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'Paranasal Sinuses' (29236)


Feb
2018

Actinomycosis is a subacute-to-chronic bacterial infection caused by filamentous, gram-positive, non-acid-fast, anaerobic-to-microaerophilic bacteria. It is characterized by continuous spread, suppurative and granulomatous inflammation, and formation of multiple abscesses and sinus tracts that may discharge sulfur granules. Although the most common clinical forms of actinomycosis are cervicofacial, involvement of the nose and paranasal sinuses are extremely rare.

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Jan
2018

Sinonasal mass is the abnormal growth of tissue from nasal cavity and mucosa of the paranasal sinuses. The growth may be benign or malignant. The benign lesion grows slowly and does not metastasize.

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Feb
2018

We compared the surgery data of the department of otorhinolaryngology of the university hospitals in Japan and Thailand to make each feature and the differences of both otorhinolaryngology surgeries clear. There are some medical meetings and congresses between Japan and Thailand, but so far it has not reported about the comparison of surgery data.
Retrospectively, we analyzed the surgical statistics of department of otorhinolaryngology of Nihon University Itabashi Hospital (Japan) and Thammasat University Hospital (Thailand) between 2013 and 2014.

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Feb
2018

IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is an autoimmune disease triggering an inflammatory cascade that leads to fibrosis. Outcome measures are limited and treatment options remain underexplored.
To assess the variation of the IgG4 responder index (IgG4-RI) in a cohort of IgG4-RD patients and to explore their treatments and outcomes.

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Dec
2017

Renal cell carcinoma is one of the most common tumours to spread by extranodal metastases to the head and neck. Metastatic renal cell carcinoma to the head and neck area has been demonstrated mostly in the paranasal sinuses, parotid gland, the mandible, larynx and hypopharinx. Renal cell carcinoma should be excluded whenever a metastatic lesion is encountered in the head and neck area, even if the metastatic lesion is the first clinical presentation.

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Mar
2018

Sickle cell anemia (SCA) and β -thalassemia major are well-recognized beta-globin gene disorders of red blood cells associated to mortality and morbidity included bone morbidities due to ineffective erythropoiesis and bone marrow expansion, which affect every part of the skeleton. While there are an abundance of described disease manifestations of the head and neck, the manner of paranasal sinuses involvement and its relations to β-thalassemia and SCA process was not studied yet. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate a possible increased risk of rhinosinusitis and the real pathogenetic mechanism of it, comparing these two hematological diseases using msCT, gold standard for paranasal sinuses evaluation.

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Jan
2018

Paranasal sinuses are highly variable among living and fossil hominins and their function(s) are poorly understood. It has been argued they serve no particular function and are biological 'spandrels' arising as a structural consequence of changes in associated bones and/or soft tissue structures. In contrast, others have suggested that sinuses have one or more functions, in olfaction, respiration, thermoregulation, nitric oxide production, voice resonance, reduction of skull weight, and craniofacial biomechanics.

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Feb
2018

Sinus fungal ball is defined as noninvasive chronic rhino-sinusitis with a clump of mold in the paranasal sinuses, typically affecting the maxillary sinus. Fairly good outcomes of endoscopic surgery have been reported where the ball is removed through the antrostomy. However, the affected sinus tends to have a smaller cavity and thicker bony walls.

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Dec
1969

Inverted papilloma is a locally-aggressive benign neoplasm of the paranasal sinuses with a high potential for recurrence and malignancy. Intracranial extension is infrequent, and dural penetration even more so, typically associated with recurrence of the disease or its degeneration into squamous cell carcinoma.
A 32-year-old female patient consulted us for an exophytic lesion in her right nostril and exophthalmos, associated with headache, anosmia and dysgeusia.

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Feb
2018

To quantify the rate of late intracranial recurrences among esthesioneuroblastoma patients treated with surgical resection and postoperative radiation.
Retrospective review.
All patients receiving definitive-intent therapy for esthesioneuroblastoma between March 1995 and September 2015 were reviewed.

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Feb
2018

Aneurysmal bone cysts (ABCs) are expansile cystic lesions that can affect any bone of the body. Whilst these lesions are histologically benign, the lesions are locally aggressive and can affect the integrity of the affected bone as well as surrounding structures. ABCs arising in the head and neck region, particularly the paranasal sinuses are rare and they are limited to case reports in the literature.

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Oct
2017

Hemangiopericytomas (HPCs) are uncommon vascular tumors originating from extracapillary cells called pericytes, and rarely occur in the nose or paranasal sinuses. We treated a 57-year-old man with nasal HPC who presented with nasal obstruction and hemorrhage. Nasal endoscopy showed a readily bleeding mass between the right nasal septum and inferior turbinate.

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Feb
2018

To assess the accuracy and precision of segmentation of the maxillary sinus in MR images to evaluate the potential usefulness of this modality in longitudinal studies of sinus development.
A total of 15 healthy subjects who had been both craniofacial CT and MR scanned were included and the 30 maxillary sinus volumes were evaluated using segmentation. Two of the authors did segmentation of MRI and one of these authors did double segmentation.

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Feb
2018

The goal of this study was to determine whether frontal sinus hypoplasia coexists with maxillary sinus hypoplasia. Analyzing paranasal CT scans retrospectively, we included 86 patients who had a hypoplastic maxillary sinus at least on one side and 80 patients with bilateral normal maxillary sinuses (control group). We classified hypoplastic maxillary sinuses using the classification system previously defined by Bolger et al.

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Mar
2018

To retrospectively analyze the treatment outcomes of carbon-ion radiation therapy for adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) of the head and neck at 4 active carbon-ion facilities in Japan.
A total of 289 patients who underwent carbon-ion radiation therapy for histology-proven ACC of the head and neck at 4 institutions in Japan between November 2003 and December 2014 were included in this study.
Median patient age was 58 years (range, 12-83 years).

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Dec
1969

By using mathematical modeling, to evaluate the impact of upper respiratory tract diseases, retro- and micrognathia, and body mass index (BMI) on nocturnal pulse oximetry indicators (oxygen saturation level and oxygen desaturation index) in outpatients examined for suspected obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS).
The study enrolled 260 subjects with a mean age of 47.8±12.

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Feb
2018

To assess the feasibility and efficacy of a streamlined single time-pointTc-HYNIC-Tyr3-octreotide (Tektrotyd) somatostatin receptor scintigraphy (SRS) protocol to differentiate pathological uptake by neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) from physiological activity.
Tektrotyd imaging in 50 consecutive patients with NETs was reviewed retrospectively. Imaging was independently assessed by two experienced reporters with dual-certification in radiology and nuclear medicine and agreed in consensus.

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Feb
2018

A possible complication of frontal sinus obliteration with fat is the formation of mucoceles. We studied the prevalence of mucoceles as well as and the need for revision surgery.
Retrospective case review of forty consecutive patients undergoing frontal sinus obliteration from September 1995 to February 2012 for chronic rhinosinusitis (26), frontal mucocele (12) or frontal osteoma (2) with an average follow up of 80 months (range 15-218).

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Feb
2018

Persistent mucosal inflammation in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) often results in ongoing symptoms, recurrence of polypoid mucosa, infective exacerbations, and further systemic medication despite surgical intervention. Debate exists as to the most effective topical therapy in CRS.
The objective was to determine if corticosteroid delivered via a nasal irrigation or via a simple nasal spray would be more effective in controlling the symptoms and signs of CRS.

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Jan
2018

Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA) is a necrotizing vasculitis that predominantly affects small- to medium-sized vessels. It is characterized by a wide spectrum of extrapulmonary symptoms, including sinonasal and paranasal sinus abnormalities. These are the most common features of this disease, constituting diagnostic criteria for EGPA.

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Jun
2017

Nasal Polyp (NP) is a benign mass of the paranasal sinuses that protrudes into the nasal cavity. The exact underlying pathogenesis is not known. In this study we aimed to determine the genetic susceptibility of NP formation in relation to TNF-α-308 and IL-1β-511 promoter region gene polymorphisms.

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Mar
2017

Septal Schwannoma of the Nose: A Rare Case.

Turk Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Mar 1;55(1):41-43. Epub 2017 Mar 1.
Manish Gupta, Naiya Rao, Chandpreet Kour, Ivreet Kaur
A schwannoma is a benign tumor arising from Schwann cells present in the nerve sheath of myelinated nerves.It is rarely seen in the nose and paranasal sinuses, and it very rarely originates from the nasal septum. A 40-year-old female presented to our outpatient department with a gradual onset, progressive, left nasal obstruction since the last 4 years.

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Dec
2017

Mucocele is a disease lined primarily by epithelium, and occurs mainly when the sinus ostium is obstructed.
We report a case of a 37-year-old man who presented with painless proptosis of the right eye and diplopia.
The preoperative finding was mucocele of the ethmoid sinus.

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Feb
2018

Objective To develop a clinical consensus statement on the use of sinus ostial dilation (SOD) of the paranasal sinuses. Methods An expert panel of otolaryngologists was assembled to represent general otolaryngology and relevant subspecialty societies. The target population is adults 18 years or older with chronic or recurrent rhinosinusitis (with or without nasal polyps, with or without prior sinus surgery) for whom SOD is being recommended, defined as endoscopic use of a balloon device to enlarge or open the outflow tracts of the maxillary, frontal, or sphenoid sinuses, as a standalone procedure or with endoscopic surgery.

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Dec
2017

To evaluate effect of sellar reconstruction during pituitary adenoma resection surgery by the endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approach using artificial cerebral dura mater patch.This was a retrospective study of 1281 patients who underwent endoscopic transsphenoidal resection for the treatment of pituitary adenomas between December 2006 and May 2014 at the Neurosurgery Department of the People's Liberation Army General Hospital. The patients were classified into 4 grades according to intraoperative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage site.

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Feb
2018

Anesthesia technique may contribute to the improvement of operation room (OR) efficiency by reducing anesthesia-controlled time. We compared the difference between propofol-based total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) and desflurane anesthesia (DES) for functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) undergoing general anesthesiaWe performed a retrospective study using data collected in our hospital to compare the anesthesia-controlled time of FESS using either TIVA via target-controlled infusion with propofol/fentanyl or DES/fentanyl-based anesthesia between January 2010 and December 2011. The various time intervals (surgical time, anesthesia time, extubation time, total OR stay time, post anesthesia care unit [PACU] stay time) and the percentage of prolonged extubation were compared between the 2 anesthetic techniques.

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Mar
2018

Osteosarcomas of head and neck region have unique biology and exhibit a clinical behavior and natural history that is distinct from osteosarcomas of the trunk and extremities. Our understanding of this malignant bone tumor is largely based on data from single institutions or compiled from registries, and hence the clinical practice guidelines seem confusing and conflicting.
To analyze the demographic profile, disease characteristics and survival outcomes of osteosarcoma of head and neck region.

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Nov
2017

Breast cancer, the most common form of cancer among women, rarely metastases to the head and neck region. To date, there have been only 6 similar cases in the literature, and most patients in these reports had very poor prognosis.
We report a 61-year-old female presented pain and numbness on the right side of the face 5 years after being diagnosed with triple-negative breast cancer.

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Jan
2018

The diversity and extent of signaling functions of nitric oxide (NO) in cell physiology as well as its presence and influence as a common component of ambient air pollution and tobacco smoke are gaining increasing research attention relative to both health and disease. While cellular NO production is typically associated with inflammatory cells and processes, the airway epithelium particularly of the paranasal sinuses, has been documented to be a rich source of excreted NO. Inasmuch as excreted NO derives from both mucosal and inflammatory cell sources, distinguishing the individual contribution of these compartments to total excreted cellular NO is potentially problematic.

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Dec
2016

Allergic Aspergillus Rhinosinusitis.

J Fungi (Basel) 2016 Dec 8;2(4). Epub 2016 Dec 8.
Arunaloke Chakrabarti, Harsimran Kaur
Allergic fungal rhinosinusitis (AFRS) is a unique variety of chronic polypoid rhinosinusitis usually in atopic individuals, characterized by presence of eosinophilic mucin and fungal hyphae in paranasal sinuses without invasion into surrounding mucosa. It has emerged as an important disease involving a large population across the world with geographic variation in incidence and epidemiology. The disease is surrounded by controversies regarding its definition and etiopathogenesis.

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Dec
2017

Ossifying fibroma is a rare benign fibro-osseous lesion seen in the bones of the head and neck area. It is mostly found in the mandible followed by the maxilla and rarely in the paranasal sinuses along with the orbit and skull bones.
A 30-year-old male patient presented with headache and incidental finding of a right ethmoidal sinus ossifying fibroma by paranasal-sinuses CT scan and MRI of the face.

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Dec
1969

Inflammatory changes in the paranasal sinuses are a common incidental finding on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the head and neck. This study aimed to assess the prevalence and seasonal variation of inflammatory paranasal sinus changes in an asymptomatic Irish population. Retrospective analysis was performed on 221 patients who underwent brain MRI at the time points of winter and summer.

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Jan
2018

 Many patients undergoing functional endoscopic sinus surgery still have an uncontrolled clinical disease in the late post-operative period. Up to 11.4% of the patients will require a revision surgery.

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Jan
2018

 As experience grows with in-office balloon sinus dilation (BSD) procedures, technique modifications will evolve to meet specific needs. The major disadvantage with the maxillary BSD procedure is that the intact uncinate process prevents visualization of and instrument access into the maxillary sinus both intraoperatively and postoperatively. Combining a partial or complete uncinectomy procedure with maxillary BSD could be beneficial in selected patients with certain maxillary sinus problems.

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Jan
2018

Small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (SCNEC) is a rare disease of nose and paranasal sinuses. In contrast to other regions SCNEC of this region has been reported to be recurrent and locally aggressive. No definite treatment has been established till date because of rarity of this disease.

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Dec
1969

Equine cheek teeth disorders, especially pulpar/apical infections, can have very serious consequences due to the frequent extension of infection to the supporting bones and/or adjacent paranasal sinuses. Limited studies have assessed the accuracy of computed tomographic (CT) imaging in the diagnosis of these disorders, and no study has directly compared imaging and pathological findings of the alveoli of diseased equine cheek teeth.
To validate the accuracy of CT and radiographic imaging of cheek teeth disorders by comparing CT and radiographic imaging, gross and histological findings in abnormal cheek teeth and their alveoli extracted from equine cadaver heads.

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Nov
2017

Mucormycosis is a progressively invasive disease, with a fatal outcome, on late presentation. A 38-year-old female presented with diabetic ketoacidosis with right eye ptosis and a frozen globe without any signs of inflammation, externally. She underwent transnasal endoscopic debridement of paranasal sinuses and exenteration of the right eye.

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Jan
2018

Image registration software is frequently used in clinical radiology, e.g., for follow-up diagnosis.

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Dec
2017

Mucocele of the paranasal sinuses is a rare disease with slow evolution. It is a benign, encapsulated and destructive formation filled with mucous fluid and tapistrated with respiratory epithelium. Of all the paranasal sinuses, the sphenoid sinus is affected in only 1-7% of the cases.

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Nov
2017

This study adds important information regarding the morphological alterations caused by growth hormone hypersecretion in the skull and craniocervical junction (CCJ). A variably asymmetric skull due to acromegaly coexists with expansion of the paranasal sinuses and multiple Wormian bones.
A pathologically asymmetric dry skull of a European male, aged 38 years at death, with cranial vault and skull base thickening is described.

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Jan
2018

There is a paucity of data supporting antibiotic use in endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). The objective of this study is to determine perioperative antibiotic use patterns and factors which influence use in ESS.
An online-based survey was distributed to members of the American Rhinologic Society (ARS).

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Dec
2017

The aim of this study was to analyse the occurrence of inverted papillomas of the nose and paranasal sinuses in patients that underwent endoscopic sinus surgery in our department.
Between 2006 and 2016, 3,574 patients underwent surgery due to paranasal sinus diseases. Patients were qualified for surgery based on medical history, computed tomography, and laboratory tests.

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Dec
2017

Mucormycosis is one of the most rapidly progressing and fulminant forms of fungal infection which usually begins in the nose and paranasal sinuses following inhalation of fungal spores. It is caused by organisms of the subphylum Mucormycotina, including genera as Absidia, Mucor, Rhizomucor, and Rhizopus. The incidence of mucormycosis is approximately 1.

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Jan
2018

To explore the link between nasal polyposis, refractory otitis media with effusion and eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis.
A retrospective observational study was carried out of patients diagnosed with refractory otitis media with effusion necessitating grommet insertion and who had nasal polyps. Patients were evaluated to determine if they fulfilled the diagnostic criteria of eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis.

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Dec
2017

Background/aim: Nasal polyposis is a chronic inflammatory disease affecting the paranasal sinuses and nasal mucosae. It is thought that genetic and molecular mechanisms in inflammatory and apoptotic pathways are the main factors in the etiopathogenesis of nasal polyposis. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression patterns of CD11b, galectin-1, beclin-1, and caspase-3 in nasal polyps.

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Dec
1969

Volume measurements of maxillary sinus may be useful to identify diseases affecting paranasal sinuses. However, literature shows a lack of consensus in studies measuring the volume. This may be attributable to different computed tomography data acquisition techniques, segmentation methods, focuses of investigation, among other reasons.

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Nov
2017

The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of anatomic variations of the paranasal sinuses and their roles in the development of sinusitis.
Computed tomography of paranasal sinuses of 350 patients was assessed in terms of anatomic variations and inflammatory sinus pathology. The coexistence of anatomic variations with sinusitis was statistically investigated.

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Dec
2017

A locally disturbed commensal microbiome might be an etiological factor in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) in general and in CRS without nasal polyps (CRSsNP) in particular. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) have been suggested to restore commensal microbiomes. A honeybee LAB microbiome consisting of various lactobacilli and bifidobacteria have been found potent against CRS pathogens in vitro.

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