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'Pericarditis Constrictive' (3845)


Feb
2018

Acute purulent bacterial pericarditis is of rare occurrence in this modern antibiotic era. Primary involvement of the pericardium without evidence of underlying infection elsewhere is even rarer. It is a rapidly progressive infection with high mortality.

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Dec
2017

Purulent pericarditis is a rare and usually fatal disease. Immunodeficiency state and preexisting pericardial effusion can predispose patients to infections. However, we are not aware of similar cases in patients with adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD).

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Jan
2018

Constrictive pericarditis (CP) is defined as impedance to diastolic filling caused by a fibrotic pericardium. The diagnosis of CP is a clinical challenge and requires a high index of clinical suspicion. The signs and symptoms of CP include fatigue, edema, ascites, and liver dysfunction.

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Jan
2018

Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a poorly characterized condition. We aimed to phenotype patients with HFpEF using multiparametric stress cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) and to assess the relationship to clinical outcomes.
One hundred and fifty four patients (51% male, mean age 72 ± 10 years) with a diagnosis of HFpEF underwent transthoracic echocardiography and CMR during a single study visit.

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Jan
2018

To study the clinical features, management and outcome of patients with constrictive pericarditis, at a tertiary care hospital of Pakistan.
Descriptive study.
All consecutive patients with the final diagnosis of constrictive pericarditis, admitted at Aga Khan University Hospital Karachi, during the year 2005 to 2015 were included in the study.

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Dec
2017

Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) is defined by clinical and laboratory signs associated with partial or complete impairment of hepatic venous drainage in the absence of right heart failure or constrictive pericarditis. Primary BCS is the most frequent type and is a complication of hypercoagulable states, in particular myeloproliferative neoplasms. Secondary BCS involves tumor invasion or extrinsic compression.

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Dec
1969

Most pericardial changes appear within a few weeks in patients who have undergone radiation therapy for thoracic neoplasms. Chronic pericardial constriction typically occurs decades later, consequent to fibrosis. Early constrictive pericarditis after chest irradiation is quite rare.

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Dec
1969

Restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) is the least common among cardiomyopathies. It can be idiopathic, familial, or secondary to systematic disorders. Marked increase in left and/or right ventricular filling pressures causes symptoms and signs of congestive heart failure.

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Dec
2017

Adult-onset Still disease (AOSD) is a systemic inflammatory disease characterized by fever, arthritis and rash. Corticosteroids represent a promising therapeutic option for AOSD; however, some resistant cases require immunosuppressants and biologic agents. We herein report the case of a 29-year-old Japanese man with severe AOSD, accompanied by constrictive pericarditis (CP) and pleuritis.

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Jan
2017

Restrictive Cardiomyopathy or Constrictive Pericarditis: An Unresolved Conundrum.

World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg 2017 Jan 1:2150135116678415. Epub 2017 Jan 1.
Gregory Ho, Ed Peng, Antony Hermuzi, Asif Hasan
Cardiomyopathy may have a variety of causes and may lead to significant morbidity. Often, there is no "perfect" treatment. New investigative techniques may add insight but retain the possibility of uncertainty.

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Nov
2017

Constrictive pericarditis (CP) is a form of diastolic heart failure that arises because an inelastic pericardium inhibits cardiac filling. This disorder must be considered in the differential diagnosis for unexplained heart failure, particularly when the left ventricular ejection fraction is preserved. Risk factors for the development of CP include prior cardiac surgery and radiation therapy, but most cases are still deemed to be idiopathic.

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Nov
2017

Pericardial effusion of various sizes is a quite common clinical finding, while its progression to effusive-constrictive pericarditis occurs in about 1.4-14% of cases. Although available evidence on prevalence and prognosis of this rare pericardial syndrome is poor, apparently a considerable proportion of patients conservatively managed has a spontaneous resolution after several weeks.

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Nov
2017

A 47-year-old man with a medical history of hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and OSA presented with a 7- to 10-day history of progressively worsening dyspnea on exertion, with a walking distance of 60 feet. He had bilateral lower-extremity swelling and was prescribed furosemide without clinical improvement. At baseline, he used three pillows for sleeping.

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Jan
2018

Pericardial effusion is the abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pericardial space. The complications of pericardial effusion can either be acute (e.g.

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Oct
2017

Epicardial resection is considered effective in patients with constrictive pericarditis accompanied by epicardial constriction, but few publications have evaluated its long-term outcomes. The study objective was to evaluate early and late results of epicardial resection.
A total of 22 patients with pericardiectomy for constrictive pericarditis were treated at our institution between 1989 and 2016.

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Jan
2018

In the 1990s, epicardial implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) patches were frequently implanted to treat life-threatening ventricular arrhythmia. However, owing to the high rates of functional failure, the patch system has been replaced by transvenous ICD leads system. Although morphological abnormalities such as dense fibrosis around the patch are quite frequent, epicardial ICD patch-induced localized constrictive pericarditis is very rare.

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Oct
2017

Multimodality Imaging of Pericardial Diseases.

Curr Treat Options Cardiovasc Med 2017 Oct 12;19(12):89. Epub 2017 Oct 12.
Mouaz H Al-Mallah, Fatimah Almasoudi, Mohamed Ebid, Amjad M Ahmed, Abdelrahman Jamiel
Pericardial diseases have changed their epidemiology in the past few years. With the aging population and decreasing incidence of communicable diseases, the causes of pericardial diseases have significantly changed from infectious and malignant to postradiation and cardiac surgery causes. Despite that, pericardial diseases remain difficult to diagnose.

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Nov
2017

Tuberculous and Infectious Pericarditis.

Cardiol Clin 2017 Nov;35(4):615-622
Sung-A Chang
Viral pericarditis is the most common cause of acute pericarditis and it is typically responsive to aspirin or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Tuberculous pericarditis is common in immunocompromised patients or in immunocompetent patients in endemic areas. The diagnosis of tuberculous pericarditis usually requires a multidisciplinary approach, and presumptive treatment should be started for people with suspected infections living in endemic areas.

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Nov
2017

Pericardiectomy is a potentially curative treatment for constrictive pericarditis. We use a median sternotomy and believe that adequate resection involves removal of the diaphragmatic pericardium and the anterior pericardium. Late outcomes depend on severity of right-sided heart failure preoperatively, the etiology of constrictive pericarditis, and adequate pericardial resection.

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Nov
2017

Effusive-constrictive pericarditis (ECP) corresponds to the coexistence of a hemodynamically significant pericardial effusion and decreased pericardial compliance. The hallmark of ECP is the persistence of elevated right atrial pressure postpericardiocentesis. The prevalence of ECP seems higher in tuberculous pericarditis and lower in idiopathic cases.

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Nov
2017

Constrictive Pericarditis.

Cardiol Clin 2017 Nov;35(4):539-549
Terrence D Welch, Jae K Oh
Constrictive pericarditis is a potentially treatable cause of diastolic heart failure that arises because a diseased, inelastic pericardium restricts ventricular diastolic expansion. Affected patients present with heart failure with predominant right-sided symptoms and signs. The key to diagnosis is identification of the unique hemodynamic properties associated with constriction: dissociation of intrathoracic and intracardiac pressures and enhanced ventricular interaction.

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Nov
2017

Pericardial diseases represent diverse conditions, ranging from painful inflammatory states, such as acute pericarditis, to life-threatening tamponade and chronic heart failure due to constrictive pericarditis. Multimodality cardiovascular imaging plays important roles in diagnosis and management of pericardial conditions. This review provides a clinical update on multimodality cardiovascular imaging of the pericardium, incorporating echocardiography, multidetector computed tomography, and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, focusing on guiding clinicians about when each cardiac imaging modality should be used in each relevant pericardial condition.

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Nov
2017

Constrictive pericarditis and cardiac tamponade cause severe diastolic dysfunction, but do not depress systolic function until the agonal state has been reached. Multimodality cardiovascular imaging has brought the nuances of pericardial disease to the domain of the practicing cardiologist. This introduction is a revised article originally written by the late Dr Shabetai for a pericardial diseases textbook which was not published.

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Dec
1969

Constrictive and effusive-constrictive pericarditis are rare cardiac disorders. Only rarely are the conditions caused by purulent infection, and even more infrequently by anaerobe bacteria. We describe a case of constrictive - and effusive-constrictive pericarditis due toformerlyin a 75-year old, immunocompetent and previously healthy patient without any predisposition.

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Oct
2017

A previously healthy 48-year-old active duty man, who had been treated for an elbow abscess 3 weeks earlier, presented to an emergency department in Bahrain with tachycardia, pericardial friction rub and jugular venous distention. Cardiac tamponade was confirmed on transthoracic echocardiogram and he was taken for emergent pericardiocentesis. Pericardial fluid cultures grew community-acquired methicillin-resistantDespite ongoing treatment with intravenous vancomycin, he developed a recurrent fibrinous pericardial effusion and constrictive pericarditis requiring pericardiectomy.

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Oct
2017

We here report a successful midterm outcome following combined off-pump radical pericardiectomy and coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) in a 65-year-old male patient who was suffering from chronic constrictive calcified tubercular pericarditis with coronary artery disease. Simultaneous off-pump CABG and radical pericardiectomy for nonsurgical constrictive pericarditis is reported very rarely in English literature.

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Oct
2017

A 3-year-old girl with the diagnosis of chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) was hospitalized for bronchopneumonia and congestive heart failure. Her medical history included methylprednisolone medication for autoimmune gastric outlet obstruction. Computed tomography revealed pneumonic infiltrations and pericardial thickening.

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Nov
2017

International studies have reported the value of the clinical profile and laboratory findings in the diagnosis of constrictive pericarditis. However, Brazilian population data are scarce.
To assess the clinical characteristics, sensitivity of imaging tests and factors related to the death of patients with constrictive pericarditis undergoing pericardiectomy.

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Sep
2017

This study sought to investigate the incidence, associated findings, and natural history of effusive-constrictive pericarditis (ECP) after pericardiocentesis.
ECP is characterized by the coexistence of tense pericardial effusion and constriction of the heart by the visceral pericardium. Echocardiography is currently the main diagnostic tool in the assessment of pericardial disease, but limited data have been published on the incidence and prognosis of ECP diagnosed by echo-Doppler.

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Dec
1969

Tuberculous pericarditis can impair the heart's function and cause death; long term, it can cause the membrane to fibrose and constrict causing heart failure. In addition to antituberculous chemotherapy, treatments include corticosteroids, drainage, and surgery.
To assess the effects of treatments for tuberculous pericarditis.

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Dec
1969

Localized pericardial constriction is a rare form of constrictive pericarditis CP. Depending on the CP location, clinical presentation may be variable, including compression and obstruction of right ventricular inflow tract(RVIT), coronary obstruction, or pulmonary stenosis.
A 72-year-old man presented a 2-year history of dyspnea and atrial fibrillation.

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Sep
2017

Angiosarcoma with pulmonary metastasis is a rare, fatal disease that often presents with multiple pulmonary nodules and diffuse alveolar hemorrhage. We herein review the detailed clinical characteristics of pulmonary metastatic angiosarcoma and determine a reasonable diagnostic strategy.The medical records of 11 patients with pulmonary angiosarcoma were reviewed.

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Oct
2017

A rising prevalence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) has led to a rise in ESRD-related pericardial syndromes, calling for a better understanding of its pathophysiology, diagnoses, and management. Uremic pericarditis, the most common manifestation of uremic pericardial disease, is a contemporary problem that calls for intensive hemodialysis, anti-inflammatories, and often, drainage of large inflammatory pericardial effusions. Likewise, asymptomatic pericardial effusions can become large and impact the hemodynamics of patients on chronic hemodialysis.

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Sep
2016

The survival of patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) who have access to highly active antiretroviral therapy (ART) has dramatically increased in recent times. This review focuses on HIV-associated heart failure in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). In HIV infected persons, heart failure may be related to pathology of the pericardium, the myocardium, the valves, the conduction system, or the coronary and pulmonary vasculature.

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Aug
2017

Background Congenital Heart Disease and Rheumatic Heart Disease are the most common childhood cardiac disease encountered in developing countries. Objective To study the pattern and the prevalence of cardiac diseases, its age wise distribution and to determine their risk factors for mortality in children presented to Dhulikhel Hospital, Kathmandu University Hospital. Method A study of cardiac diseases in children, since birth to 16 years of age attending the department of pediatrics in Dhulikhel Hospital, Kathmandu University Hospital was done over a period of 30 months (Jan 2014 to June 2016).

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Aug
2017

A 66-year-old woman was referred to our hospital with dyspnea. Right-sided congestive pleural effusion of an unknown etiology was detected and she was diagnosed with constrictive pericarditis. Pericardiectomy was performed via median sternotomy under extracorporeal circulation because severe adhesion was observed.

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Aug
2017

has spread worldwide and its mortality rate had been very high. The prevention technology and antituberculosis (TB) chemotherapy has improved its prognosis. However, immunocompromised patients, such as those who had HIV infection, older age and on haemodialysis, are still at high risk of TB infection.

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Sep
2017

The purpose of this study was to review the surgical outcomes of pericardiectomy for constrictive pericarditis and to examine risk factors for overall mortality in a contemporary period.
We reviewed all patients who underwent pericardiectomy for constriction from 1936 through 2013. The investigation included constrictive pericarditis cases confirmed intraoperatively, all other types of pericarditis were excluded; 1,071 pericardiectomies were performed in 1,066 individual patients.

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