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'Nerve Block Superficial Peroneal' (54)


Jun
2017

To describe a 4-year clinical experience with ultrasound-guided therapeutic perineural injections of peripheral nerves about the foot and ankle.
Retrospective analysis of foot and ankle perineural injections performed between January 2012 and August 2016. Demographics, clinical indications, presence of structural pathology, immediate and interval pain relief, as well as complications were recorded.

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Dec
2017

Objectives Anatomical and methodological detail is lacking regarding local anesthetic peripheral nerve block techniques for distal pelvic limb surgery in cats. The aim of this study was to develop, describe and test nerve block methods based on cadaveric dissections and dye injections. Methods Ten pairs of feline pelvic limbs (n = 20) were dissected and the tibial nerve (T n.

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Feb
2017

The management of pain after burn injuries is a clinical challenge magnified in patients with significant comorbidities. Presently, burn pain is treated via a wide variety of modalities, including systemic pharmacotherapy and regional analgesia. Although the latter can provide effective pain control in patients with burn injuries, it is relatively underused.

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Jan
2017

A literature review of multiple clinical studies on mixing additives to improve pharmacologic limitation of local anesthetics during peripheral nerve blockade revealed inconsistency in success rates and various adverse effects. Animal research on dexmedetomidine as an adjuvant on the other hand has promising results, with evidence of minimum unwanted results. This randomized, double-blinded, contrastable observational study examined the efficacy of adding dexmedetomidine to a mixture of lidocaine plus ropivacaine during popliteal sciatic nerve blockade (PSNB).

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Dec
1969

A continuous peripheral nerve block (CPNB) consists of a percutaneously inserted catheter with its tip adjacent to a target nerve/plexus through which local anesthetic may be administered, providing a prolonged block that may be titrated to the desired effect. In the decades after its first report in 1946, a plethora of data relating to CPNB was published, much of which was examined in a 2011 Anesthesia & Analgesia article. The current update is an evidence-based review of the CPNB literature published in the interim.

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May
2017

We studied patterns of nerve injury in pediatric common fibular (peroneal) neuropathy (CFN).
A retrospective analysis was performed on data from 53 children with CFN at a pediatric electromyography laboratory.
Conduction block at the fibular head was present in 35% of patients.

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Apr
2017

Local anesthetic use for wound infusions, single injection, and continuous nerve blocks for postoperative analgesia is well established. No study has investigated the effect of a continuous block of the saphenous and superficial peroneal nerves at the level of the ankle joint following first ray surgery. A double blind randomized controlled trial was designed.

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Dec
2014

It is believed that local anesthetic injected to obtain circumferential spread around nerves produces a more rapid onset and successful blockade after some ultrasound-guided peripheral nerve blocks. However, evidence demonstrating this point is limited only to the popliteal sciatic nerve block, which is relatively easy to perform by via a high-frequency linear transducer. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that multiple injections of local anesthetic to make circumferential spread would improve the rate of sensory and motor blocks compared with a single-injection technique for ultrasound-guided subgluteal sciatic nerve block, which is considered a relatively difficult block conducted with a low-frequency, curved-array transducer.

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Dec
2013

Rapid return of oral sensation enhances quality of life following oromandibular reconstruction. For predictable reinnervation of flaps, a detailed knowledge of their nerve supply is required. This study was designed to investigate the cutaneous nerve supply of the fibula osteocutaneous flap.

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Apr
2013

Clinical observations reported that acupuncture can alleviate several kinds of arrhythmias. To explore its efficacy and mechanism, we have studied the electroacupuncture (EA) inhibition on experimental arrhythmias in rabbits since 1980s and analyzed its mechanism. These studies were mostly conducted in the Department of Physiology, Shanghai Medical University; recently the mechanism of acupuncture's effect on arrhythmias was analyzed in the School of Medicine, University of California, Irvine, which involves the following: (1)the inhibitory effect of EA on ventricular extrasystoles can be induced by hypothalamic defense area stimulation: a low-current and low-frequency stimulation of the median nerve underneath acupoints P 5 or deep peroneal nerve underneath S 36 can activate arcuate nucleus-ventral periaqueductal gray -nuclei raphe pathway and release endorphin, enkephaline, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), etc.

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Sep
2013

(CRPS) describes a constellation of symptoms including pain, trophic changes, hyperesthesia, allodynia, and dysregulation of local blood flow often following trauma. It is often confined to the extremities. Treatment of this disorder consists of a variety of modalities including systemic pharmacotherapy, local anesthetic injections or infusions, psychological nonpharmacotherapy, physical rehabilitation, and surgical intervention.

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Sep
2013

Ankle blocks typically include the block of 5 nerves, the 4 branches that trace their origin back to the sciatic nerve plus the saphenous nerve (SaN). The sensory area of the SaN in the foot is variable. Based on our clinical experience, we decided to study the sensory distribution of the SaN in the foot and determine whether the block of this nerve is necessary as a component of an ultrasound-guided ankle block for bunion surgery.

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May
2012

Continuous peripheral nerve block (CPNB), in particular at the popliteal fossa, is widely used in orthopedic surgery, allowing good postoperative analgesia. Possible neuropathic complications, however, remain poorly known.
To review the characteristics of peripheral neuropathy (PN) after sciatic CPNB at the popliteal fossa, estimating prevalence, severity, evolution and possible risk factors, especially those relating to the procedure.

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May
2012

Ultrasound guidance reduces the required local anesthetic volume for successful peripheral nerve blockade, but it is unclear whether this impacts postoperative analgesia. This prospective, randomized, observer-blinded study tested the hypothesis that a low-volume ultrasound-guided ankle block would provide similar analgesia after foot surgery compared with a conventional-volume surface landmark technique.
A total of 72 patients presenting for elective foot surgery under general anesthesia were randomized to receive a low-volume ultrasound-guided ankle block (n = 37; ropivacaine 0.

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Mar
2011

This study examined the anatomic location of the motor entry point (MEP) and branching point at the proximal and distal points of the tendon of the peroneal muscle by visual observation. Forty-three fresh legs of 25 adult bodies which had been donated to science were investigated in this study. The mean length of the reference line between the most proximal point of the head of the fibula (PHF) and the most distal point of the malleolus of the fibula (DMF) was 33.

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Dec
1969

Superficial peroneal nerve and its branches are frequently at risk for iatrogenic damage. Although different studies on anatomical variations of superficial peroneal nerve are available in the medical literature, such reports are rare from India. Hence the present study was undertaken on Indian population.

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Jul
2010

Recently, peripheral nerve blocks have increasingly been used in orthopedic surgery. The foot block is an alternative for anesthesia in cases of forefoot and midfoot operations. We propose a modification of the block technique due to potential difficulties concerning the tibial nerve.

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Jun
2010

Ultrasound-guided superficial peroneal nerve block for foot surgery.

AJR Am J Roentgenol 2010 Jun;194(6):W538; author reply W542
Rosemary Snaith, John Dolan

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Jun
2010

We have observed focal skeletal muscle uptake of 99mTechnetium-hydroxymethylene diphosphonate (Tc-HDP), which could mimic a tibial lesion, in horses following peroneal nerve blocks. To characterize this observation further, 45 bone phase scintigrams were performed in 12 horses undergoing peroneal nerve blocks. Scans were performed before, and 1, 3, 7, and 14 days postblock.

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Mar
2010

Surgical anesthesia for reconstructive ankle surgery requires sensory and motor block of all the terminal nerve distributions of the sciatic nerve. In this prospective observational study, we investigated the value of sensory and motor testing of the foot, after local anesthetic injection, for predicting complete sciatic nerve blockade and the duration of testing required for identifying incomplete anesthesia.
Sciatic nerve blocks (n = 180) using the infragluteal-parabiceps approach were performed in patients undergoing reconstructive ankle surgery.

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Apr
2009

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY Regional anaesthesia for the lower extremity distal to the ankle joint, knows as anaesthetic ankle block or foot block, involves a series of injections of local anaesthetic to block the peripheral nerves that supply innervation to the foot. Since the tibial nerve block is not always effective, the aim of this study was to design a modified technique of anaesthetic application. MATERIAL The study was carried out on 30 human cadavers provided by the Institute of Anatomy, 1st Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague, and included data on a total of 60 lower extremities.

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Jul
2008

Patients with chronic wounds caused by healing problems often present with chronic pain at the site. Proper wound care with or without appropriate reconstruction usually addresses both the wound and its associated pain. However, wounds occasionally remain painful despite successful reconstruction, particularly when they are complicated by an underlying condition.

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Jul
2008

A selective ankle block, blocking the tibial, deep and superficial peroneal nerves, can be used successfully for great toe surgery. No comparative information is available on selective ankle block using ropivacaine and levobupivacaine.
We compared the onset time and success rate of a selective ankle block using low volumes (12 ml) of ropivacaine 10 mg/ml and levobupivacaine 7.

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Dec
2006

We compared single-injection and double-injection of the sciatic nerve with nerve stimulation in the posterior popliteal approach using mepivacaine 1% in a prospective, randomized and single-blind study to evaluate effectiveness, delay of onset, and complications in patients undergoing foot and ankle surgery. In the single-injection group (Group S, n = 30), 25 mL of mepivacaine 1% was administered after eliciting foot inversion or plantar flexion. In the double-injection group (Group D, n = 30), 12.

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Jan
2006

To document simple and reliable local, infiltrating nerve blocks for the saphenous, tibial and common peroneal nerves in the dog.
Laboratory technique development; in vivo blind, controlled, prospective study.
Twenty canine cadavers and 18 clinically normal, client-owned dogs.

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Nov
2005

Although the sensory branches of the superficial peroneal nerve (SPN) have different anatomical variations that are of clinical importance, little is known about their anatomic courses, branching patterns, or relationships to palpable osseous landmarks.(1,3) A detailed knowledge is necessary for surgical exposures about the foot and ankle, arthroscopic procedures, ankle block anesthesia, and SPN block for leg venography.
Thirty lower cadaver limbs were dissected to assess the anatomic properties and the variations of the sensory branches of the SPN.

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Oct
2005

Regional anesthesia around the ankle joint is well suited to a large number of surgical procedures of the foot. Previous studies have alluded to the variable nerve distribution of the foot, which may result in incomplete blocks. The aim of the study was to determine the position of the nerves in relation to the ankle joint to easily identifiable bony and prominent soft tissue landmarks to aid more accurate targeting of these nerves.

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Mar
2005

The authors compared the efficacy of the different approaches to saphenous nerve block.
The following approaches to saphenous nerve block were compared in 10 volunteers: perifemoral, transsartorial, block at the medial femoral condyle, below-the-knee field block, and blockade at the level of the medial malleolus. Each volunteer underwent all five blocks, and the interval between blocks was 3-7 days.

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Jan
2005

Reconstruction of the thumb by transfer of a toe has evolved technically to the point that this complex procedure can result in a mobile, sensate, and aesthetically pleasing digit that contributes to an almost-normally functioning hand. Donor site deformity is well recognized, primarily as it relates to the appearance of the foot after transfer of the hallux to the thumb position and stiffness of the remaining portions of the big toe. The present report describes donor site disability related to painful neuromas of the superficial and deep peroneal nerves and the common plantar digital nerve to the first webspace.

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Nov
2004

To describe and identify the function of a class of human C fibre with an unusual response to repetitive electrical stimulation. Other C fibres slow progressively at 2 Hz (type 1), reach a latency plateau (type 2) or hardly slow at all (type 3).
C fibres innervating hairy skin were recorded by microneurography in the superficial peroneal nerves of 19 healthy volunteers.

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Oct
2004

Descriptions of the use of ultrasound for nerve location have focused on upper limb blocks. We present a case in which ultrasound imaging was used for a lateral approach to the sciatic nerve in the popliteal fossa. Ultrasound images taken proximal to the popliteal crease showed tibial and common peroneal nerves as round hyperechoic structures superficial and lateral to the tibial artery.

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Feb
2004

The hand can be anesthetized effectively with blocks of the median, ulnar, or radial nerve. Each digit is supplied by four digital nerves, which can be blocked with injections on each side of the digit. Anterior or posterior ankle blocks can be used for regional anesthesia for the foot.

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Feb
2004

The purpose of this study was to identify which of two motor responses of the foot (plantar flexion versus dorsiflexion) best predicts complete sensory blockade of the sciatic nerve when is used for lateral popliteal sciatic nerve block.
Thirty American Society of Anesthesiologist physical status I or II patients scheduled for foot and ankle surgery under lateral popliteal sciatic nerve block were enrolled in the study. During each block, the needle was placed to evoke one of the following motor responses of the foot: plantar flexion or dorsiflexion.

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Jan
2003

Sciatic nerve block is useful for surgery below the knee both intra- and postoperatively. Several techniques to insert a catheter at the knee level or higher have been described but need mobilization (lateral decubitus) of the patient. We describe novel landmarks, using a high lateral approach, to block the sciatic nerve without moving the patient.

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Dec
2001

The addition of clonidine to local anesthetics has been shown to prolong both peripheral and central neuraxial local anesthetic blocks. Whether clonidine prolongs local anesthetic block by a pharmacokinetic effect or a pharmacodynamic effect is unclear. By directly measuring lidocaine tissue concentrations at the site of injection in the presence and absence of clonidine, this study was designed to address this question.

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Oct
1999

Local anesthetic nerve block prolonged by epinephrine is thought to result from local vasoconstriction and consequent decreased local anesthetic clearance from the injection site. However, no study has yet confirmed this directly in humans by measuring tissue concentrations of local anesthetic over time. In addition, recent studies have shown that the alpha2-adrenergic receptor agonist, clonidine, also prolongs nerve block without altering local anesthetic clearance.

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Mar
1999

1. The effects of impulse activity on conduction in cutaneous C fibres have been examined in 46 microneurographic recordings from 11 normal subjects and 11 diabetic patients with normal nerve conduction. A tungsten microelectrode was inserted into a cutaneous nerve, usually the superficial peroneal close to the ankle, and intraneural microstimulation was used to identify an area of skin innervated.

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May
1998

An approach to the treatment of dorsal foot pain of neuroma origin is described based upon principals demonstrated to be effective in the treatment of upper extremity dorsoradial neuromas: translocation of the appropriate nerves into a muscle environment away from the joint. In the lower extremity, this requires identification of the appropriate nerves by anesthetic block, resection of the dorsal foot neuroma(s), and translocation of the nerves into the muscles of the anterolateral compartment. This approach yielded excellent results in 9 of the 11 patients with a mean follow-up of 29 months.

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Jan
1998

We report the occurrence of a relapsing, severe predominantly motor neuropathy in a 75-year-old man with an IGM-K M-protein binding to gangliosides GM2, GM3, GM4, GD1a, GT1b and LM1. Motor nerve conduction velocities were slowed with conduction block. A superficial peroneal nerve biopsy specimen revealed segmental demyelination and remyelination.

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Apr
1998

The effects of novel substance P (NK-1) receptor antagonists LY303870 and LY306740, as well as LY306155, the enantiomer of LY303870, were tested on the responses of nociceptive spinal dorsal horn neurons to iontophoretically applied substance P and to peripheral noxious stimuli. The peripheral stimuli included noxious thermal and pinch stimuli applied to the cutaneous receptive field in the hind paw and stimulation of the superficial peroneal nerve with a train of high-intensity electrical stimuli. Extracellular recordings were obtained using multi-barrel electrodes from L4-L7 segments of the spinal cord in cats anaesthetized with alpha-chloralose and spinalized at the L1 level.

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Sep
1997

Incomplete sensory blockade of the foot after sciatic nerve block in the popliteal fossa may be related to the motor response that was elicited when the block was performed. We investigated the appropriate motor response when a nerve stimulator is used in sciatic nerve block at the popliteal fossa.
Six volunteers classified as American Society of Anesthesiologists' physical status I underwent 24 sciatic nerve blocks.

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May
1997

The case of a female patient complaining of dysaesthesia and paraesthesia on the dorsum of her right foot and digits which failed to respond to conservative treatment is presented. 10 cm above the lateral malleolus, a muscle bulge of 2 cm was detected. Hoffmann-Tinel's sign was positive at this site.

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May
1997

Needle insertions into the veins of the dorsum of the foot are an overlooked source of pain and discomfort during ascending venography. As a solution to this problem a regional anaesthetic technique is presented, the combined superficial peroneal and saphenous nerve block, after being studied prospectively on 42 patients referred for bilateral venography. The nerve blocks were always performed unilaterally.

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Apr
1990

The ankle block is a safe and effective means of providing sensory anesthesia to the foot. The nerve supply to the foot at the level of the ankle is relatively superficial and consists of five nerve branches. The posterior tibial, which supplies the plantar aspect of the foot; the saphenous, supplying the medial portion of the foot; the deep peroneal, supplying an area between the great and second toes; the superficial peroneal, two branches supplying the majority of the dorsum of the foot; and the sural nerve, which supplies the lateral aspect of the foot.

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Dec
1969

Nerve trunk blocks at the ankle could be a most interesting technique of regional anaesthesia. Unfortunately the posterior tibial nerve is difficult to locate with the usual recommended anatomical landmarks (the tibialis posterior artery). The use of the flexor hallucis longus tendon as an additional landmark has been tested in 71 patients scheduled for surgery on the foot (emergency trauma surgery, amputations, ingrowing toe-nails, removal of bedsores, verrucas).

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Nov
1987

Insertion of a needle into the dorsum of the foot for lower-extremity venography is painful for many patients, and several attempts at puncture may be necessary. A regional anesthetic technique, superficial peroneal nerve block, has been devised to alleviate this pain. The nerve block is simple to perform, consisting of infiltration of lidocaine just above the ankle.

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Jan
1987

1. Intraneural stimulation (i.n.

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Oct
1985

The supraspinal inhibitory control of lumbar spinal dorsal horn neurones was investigated in N2O-anaesthetized cats by reversibly blocking conduction in the spinal cord. Dorsal horn neurones selected for this study had convergent input from myelinated (A-) and unmyelinated (C-) fibres in the posterior tibial and/or superficial peroneal nerves of the hind limb. Virtually all of them could also be excited by noxious heating of the skin of the footpad region and by low intensity mechanical stimulation of the foot.

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