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'Pericarditis Constrictive-Effusive' (5)


Dec
1969

Effusive constrictive cholesterol pericarditis is exceedingly rare. Most cases have an unclear etiology but can be associated with rheumatoid arthritis, tuberculosis infection, and hypothyroidism. The hallmark of the effusion is the distinctively high levels of cholesterol.

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Feb
2007

Spontaneous aortic rupture, without any history of previous thoracic trauma, infection or acute thoracic pain is an extremely rare and potentially life-threatening event. Its diagnosis, in the absence of acute symptoms, is usually delayed and relies on secondary signs. While the etiology is atherosclerotic in most cases, the exact mechanisms of rupture have only recently been uncovered.

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May
2005

Dialysis pericarditis is a relatively uncommon cause of pericardial constriction and may be found in patients with end-stage renal disease receiving adequate renal replacement therapy. We present a patient with end-stage renal disease maintained on chronic peritoneal dialysis who developed severe myopericardial calcification over a 2-month period demonstrated by sequential chest computed tomographic scanning. The characteristic hemodynamic findings of constrictive-effusive pericarditis, obtained during cardiac catheterization, are presented and discussed.

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Dec
2003

This case report details a patient with a cardiac angiosarcoma who had an unusual presentation with hemodynamics consistent with mitral stenosis and constrictive-effusive pericarditis. It illustrates how transesophageal echocardiography adds to the information obtained from transthoracic imaging and hemodynamics in this unusual presentation of a cardiac tumor.

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Feb
1984

Although it is now recognised as a rare complication of cardiac surgery, constrictive pericarditis was diagnosed in three patients after coronary artery bypass surgery. The time interval between cardiac surgery and the development of constrictive features varied from two to six weeks. All three patients presented with severe congestive heart failure.

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