviewed autopsy reports of deceased patients admitted to the Institute for Pulmonary Diseases of Vojvodina in Sremska Kamenica, Serbia, between 1994 and 2003.

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Sep
2016

A 55-year old man suffers from progressive, distinctive dyspnoea and physical weakness since 5 days. Due to ST-segment changes in the ECG and a positive troponin-test, the primary care physician initiates an hospitalization.
After admission, the laboratory tests confirm the elevated troponin-values, and show additionally elevated pro-brain-natriuric-peptide-values.

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Jun
2016

Coronary embolization is potentially a fatal sequela of endocarditis. Although the primary cause of acute coronary syndrome is atherosclerotic disease, it is imperative to consider septic embolism as an etiological factor.
Herein, we report a case of ventricular fibrillation and ST-segment depression myocardial infarction occurring in a patient who initially presented with fever and increased urinary frequency.

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Dec
1969

To investigate the possibility and feasibility of simultaneous cardiac and noncardiac surgery.
From August 2000 to March 2015, 64 patients suffering from cardiac and noncardiac diseases have been treated by simultaneous surgeries.
Two patients died after operations in hospital; thus, the hospital mortality rate was 3.

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Jul
2016

Myocardial abscess is an extremely rare entity and is often deadly in nature. We present a case of a patient with recent orthotopic liver transplant, on immunosuppression, who presented with cardiac tamponade due to Aspergillus fumigatus pericarditis and associated myocardial abscess. The diagnosis was made based on computed tomography imaging, culture of pericardial fluid for Aspergillus, and transthoracic echocardiography.

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Jun
2016

Intramyocardial abscesses are rare in cattle and may lead to unspecific clinical signs. This case report describes the clinical and echocardiographic findings in an 8 year old Brown Swiss cow presented with an intramural myocardial abscess. The main clinical findings were anorexia, drop in milk yield, fever, tachycardia, and hyperfibrinogenemia.

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Feb
2016

In patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), urinary tract infection is the most common infection-related complication. Prostatic abscess in a patient with STEMI is very rare.
We report the case of a 49-year-old Japanese man who developed fever and shaking chills during hospitalization for STEMI.

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Feb
2016

Heart disease is a frequent cause of cerebral compromise. This review aimed at summarising and discussing available data about heart brain disorders.
We performed a literature search in conventional databases.

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Jan
2016

Chills, high fever, right upper abdomen pain, and increased white blood cell count are the main and common clinical features of bacterial liver abscess. It is rare to see bacterial liver abscess present symptoms of myocardial injury first, and this can lead to misdiagnosis.
We report a case of toxic myocarditis caused by bacterial liver abscess.

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Dec
2015

Postinfarction ventricular septal defects (pVSDs) are a serious complication of acute myocardial infarctions. The aim of this study was to analyze the clinical outcomes of the surgical treatment of pVSDs.
The medical records of 23 patients who underwent operations (infarct exclusion in 21 patients and patch closure in two patients) to treat acute pVSDs from 2001 to 2011 were analyzed.

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Dec
2015

We report the case of a renal transplant recipient with pulmonary and splenic mucormycosis whose demise was accelerated by a myocardial abscess. Once pulmonary and splenic mucormycosis was diagnosed, liposomal amphotericin B was started and immunosuppressant treatments were discontinued. The pulmonary cavities regressed during treatment, but new myocardial and peri-allograft abscesses developed.

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Nov
2015

Intracardiac abscess resulting in complete heart block is an infrequent complication of infective endocarditis. Most presentations of endocarditis are limited to valvular and perivalvular structures, with varying degrees of heart block occurring in the minority of cases. We report a case of endocarditis manifesting as chest pain associated with ST segment elevation and complete heart block.

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May
2015

While complicated acute cholecystitis (ACH) course the focus of infection constitutes one of the main causes of the endogenic intoxication (EI) occurrence, what leads to ischemic and hypoxic myocardial damage. There were presented the treatment results analysis in 213 patients, ageing 60 years old and older, managed for an ACH, complicated by peritonitis, paravesical abscess, with concurrent cardiac insufficiency of ischemic genesis, to whom laparoscopic cholecytectomy (LCHE) was conducted. Microflora of the abdominal cavity exudates in the patients, suffering an ACH of various severity, was studied.

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Jun
2015

Listeria monocytogenes is an infrequent cause of bacterial myocarditis. Myocarditis without evidence of endocarditis is even rarer. Management in such cases involves early diagnosis, antibiotic therapy, and emergency treatment of arrhythmias.

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Jul
2015

We report a case of a 43-year-old man who presented to the accident and emergency department with acute abdominal pain. Ultrasound investigation showed non-specific splenic pathology and treatment for a splenic abscess was started. The patient later described a history of episodic, cardiac-sounding chest pain occurring at rest, the most recent case of which (6 days prior to admission) had been unusually severe.

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Jul
2015

A 53-year-old man with a history of diabetic foot ulcer, osteomyelitis, coronary artery disease, hypertension and hyperlipidaemia, presented with chest pain of 3 weeks duration. Eleven days earlier, the patient had had a drug-eluting stent (DES) placed in a branch of the right coronary artery (RCA) after similar chest pain, leading to the findings of a positive nuclear stress test. Since discharge, he was not compliant with taking clopidegrel (Plavix), a concern for in-stent thrombosis with recurrent myocardial ischaemia; but work up was negative and medications were restarted.

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Dec
1969

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic condition commonly requiring lifelong care. Both IBD and IBD-related treatments can cause significant morbidity, and it is often difficult to differentiate their relative etiologic contribution to adverse events (AEs). The objectives of this study were to assess the rates of select AEs among patients with IBD as a function of disease severity and of the use of anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha (anti-TNFα) medications.

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Oct
2015

This paper aims to demonstrate if Escherichia coli pyogenic liver abscess (ECPLA) results in adverse outcomes compared to Klebsiella pneumoniae PLA (KPPLA).
A retrospective review of all patients admitted at a tertiary hospital in Singapore from 2003 to 2011 was performed. Patients with age <18 years, amoebic liver abscess, infected liver cyst, culture negative abscess or ruptured liver abscess requiring urgent surgical intervention were excluded.

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Dec
1969

Coronary stent infections in general and stent abscesses (SAs) in particular are rare but often deadly complications. Most SAs manifest with fever and chest pain within 30 days after intervention and require antibiotics and stent removal.
A 45-year-old man with second ST elevated myocardial infarction and cardiogenic shock was admitted to a hospital that had no cardiac catheterization laboratory.

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Aug
2015

Sortase A (SrtA) is a cysteine transpeptidase and virulence factor from Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) that catalyses the attachment and display of surface proteins on the cell wall, thereby mediating bacterial adhesion to host tissues, host-cell entry and evasion of the immune response. As a result, SrtA has become an important target in the development of therapies for S.

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Dec
1969

A 46-year-old man with bicuspid aortic valve and severe calcific aortic stenosis was submitted to aortic valve replacement with a stented bioprosthesis. He developed Staphylococcus epidermidis prosthetic valve endocarditis a month later, presenting in the emergency room with acute myocardial infarction. The mechanism of myocardial ischemia was a large aortic root abscess causing left main extrinsic compression.

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Jun
2016

Salmonella infective endocarditis.

J Microbiol Immunol Infect 2016 Jun 24;49(3):313-20. Epub 2015 Mar 24.
Wan-Ling Cheng, Chia-Wen Li, Ming-Chi Li, Nan-Yao Lee, Ching-Chi Lee, Wen-Chien Ko
Salmonella endocarditis is so rarely reported that its clinical features, prognosis, and optimal treatment remain unclear. In this paper, we report a female with nontyphoid Salmonella endocarditis complicated with perivalvular abscess. We also review and summarize other cases reported in the English literature.

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