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'Pericarditis Uremic' (241)


Nov
2017

The prevalence of uremic pericarditis (UP) used to range from 3% to 41%. More recently, it has decreased to about 5%-20% and to <5% in the last decades, as hemodialysis techniques have become widely used and dialysis quality improved. The objective of this work is to determine the initial clinical picture and the prognosis of patients presenting End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) with UP.

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Jul
2017

INTRODUCTION ---Acute pericarditis is the most commonly encountered manifestation of pericardial disease (incidence: 0.2 percent to 0.5 percent in hospitalized patients).

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Dec
2017

End stage renal disease (ESRD) is increasing in the U.S., and these patients demonstrate greater all-cause mortality, cardiovascular events, and hospitalization rates when compared to those with normal renal function.

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Oct
2017

A rising prevalence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) has led to a rise in ESRD-related pericardial syndromes, calling for a better understanding of its pathophysiology, diagnoses, and management. Uremic pericarditis, the most common manifestation of uremic pericardial disease, is a contemporary problem that calls for intensive hemodialysis, anti-inflammatories, and often, drainage of large inflammatory pericardial effusions. Likewise, asymptomatic pericardial effusions can become large and impact the hemodynamics of patients on chronic hemodialysis.

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Dec
1969

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is characterized by various clinical manifestations and immunologic abnormalities. Cardiovascular and respiratory system involvement are increasingly recognized as critical for patients' prognosis. In this review, current knowledge concerning diagnosis, pathogenesis and treatment of the cardiac and pulmonary lupus manifestations are discussed.

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Jun
2017

Von Willebrand disease (VWD) is the most common congenital bleeding disorder and is due to quantitative or qualitative defects of von Willebrand factor (VWF). Acquired defects of VWF, termed acquired von Willebrand syndrome (AVWS), are due to a host of different mechanisms. Autoantibody-mediated AVWS may be associated with lymphoproliferative or immunological disorders, such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).

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Sep
2016

Pericarditis and pericardial effusions are not uncommon in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Etiologies include those found in the general population along with two entities unique to patients with kidney disease, namely uremic and dialysis-associated pericarditis. Uremic pericarditis has been arbitrarily defined as pericarditis that develops before or within 8 weeks of initiation of dialysis, while dialysis-associated pericarditis is used to define pericarditis in patients on dialysis for more than 8 weeks.

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May
2016

There are many well-known causes of pericardial effusion, such as cancer metastasis, bacterial or viral pericarditis, and uremic pericarditis; however, no reports exist in the literature demonstrating a pericardial effusion that led to cardiac tamponade following consumption of an herbal remedy.
A 32-year-old male patient was referred to our cardiology outpatient clinic with a complaint of dyspnea. The patient's medical history was unremarkable; however, he had consumed 3 boxes of horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum L) paste over the previous 1.

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Dec
1969

Uremic patients may have a variety of organ involvement, however, the precise causality may be impossible to determine in some cases because the symptoms of uremia are also associated with other diseases. With an emphasis on the elusive nature of uremia, we herein describe a 53-year-old man with preexisting renal impairment who developed acute pericarditis with deterioration of his renal function. Hemodialysis was immediately initiated on the presumption of uremia, however, articular symptoms emerged approximately a month later and led to a final diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis, followed by successful withdrawal of hemodialysis.

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Dec
1969

Portal hypertensive gastropathy (PHG) is a gastric mucosal lesion complicating portal hypertension, with higher prevalence in decompensated cirrhosis. PHG can sometimes complicate autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) due to the presence of multiple liver cysts. Besides, PHG is known to present as chest pain, with or without hematemesis.

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Dec
1969

to describe the course and the etiologic, prognostic, and therapeutic aspects of effusive pericarditis (EP) in Togo. MATERIAL ANDMETHODS: Prospective and longitudinal study conducted at the cardiology department of Sylvanus Olympio Teaching Hospital of Lome from February 1, 2011, to January 31, 2014, of patients hospitalized for EP, confirmed by Doppler echocardiography.
The study included 38 patients.

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Mar
2015

Male, 71 • Male, 69 • . Female, 49.
Uremic pericarditis.

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Feb
2015

Pericardial effusion in uremic patients (UPE) was first described by R. Bright in 1836. It is generally agreed that patients require emergency pericardial drainage when tamponade signs are present, but in patients with no tamponade the optimal timing for drainage remains unclear.

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Oct
2012

Acute kidney injury is characterized by abrupt deterioration in kidney function, manifested by an increase in serum creatinine level with or without reduced urine output. The spectrum of injury ranges from mild to advanced, sometimes requiring renal replacement therapy. The diagnostic evaluation can be used to classify acute kidney injury as prerenal, intrinsic renal, or postrenal.

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Dec
2012

Little is known about the criteria nephrologists use in the decision of when to start renal replacement therapy (RRT) in early referred adult patients. We evaluated opinions of European nephrologists on the decision for when to start RRT.
European web-based survey.

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Jul
2012

[Clinical issues with uremia].

Internist (Berl) 2012 Jul;53(7):817-22
M Girndt
Uremia describes the consequences of intoxication in chronic renal failure with substances that are renally cleared in healthy individuals. Acute uremia is a syndrome of gastrointestinal symptoms, pericarditis, pleuritis, and central nervous system alterations ending with coma. These symptoms can be resolved by renal replacement therapy.

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Dec
1969

Hemodynamic instability is the major concern in surgical patients with pericardial diseases, since general anesthesia and positive pressure ventilation may precipitate cardiac tamponade. In advanced constriction diastolic impairment and myocardial fibrosis/atrophy may cause low cardiac output during and after surgery. Elective surgery should be postponed in unstable patients with pericardial comorbidities.

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Dec
1969

Pericardial involvement in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is manifested most commonly as acute uremic or dialysis pericarditis and infrequently as chronic constrictive pericarditis (CCP). We report a 27-year-old patient with a history of uncontrolled hypertension, end-stage-renal disease on hemodialysis, who presented with recurrent ascites, dyspnea, and hypotension. After diagnosis with CCP, a partial pericardiectomy was performed; however, the patient did not improve and a salvage total pericardiectomy soon followed.

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Nov
2011

Uremic pericarditis with congestive liver.

QJM 2011 Nov 8;104(11):995. Epub 2010 Oct 8.
Y-C Lo, K-H Shu, T-M Yu

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Oct
2009

Renal replacement therapy in intensive care unit.

J Assoc Physicians India 2009 Oct;57:708-12
Simmi Dube, V K Sharma
Acute renal failure requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT) is a frequent complication in critically ill patients with high morbidity and mortality. Early prediction of who is going to need RRT is clinically useful in the intensive care unit (ICU). Patients' with diuretic resistant pulmonary edema, hyperkalemia/metabolic acidosis refractory to medical therapy and uremic complications (pericarditis, encephalopathy, bleeding) are candidates who need RRT as an earlier intervention with continuous haemofiltration, which might be beneficial to the patient and even prevent clinicians from implementing unnecessary, futile and perhaps injurious escalations in medical therapy (e.

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Jun
2009

Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) consists of microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and acute renal failure. Autoimmune diseases have seldom been reported to be the etiology of HUS. Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is a systemic autoimmune disease affecting primarily the exocrine glands.

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Dec
1969

This observational study investigated the course and outcome of dialysis pericarditis in diabetic dialysis patients, as previous reports found that in contrast to uremic pericarditis, which responds in most cases to intensive hemodialysis, dialysis pericarditis resolves with intensification of hemodialysis in fewer cases.
From 2002 through 2006, 88 maintenance hemodialysis patients (47 diabetic and 41 non-diabetic) were referred for management of dialysis pericarditis.
Dialysis pericarditis in 85.

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Apr
2008

[Acute renal failure - how and when to treat?].

Anasthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther 2008 Apr;43(4):286-91; quiz 292
Dietrich Hasper
Acute renal failure is a common condition in intensive care units. The negative impact of acute renal failure on mortality has been demonstrated in recent studies. All critically ill patients should be regarded as a high risk population for renal failure.

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May
2007

[Uremic pericarditis].

Nihon Rinsho 2007 May;65 Suppl 5:474-9
Shigeko Hara, Yoshifumi Ubara

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May
2007

As a consequence of the expanded use of long-term hemodialysis and extended life spans, complications of chronic renal failure are encountered with an increased frequency among uremic patients. Such patients may develop many thoracic and extrathoracic problems--most frequently uremic pleuritis and pericarditis, uremic pneumonia, infection, and metastatic pulmonary calcification. We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 257 patients who had received long-term hemodialysis between 1990 and 2006 to better understand the incidence, causes, and clinical features of pleural effusions in this population.

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Dec
1969

Uremic hemorrhagic pericarditis occurs much less frequently in acute than in chronic renal failure, but when it does, it is a potentially fatal complication. The possibility of hemorrhagic pericarditis and cardiac tamponade should be considered in patients with acute renal failure and acute hemodynamic instability. This study reports a case of falciparum malaria complicated by acute renal failure that developed fatal cardiac tamponade in the recovery phase of acute renal failure.

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Apr
2006

We report the case of a patient with uremic pleuropericarditis who showed a marked improvement following corticosteroid therapy. A 66-year-old man who had been on hemodialysis therapy for 13 years was admitted to our hospital presenting with increases in bilateral pleural effusions and pericardial effusion. Repeated thoracentesis showed hemorrhagic and exudative findings.

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Jun
2005

Atherosclerosis is accelerated in dialysis patients and cardiovascular mortality is up to 20 times higher than in the general population. Cardiac troponin T (cTnT) is a sensitive marker of myocardial necrosis and studies have confirmed the superiority of this marker over traditional cardiac enzymes. Elevated cTnT has been observed in patients with various degrees of renal failure and treatment modalities in the absence of an acute coronary event.

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Dec
1969

A previously healthy eight-month-old infant presented with shortness of breath and pyrexia. He was found to have purulent pericarditis due to Streptococcus pneumoniae, complicated by acute renal failure due to haemolytic uraemic syndrome. He received peritoneal dialysis and recovered with normalisation of renal function.

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Jul
2004

A 29-year-old man developed diabetes mellitus in 1983 and diabetic nephropathy which gradually worsened from 1998. He was admitted to our hospital for initiation of peritoneal dialysis in May 2002. However, the efficiency of dialysis was not sufficient to improve elevated levels of blood urea nitrogen and serum creatinine.

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Jul
2004

The purpose of this study was to report the development, management, and follow up of tamponading uremic pericardial effusion in critically ill patients with acute renal failure.
The setting for this study was an adult, 24-bed tertiary multidisciplinary intensive care unit (ICU) of a university hospital.
The subjects were 5 critically ill patients with multiple organ failure including acute renal failure (ARF) that was slow to resolve.

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May
2003

A 34-year-old female with end-stage renal disease was admitted for severe metabolic acidosis, uremic encephalopathy, pericarditis and severe anemia following a bout of acute gastroenteritis. She improved on aggressive medical management including intensive hemodialysis and was initiated onto maintenance heparin-free hemodialysis (twelve hours per week) and discharged. After a week, she presented with fever with chills and rigors for three days, was toxic, severely orthopenic and had a pulsus paradoxus of 36 mmHg.

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Apr
2003

Pericardial involvement in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is manifested most commonly as acute uremic or dialysis pericarditis and infrequently as chronic constrictive pericarditis. The causes of uremic and dialysis pericarditis remain uncertain. The clinical and laboratory manifestations of acute pericarditis, pericardial effusion, cardiac tamponade, and constrictive pericarditis in patients with chronic renal failure are similar to those observed in nonuremic patients with similar pericardial involvement, except that chest pain occurs less frequently in those with ESRD.

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Dec
1969

We reviewed the cases of 42 consecutive patients who underwent surgery for chronic constrictive pericarditis between January 1994 and January 2002, to determine causes, surgical techniques, mortality and morbidity rates, and improvement of functional capacity. Thirty-one of our patients were men (73.8%) and 11 were women (26.

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Jun
2001

We report the use of thoracoscopic pericardiectomy to treat two elderly patients with massive pericardial effusion caused by uremic pericarditis. A 79-year-old man, admitted to our hospital complaining of dyspnea, was diagnosed with end-stage renal failure and began maintenance hemodialysis. Although intensive hemodialysis was performed, the patient could not remain on hemodialysis because of severe hypotension during the procedure.

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Jan
2001

Pericardial disease is common in patients with renal disease. Approximately 20% of uremic patients requiring chronic dialysis develop uremic pericarditis or dialysis pericarditis. In all forms of uremic pericarditis, cardiac tamponade is the main danger.

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Aug
1999

The activity of adenosine deaminase (ADA) was determined in serum and pericardial fluid of 70 patients (ages 21 to 71 years) with pericardial effusions of various etiologies and in 15 control subjects.
The patients were subdivided into five groups on the basis of definite diagnosis: 1) 24 patients with tuberculosis; 2) 22 with malignancies; 3) 12 with uremic pericarditis; 4) 12 with purulent pericarditis; 5) 15 control individuals without pericardial disease. The activity of ADA was determined at the same time in serum and cell-free pericardial fluid according to the method of Karker with minor modification.

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Aug
1999

This study describes our technique of nonsurgical percutaneous pericardial biopsy (PPB), its efficacy and safety, and its diagnostic and therapeutic usefulness in the management of pericardial effusion (PE) in children and adolescents. In an 8-year period, 19 selected patients, aged 2 to 20 years, had PPB for evaluation and treatment of PE. Using this procedure we procured multiple biopsy specimens from various areas of the thickened parietal pericardium, and also procured pericardial fluid for investigation.

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Dec
1969

[Uremic pericarditis].

Ryoikibetsu Shokogun Shirizu 1997 (16 Pt 1):60-2
K Tsuzuki, S Ito

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Dec
1969

No organ in the chest is spared the negative effects of uremia. The dialytic treatment itself is often associated with a large array of thoracic complications. We review the main thoracic manifestations of the terminal uremia from the radiological point of view, such as: uremic pleuritis and pericarditis, uremic pneumonia, renal osteodystrophy, infections, and metastatic pulmonary calcifications.

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Dec
1996

Pericarditis is a frequent and serious complication of chronic uremia. The uremic pericarditis can get much improvement by aggressive heparin-free hemodialysis therapy. However, the presenting symptoms and signs are too nonspecific to identify at early stage.

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Feb
1995

Uremic pericarditis is common in patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis and has been difficult to cure using conservative medical and surgical methods of treatment. Indomethacin therapy for uremic pericarditis has been reported infrequently. We present a case of uremic pericarditis in which indomethacin was particularly effective.

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Feb
1995

Hemodynamic disorders occurring during acute renal failure (ARF) in children with the hemolytic uremic syndrome and the effects of peritoneal dialysis on hemodynamics were studied. A complex of electrophysiological methods was used: Integral whole body rheography, electrocardiography, and polycardiography, which permitted assessment of the severity and type of hemodynamic disorders in ARF. Three main types of hemodynamic changes were observed: hypodynamic, hyperdynamic, and normodynamic.

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