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'Pericarditis Acute' (2948)


Feb
2018

Acute pericarditis is a minor complication following atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation procedures. The aim of the study was to evaluate the incidence and clinical aspects of pericarditis following cryoballoon (CB) ablation of AF investigating a possible association with procedural characteristics and a possible relationship with post-ablation recurrences.
Four hundred fifty consecutive patients (male 73%, age 59.

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Jan
2018

An important agent in melanoma therapy, ipilimumab is associated with autoimmune toxicity. Two cases of autoimmune pericarditis and large pericardial effusion have been documented with its use. Reports of myocardial toxicity have surfaced with this agent, mainly when used in combination with PD1 blockade.

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Feb
2018

Acute pericarditis following endoscopy.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Feb 5;2018. Epub 2018 Feb 5.
Michael Mohseni, Theodore Szymanski
The differential diagnoses for patients presenting with chest discomfort after endoscopy remain broad. In addition to infectious, traumatic and bleeding complications, intrinsic cardiac pathology should be considered. Though rare, pericarditis and pericardial tamponade are additional entities that the clinician should consider when evaluating these patients.

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Feb
2018

There is limited information on acute heart failure (AHF) and its treatment in sub-Saharan Africa.
To describe the clinical characteristics and causes of heart failure (HF), adherence to HF treatment guidelines, and mortality of patients with AHF presenting to Groote Schuur Hospital (GSH), Cape Town, South Africa.
This sub-study of The Sub-Saharan Africa Survey of Heart Failure (THESUS-HF) was a prospective and observational survey that focused on the enrolment and follow-up of additional patients with AHF presenting to GSH and entered into the existing registry after publication of the primary THESUS-HF article in 2012.

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Jan
2018

Infection withcan encompass a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations, including fever, rash, endocarditis, osteomyelitis, and meningitis. The present case demonstrates the ability ofto masquerade as acute rheumatic fever and represents the first reported case of cardiac tamponade caused by.

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Feb
2018

Acute purulent bacterial pericarditis is of rare occurrence in this modern antibiotic era. Primary involvement of the pericardium without evidence of underlying infection elsewhere is even rarer. It is a rapidly progressive infection with high mortality.

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Dec
2017

There are scarce contemporary data regarding the incidence and prognosis of early postmyocardial infarction pericarditis (PMIP). Thus, we retrospectively analyzed 6,282 patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) enrolled with known PMIP status in the Acute Coronary Syndrome Israeli Survey 2000 to 2013 registry. The primary outcome was the composite of all-cause mortality, nonfatal myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular event, stent thrombosis, or revascularization.

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Jan
2018

Colchicine has been longstanding and widely used for the treatment of acute gout flares and prevention of gout relapses. Its use has been extended to a series of autoinflammatory diseases, such as familial Mediterranean fever and more recently to periodic fever with aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and adenitis, Behcet's disease and idiopathic recurrent acute pericarditis. In this review, we summarize current indications of colchicine use, discuss its pharmacokinetics and mechanism of action and examine its use in the treatment of autoinflammatory diseases.

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Jan
2018

Colchicine is an old drug originally employed for the treatment of inflammatory disorders such as acute gout and familiar Mediterranean fever.
In the past few decades, colchicine has been at the forefront of the pharmacotherapy of several cardiac diseases, including acute and recurrent pericarditis, coronary artery disease, prevention of atrial fibrillation and heart failure. In this review, we have summarized the current evidence based medicine and guidelines recommendations in the specific context of pericardial syndromes.

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Dec
1969

Chest pain is an extremely common presenting complaint on the acute medical unit. It is important to distinguish between patients who have serious pathology and those without. Often, the focus is on ruling out an acute coronary syndrome and inadequate consideration is given to other possible causes.

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Dec
2017

Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) is defined by clinical and laboratory signs associated with partial or complete impairment of hepatic venous drainage in the absence of right heart failure or constrictive pericarditis. Primary BCS is the most frequent type and is a complication of hypercoagulable states, in particular myeloproliferative neoplasms. Secondary BCS involves tumor invasion or extrinsic compression.

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Jan
2018

Without prompt superior mesenteric artery (SMA) revascularization, acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI) frequently leads to death or short bowel syndrome (SBS). In SBS patients, persistent or chronic intestinal ischemia (PII) of the remnant bowel can lead to recurrences of AMI. Since SMA revascularization is sometimes unfeasible, celiac artery (CA) revascularization may improve blood supply to the remnant bowel.

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Dec
1969

Recurrence affects about 30% (20% to 50%) of patients within 18 months after the initial episode of acute pericarditis resulting in subsequent rehospitalizations. Bearing in mind high treatment costs of patients admitted to hospital with acute and recurrent pericarditis, there is a need to optimize the treatment of both of these conditions.
We present a case of recurrent pericarditis.

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Dec
2017

We report the first adult case of Neisseria meningitidis W-135 presenting with meningococcal arthritis and myopericarditis concomitantly, without other classical features of meningococcal disease.
A 67-year-old Caucasian man presented with acute-onset polyarthralgia, myalgia, and fever. On examination he had polyarticular synovitis.

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Dec
2017

Recurrent pericarditis.

Duodecim 2017;133(4):397-401
Jukka Lehtonen
Recurrent pericarditis is the most common and problematic complication of acute pericarditis. After acute pericarditis, the pericarditis recurs in 20 to 50% of the patients. In most cases the etiology of pericarditis remains unclear, although it is generally thought to arise by an immunological mechanism.

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Dec
2017

Acute pericarditis is typically associated with a viral infection. Chest pain appearing in connection with or soon after the symptoms of infection is the characteristic symptom. Diagnosis is based on the recognition of two characteristic findings (pericardial chest pain, pericardial friction rub, new ECG changes or new pericardial effusion).

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Apr
2018

The traditional treatment of acute pericarditis includes non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs) or glucocorticoids. The addition of colchicine has been found to reduce the rate of recurrences. Glucocorticoids, however, may attenuate this effect, although the available data are limited.

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Feb
2018

Acute myopericardial syndromes are common but can be challenging to manage and potentially have life-threatening complications. Careful clinical history, physical examination, electrocardiogram interpretation, and application of diagnostic criteria are needed to make an accurate diagnosis, exclude concomitant disease, and properly treat patients. Therapy for acute pericarditis should be guided per the underlying cause.

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Nov
2017

A 40-year-old male patient underwent radiofrequency catheter ablation for symptomatic paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). Although pulmonary vein (PV) isolation was successfully completed without acute complications, the patient began complaining of sustained retrosternal pain. Seventeen days after ablation, the patient visited the emergency room with fever and severe chest pain with pericarditis-like features.

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Oct
2017

Coxsackievirus A16 (CA16), which primarily causes hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD), is associated with complications, such as encephalitis, acute flaccid paralysis, myocarditis, pericarditis, and shock. However, no case of pancreatitis associated with CA16 has been reported in children. We report a case of CA16-associated acute pancreatitis in a 3-year-old girl with HFMD.

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Dec
2017

We describe the case of a 45-year-old Japanese man who developed acute pericarditis following an acute pulmonary thromboembolism. He had developed shortness of breath 7 days prior to hospitalization and was admitted with severe dyspnea. Echocardiography and laboratory results were compatible with acute pulmonary thromboembolism, which was confirmed by contrast-enhanced chest computed tomography.

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Feb
2018

Novel therapies have potential to improve outcomes in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) harboring FLT3-ITD mutations that have high risk of relapse and poor survival following standard of care (SOC) cytarabine/anthracycline-based induction/consolidation chemotherapy. Quizartinib is a selective and highly potent FLT3 inhibitor that has shown strong single-agent activity in relapsed or refractory (R/R) AML. This phase 1, open-label, sequential group dose-escalation trial (NCT 01390337) is the first evaluating safety and tolerability of quizartinib in combination with SOC chemotherapy in newly diagnosed AML (ndAML).

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Jan
2018

Pericardial effusion is the abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pericardial space. The complications of pericardial effusion can either be acute (e.g.

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Nov
2017

The elderly are at risk of pericarditis from conditions such as malignancy, renal disease and after cardiac surgery. However, the burden of pericarditis and especially long-term outcomes associated with pericarditis have not been described before among the elderly.
We examined hospitalization rates; in-hospital, 30-day, and 1-year all-cause mortality rates; all-cause 30-day readmission rates; length of stay and healthcare expenditure for Medicare beneficiaries aged 65 years or older with a principal discharge diagnosis of pericarditis from 1999 to 2012.

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Jan
2018

Autoinflammatory syndromes (AIS) are characterized by recurring events of inflammation, leading to a variety of organ manifestations and fever attacks. A subgroup of AIS is commonly referred to as hereditary periodic fever syndromes (HPFS). There is substantial evidence that autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus are strongly associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.

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Feb
2018

The incidence of cytarabine-induced pericarditis is rare. So far, only a few cases have been reported worldwide.
We are reporting a case of a 25-year-old male with acute myeloid leukemia (AML M2a) on chemotherapy who developed acute pericarditis after the administration of a cytarabine-containing regimen.

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Oct
2017

Multimodality Imaging of Pericardial Diseases.

Curr Treat Options Cardiovasc Med 2017 Oct 12;19(12):89. Epub 2017 Oct 12.
Mouaz H Al-Mallah, Fatimah Almasoudi, Mohamed Ebid, Amjad M Ahmed, Abdelrahman Jamiel
Pericardial diseases have changed their epidemiology in the past few years. With the aging population and decreasing incidence of communicable diseases, the causes of pericardial diseases have significantly changed from infectious and malignant to postradiation and cardiac surgery causes. Despite that, pericardial diseases remain difficult to diagnose.

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Nov
2017

Tuberculous and Infectious Pericarditis.

Cardiol Clin 2017 Nov;35(4):615-622
Sung-A Chang
Viral pericarditis is the most common cause of acute pericarditis and it is typically responsive to aspirin or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Tuberculous pericarditis is common in immunocompromised patients or in immunocompetent patients in endemic areas. The diagnosis of tuberculous pericarditis usually requires a multidisciplinary approach, and presumptive treatment should be started for people with suspected infections living in endemic areas.

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Nov
2017

Acute and recurrent pericarditis is the most common pericardial syndrome encountered in clinical practice either as an isolated process or as part of a systemic disease. The diagnosis is based on clinical evaluation, electrocardiogram, and echocardiography. The empiric therapy is based on nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs plus colchicine as first choice, resorting to corticosteroids for specific indications (eg, systemic inflammatory disease on corticosteroids, pregnancy, renal failure, concomitant oral anticoagulants), for contraindications or failure of the first-line therapy.

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Nov
2017

Pericardial diseases represent diverse conditions, ranging from painful inflammatory states, such as acute pericarditis, to life-threatening tamponade and chronic heart failure due to constrictive pericarditis. Multimodality cardiovascular imaging plays important roles in diagnosis and management of pericardial conditions. This review provides a clinical update on multimodality cardiovascular imaging of the pericardium, incorporating echocardiography, multidetector computed tomography, and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, focusing on guiding clinicians about when each cardiac imaging modality should be used in each relevant pericardial condition.

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Sep
2017

[Angina Pectoris in a Young Woman with Lupus Erythematosus].

Dtsch Med Wochenschr 2017 Sep 22;142(19):1449-1452. Epub 2017 Sep 22.
Simon Braumann, Malte P Bartram, Roman Pfister, Guido Michels
 We present a 31-year old woman with a 6-year history of cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE) who presented to the emergency room with typical chest pain. ECG and transthoracic echocardiography were normal. Her working diagnosis of pericarditis was made due to systemic progression of her lupus erythematosus (LE).

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Nov
2017

Acute pericarditis may be the heralding manifestation of various systemic inflammatory diseases (SIDs). The aim of this study was to identify clinical indicators for SIDs in patients admitted for acute pericarditis with pericardial effusion.
All consecutive adult patients hospitalized in a Department of Internal Medicine over a 10-year period for acute pericarditis with pericardial effusion were retrospectively reviewed.

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Jul
2017

INTRODUCTION ---Acute pericarditis is the most commonly encountered manifestation of pericardial disease (incidence: 0.2 percent to 0.5 percent in hospitalized patients).

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Nov
2017

Idiopathic pericarditis is presumed to result from viral infection. The incidence rates of some viral infections have typical seasonal patterns. The data in the literature on a possible seasonal pattern of acute pericarditis are very limited.

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Dec
1969

Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), previously known as Wegener's granulomatosis, is a pulmonary-renal syndrome affecting small and medium sized blood vessels. The disease has a prevalence in studies ranging from 3 to 15.7 cases per 100,000, with a noted increasing incidence and prevalence in more recent studies.

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Nov
2017

Mass mortalities of cobia, Rachycentron canadum, sub-adults occurred during August 2013 in cage culture in the Gulf of Mannar, Mandapam Tamil Nadu, India. The epizootic of disease was started with typical classical clinical signs followed by acute mortality. Grossly, severe haemorrhage and congestion were observed in the gastric mucosa.

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Dec
2017

End stage renal disease (ESRD) is increasing in the U.S., and these patients demonstrate greater all-cause mortality, cardiovascular events, and hospitalization rates when compared to those with normal renal function.

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Oct
2017

Thoracic Radiation Normal Tissue Injury.

Semin Radiat Oncol 2017 Oct;27(4):370-377
Charles B Simone
Thoracic malignancies are often a difficult group of tumors to treat definitively as the radiation doses needed to achieve a high probability for tumor control are often associated with high rates of radiation-induced toxicities. The lungs are particularly radiosensitive and are susceptible to radiation pneumonitis in the acute and subacute settings and pulmonary fibrosis in the late setting. Acute esophagitis is common and affects patient quality of life.

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Sep
2017

During outpatient cardiac rehabilitation after an acute coronary syndrome or after an episode of congestive heart failure, a careful, periodic evaluation of patients' clinical and hemodynamic status is essential. Simple and traditional cardiac auscultation could play a role in providing useful prognostic information.Reduced intensity of the first heart sound (S1), especially when associated with prolonged apical impulse and the appearance of added sounds, may help identify left ventricular (LV) dysfunction or conduction disturbances, sometimes associated with transient myocardial ischemia.

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Nov
2017

This clinical skills review describes the most common cardiac auscultatory findings in adults after heart surgery and correlates them with prognostic indicators. It was written for noncardiologist health care providers who work in outpatient cardiac rehabilitation programs.Mechanical prosthetic valves produce typical closing and opening clicks.

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Aug
2017

Purulent pericarditis is a life-threatening disorder, even in the modern antibiotic era. Although diabetes mellitus is known to be associated with an increased risk of multiple types of infections, purulent pericarditis is extremely rare. We herein report an unusual case of pericarditis caused by Salmonella enterica subspecies arizona that was not associated with any evident underlying immunosuppressive disorder apart from uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus.

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Aug
2017

Acute pericarditis is the most common disease of the pericardium encountered in clinical practice. It is diagnosed in 0.1% of all admissions and 5% of emergency room admissions for chest pain.

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Dec
1969

Cardiac tamponade is an important and potentially lethal complication of acute pericarditis. However, recurrence of cardiac tamponade is rare when it is treated appropriately. We present a 49-year-old man with bacterial pericarditis and recurrent cardiac tamponade, which was caused by the rupture of an upper part of the left atrium (LA).

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Jul
2017

Coxsackieviruses are members of a group of viruses called the enteroviruses, which may cause respiratory and gastrointestinal symptoms, erythema, meningoencephalitis, myocarditis, pericarditis, and myositis. Unilateral acute idiopathic maculopathy caused by coxsackievirus A16 has been associated with hand, foot, and mouth disease, but only a few reports describe retinitis associated with coxsackievirus serotype B3 or B4. We report a case of bilateral multifocal obstructive retinal vasculitis that developed after coxsackievirus A4 infection.

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Dec
1969

Despite the widespread outbreak, few cases of Zika virus associated with cardiac manifestations have been described. We present a case of pericarditis in the setting of an acute, symptomatic Zika virus infection in a traveler returning from St. Thomas.

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