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'Rheumatic Fever' (23270)


Dec
1969

Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) remains an important cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality globally due to weak health systems in many countries. RHD can be effectively prevented and managed; however, RHD-related interventions have not been widely adopted in countries with severe human resource constraints. Task sharing is a recognised approach to personnel shortages that could prove effective for RHD and has, anecdotally, been attempted in a few settings.

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Feb
2018

This study sought to determine whether scabies infection is associated with acute rheumatic fever (ARF) or chronic rheumatic heart disease (CRHD).
A cohort study was undertaken using health records of children aged 3-12 years attending an oral health service for the first time. Subjects were then linked to hospital diagnoses of scabies and ARF or CRHD.

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Feb
2018

A 14-year-old boy suffering from chronic rheumatic heart disease came to the emergency department with recurrent episodes of presyncope and syncope. He was found to have complete heart block (CHB) and required temporary pacemaker insertion. Further workup revealed that CHB was secondary to acute rheumatic carditis.

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Dec
1969

Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) remains a major driver of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in low-resource settings. Registry-based care for RHD has been advocated as a powerful tool to improve clinical care and track quality metrics. Data collected through an RHD registry may also reveal epidemiological and geospatial trends, as well as insight into care utilisation.

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Dec
2017

Excess dilatation of the left atrium >65 mm is known in the literature as gigantic atrium. This dilation is most commonly encountered in the mitral insufficiency of rheumatic etiology, but also in severe prolapses of the mitral valve, permanent atrial fibrillation, and at the left right shunt with cardiac insufficiency.
In this paper is presented a case study of echocardiographically verified giant thrombus in left atrium in a 50 years old female patient aged 50 hospitalized because of tiredness, choking, heartburn and urinary tract symptoms.

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Feb
2018


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Feb
2018

The current prophylactic treatment to prevent rheumatic heart disease requires four-weekly intramuscular injection of a suspension of the poorly soluble benzathine salt form of penicillin G (BPG) often for more than 10 years. In seeking to reduce the frequency of administration to improve adherence, biodegradable polymer matrices have been investigated. Poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA)-based in situ forming precursor systems containing N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone as solvent and PLGA-based monolithic implants for surgical implantation containing BPG were developed.

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Jan
2018

Infection withcan encompass a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations, including fever, rash, endocarditis, osteomyelitis, and meningitis. The present case demonstrates the ability ofto masquerade as acute rheumatic fever and represents the first reported case of cardiac tamponade caused by.

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Dec
2017

Relapsing polychondritis (RP) is a rare and heterogeneous disease complex of unknown origin which basically affects cartilaginous structures, 40% of which accompanied by rheumatic, hematologic, and endocrine disease. Among them, vasculitis is the most common accompanying type and usually presented with positive antineutrophilic cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA). The presence of ANCA could be primary or drug-induced like propylthiouracil (PTU).

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Jan
2018

Paraneoplastic rheumatic syndromes comprise a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by typical rheumatic manifestations but without direct invasion by the tumor or metastases. The clinical features and malignancy-associated risk factors of 21 patients with paraneoplastic rheumatic syndromes, including 11 men and 10 women with a mean age of 56.3 ± 13.

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Jan
2018

To investigate obesity as susceptibility factor in patients with idiopathic AA amyloidosis.
Clinical, biochemical and genetic data were obtained from 146 patients with AA amyloidosis. Control groups comprised 40 patients with long-standing inflammatory diseases without AA amyloidosis and 56 controls without any inflammatory disease.

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Dec
1969

Fusobacterium necrophorum (Fn), a gram-negative anaerobe, is increasingly implicated as an etiologic agent in older adolescents and young adults with sore throat. Inadequately treated Fn pharyngitis may result in suppurative complications such as peritonsillar abscess and Lemierre's syndrome. Data from the literature suggest that the incidence of life-threating complications in these age groups from Fn pharyngitis (Lemierre's syndrome) in the United States exceeds those associated with group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal (GAS) pharyngitis (acute rheumatic fever).

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Dec
1969

[A boy with involuntary movements].

Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2018 ;161(0):D1902
G M Kalisvaart, Y Koopman-Keemink
A 12-year-old Dutch boy came to the paediatrician with involuntary movements of the right half of his body. He was diagnosed with Sydenham chorea as a consequence of acute rheumatic fever. Acute rheumatic fever is a rare disease in Western countries and should be recognised in time.

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Feb
2018

Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is characterized by recurrent, self-limited attacks of fever with serositis involving the peritoneum, pleura and joints. Fatigue is a common problem in many pediatric rheumatic diseases; however, has not been evaluated systematically in FMF patients. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to evaluate fatigue and its possible allied factors in patients with FMF.

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Jan
2018

To evaluate the views of final year dental surgery students (BDS; G1) at Cardiff University and general dental practitioners (GDPs; G2) within the geographic area of Cardiff, Wales, on antibiotic prescribing for endodontic conditions, and investigate the potential differences between the two groups.
A cross-sectional online questionnaire-based survey of 12 qualitative and quantitative questions was distributed to 76 final year BDS Cardiff University students and 55 dental practices within Cardiff, UK. Six questions recorded general information, and the remaining questions included a series of hypothetical clinical scenarios, where the participants were asked to state whether they would or would not prescribe antibiotics.

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Feb
2018

RHD is an inflammatory disease resulting from interactive immune, genetic, and environmental factors. Various, epidemiological studies have shown the association of genetic variants of cytokine genes with a predisposition to RHD. However, the results from different populations are inconsistent.

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Jan
2018

Aboriginal children in northern Australia have high rates of rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease, which are chronic conditions because of the need for long-term treatment and monitoring. This article critically reviews the literature on transition to adult care for children with chronic conditions and considers applicability to the care of these children. The review was merged with findings from a focussed ethnography conducted in four remote Aboriginal communities with young people who have these conditions.

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Dec
2017

We present the case of a patient with relapsing anti-synthetase syndrome (ASS) that may have been triggered by monoclonal antibody trastuzumab therapy given for breast cancer. A 52-year-old female with a history of anti-Jo1-associated ASS went into remission with glucocorticoids and mycophenolate mofetil. Her past history included invasive ductal carcinoma of the right breast that was fully treated six years prior to the onset of ASS.

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Dec
1969


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Dec
2017

We sought to identify the microRNA (miRNA) profile and potential biomarkers in FMF and to clarify their gene targets to elucidate the pathogenesis of FMF.
We performed an miRNA microarray using serum from FMF patients in attack and in remission. We then examined the expression of miRNAs in macrophages derived from THP-1 cells stimulated with toll-like receptor (TLR) ligands.

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Dec
2017

The Seventh World Congress of Pediatric Cardiology was held in Barcelona in July, 2017. The central philosophy of the congress was "bridging together" all major specialties in the field. This article summarises the highlights of the meeting as it relates to ambulatory paediatric cardiology.

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Dec
2017

To date, the pathogenic mechanisms underlying Schnitzler's syndrome remain obscure, in particular the interplay between the monoclonal protein and increased IL-1beta production, although interest in the contribution of genetic factors has been fuelled by detection of somaticmosaicism in two patients with the variant-type Schnitzler's syndrome. At two specialist UK centres we have identified 21 patients, who fulfilled diagnostic criteria for Schnitzler's syndrome with urticarial rash, fever, arthralgia and bone pain; 47% reported weight loss, 40% fatigue and 21% lymphadenopathy. An IgM kappa paraprotein was detected in 86%, the remainder had IgM lambda or IgG kappa.

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Oct
2017

It is often a challenge and a dilemma for clinicians encountering patients with pyrexia of unknown origin. Numerous tests performed to determine the underlying cause often give inconclusive results. We present a 52-year-old man with undulating fever for more than 10 months with persistent hyperferritinaemia, and negative immunological and serological markers.

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Dec
2017

Streptococcal serology provides evidence of prior Group A Streptococcus (GAS) exposure, crucial to the diagnosis of acute rheumatic fever (ARF) and post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis. However, current tests, which measure anti-streptolysin-O and anti-DNaseB antibodies, are limited by false positives in GAS endemic settings, and incompatible methodology requiring the two tests to be run in parallel. The objective was to improve streptococcal serology by combining the novel GAS antigen, SpnA, with streptolysin-O and DNaseB in a contemporary, bead-based immunoassay.

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Dec
1969

In clinical practice and literature studies, the most common condition associated to streptococcal tonsillitis used to be acute rheumatic fever (ARF). Several publications in the late years report a more frequent and distinctive entity from ARF following β-hemolytic group A streptococcus infection in patients with post-infectious arthritis, that do not fulfill the modified Jones criteria, the so-called post-streptococcal reactive arthritis (PSRA). A distinctive pattern of clinical framing and biological profile in patients with PSRA following streptococcal tonsillitis is described, with a non-migratory, additive, recent onset (7-10 days) arthritis that affects small and large joints as well, with a bimodal peak of incidence at 8-14 and 21-37 years of age, with variate response to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and has a tendency for recurrence and persistence.

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Dec
2017

Acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease (ARF/RHD) have long been described as autoimmune sequelae of Streptococcus pyogenes or group A streptococcal (GAS) infection. Both antibody and T-cell responses against immunodominant GAS virulence factors including M-protein, cross-react with host tissue proteins triggering an inflammatory response leading to permanent heart damage. However, in some ARF/RHD endemic regions, throat carriage of GAS is low.

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Dec
1969

Benzathine Penicillin G (BPG) is commonly used for treatment of penicillin-susceptible infections and secondary prevention of rheumatic fever. Death following administration of BPG is extremely rare-only a handful of cases have been described in the literature since the 1950's. In this case series from Israel and Switzerland, we describe nine cases of serious adverse reactions-six fatal reactions and three near-fatalities-occurring within minutes of receiving intramuscular BPG.

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Jan
2018

Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) continues to produce a significant burden of disease in New Zealand (NZ) Māori and Pacific peoples. Serious limitations in national surveillance data mean that accurate case totals cannot be generated. Given the changing epidemiology of ARF in NZ and the major national rheumatic fever prevention programme (2012-2017), we updated our previous likely true case number estimates using capture-recapture analyses.

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Nov
2017

The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of the oral probiotic S. salivarius K12 (K12) in preventing Group A streptococcus (GAS) pharyngitis in 5-14 year old children at high risk of acute rheumatic fever (ARF). New Zealand has high rates of ARF amongst Māori and Pacific children.

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Nov
2017

Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is a chronic cardiac condition with an infectious aetiology, causing high disease burden in low-income settings. Affected individuals are young and associated morbidity is high. However, RHD is relatively neglected due to the populations involved and its lower incidence relative to other heart diseases.

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Jan
2017

We report an unusual presentation of a large left atrial myxoma in an eight-year-old girl who presented with the sudden onset of chorea. This case illustrates the fact that the presentation of chorea in nonendemic areas for rheumatic fever should raise suspicion for a myxoma. The chorea resolved soon after removal of the myxoma, supporting the hypothesis of an immune-mediated mechanism, or manifestation of paraneoplastic syndrome secondary to the myxoma.

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Dec
1969

At the population level, rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is generally viewed as autoimmune in nature with a small subgroup of cases having a palindromic form or systemic autoinflammatory disorder (SAID) phenotype. Herein, we describe resistant cases of classical autoantibody associated RA that had clinical, genetic and therapeutic responses indicative of coexistent autoinflammatory disease. Five patients with clinically overlapping features between RA and SAID including polysynovitis and autoantibody/shared epitope positivity, and who had abrupt severe self-limiting attacks including fevers and serositis, are described.

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Feb
2018

Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) is a consequence of pharyngeal infection of group A streptococcal (GAS) infection. Carditis is the most common manifestation of ARF which occurs in 30-45% of the susceptible individuals. Overlooked ARF cases might further progress towards rheumatic heart disease (RHD) in susceptible individuals, which ultimately leads to permanent heart valve damage.

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Nov
2017

To determine the effect of secondary penicillin prophylaxis (SPP) on echocardiographic diagnosed valvular changes in patients with rheumatic heart disease (RHD) or history of acute rheumatic fever (ARF) in the Townsville Health district.
Patients with known ARF/RHD were identified from the North Queensland RHD register, serial echocardiogram results and number of SPP doses received in 2014 were collated. Descriptive statistics were utilised.

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Feb
2018

To explore young Aboriginal people's and clinicians' experiences of injection pain for the 10 years of penicillin injections children are prescribed to prevent rheumatic fever recurrences.
Aboriginal children on the penicillin regimen and clinicians were purposively recruited from four remote sites in Australia. Semi-structured interviews and participant observations were conducted.

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Nov
2017

New Zealand (NZ) Māori and Pacific children have high rates of acute rheumatic fever (ARF). Around 150 new cases arise each year. As part of the national ARF prevention programme, funding is available to improve housing.

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Nov
2017

Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) rates have declined to near zero in nearly all developed countries. However, in New Zealand rates have not declined since the 1980s. Further, ARF diagnoses in New Zealand are inequitably distributed--occurring almost exclusively in Māori (the indigenous population) and Pacific children--with very low rates in the majority New Zealand European population.

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Nov
2017

Indigenous populations have high rates of disease and premature mortality. Most Indigenous communities are young, and adolescence (age 10-24 years) provides great opportunities for population health gain. However, the absence of a comprehensive account of Indigenous adolescents' health has been a barrier to effective policy.

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Jan
2018

Fatigue is a common problem in patients with rheumatic disease. It may cause disability and poor quality of life. The aim of this study is to investigate fatigue in FMF patients as a disabling symptom and its associations with clinical and demographic variables.

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Nov
2017

To determine whether early term delivery (at 37-38weeks of gestation) is associated with long-term pediatric cardiovascular morbidity of the offspring.
A population-based cohort analysis was performed including all term deliveries occurring between 1991 and 2014 at a single tertiary medical center. Gestational age at delivery was subdivided into early term (37-38), full term (39-40), late term (41-41) and post term (≥42) delivery.

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Nov
2017

In New Zealand, acute rheumatic fever (ARF) remains a significant health problem with persistent ethnic inequities. Māori children 5-15 years of age in Northland have some of the highest ARF rates nationally. This study explored Māori whānau experiences of ARF, including pathways to primary healthcare and barriers and facilitators for diagnosis of ARF.

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Nov
2017

Autoinflammatory diseases (AUIDs) are a genetically heterogeneous group of rheumatic diseases characterized by episodic inflammation linked with dysregulated innate immune responses. In this review, we summarize the molecular mechanisms altered by disease-associated variants in several AUIDs, including NOD2-associated diseases, TNF receptor-associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS), familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) and hyperimmunoglobulinemia D and periodic fever syndrome (HIDS), and highlight the roles dysregulated autophagy plays in disease pathogenesis. Autophagy is a conserved eukaryotic pathway for the elimination of cellular stressors, such as misfolded proteins, damaged organelles, or intracellular microorganisms.

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Dec
2017

A 19-year-old male patient was admitted to our institute with dyspnea. His medical history had no rheumatic fever or infective endocarditis. Physical examination revealed a diastolic murmur over the aortic area, rales of bilateral lungs.

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