Helping You Find Full Text Journal Articles

Search Results:

'Superior Vena Cava Syndrome' (4031)


Dec
1969

Superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome is a group of clinical signs caused by the obstruction or compression of SVC and characterized by edema of the head, neck, and upper extremities, shortness of breath, and headaches. The syndrome may be caused by benign causes but most of the cases are caused by lung or mediastinal malignant tumors. Stenting of SVC has become widely accepted as the palliative treatment for this condition in malignant diseases, as it offers rapid relief of symptoms and improves the quality of life.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jan
2018

To assess the outcomes of endovascular management for superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome secondary to fibrosing mediastinitis (FM).
Between January 2004 and December 2016, 10 consecutive patients with endovascularly managed SVC syndrome secondary to FM were identified in an institutional database. Venograms were performed to assess the severity and location of the lesion and allow measurement for stent selection.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2018

Superior vena cava (SVC) stenosis or thrombosis is a well-known complication of central venous catheterization for endocavitary treatments, hemodialysis, or chemotherapy. In cancer patients, these SVC lesions are often symptomatic due to intimal damage and chemotherapy toxicity. We report our experience with six patients treated between 2007 and 2012 via an endovascular approach (n=5) or a direct surgical approach (n=1).

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
1969

A 35-year-old man who previously underwent splenectomy for hereditary spherocytosis at age 29 visited our hospital complaining of fatigue that had started 7 days ago and right upper abdominal pain. Laboratory data showed increased white blood cell and eosinophil count accompanied by severe transaminitis and clotting abnormalities. Computed tomography scan showed multiple embolisms in the portal vein, superior mesenteric vein, right pulmonary artery, and inferior vena cava.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2018

Ligation may be used as part of damage control surgery under critical conditions following inferior vena cava (IVC) injury. IVC ligation could potentially yield greater survival benefit compared to repair following injury. We hypothesized that ligation significantly improve the outcome compared to repair.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
2017

Superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) is the obstruction of blood flow through the SVC, causing complete or partial blockade of the collateral circulation of returning venous blood. SVCS is frequently presented with facial, neck, trunk, and upper limbs swelling and so on. However, to the best of our knowledge, the obstruction of the venous return in the spinal veins is rarely a manifestation of SVCS.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
2017

Coronary artery fistula (CAF) is characterized by an abnormal communication of a coronary artery with a cardiac chamber or a great vessel bypassing the capillary bed. Surgical closure of large or symptomatic CAF is the gold standard treatment. However the previously closed CAF still has the possibility to reopen.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jan
2018

Polysplenia syndrome is a rare congenital disease characterized by variable thoracic and abdominal anomalies. A man in his 70s was diagnosed with rectal cancer by close exploration for fecal occult blood. A barium enema revealed a type 1 rectal tumor andwith non-rotation of intestine.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jan
2018

The post cardiac arrest syndrome (PCAS) is responsible for the majority of in-hospital deaths following cardiac arrest (CA). The major elements of PCAS are anoxic brain injury and circulatory failure.
This study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics of circulatory failure and inflammatory responses after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and to identify patterns of circulatory and inflammatory responses, which may predict circulatory deterioration in PCAS.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
2017

Aberrant right subclavian artery is the most common congenital malformation of the aortic arch (0.4%-2.0%).

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
2016

Nutcracker syndrome is defined as a set of signs and symptoms secondary to compression of the left renal vein (LRV) in the acute anatomic angle between the aorta and its superior mesenteric branch.
A 38-year old woman with asymptomatic and “idiopathic” gross hematuria came to the Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia in Belgrade. Hematuria was documented by cystoscopy and was found to be unilateral, located to the left urethral orifice.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
2017

With improved surgical techniques and medical management for patients with congenital heart diseases, more patients are living longer and well into adulthood. This improved survival comes with a price of increased morbidity, mainly secondary to increased risk of tachyarrhythmias. One of the major arrhythmias commonly encountered in this subset of cardiac patients is AF.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
2017

We report the case of a 53-year-old male presenting with a superior vena cava syndrome secondary to a giant intracardiac mass occupying the majority of the right cavities of the heart. A mass of 10.5 cm x 9.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
2017

The aim of this paper is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of endovascular revascularization of malignant superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) and simultaneous implantation of a totally implantable venous access port (TIVAP) using a dual venous approach.
Retrospectively, 31 patients (mean age 67 ± 8 years) with malignant CVO who had undergone revascularization by implantation of a self-expanding stent into the superior vena cava (SVC) (Sinus XL®, OptiMed, Germany; n = 11 [Group1] and Protégé ™ EverFlex, Covidien, Ireland; n = 20 [Group 2]) via a transfemoral access were identified. Simultaneously, percutaneous access via a subclavian vein was used to (a) probe the lesion from above, (b) facilitate a through-and-through maneuver, and (c) implant a TIVAP.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Oct
2017

To evaluate the role of CT angiography (CTA) in the diagnosis and subcategorization of unroofed coronary sinus syndrome (URCS).
We retrospectively analyzed 46 URCS patients diagnosed by CTA. Based on the defect location and size of coronary sinus (CS), URCS was divided into four types: complete defect as type I, partial defect of proximal CS as type II, partial defect of distal CS as type III, partial defect in which a communication occurs between CS and left atrial as type IV.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
2017

Venous obstruction in the cancer population can result in substantial morbidity and, in extreme cases, mortality. While venous obstruction can be caused by both benign and malignant etiologies in this population, the management of malignant venous obstruction as a palliative measure can be somewhat nuanced with respect to nonprocedural and procedural management, both with respect to treatment of the underlying malignancy as well as treatment of venous hypertension, which may be associated with venous thrombosis. Symptom severity, primary malignancy, functional status, and prognosis are all fundamental to the patient workup and dictate both the timing and extent of endovascular intervention.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
2017

The problem of venous thromboembolic complications (VTECs) in patients with cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) is extremely important today because of an annually increasing number of surgical interventions for life-threatening arrhythmias and chronic heart failure. There are hitherto no clearly defined reliable risk factors for VTECs due to heterogeneity of the available literature data. Some sources point to elevated thrombus formation in patients with a large number of electrodes, in repeat operative interventions, in the presence of a temporary pacemaker, in implantation on the left side, silicon cover of an electrode, others refute these facts.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2018

A 42-year-old woman with a newly diagnosed malignant thymoma underwent FDG PET/CT, which demonstrated an increased uptake in anterior mediastinal tumor and several pleural masses in the right hemithorax, compatible with "drop metastases." In addition, contrast-enhanced CT images showed hyperdense abnormality in T2 vertebral body, congruent with intensely increased FDG uptake, raising suspicion of skeletal metastasis. This is a rare but important potential pitfall either in CT and FDG PET/CT-a "false-positive" bony lesion not attributed to skeletal metastasis but to dilated internal thoracic vertebral venous plexus associated with collateral circulation due to superior vena cava syndrome.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Sep
2017

Unintentional iatrogenic surgical complications can complicate the operative and postoperative courses of paediatric cardiac surgery patients. Unless recognized and treated early, it's possible, these complications may lead to a prolonged hospital stay, increased treatment cost, morbidity, and even death. Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) is the most common congenital heart defect in children, occurring in 50% of all children with congenital heart disease and in 20% as an isolated lesion.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jan
2018

Behcet's disease is an autoimmune disease most commonly seen in the Middle East. Although primarily known with painful oral and genital ulcers, it can lead to vasculitis. Therefore, several associated complications such as thrombotic syndromes, aneurysmal arterial disease may arise.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Nov
2017

We report about a 43-year-old woman with polyvalent drug addiction (i.e. alcohol, nicotine, methadone maintenance program with parallel consumption of heroin) who presented to the emergency department with peripheral edema, generalized weakness, and arthralgia.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Nov
2017

The involvement of superior vena cava is a common condition in locally advanced thoracic tumors. Patients may benefit from the high risk operation. This study proposed a programmed procedure to optimize surgical techniques, which can facilitate the safety of operation via median thoracotomy.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Nov
2017

To investigate the feasibility and safety of the peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) accessed via the superficial femoral vein in patients with superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS).
From October 2010 to December 2014, 221 cancer patients with SVCS in our center received real-time ultrasound-guidance of the superficial femoral vein inserted central catheters (FICCs) at the mid-thigh. PICC insertion via upper extremity veins had also been investigated in 2604 cancer patients without SVCS as control.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
2017

Congenital cardiovascular anomalies, such as dextrocardia, persistent left superior vena cava (SVC), and pulmonary artery (PA) sling, are rare disorders. These congenital anomalies can occur alone, or coincide with other congenital malformations. In the majority of cases, congenital anomalies are detected early in life by certain signs and symptoms.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
2017

Oncologic Mechanical Emergencies.

Hematol Oncol Clin North Am 2017 Dec;31(6):927-940
Umar A Khan, Carl B Shanholtz, Michael T McCurdy
Prevalence of cancer and its various related complications continues to rise. Increasingly these life-threatening complications are initially managed in the emergency department, making a prompt and accurate diagnosis crucial to effectively institute the proper treatment and establish goals of care. The following oncologic emergencies are reviewed in this article: pericardial tamponade, superior vena cava syndrome, brain metastasis, malignant spinal cord compression, and hyperviscosity syndrome.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Oct
2017

Severe carcinoid syndrome and carcinoid heart disease in neuroendocrine tumours can have a significant impact on a patient's quality of life and are a major cause of morbidity and mortality. We present a novel approach to managing a patient with medically uncontrollable carcinoid syndrome. Inferior and superior vena cava placement of transcatheter heart valves has been used to treat patients with right heart failure due to severe tricuspid and pulmonary regurgitation.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
1969

Transudative chylothorax is a rare type of pleural effusion. It has been described to be present in the setting of liver cirrhosis, heart failure, amyloidosis, nephrotic syndrome, superior vena cava thrombosis, sclerosing mesenteritis and heart failure. We present the case of an 86-year-old woman with a right-side transudative chylothorax associated with heart failure and lymphangioleiomyomatosis.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Nov
2017

Off-pump bilateral bidirectional Glenn (b-BDG) poses a surgical challenge and may add complexity to the postoperative outcome especially regarding uniformity of the anastomosis and central pulmonary artery growth. Herein, we report early- and mid-term outcomes after off-pump b-BDG without using superior vena cava decompression techniques.
Ninety-seven consecutive patients, between 2009 and 2014, were included in this prospective study.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Oct
2017

Dying adolescents presenting for palliative procedures have complicated developmental and ethical issues, especially when reconsidering do-not-resuscitate orders. Though the American Academy of Pediatrics has guidelines, there is limited information in the literature on how to take care of these patients. We describe the case of a 14-year-old patient presenting to the interventional radiology suite for management of superior vena cava syndrome.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
1969

Superior cava venous obstruction use to show a typical clinical presentation and a CT scan or even an ultrasonography can be sufficient to achieve an accurate diagnosis, but in this case, to obtain the final diagnosis, a multimodal assessment is needed. This case report shows a multidisciplinary approach which helped diagnose a complicated case, where conventional diagnostic methods were not enough.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
1969

Metastasis of a nonvisceral leiomyosarcoma to the heart is rare. We present the case of a man with a history of an upper extremity cancerous lesion that was completely resected with appropriate surveillance monitoring, which then metastasized to the heart 14 years later, presenting as superior vena cava syndrome. Full evaluation found no other metastatic lesions, including no residual sarcoma at the former primary site.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Nov
2017

Obstruction of the superior vena cava (SVC) is an uncommon, but potentially life-threatening condition due to likely development of edema in the head and neck and potential respiratory compromise. Less than half of those affected by SVC syndrome survive more than a year. Obstruction can be from neoplasms or secondary to benign disease.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Sep
2017

Building surgical strategies for complex lung anomalies such as congenital pulmonary venolobar syndrome is difficult because of their rarity and variance. Using three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT), we can determine strategies safely. We describe a 27-year-old man with multifocal pulmonary malformations who underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) using 3D-CT.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
1969

Primary Pulmonary Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma (PPDLBCL) is an extremely rare entity, which exhibits an aggressive behavior by compressing local blood vessels. It represents only 0.04% of all lymphoma cases and is extremely rare in young age.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Aug
2017

This report describes a rare case of benign superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) accompanying recalcitrant pleural effusion developed secondary to extrinsic compression by anthracotic calcified mediastinal lymphadenopathy which was corrected by surgical bypass graft. An 81-year-old female presented with recalcitrant pleural effusion for several months despite of medical treatments. SVCS developed progressively without any other radiological evidence of malignancy or active infection on initial chest computed tomography (CT).

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
1969

Persistent left superior vena cava (LSVC) is a rare congenital anomaly. Its prevalence in the general population is 0.1 to 0.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Nov
2017

An 8-year-old neutered female Yorkshire terrier with mediastinal neoplasm and subsequent cranial vena cava invasion developed multiple venous collaterals from the brachiocephalic venous trunks to the caudal vena cava. Collateral venous pathways have been described in dogs with obstruction or increased blood flow resistance of the caudal vena cava but cranial vena cava collaterals have not been reported until now in veterinary patients. In this report, the CTA characteristics of such peculiar vascular routes are described and compared to similar findings reported in human medical literature.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
1969

Persistent left superior vena cava with absent right superior vena cava is a very rare venous anomaly and is known as isolated PLSVC. It is usually an asymptomatic anomaly and is mostly detected during difficult central venous access or pacemaker implantation, though it could also be associated with an increased incidence of congenital heart disease, arrhythmias, and conduction disturbances. Herein, we describe a dual-chamber pacemaker implantation in a patient with isolated PLSVC and sick sinus syndrome.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jul
2017

Breast carcinoma is the most common invasive cancer in women worldwide. It metastasizes commonly to bone, lungs, regional lymph nodes and brain. Cardiac metastasis of lung and breast cancers is a known but rare complication of advanced disease with tumour metastasising to pericardium via the locoregional lymphatic system.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jan
2018

Thyroid cancer causing superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome is a very rare clinical entity with only 26 cases reported worldwide. Metastatic thyroid cancer causing SVC syndrome several years following resection of the primary tumor is extremely rare with only 2 cases reported; one of them was of the papillary variety. We report the second case worldwide of metastatic papillary thyroid cancer causing SVC syndrome 2 years after total thyroidectomy of the original tumor in a 62-year-old Indian female pilgrim.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Nov
2017

The objective of our study was to describe an association between the radiographic appearance of distressed intravascular implants and venous stenosis or occlusion and to determine the success of reparative endovascular procedures.
Seventy-eight patients with distressed stents or inferior vena cava (IVC) filters characterized by pursing (short-axis contracture), straightening, longitudinal contraction (long-axis contracture), or fracture were identified from retrospective review of a venous registry for the period from February 2004 to October 2016. Patients originally presented with superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome (n = 25), arm swelling (n = 16), iliocaval thrombosis (n = 21), and lower extremity deep venous thrombosis (n = 16), and stents were initially placed in 65 and filters in 13.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Aug
2017

The aim of this study is to explore roles of thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1), CD56, P40 expression and other clinical characteristics predicting response and survival in patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC).
Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded biopsy tissues were retrospectively obtained from 198 SCLC patients who were diagnosed first in Xuanwu Hospital. The expressions of TTF-1, CD56 and P40 were detected by immunohistochemistry.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2018

The purpose of this study is to describe the management and outcome of critically ill cancer patients with Superior Vena Cava Syndrome (SVCS).
All cancer patients admitted to the medical intensive care unit (ICU) of the Saint-Louis University Hospital for a SVCS between January 2004 and December 2016 were included.
Of the 50 patients included in the study, obstruction of the superior vena cava was partial in two-thirds of the cases and complete in one-third.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Back to top