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'Throat' (78909)


Dec
1969

The hearing loss criterion for cochlear implant candidacy in mainland China is extremely stringent (bilateral severe to profound hearing loss), resulting in few patients with substantial residual hearing in the nonimplanted ear. The main objective of the current study was to examine the benefit of bimodal hearing in typical Mandarin-speaking implant users who have poorer residual hearing in the nonimplanted ear relative to those used in the English-speaking studies. Seventeen Mandarin-speaking bimodal users with pure-tone averages of ∼80 dB HL participated in the study.

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Dec
1969

Postnasal drip (PND)-related cough is a very common symptom in patients with upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs). At present, there is not a standard treatment for postnasal drip and postnasal drip-related cough. The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the efficacy of a specific salso-bromo-iodine thermal water containing hyaluronic acid and grapefruit seed extract (SBI-H-GSE) comparing it with a normal saline solution in children with URTIs who refer PND-related symptoms.

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Feb
2018

The aim of this study is to determine and compare the changes in the retinal vasculature in eyes with high-tension glaucoma (HTG) or normal-tension glaucoma (NTG).
The right eyes of 43 HTG subjects, 33 NTG subjects, and 51 age- and sex-matched normal subjects were included in this cross-sectional study. Signals were projected from the internal limiting membrane to retinal pigment epithelium.

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Feb
2018

Self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (scuba) diving has become increasingly popular with millions of people diving each year. Otorhinolaryngologists are often consulted either by patients or diving physicians regarding fitness to dive, and at present, the guidelines do not provide comprehensive information regarding the evaluation of this patient cohort. The aim of this review is to provide a comprehensive overview of existing otorhinolaryngological guidelines for fitness to dive recreationally.

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Feb
2018

Scuba diving is becoming increasingly popular. However, scuba diving is associated with specific risks; 80% of adults and 85% of juvenile divers (aged 6-17 years) have been reputed to have an ear, nose, or throat complaint related to diving at some point during their diving career. Divers frequently seek advice from primary care physicians, diving physicians, and otorhinolaryngologists, not only in the acute setting, but also related to the long-term effects of diving.

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Feb
2018

Sinus infections can be complicated by ocular infections and, in late phases, by brain parenchyma infection. The article debates the case of a 12-year-old patient suffering from paucisymptomatic maxillo-spheno-ethmoidal rhinosinusitis, which was later complicated by orbital cellulitis, ending with the development of a brain abscess. The treatment is complex, initially targeting the source of the infection through draining the collection by middle maxillary antrostomy and anterior posterior ethmoidectomy, then the ablation of the brain abscess and postoperatively with prolonged massive antibiotherapy.

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Dec
1969

The primary objective of this audit and quality improvement project was to retrospectively analyse regional post-tonsillectomy haemorrhage data as per national recommendations. However, this process highlighted the need for high-quality routinely collected data; something that was not always available via retrospective audit and thus does not enable formal aetiological factor analyses. We therefore created further secondary objectives to facilitate our primary audit objective.

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Dec
2017

Malignancies of the parotid gland are relatively uncommon, accounting for only 3-6% of all head and neck cancers. Most of them are primary neoplasms, metastases are uncommon. Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) represents 3% of adult malignancies, the clear cell type comprises up to 70% of all RCC.

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Dec
1969

The holistic management of hearing loss (HL) requires an understanding of factors that predict hearing aid (HA) use and benefit beyond the acoustics of listening environments. Although several predictors have been identified, no study has explored the role of audiological, cognitive, behavioural and physiological data nor has any study collected real-time HA data. This study will collect 'big data', including retrospective HA logging data, prospective clinical data and real-time data via smart HAs, a mobile application and biosensors.

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Feb
2018

Male With Sore Throat.

Ann Emerg Med 2018 Feb 5;71(2):262-269. Epub 2018 Feb 5.
Austin T Smith, Emily Brumfield

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Feb
2018

The present study aimed at analyzing the characteristics of FB injuries from Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H), a rapidly growing newly industrialized country, and to compare them with cases from European countries.
The analysis is based on FB injury cases included in the Susy Safe registry. Cases from the Ear-Nose-Throat (ENT) Clinic, University Clinical Center of Tuzla (B&H) were compared with cases from European countries participating in the Susy Safe project.

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Feb
2018

To facilitate early diagnosis of infants with hearing loss, a universal newborn hearing screening program (UNHS) has been implemented in Hong Kong's public hospitals for over a decade. However, there have been no known studies investigating parent attitudes to, and satisfaction with, UNHS since its launch in Hong Kong. The present study aimed to investigate knowledge of UNHS as well as infant hearing development, and attitudes and satisfaction with UNHS, in Hong Kong mothers with newborns.

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Feb
2018

The purpose of this study was to assess, through a systematic review and meta-analysis, the efficacy of maxillary protraction appliances (MPAs) on improving pharyngeal airway dimensions in growing class III patients with maxillary retrognathism.
An electronic search in PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and EMBASE was until September 2nd, 2017. The assessments of methodological quality of the selected articles were performed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale.

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Feb
2018

To delineate the association between characteristics of adult-onset laryngeal squamous cell papilloma and human papillomavirus (HPV) infection.
Clinical records and paraffin-embedded specimens of 77 papilloma patients who had been treated between 1998 and 2014 were collected. Of the 77 cases, 34 were identified in the larynx, 28 in the oral cavity and 15 in the oropharynx.

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Dec
1969

To compare various biometric parameters between fellow eyes of acute primary angle closure (glaucoma) [APAC(G)] and fellow eyes of chronic primary angle closure (glaucoma) [CPAC(G)].
Ultrasound biomicroscopy examinations were performed on 47 patients with unilateral APAC(G) and 41 patients with asymmetric CPAC(G) before laser peripheral iridotomy and pilocarpine treatment. Anterior chamber depth and width (ACD and ACW), lens vault (LV), iris curvature (IC), iris root distance (IRD), trabecular-ciliary process distance (TCPD), iris-ciliary process distance (ICPD), trabecular-ciliary angle (TCA), and other biometric parameters were compared between fellow eyes of APAC(G) and fellow eyes of CAPC(G).

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Dec
1969

Background Seasonal influenza is one of the increasing public health burdens in Nepal. Objective The objective of this study was to isolate and characterize the influenza virus type and subtypes of Nepal. Method A total of 1536 throat swab specimens were collected from January to December 2012.

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Dec
1969

Background Laryngopharyngeal reflux is a global health problem and is associated with a huge economic burden and decreased quality of life. Studies describing the epidemiology of laryngopharyngeal reflux are sparse in India and south east Asia. This study becomes significant as it is being conducted in Sikkimese population who resides in high altitude have a different lifestyle.

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Dec
1969

Background Postoperative sore throat is a relatively minor complaint but a frequent postoperative complication of anesthesia. The incidence of postoperative sore throat varies from 0-50% in most research studies, but some report the incidence is as high as 51-100% following general anesthesia. Objective The aim of this study was to obtain the incidence and determine the associated risk factors of postoperative sore throat in tertiary care hospital.

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Feb
2018

The objective of this article is to report a rare case of headache as the initial symptom of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) and to review the recent literature.
Granulomatosis with polyangiitis is a rare, systemic, autoimmune disease of unknown etiology. GPA has a wide spectrum of clinical symptomatology, including involvement of the nervous system, even as the initial manifestation.

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Dec
1969

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2017/4751260.].

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Dec
1969

Brucellosis is one of the most prevalent diseases common between humans and animals. It is also called Malta fever, Undulant fever and Mediterranean fever. This disease is spread by consuming milk and its unpasteurized derivatives.

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Jan
2018

Microvenular hemangioma (MVH) is an acquired, benign type of hemangioma that usually manifests itself as a solitary, slowly growing, red to violaceous, asymptomatic papule, plaque or nodule. It is typically located on the trunk or extremities of young adults. It can be difficult to differentiate MVH from other types of hemangioma and Kaposi sarcoma.

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Jan
2018

Sleep related breathing disorders cause obstruction of the upper airway which can be alleviated by continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy, oral devices or surgical intervention. Non-surgical treatment modalities are not always accepted by patients and in order to attain successful surgical outcomes, evaluation of the upper airway is necessary to carefully select the patients who would benefit from surgery. There are numerous techniques available to assess the upper airway obstruction and these include imaging, acoustic analysis, pressure transducer recording and endoscopic evaluation.

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Dec
1969

A genuine microbiota resides in the lungs which emanates from the colonization by the oropharyngeal microbiota. Changes in the oropharyngeal microbiota might be the source of dysbiosis observed in the lower airways in patients suffering from asthma or cystic fibrosis (CF). To examine this hypothesis, we compared the throat microbiota from healthy children (= 62) and that from children with asthma (= 27) and CF (= 57) aged 6 to 12 years using 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing.

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Feb
2018

Localised nasopharyngeal amyloidosis is rare. Findings on physical examination and invasive pattern on CT scan can be misleading as it can resemble nasopharyngeal carcinoma. A 64-year-old man presented with left aural fullness for 6 months.

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Feb
2018

Acute epiglottitis is a potentially life-threaten disease, which makes it more challenging to save the life for doctors. Unexpected deaths in custody are a primary cause of concern for the forensic community and doctor worldwide.
We present a case of a 44-year-old male detainee who was clinically suspected of dying of acute epiglottitis.

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Feb
2018

Spontaneous pneumomediastinum.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Feb 11;2018. Epub 2018 Feb 11.
Shilpa Ojha, Julian Gaskin
Spontaneous pneumomediastinum is the presence of free air within the mediastinum that is not associated with trauma. It is a rare, self-limiting condition that can cause widespread subcutaneous surgical emphysema. We present the case of a 12-year-old boy who presented with widespread spontaneous surgical emphysema and pneumomediastinum, with no history of trauma or respiratory tract disease.

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Feb
2018

This study reviews the management pathway and surgical outcomes of patients referred to and operated on at a tertiary neurosurgical centre, for dysphagia associated with anterolateral cervical hyperostosis (ACH) in diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH).
Electronic patient records for 6 patients who had undergone anterior cervical osteophytectomy for dysphagia secondary to ACH were reviewed. ACH diagnosis was made by an Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) specialist and patients were referred to a neurosurgical-led multidisciplinary team (MDT) for review.

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Feb
2018

The goal of the present study was to analyze the seasonal variation of epistaxis in ear, nose, and throat (ENT) practices in Germany in 2016.
The present study sample included patients who received a first epistaxis diagnosis from physicians in 114 ENT practices in Germany between January 2016 and December 2016. The number of epistaxis patients per practice was calculated for each month.

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Feb
2018

A 15-year-old boy was admitted to a local hospital with high fever, generalised rash and a mild sore throat. He was started on intravenous flucloxacillin and 12 hours later develops a sustained low diastolic blood pressure (DBP), unresponsive to fluid volume expansion and cardiovascular support with dopamine. Intravenous clindamycin was added and transportation to paediatric intensive care unit arranged.

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Feb
2018

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) occurs in 14.5% of patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) and may require intervention on intensive care unit (ICU). A 61-year-old man was admitted to a spinal injury ICU with a traumatic C3 complete SCI following a mountain bike accident.

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Feb
2018

Nasopharyngeal angiofibroma (NA) is a benign, highly vascularised tumour of the nasopharynx, which typically occurs in young males aged 14-25 years. We report an interesting case of an NA arising de novo in a 32-year-old male. He was referred to our facility for severe nasal haemorrhage after biopsy of a left nasopharyngeal mass.

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Dec
1969

Human metapneumovirus (HMPV) is one of the most important respiratory viral pathogens affecting infants and children worldwide. Our study describes the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of HMPV present in patients hospitalised with acute respiratory illness (ARI) in Guangzhou, Southern China.
A cross-sectional study.

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Feb
2018

Tinnitus is the perception of sound in the absence of a corresponding external acoustic stimulus, resulting in an estimated prevalence of 10% to 15% in adults. Tinnitus may be classified as pulsatile (PT) or continuous (non-PT), and may be subjective (heard only by the patient) or objective (also audible to the examiner). PT is usually related to vascular causes and is pulse synchronous (coinciding with the patient's heartbeat).

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Feb
2018

Anti-CD20 antibodies are increasingly being used to treat idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS) in children. While they may allow steroid and calcineurin-inhibitor withdrawal, repeated infusions of anti-CD20 antibodies are often required to maintain remission. Data on their potential toxicity in INS are needed to consider repeated infusions.

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Feb
2018

During 9th December 2016 and 12th February 2017, 149-chickenpox cases were reported in a tribal and industrial zone of Rakholi (n = 80) and Surangi (n = 69) villages from Union Territory of India. An epidemiological investigation was performed to assess the characteristics and determinants of the chickenpox outbreak. Overall, the attack rate per 100 population in Rakholi village (n = 1757) was 4.

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Feb
2018

Telemedicine applications are expanding to improve access to specialty care in rural areas. Telemedicine is not routinely used to evaluate new patients in otolaryngology, and it remains unclear which patients could benefit from this technology. This study estimates the rate of telemedicine eligibility among specific otolaryngology diagnoses.

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Feb
2018

Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is a common disease usually limited to the oesophagus. Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) is an inflammatory reaction of the mucosa of pharynx, larynx, and other associated upper respiratory organs, caused by a reflux of stomach contents outside the oesophagus. LPR is considered to be a relatively new clinical entity with a vast number of clinical manifestations which are treated sometimes empirically and without a correct diagnosis.

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Mar
2018

We investigated whether red blood cell distribution width (RDW) predicts vasculitis activity based on Birmingham vasculitis activity score (BVAS) or BVAS for granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) at diagnosis and poor prognosis during follow-up in patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV).
We reviewed the medical records of 150 patients with AAV. We defined severe GPA as BVAS for GPA ≥7 (the highest quartile).

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Dec
1969

The prevalence of adverse food reactions in patients with chronic inhalant diseases has seldom been studied in China. This study is to investigate the prevalence of adverse food reactions and the symptoms caused in respiratory patients.
Respiratory patients in allergy clinics were asked to complete a questionnaire.

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Feb
2018

It has been recommended that sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) safety be assessed using solicited adverse event (AE) collection methods.
To describe the impact on the safety profile of SQ house dust mite (HDM) SLIT-tablet (12 SQ-HDM dose) when pre-specified local application site reactions were solicited vs unsolicited, and discuss ramifications of AE solicitation.
Subjects were randomized to daily 12 SQ-HDM or placebo for up to 52 weeks in 4 double-blinded, multicenter trials.

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Dec
1969

To investigate the occurrence of reported respiratory tract infection (RTI) symptoms and their effects on use of self and professional care among patients in the community.
A cross-sectional retrospective household survey.
12 administrative villages from rural Anhui, China.

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Dec
1969

The purpose is to evaluate the findings and utility of esophageal transit scintigraphy (ETS) and gastroesophageal reflux scintigraphy (GES) in patients presenting with upper respiratory tract (URT) symptoms suspected to be due to gastroesophageal reflux (GER) disease.
Thirty patients aged between 19 and 60 years underwent nasopharyngolaryngoscopy (NPL), ETS, and GES. Correlation between GER, esophageal motility, and NPL was evaluated.

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