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'Sinus of Valsalva Aneurysm' (2072)


Dec
1969

Marfan syndrome is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder that affects connective tissue and is caused by mutations in the fibrillin 1 gene present at chromosome 15. Aortic aneurysm is its main complication, and along the dilation of the aorta root and its descending portion (60-100%), with secondary aortic insufficiency, it increases risk of acute aortic dissection and death. Coronary artery anomalies affect between 0.

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Feb
2018

To evaluate the clinical efficacy, safety, and long-term outcomes of percutaneous closure (PC) and surgical repair of ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm (RSVA).
Eighty-five consecutive patients with RSVA were included in this study. Patients were considered candidates for PC if they met the criterion, surgical repair was performed on patients who were unsuitable or failed PC.

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Feb
2018

The frequency and gender distribution of thoracic aortic aneurysm as a cardiovascular manifestation of loss-of-function (LOF) X-linked FilaminA (FLNA) mutations are not known. Furthermore, there is very limited cardiovascular morbidity or mortality data in children and adults. We analyzed cardiac data on the largest series of 114 patients with LOF FLNA mutations, both children and adults, with periventricular nodular heterotopia (PVNH), including 48 study patients and 66 literature patients, median age of 22.

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Jan
2018

Performing transcatheter aortic valve implantation in the presence of aneurysmatic aortopathy is widely contraindicated; however, it needs to be taken into account as bailout strategy in selected patients. Deliberate preoperative assessing measurements become the crucial key element in this context. After meticulous valve selection, retrograde access is obtained via the right subclavian artery additionally serving as backup arterial cannulation site in case of conversion.

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Dec
1969

Aneurysm of the sinus of Valsalva, a rare cardiac condition, results from dilation of an aortic sinus. Sudden aneurysm rupture can trigger rapidly progressive heart failure. We discuss the case of a 57-year-old woman with situs ambiguus, isolated levocardia, and polysplenia who presented with acute-onset heart failure.

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Dec
1969

Sinus of Valsalva aneurysms are extremely rare, and usually of a congenital nature. There are few documented cases of this condition during pregnancy, which renders unclear the therapeutic options. We here report the case of a 26 years old pregnant woman who was referred to our cardiac center for the evaluation of a heart murmur.

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Nov
2017

The rupture of sinus of Valsalva aneurysm (RSoVA) is a rare disorder that affects the integrity of the cardiovascular system, disrupting its dynamics and resulting in a variety of manifestations. In this report, we discuss two cases of RSoVA that we encountered and review similar cases reported in the literature.
literature review of reported cases of RSoVA in PubMed and Google Scholar.

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Feb
2018

Sinus of Valsalva aneurysms (SVAs) are rare and are often complicated by aortic insufficiency (AI). Treating AI is important for achieving good long-term results in patients with SVA. Here, we have summarized our experience with the surgical management of patients with SVA with concomitant AI.

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Feb
2018

We present the case of a 10-month-old female with a right coronary sinus of Valsalva aneurysm with rupture into the right atrial appendage who presented with a murmur. Surgical repair was performed shortly after diagnosis with pericardial patch closure from within the aorta and closure of the right atrial rupture site. To our knowledge, this is the youngest child with sinus of Valsalva aneurysm with rupture to be identified in the literature.

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Sep
2017

Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is associated with aortic wall alterations. We aimed to detect any correlation between aortic elasticity and genetic and biomolecular patterns of elastin.
Forty-nine BAV patients (mean age: 38 ± 17.

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Dec
2017

We report a 15-month-old female with unruptured noncoronary sinus of Valsalva anreurysm (SOVA) associated with quadricuspid aortic valve, ascending aortic aneurysm (AAA), moderate aortic insufficiency, mild mitral insufficiency, genetic leukoencepaholpathy, developmental delay and mild mixed aminoaciduria. She was referred for evaluation of a cardiac murmur. Initial echocardiographic examination showed the aneurysm as a round cyst in the right atrium which changed in size during systole and diastole.

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Sep
2017

Cardiovascular surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass during pregnancy is associated with high foetal mortality. The foetal heart rate should be monitored, because foetal circulation is rate dependent, and experimental evidence supports the efficacy of pulsatile perfusion. We describe a novel foetal monitoring technique and successful foetal heart rate control by switching non-pulsatile to pulsatile perfusion in a 43-year-old woman with a sinus of Valsalva aneurysm who underwent valve-sparing partial aortic root remodelling at 18 weeks of gestation.

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Jan
2018

Thrombosis of a Valsalva Sinus Aneurysm Causing AMI.

Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed) 2018 Jan 20;71(1):44. Epub 2017 Sep 20.
Juan A Herrador, Víctor Aragón, Juan C Fernández

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Sep
2017

The combination of ruptured aneurysm of the sinus of Valsalva and a bicuspid aortic valve is very rare in an elderly person. A 71-year-old man with ruptured aneurysm of the sinus of Valsalva and a bicuspid aortic valve had undergone an operation. He was admitted to his other hospital because of heart failure.

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Aug
2017

Limited data are available regarding safety and feasibility of transcatheter interruption of ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm (RSOVA) using the Cocoon duct occluder (CDO) with immediate and mid-term follow-up result.
Transcatheter closure (TCC) was successfully done among eight patients, whereas five cases, not amenable to TCC, were referred for surgical correction among 13 consecutive patients of RSOVA at LPS Institute of Cardiology, Kanpur between January 2010 and March 2015.
Their mean age was 26.

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Aug
2017

Sinus of Valsalva aneurysm, dilatation of one or more of the aortic sinuses, is a rare but important aortic root defect, which can be a cause of some serious cardiac sequels. The purpose of this article is to review the etiopathogenesis, relevant anatomy, clinical manifestations, potential complications, multimodality imaging features, and management of this rare but important entity of sinus of Valsalva.

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Oct
2017

This study analyzed the impact of sex, hemodynamic profile, and valve fusion pattern on aortopathy associated with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV). The National Heart Lung and Blood Institute-sponsored National Registry of Genetically Triggered Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms and Cardiovascular Conditions (GenTAC) provided comprehensive information on a large population of well-characterized patients with BAV. Of 969 enrolled patients with BAV, 551 (57%, 77% male) had already undergone valvular and/or aortic surgery.

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Oct
2017

Sinus of Valsalva aneurysm (SVA) is a rare but potentially serious condition. Proper and timely diagnosis is crucial to the outcome of patients, particularly when rupture has occurred. Echocardiography is often the initial diagnostic imaging modality of choice as it is ubiquitous, relatively inexpensive, and without need for radiation or iodinated contrast administration.

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Dec
2017

A sinus of Valsalva aneurysm is a rare cardiac anomaly that may be congenital or acquired. Very rarely, they present with acute symptoms as a result of rupture into the cardiac chamber. If left untreated, they almost always result in deteriorating cardiac function.

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Dec
1969

A sinus of Valsalva aneurysm is a rare malformation of the aortic root that can fistulize to another cardiac structure such as the right atrium. Although transthoracic echocardiography and computed tomography angiography have demonstrated utility for the diagnosis of a sinus of Valsalva-to-right atrial fistula, there are few cases where a misdiagnosis may occur. Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography may be an essential imaging tool for the diagnosis and management of incidental findings such as a sinus of Valsalva-to-right atrial fistula during cardiac surgery and should be used routinely.

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Dec
1969

Left main coronary artery (LMCA) disease due to external compression by a dilated main pulmonary artery (MPA) is an uncommon clinical entity. Here, we describe a 52-year-old woman with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and anteroseptal old myocardial infarction (OMI). The cause of the OMI was external compression of the LMCA by the dilated MPA and aneurysm of the left coronary sinus of Valsalva.

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Jul
2017

We present two cases of Amplatzer® device deployment that exhibited long-term failure necessitating surgical correction. The first case illustrates recanalization of a ruptured Valsalva aneurysm with worsening aortic insufficiency after percutaneous repair with the Amplatzer Vascular Plugs and Amplatzer duct occluder, while the second case illustrates recanalization after deployment of the Amplatzer septal occluder in a patient with a pseudoaneursym in a bovine aorta after type I aortic dissection repair. These two cases illustrate the potential long-term complications and limitations in durability with these devices.

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Jul
2017

Sinus of Valsalva aneurysm (SVA) is a rare cardiac anomaly, which mostly occurs in the right or noncoronary sinus of Valsalva. Left sinus of Valsava is infrequent. Unruptured SVAs are usually asymptomatic, and the diagnosis of unruptured SVA is usually accidental.

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Nov
2017

Dilatation of the ascending aorta associated with bicuspid aortic valve is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in adults. The main objective was to recognize the aortic involvement in children, its characteristics and risk factors.
Aortic measures of all pediatric patients with bicuspid aortic valve followed in a tertiary pediatric hospital between 1997 and 2015 were retrospectively taken.

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May
2017

Rupture of right sinus of Valsalva aneurysm (SVA) protruding into the pulmonary artery with aortic and pulmonary valve endocarditis is rare. A 42-year-old man was admitted with fever and dyspnea. He was diagnosed with right sinus of Valsalva rupture with ventricular septal defect (VSD) and vegetation on both aortic and pulmonary valves.

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Aug
2017

In patients presenting with aortic valvulopathy with concomitant ascending aortic aneurysm, surgical management of the sinus of Valsalva segment remains undefined, especially for moderately dilated aortic roots. In patients with this pathology undergoing aortic valve replacement with supracoronary ascending aorta replacement, we assessed the fate of the remnant preserved sinus of Valsalva segment stratified by aortic valve morphology and pathology.
From 2002 to 2015, 428 patients underwent elective aortic valve replacement with supracoronary ascending aorta replacement.

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Jun
2017

Ruptured aneurysm originating from the left coronary sinus of Valsalva into the left ventricle (LV) is extremely rare. Imaging features of sinus aneurysm has been commonly reported using echocardiography or angiography. Here, we report multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) findings of left sinus of Valsalva aneurysm extending into the LV and caused severe aortic regurgitation (AR) in a 44-year-old male with latent infective endocarditis.

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Nov
2017

Delayed aortic regurgitation following Valsalva sinus re-dissection is a well-known complication that can occur at any time after surgery for type-A aortic dissection without root replacement. We describe a case of acute type-A dissection in an 81-year-old lady successfully treated with aortic valve resuspension and ascending aorta replacement with a 28-mm vascular graft. A month later, the patient was readmitted for worsening heart failure and a transthoracic echocardiogram showed severe aortic regurgitation secondary to non-coronary Valsalva sinus re-dissection and non-coronary aortic valve leaflet prolapse also confirmed at computed tomography scan.

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May
2017

Bicuspid aortic valve is traditionally considered an innocuous congenital anomaly. Due to a better and widespread availability of non-invasive imaging techniques, it has come to the fore that 30% of these cases develop complications, viz., valve abnormality (aortic regurgitation and stenosis), and aneurysm of aortic root and ascending aorta.

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May
2017

A sinus of Valsalva aneurysm is an uncommon cardiac anomaly. The aneurysm usually ruptures into the cardiac cavity, and rupture into the pericardial cavity is unusual. A 69-year-old man was admitted to our hospital after collapse due to cardiac tamponade.

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Jul
2017

Sinus of Valsalva aneurysm is a rare congenital cardiac abnormality and is usually diagnosed when it ruptures. An asymptomatic 55-year-old male of unruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm of noncoronary cusp was on medical follow-up. At 2-year follow-up, there was thrombus formation in the aneurysm, mimicking right atrium tumor on 2D transthoracic echocardiography.

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May
2017

Ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm is rare and dangerous in parturients. Few cases of ruptured SVA in pregnancy are reported, and the anesthetic management for cesarean delivery has scarcely been described.
A parturient at 37-week gestation complained of a sore throat and cough that started 3 days before admission, followed 1 day later by fever, dizziness, breathlessness, and palpitation on exertion.

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Dec
1969

Coronary artery dilatation may be due to various aetiologies including congenital anomalies, atherosclerotic coronary disease, and Kawasakis disease. We describe a case characterised by apparent severe dilatation of the right coronary artery ostium in an asymptomatic male. Subsequent imaging and surgical intervention documented the presence of a sinus of Valsalva aneurysm extending into the ostium of the right coronary artery.

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Jan
2017

A ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm rarely accompanies the aortic and tricuspid valve endocarditis. A 36-year-old woman presented with low-threshold dyspnea on exertion and fever. Transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography showed a ruptured noncoronary sinus of Valsalva aneurysm with large vegetations on the tricuspid and aortic valves, resulting in moderately severe tricuspid regurgitation and severe aortic regurgitation.

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Dec
1969

We present a rare case of a 74 year old female with unruptured aneurysm of the left coronary sinus of Valsalva accompanied with patent foramen ovale and atrial fibrillation. This rare combination was detected during diagnostics for a cardiac etiology stroke. The left coronary sinus of Valsalva was reconstructed using an autologous pericardial patch, the left atrial appendage closed, left atrial ablation performed with cooled radiofrequency and the patent foramen ovale sutured directly.

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Apr
2017

Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) combined with all-neck-branch reconstruction (total debranching TEVAR)[td TEVAR] is applied to aortic arch aneurysms as a minimally invasive procedure to improve treatment results. We report the initial and long-term results of td TEVAR for the reoperation of aortic arch aneurysm. By September 2016, td TEVAR for reoperation had been applied in 5 cases.

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Dec
1969

Acute type A aortic dissection frequently induces aortic root disease; however, the optimal surgical strategy for aortic root dissection remains a challenge. The objective of this study was to introduce a novel technique for reconstruction of type A dissection to improve patient prognosis.
We performed a retrospective review of 791 consecutive patients with acute type A aortic dissection between January 2003 and July 2015.

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Dec
1969

We report a rare case of sinus of Valsalva aneurysm of both right and left coronary sinus (LCS), with perforation of the LCS opening into the left ventricle. The LCS aneurysm with its perforation was undiagnosed on transthoracic echocardiography emphasizing the role of transesophageal echocardiography in delineating the anatomy.

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May
2017

There is a broad spectrum of coronary artery anomalies that cardiologists may encounter either incidentally or during evaluation for cardiac symptoms. These anomalies include anomalous coronary arteries arising from the opposite sinus of Valsalva (ACAOS), coronary fistulae, and coronary artery aneurysms. This manuscript outlines the unique features, diagnostic characteristics, and treatment considerations for these lesions.

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