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'Sinus Node Dysfunction' (4682)



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Dec
2017

Ozone autohemotherapy as an alternative treatment method has been applied to the treatment of several diseases. Here, we report a patient used ozone autohemotherapy to treat her hypertension and diabetes. Nevertheless, the patient occurred sudden dizziness and black haze due to hyperkalemia.

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Feb
2017

Heart failure patients are predisposed to develop arrhythmias. Supraventricular arrhythmias can exacerbate the heart failure symptoms by decreasing the effective cardiac output and their control require pharmacological, electrical, or catheter-based intervention. In the setting of atrial flutter or atrial fibrillation, anticoagulation becomes paramount to prevent systemic or cerebral embolism.

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Jan
2018

We investigated the development of sinus node dysfunction (SND) requiring pacemaker implantation after heart transplant (HTx) especially regarding pacing burden in these patients.
Patients requiring a pacemaker for SND were compared to all other patients in an HTx cohort including transplant patients from 1981 to 2016.
Sinus node dysfunction requiring pacemaker implantation developed in 118 patients (10%).

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Jan
2018

In an attempt to improve pacemaker therapy after pediatric transplantation, we investigated risk factors, indication for pacing, and pacing burden after pediatric heart transplantation.
In this retrospective study, 139 pediatric heart transplant recipients, of whom 122 did not and 17 did require pacemakers, were investigated. Eleven of the 17 patients requiring a permanent pacemaker (PPM) received their heart from a female donor (68.

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Jan
2018

The contribution of HCN4 pacemaker channels in the autonomic regulation of the sino-atrial node (SAN) has been a matter of debate. The transgenic overexpression of HCN4 did not induce tachycardia, but reduced heart rate variability, while the conditional knockdown of HCN4 gave rise to sinus arrhythmia. The response of the SAN to β-adrenergic stimulation was not affected by overexpression or knockdown of HCN4 channels.

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Dec
2017

Unexplained scar-related atrial tachycardia (AT) has been frequently encountered in clinical practice. We hypothesized that idiopathic, isolated fibrotic atrial cardiomyopathy (ACM) underlies this rhythm disorder. This study was aimed to characterize the underlying substrate and to explore the aetiology of this unexplained scar-related AT.

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Dec
2017

Patients with heart failure (HF) may develop a range of bradyarrhythmias including sinus node dysfunction, various degrees of atrioventricular block, and ventricular conduction delay. Device implantation has been recommended in these patients, but the specific etiology should be sought as it may influence the choice of the type of device required (pacemaker vs. implantable cardiac defibrillator).

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Dec
2017

An 82-year-old man with a permanent pacemaker (PM) implanted for sick sinus syndrome complained of palpitation due to paroxysmal atrial fibrillation and flutter. During extensive pulmonary vein isolation, the atrial lead was dislodged to the level of the tricuspid annulus. Radiofrequency energy delivery to the cavotricuspid isthmus reproducibly caused twitching of the PM pocket.

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Dec
2017

Heart transplantation is the gold standard for treatment of end stage heart failure. Atrial parasystole (AP), defined as the presence of an additional dissociated atrial pacemaker on a surface electrocardiogram, has been described to be seen after heart transplantation using biatrial surgical technique. AP may pose a challenge in diagnosing underlying rhythm disturbances in these patients.

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Dec
2017

A 53-year-old woman reported burning pain, muscle weakness, and dysesthesia of the left arm 2 months after permanent pacemaker insertion in the ipsilateral side for the treatment of sick sinus syndrome. Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) induced by pacemaker implantation was diagnosed. In 2017, her pulse generator became exhausted and was exchanged carefully to avoid exacerbation of CRPS, under the application of local anesthesia and premedication.

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Dec
2016

We present 38-years male patient. He has suffered from muscle weakness since 5 years. Arrhythmias appeared at the age of 32.

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Dec
2016

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with worse outcomes in many cardiovascular diseases. There are few data examining pacemaker implantation rates and indications in patients with AF who undergo transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). To examine the impact of AF on the incidence of and indications for pacemakers in patients undergoing TAVR, we evaluated data of 1723 patients without pre-existing pacemakers who underwent TAVR in the Placement of AoRTic TraNscathetER Valve (PARTNER) trial.

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Dec
2017

The Cox maze IV (CMIV) procedure is being used increasingly frequently for surgical ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF). This study aimed to identify the risk factors of the need for postoperative pacemaker implantation (PMI) after CMIV.
Preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative data were retrospectively collected from 67 consecutive patients who underwent CMIV at our institution; 7 (10.

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Dec
2017

Lithium-induced electrocardiographic changes: A complete review.

Clin Cardiol 2017 Dec 16;40(12):1363-1367. Epub 2017 Dec 16.
Nikhil Mehta, Robert Vannozzi
Lithium has been used for the treatment of bipolar disorder for more than 6 decades. Reports of cardiac side effects resulting in both benign electrocardiographic (ECG) changes and near fatal arrhythmias have been reported in the literature. A systematic literature search was conducted on 2 electronic databases-PubMed and Medline-for the time period between January 1970 and March 2016 using the key word "lithium," along with "electrocardiography" or "ECG.

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Dec
2017

The bidirectional Glenn operation for congenital heart disease produces anatomical constraints to conventional transvenous pacemaker implantation. An iliac approach, although not previously described in this population, is potentially a preferable alternative to a thoracotomy for epicardial pacing.
A single-center retrospective review was performed for all patients that underwent transvenous pacemaker implantation following the bidirectional Glenn operation with partial biventricular repair.

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Dec
2017

The pacemaker implantation VDD is considered simpler, faster, less expensive and causes fewer complications compared to DDD. However, the VDD pacemaker has not been widely used in many centers, perhaps for fear of dysfunction of the sinus node and the reduction of atrial sensitivity by the pacemaker during follow-up after implantation.
To compare patients with DDD and VDD pacemakers regarding the evolution of chronic atrial fibrillation (AF) and length of stay outside this postoperative arrhythmia.

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Dec
2017

Catheter ablation (CA) of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) is an effective treatment. However, the frequency of asymptomatic AF recurrence after CA in patients with PAF and sick sinus syndrome (SSS) is not clear. The aim of this study was to elucidate the real AF recurrence after CA in patients with PAF and a pacemaker for SSS.

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Nov
2017

Leadless cardiac pacemaker has been developed to reduce complications related to cardiac pacing and is considered as an alternative to conventional pacemaker although safety and efficacy data in clinical practice are limited. The purpose of this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy profile of Micra Transcatheter Pacing System (TPS) used in daily clinical activity with a focus on challenging cases for conventional pacing.
A total of 66 patients (46 men, 79.

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Dec
2017

Steroid-eluting pacemaker leads suppress acute rises in pacing threshold by preventing inflammatory processes. However, we occasionally encounter not persistent but transient rise in the atrial capture threshold (TRACT) early after pacemaker implantation. We believe that this phenomenon is underrecognized in clinical practice and may potentially lead to unnecessary reintervention.

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Nov
2017

Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) ablation can result in injury to the atrioventricular (AV) node causing complete heart block requiring permanent pacemaker (PPM) implantation. Few studies have examined the impact of hospital PSVT ablation volume and PPM implantation rates post ablation.
We included adult patients from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database, from 1998 to 2011, using ICD-9 diagnoses codes 427.

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Jan
2018

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is usually classified on the basis of the disease subtype. However, this characterization does not capture the full heterogeneity of AF, and a data-driven cluster analysis reveals different possible classifications of patients.
To characterize patients with AF based on a cluster analysis and to evaluate the association between these phenotypes, treatment, and clinical outcomes.

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Nov
2017

Sick sinus syndrome (SSS) can be diagnosed only when there is a clear correlation between symptoms and sinus node dysfunction. In the absence of such correlation, the mechanism of undocumented intermittent symptoms such as syncopal spells in patients with permanent mild sinus bradycardia remains uncertain. Some clinical data suggest that a reflex mechanism is likely to be involved in many patients with syncope and sinus bradycardia: the course of syncopal recurrences is very variable from patient to patient and transient loss of consciousness does not recur in more than half of unpaced patients during an observation period of several years.

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Nov
2017

A 71-year-old woman was diagnosed with sick sinus syndrome (SSS) upon her cardiogenic cerebral embolism and underwent pacemaker implantation. Active fixation leads were positioned at the right atrial appendage and ventricular septum. Twenty-one days later at her routine checkup, she was asymptomatic and there were no signs of cardiac tamponade or pacing failure.

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Nov
2017

Sick sinus syndrome (SSS) is a dysfunction of sinoatrial node resulting in symptomatic bradycardia or sinus pauses causing decreased cardiac output with cerebral hypoperfusion and usually presents as syncope, presyncope or fatigue. The occurrence of a seizure is very rare. A 69-year-old man suffered two episodes of generalised tonic-clonic seizures.

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Dec
2017

Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is the preferred alternative to traditional surgical aortic valve replacement; however, it remains expensive. One potential driver of cost is the need for postprocedural monitoring for conduction abnormalities after TAVI. Given the paucity of literature on the optimal length of monitoring, we aimed to determine when clinically significant conduction abnormalities leading to permanent pacemaker (PPM) insertion after TAVI were first identified.

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Nov
2017

More mature or older women are more likely to undergo in vitro fertilization and embryo implant. These women have a greater chance of receiving ergonovine therapy because of a suspected abortion. We present this case report to call attention to a latent lethal adverse effect in everyday obstetric practice using ergonovine.

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Dec
2017

In patients undergoing extracardiac conduit Fontan (ECF) who require postoperative pacing, epicardial leads are usually required because of anatomical constraints. If indicated, these could be conveniently placed at the time of ECF. We have routinely performed ambulatory 24-hour Holter monitoring before ECF to determine the presence or absence of preoperative sinus node dysfunction, in an attempt to avoid repeat sternotomy at a later time.

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Oct
2017

Electrocardiographic features: Various atrial site pacing.

Indian Heart J 2017 Sep - Oct;69(5):675-680. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
Asit Das
Atrial pacing is done for either symptomatic sinus node dysfunction (SND) or for maintenance of atrio-ventricular synchrony in a dual chamber pacemaker. Conventionally, atrial lead is placed in the right atrial appendage. Atrial conduction disorder in patients with permanent pacing results in higher incidence of atrial fibrillation.

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Oct
2017

Chronic symptomatic sinus node dysfunction (SND), the most common bradyarrhythmia, can be effectively managed by permanent cardiac pacing. Yet the care pathway and barriers to adoption of pacing therapy are not well understood - particularly in low volume implanting countries. The IMPROVE Brady study is a quality improvement initiative being conducted at centers in South Asia, Latin America, and Russia.

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Oct
2017

Atrial fibrillation (AF) and other supraventricular tachycardias (SVTs) are known complications after surgical repair of atrial septal defect (ASD), but sinus node dysfunction (SND) and complete atrioventricular conduction block (cAVB) may also occur.
The aim of this study was to examine time course and interrelationship of various dysrhythmias in patients with ASD.
Adult patients (N = 95) with surgically repaired secundum ASD (n = 40), partial atrioventricular septal defect (n = 37) or sinus venosus defect (n = 18), and documented SND, cAVB, AF, and/or other SVT were included.

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Sep
2017

With the dramatic increase in the number of elderly people in most parts of the world and in our country there will be an accompanying increase in patients with sinus node dysfunction (SND) and atrioventricular (AV) block. For this reason, it will be essential for health care personnel to have a basic knowledge of bradyarrhythmias and the special considerations required for managing these rhythms in elderly patients. Because of frailty of this patient group indivualised approach and consideration for management of these patients must be done carefully.

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Dec
2017

This report describes the results of analysis of implanted pacemakers reported to the Spanish Pacemaker Registry.
The analysis was based on information provided by the European Pacemaker Identification Card.
Information was received from 115 hospitals, with a total of 12 697 cards, representing 32.

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Oct
2017

The voltage-gated cardiac sodium channel (Na1.5) is a mega-complex comprised of a pore-forming α subunit and 4 ancillary β-subunits together with numerous protein partners. Genetic defects in the form of rare variants in one or more sodium channel-related genes can cause a loss- or gain-of-function of sodium channel current (I) leading to the manifestation of various disease phenotypes, including Brugada syndrome, long QT syndrome, progressive cardiac conduction disease, sick sinus syndrome, multifocal ectopic Purkinje-related premature contractions, and atrial fibrillation.

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Sep
2017

Ischemia in the heart impairs function of the cardiac pacemaker, the sinoatrial node (SAN). However, the ionic mechanisms underlying the ischemia-induced dysfunction of the SAN remain elusive. In order to investigate the ionic mechanisms by which ischemia causes SAN dysfunction, action potential models of rabbit SAN and atrial cells were modified to incorporate extant experimental data of ischemia-induced changes to membrane ion channels and intracellular ion homeostasis.

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Sep
2017

The appearance of atrial fibrillation is associated with significant clinical deterioration in patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; therefore, maintenance of sinus rhythm is desirable. Guidelines and most articles have reported the results of catheter ablation and pharmacologic atrial fibrillation treatment; nevertheless, data regarding concomitant procedures during septal myectomy are limited. The aim of this study was to assess the outcomes of concomitant atrial fibrillation treatment in patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

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Sep
2017

Neuromyelitis optica is a rare, severe inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system, previously described as affecting only the optic nerve and spinal cord. Since the discovery of a highly specific autoantibody, anti-aquaporin-4, lesions are now recognized outside these regions. We report a man with severe, debilitating symptoms resulting from a symptomatic lesion within the diencephalon, manifesting with abnormal circadian rhythms, autonomic dysfunction, behavioral disturbance, and complex visual hallucinations.

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Dec
1969

Persistent left superior vena cava with absent right superior vena cava is a very rare venous anomaly and is known as isolated PLSVC. It is usually an asymptomatic anomaly and is mostly detected during difficult central venous access or pacemaker implantation, though it could also be associated with an increased incidence of congenital heart disease, arrhythmias, and conduction disturbances. Herein, we describe a dual-chamber pacemaker implantation in a patient with isolated PLSVC and sick sinus syndrome.

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Dec
1969

The electrocardiographic term 'pause' refers to the prolonged R-R interval that represents the interruption in ventricular depolarisation. This article presents a case of sinus node dysfunction and provides a diagnostic approach to pauses on the ECG.

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Aug
2017

RHOA-ROCK signalling regulates cell migration, proliferation, differentiation, and transcription. RHOA is expressed in the developing cardiac conduction system in chicken and mice. In early development, the entire sinus venosus myocardium, including both the transient left-sided and the definitive sinoatrial node (SAN), has pacemaker potential.

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Aug
2017

Hyperthyroidism is usually associated with sinus tachycardia or supraventricular tachyarrhythmias, but rarely with dysfunction of the sinus node or other conduction disturbances. Evidence of bradyarrhythmia in patients with hyperthyroidism is clinically relevant, but the fact that several drugs with negative chronotropic effects (beta-blockers and calcium channel antagonists) are frequently used in the management of these patients must be taken into account. In the presence of sick sinus syndrome (SSS) or other conductance disturbances, therapy with agents that delay the activity of sinus node or atrioventricular conduction can lead to extreme bradycardia with syncope.

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Dec
1969

Sinus node dysfunction with symptomatic bradycardia or chronotropic incompetence is generally an indication for pacemaker implantation. However, in patients with symptomatic sinus bradycardia, the identification and treatment of underlying pathologies may avoid the need for permanent pacemaker implantation. We present a case of carotid sinus syndrome and severe obstructive sleep apnea due to a massive multinodular goiter in a patient who presented with recurrent sinus pauses and syncope.

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Jun
2017

Permanent artificial pacemaker is one of the important therapies for treatment of cardiac conduction system problems. The present study aimed to determine the association between some predictive variables and all-cause and cause-specific mortality in the patients who had undergone pacemaker implantation.
This study was conducted on 1207 patients who had undergone permanent pacemaker implantation in the hospitals affiliated with Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Iran, from Mar 2002 to Mar 2012.

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Oct
2017

Downregulation of the pacemaking ion channel, HCN4 (hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide gated channel 4), and the corresponding ionic current,, underlies exercise training-induced sinus bradycardia in rodents. If this occurs in humans, it could explain the increased incidence of bradyarrhythmias in veteran athletes, and it will be important to understand the underlying processes.
To test the role of HCN4 in the training-induced bradycardia in human athletes and investigate the role of microRNAs (miRs) in the repression of HCN4.

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Oct
2017

An approximately two-year-old, male 6.1 kg body weight, Korean wild raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides koreensis) was captured by the wildlife medical rescue center of Kangwon National University. Upon physical examination, the heart rate was 87 beats per min and there were no clinical signs.

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