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'Nerve Block Supraorbital' (78)


Jan
2018

Short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with conjunctival injection and tearing (SUNCT) is a rare, primary headache syndrome, which is classified as a subtype of trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias. Although SUNCT is usually refractory to treatment, several antiepileptic drugs have recently shown promising results for its treatment. However, there is a lack of evidence regarding the course of SUNCT during pregnancy and the available treatment options.

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Oct
2017

The aim of this study was to describe clinical features unique to supratrochlear neuralgia.
The supratrochlear nerve supplies the medial aspect of the forehead. Due to the intricate relationship between supraorbital and supratrochlear nerves, neuralgic pain in this region has been traditionally attributed to supraorbital neuralgia.

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Nov
2016

To describe current patterns of use of nerve blocks and trigger point injections for treatment of pediatric headache.
Peripheral nerve blocks are often used to treat headaches in adults and children, but the available studies and practice data from adult headache specialists have shown wide variability in diagnostic indications, sites injected, and medication(s) used. The purpose of this study was to describe current practice patterns in the use of nerve blocks and trigger point injections for pediatric headache disorders.

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Jul
2016

Anaesthetic blocks, whether used alone or combined with other treatments, are a therapeutic resource for many patients with headaches. However, usage patterns by different professionals show significant heterogeneity.
The Headache Study Group of the Spanish Society of Neurology (GECSEN) designed a self-administered cross-sectional survey and sent it to all group members through the SEN's scientific area web platform in February 2016.

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Aug
2016

Blocking the supraorbital nerve (SON) and supratrochlear nerve (STN) by injecting anesthetic distal to the surgical site has the advantage in upper eyelid surgery that avoids obscuring the surgical landmarks and compromising the levator function.
To identify the emerging points of the SON and STN in the supraorbital margin with reference to the lacrimal caruncle.
Forty-nine orbits from 27 embalmed Korean cadavers were dissected.

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Aug
2017

Background Greater occipital nerve (GON) blocks are widely used for the treatment of headaches, but quality evidence regarding their efficacy is scarce. Objective The objective of this article is to assess the short-term clinical efficacy of GON anaesthetic blocks in chronic migraine (CM) and to analyse their effect on pressure pain thresholds (PPTs) in different territories. Participants and methods The study was designed as a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled clinical trial.

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May
2016

To describe the anatomical location of the ethmoidal nerve in the equine periorbital region and to determine the accuracy of a technique used to deposit local anesthetic solution adjacent to the nerve.
Prospective experimental study.
Adult equine cadaver heads (n=6 for preliminary dissection; n=15 [30 nerve sites] for evaluation of injection technique).

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Mar
2016

Position of the facial foramina is important for regional block and for various maxillofacial surgical procedures. In this study, we report on anthropometry and morphology of these foramina using three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) data.
A retrospective review was performed for all patients who have undergone 3D-CT scan of the facial skeleton for reasons other than fracture or deformity of the facial skeleton.

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Sep
2016

Anaesthetic blockade of pericranial nerves is frequently used to treat headache disorders. There is no evidence on indication of this treatment for migraine. We aim to evaluate its effectiveness as a preventive treatment for migraine using specific indication criteria.

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Jan
2016

Mixtures of various local anesthetics, such as lidocaine and ropivacaine, have been widely used. However, their efficacy and safety for scalp nerve blocks and local infiltration during awake craniotomy have not been fully elucidated.
We prospectively investigated 53 patients who underwent awake craniotomy.

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Dec
2014

To describe the use of peripheral nerve blocks in a case series of pregnant women with migraine.
A retrospective chart review of all pregnant patients treated with peripheral nerve blocks for migraine over a 5-year period was performed. Injections targeted greater occipital, auriculotemporal, supraorbital, and supratrochlear nerves using local anesthetics.

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Jun
2014

When choosing an infiltrative anesthetic agent, the type of procedure, the length of time required for anesthesia, and the pharmacodynamics of each medication are important considerations. Distraction techniques and buffering with sodium bicarbonate can be used to decrease the pain associated with injection. Local cutaneous infiltration is the most commonly used anesthetic technique and involves direct injection into the area requiring anesthesia.

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Dec
1969

Bright light can cause excessive visual discomfort, referred to as photophobia. The precise mechanisms linking luminance to the trigeminal nociceptive system supposed to mediate this discomfort are not known. To address this issue in healthy human subjects we modulated differentially visual cortex activity by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) or flash light stimulation, and studied the effect on supraorbital pain thresholds and the nociceptive-specific blink reflex (nBR).

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Dec
2014

Various studies have been conducted on morphometric variations of infraorbital foramen to provide data to surgeons for nerve block in infraorbital region. This study aims to analyse the anatomical variations by comparing various morphometric measurements of infraorbital foramen in dry skulls of adult North Indian population. This study becomes relevant in the present study group as very scant data is available about the variations and morphometric measurements in Indian population.

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Jul
2014

The neuralgias are characterized by pain in the distribution of a cranial or cervical nerve. While most often brief, severe, and paroxysmal, continuous neuropathic pain may occur. The most commonly encountered entities include trigeminal, postherpetic, glossopharyngeal, and occipital neuralgia.

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Feb
2014

Monoamines have an important role in neural plasticity, a key factor in cortical pain processing that promotes changes in neuronal network connectivity. Monoamine oxidase type A (MAOA) is an enzyme that, due to its modulating role in monoaminergic activity, could play a role in cortical pain processing. The X-linked MAOA gene is characterized by an allelic variant of length, the MAOA upstream Variable Number Tandem Repeat (MAOA-uVNTR) region polymorphism.

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Jul
2013

Nerve blockades are used for the treatment of acute migraine episodes in emergency room conditions and beneficial results are obtained from this clinical use. Although this is the case, there are limited numbers of studies investigating the long-term effects of such an approach.
In this investigation, we had 26 patients diagnosed as migraine based on the ICHD II criteria, these were injected with 1% lidocaine at supraorbital and infraorbital nerve localizations and clinical results were evaluated after 6 months of follow-up.

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Feb
2013

Patients undergoing stereotactic headframe placement for radiosurgery report that discomfort associated with the headframe often lasts for the duration of the treatment day (approximately 6 hours). We hypothesize that blockade of scalp nerves prior to headframe placement reduces the incidence of moderate to severe head pain during the entire treatment day. We describe a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of awake patients having radiosurgery for intracranial pathology that examines whether scalp nerve blockade and local anesthetic infiltration results in superior patient comfort versus infiltration alone.

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Oct
2013

Lacrimal neuralgia: so far, a missing cranial neuralgia.

Cephalalgia 2013 Oct 14;33(14):1198-202. Epub 2013 May 14.
Juan A Pareja, María-Luz Cuadrado
The lacrimal nerve supplies the lacrimal gland, the lateral upper eyelid, and a small cutaneous area adjacent to the external CANTHUS . First division trigeminal neuralgia, supraorbital/supratrochlear neuralgia, and infraorbital neuralgia have been acknowledged as neuralgic causes of pain in the forehead and periorbit. However, the lacrimal nerve has never been identified as a source of facial pain.

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Mar
2013

To describe a standardized methodology for the performance of peripheral nerve blocks (PNBs) in the treatment of headache disorders.
PNBs have long been employed in the management of headache disorders, but a wide variety of techniques are utilized in literature reports and clinical practice.
The American Headache Society Special Interest Section for PNBs and other Interventional Procedures convened meetings during 2010-2011 featuring formal discussions and agreements about the procedural details for occipital and trigeminal PNBs.

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Nov
2012

To describe a technique for and assess accuracy of ultrasound-guided supraorbital, infraorbital, and mental nerve injections in a cadaveric model. Prior studies have shown that peripheral trigeminal nerve injections can be beneficial for a subgroup of patients for whom surgical treatment is not appropriate. Accurate injection is necessary to limit side effects and improve its efficacy.

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Sep
2012

The study aimed to provide the anatomic data for puncture of foramen ovale cranium in oral cavity. We scan 100 volunteers' skull on computed tomography who have no lesion of skull base, of which the images were for three-dimensional reconstruction. The following observations and measurements were carried out: the shape, size of foramen ovale cranium, and the angle and length of puncture line.

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Sep
2012

Hemicrania continua is characterised by a continuous unilateral pain, which frequently gets worse in association with autonomic symptoms. It is probably little known and underdiagnosed. Its diagnosis requires a response to indomethacin, which is not always well tolerated.

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Sep
2012

Cortical pain processing is associated with large-scale changes in neuronal connectivity, resulting from neural plasticity phenomena of which brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a central driver. The common single nucleotide polymorphism Val66Met is associated with reduced BDNF activity. Using the trigeminal pain-related evoked potential (tPREP) to repeated electrical painful stimuli, we investigated whether the methionine substitution at codon 66 of the BDNF gene was associated with changes in cortical processing of noxious stimuli.

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Sep
2012

The aim of this study was to provide the morphological and morphometric data of the supraorbital foramina or notches related to sex, side, and the climatic conditions where the population lived. It was hypothesized that the distribution of the occurrence and location of these openings depends on climatic conditions in which the population lived. Orbits from 866 dried skulls obtained from three climatic regions: warm, temperate, and cold were examined.

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Apr
2012

A complete response to indomethacin is required for the diagnosis of hemicrania continua (HC). Nevertheless, patients may develop side effects leading to withdrawal of this drug. Several alternatives have been proposed with no consistent effectiveness.

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Aug
2012

Teaching peripheral nerve blocks for the head and neck area to dermatologists.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2012 Aug 13;26(8):1035-7. Epub 2011 Sep 13.
J Paoli, C Halldin, C Sandberg
Peripheral nerve blocks in the head and neck region can be useful for a large number of surgical or otherwise painful procedures carried out by dermatologists. As anaesthesiologists cannot always be available to help dermatologists place nerve blocks in outpatient settings, training courses for these physicians are warranted.
To present a method of teaching nerve blocks for the face and scalp to dermatologists during residency and/or continuing medical education programmes.

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Apr
2011

Acute herpes zoster (AHZ) causes postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) in 48-75% of patients. Nerve blocks performed in the acute phase of HZ may treat the pain and prevent PHN development. Here, we present pain relief with modified van-Lint block in two cases with AHZ involving vesicles on the traces of the supraorbital and supratrochlear nerves.

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Jan
2011

We describe the case of a 17-year-old boy with dermatologic herpes simplex virus-1 outbreaks with incapacitating facial pain requiring multiple hospitalizations. He failed to respond to aggressive treatments including antiviral drugs, opioid analgesics, stellate ganglion, and supraorbital and supratrochlear nerve blocks. The patient elected to undergo dexamethasone and lidocaine Gasserian ganglion block under computed tomography-scan guidance.

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Jun
2010

Interventional procedures such as peripheral nerve blocks (PNBs) and trigger point injections (TPIs) have long been used in the treatment of various headache disorders. There are, however, little data on their efficacy for the treatment of specific headache syndromes. Moreover, there is no widely accepted agreement among headache specialists as to the optimal technique of injection, type, and doses of the local anesthetics used, and injection regimens.

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Apr
2010

Nerve blocks in the treatment of headache.

Neurotherapeutics 2010 Apr;7(2):197-203
Morris Levin
Nerve blocks and neurostimulation are reasonable therapeutic options in patients with head and neck neuralgias. In addition, these peripheral nerve procedures can also be effective in primary headache disorders, such as migraine and cluster headaches. Nerve blocks for headaches are generally accomplished by using small subcutaneous injections of amide-type local anesthetics, such as lidocaine and bupivicaine.

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Sep
2009

Safe and effective cranial analgesia can be achieved by blocking the sensitive nerves of that region. These include the supraorbital nerve, the supratrochlear nerve, the zygomaticotemporal nerve, the auriculotemporal nerve and the greater and lesser occipital nerves which are accessible at typical and most proximal points. Preferably long acting local anesthetics such as ropivacaine 0.

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Aug
2009

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an effective treatment for actinic keratoses, Bowen's disease and basal cell carcinoma. The main drawback of PDT is pain during application.
To compare the efficacy of supratrochlear and supraorbital nerve block with cold air analgesia to control the pain experienced during PDT.

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Apr
2009

The insertion of skull pins into the periosteum induces not only a haemodynamic response but also an increase in stress hormones. We compared the effects of scalp-nerve block, infiltration anaesthesia, and routine anaesthesia during skull-pin insertion on haemodynamic and stress responses to craniotomy.
Forty-five ASA I or II patients, scheduled for elective craniotomies, were enrolled in this prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled study.

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Oct
2008

Knowledge of the location of foramina in the maxillo-facial region is necessary in clinical situations requiring regional nerve blocks and in open as well as endoscopic surgical procedures to avoid injury to corresponding nerves. In this study, measurements were taken on 79 adult dried human skulls to determine the position of the supraorbital, infraorbital, and mental foramina. Supraorbital foramina were found to be approximately 25 mm lateral to the midline, 30 mm medial to the temporal crest of the frontal bone, and 2-3 mm superior to the supraorbital rim.

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Jul
2008

Stable hemodynamics, normocapnia, and adequate pain relief are considered important factors in the reduction of neurological complications in pediatric patients undergoing encephaloduroarteriomyosynangiosis (EDAMS) operations for the treatment of moyamoya disease. A preoperative skull block may reduce hemodynamic fluctuations and hypo- or hyperventilation due to emergence delirium or oversedation and provide adequate pain relief, thereby reducing postoperative morbidity.
Pediatric patients (age 3-13 years) undergoing EDAMS surgery for moyamoya disease were randomly divided into a nerve block (NB) group (18 cases) or control group (21 cases).

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Feb
2008

The aim of this work was to determine reliable bony landmarks for the anterior skull base and to standardize some specific dimensions among the frontal sinus and neighboring structures for safe anterior cranial surgery.
The study consisted of a topographical anatomic examination and cephalometric analysis of the skull. Thirty adult skulls (60 sides) were studied regarding the localization and dimensions of the supraorbital foramen (SOF), frontal sinus (FS), frontozygomatic fissure, infraorbital foramen, anterior nasal spine, and nasion.

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Apr
2008

Peripheral nerve blocks of the supraorbital, supratrochlear or occipital nerve have been utilized for the relief of headaches, although relief may be short-lasting. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of supraorbital nerve stimulation for treatment of intractable supraorbital neuralgia. Patients presenting to the pain clinic with refractory frontal headaches who responded to a diagnostic supraorbital nerve block were selected for this case series.

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Dec
2007

Short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with conjunctival injection and tearing (SUNCT) is a syndrome characterized by severe, strictly unilateral short-lasting (between 5 and 240 seconds) pain localized to orbital, supraorbital, and temporal areas, accompanied by ipsilateral conjunctival injection and lacrimation. It represents 1 of 3 primary headaches classified as trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias (TACs). Although its prevalence is extremely small, SUNCT patients may present at dental offices seeking relief for their pain.

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Dec
2007

Supraorbital neuralgia has only recently been described. Most of the cases reported involve patients suffering from chronic idiopathic neuralgias that are difficult to treat and sometimes require surgery to release the nerve. We present our experience in patients with a variant of this neuralgia which has a known causation, is commonly seen and has a benign prognosis.

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Dec
2007

Thirteen patients completed a visual analogue pain scale after trabeculectomy with topical anaesthesia and a supraorbital nerve block with 2 mL of lignocaine 2%. Ease of surgery was graded on a scale of 0-5. Inadvertent eye movements and episodes of orbicularis spasm were recorded.

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Dec
2007

To establish the efficacy of a regional nerve block of the upper eyelid and its effect on levator motor function.
Forty-one patients underwent surgery on 54 upper eyelids by one surgeon, after administration of a regional nerve block at the supraorbital notch. The amount of pain experienced by patients due to the local anesthetic injection and surgery was determined by using visual analogue scores.

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Mar
1999

The clinical manifestations of supraorbital neuralgia are apparently only incompletely known. The lack of awareness of this head pain may possibly be due to its rarity and problems with making the diagnosis. In the present work, the long-term result of minor, decompressive surgery of the supraorbital nerve in five patients is reported.

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Oct
2004

Local anesthetic blocks have been used in a variety of ways in the management of headache. Some practitioners use blocks of the supraorbital and greater occipital nerves as a form of treatment. Although the effect of each block is limited in duration, a series of injections appears to provide sustained relief.

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Oct
2004

We report a 46-year-old woman with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) in whom swelling of the first branch of the trigeminal nerves in the bilateral orbits were observed as subcutaneous masses in the upper eyelids. The disease developed when the patient was 33 years old, and weakness of the four limbs, double vision, unilateral hypoglossal neuroparalysis, and unilateral facial paralysis frequently occurred during the course of the illness. On nerve conduction studies, conduction block was detected in the motor nerves.

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Aug
2004

Standing sedation and pain management for ophthalmic patients.

Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract 2004 Aug;20(2):485-97
Sheilah A Robertson
Several ocular procedures, including examination, removal of corneal foreign bodies, nictitans surgery, eyelid repair, and tumor excision,can be successfully performed in the appropriately restrained and sedated standing horse. Sedation is best achieved with xylazine,with or without the addition of acepromazine. Additional analgesia can be provided with appropriate local anesthetic blocks.

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Feb
2004

Although local anesthesia usually is used in surgical procedures, field or nerve blocks can provide more effective anesthesia in some situations. In a field block, local anesthetic is infiltrated around the border of the surgical field, leaving the operative area undisturbed. In field blocks, epinephrine may be added to the anesthetic to enhance vasoconstriction and prolong the duration of anesthesia.

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Feb
2004

Peripheral nerve blocks can be successfully utilized in infants for neurosurgical procedures. Our objective was utilizing a series of peripheral nerve blocks for a neurosurgical procedure in a very low-birth-weight neonate.
We report the use of supraorbital, great auricular, and greater occipital nerve block in a very low-birth-weight neonate (700 g) who was scheduled for a neurosurgical procedure.

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