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'Tongue' (49814)


Feb
2018

Hypoglossal nerve palsy (HNP) is a common finding in neurologic diseases when associated with other cranial nerve palsies or further pathology and exhibits characteristic clinical manifestations, including unilateral atrophy of the musculature of the tongue. It occasionally appears as the initial or solitary sign of an intracranial or extracranial space-occupying lesion, head or neck injury, or vascular abnormality of the internal carotid artery. There are few cases of idiopathic isolated unilateral HNP, which should be diagnosed through exclusion.

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Feb
2018

Thinking in a Foreign language reduces the causality bias.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Feb 1:1747021818755326. Epub 2018 Feb 1.
Marcos Díaz-Lago, Helena Matute
The purpose of this research is to investigate the impact of a foreign language on the causality bias (i.e., the illusion that two events are causally related when they are not).

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Jan
2018

Choking is a form of asphyxia which is caused by an obstruction within the air passages. Here, we report a case of obstruction of the upper respiratory tract due to assassin bug ( Cydnocoris gilvus) where allegations of medical negligence were made by relatives of the deceased. Autopsy findings demonstrated that an insect was present inside the larynx, lodged at the epiglottis.

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Jan
2018

Neck-tongue syndrome is a rarely reported headache disorder characterized by occipital and/or upper neck pain triggered by sudden rotatory head movement and accompanied by abnormal sensation and/or posture of the ipsilateral tongue. Although onset is thought to be in childhood, most of the limited number of cases reported so far were adults. Here the authors describe 3 cases, 2 girls and 1 boy, with neck-tongue syndrome.

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Dec
2017

Malignancies of the parotid gland are relatively uncommon, accounting for only 3-6% of all head and neck cancers. Most of them are primary neoplasms, metastases are uncommon. Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) represents 3% of adult malignancies, the clear cell type comprises up to 70% of all RCC.

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Feb
2018

Based on three climatologically observed temperature and salinity datasets (i.e., GDEM-V3, SCSPOD14 and WOA13), this paper reports a low-salinity (~34.

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Feb
2018

Acoustic phonetic methods are useful in examining some symptoms of schizophrenia; we used such methods to understand the underpinnings of aprosody. We hypothesized that, compared to controls and patients without clinically rated aprosody, patients with aprosody would exhibit reduced variability in: pitch (F0), jaw/mouth opening and tongue height (formant F1), tongue front/back position and/or lip rounding (formant F2), and intensity/loudness.
Audiorecorded speech was obtained from 98 patients (including 25 with clinically rated aprosody and 29 without) and 102 unaffected controls using five tasks: one describing a drawing, two based on spontaneous speech elicited through a question (Tasks 2 and 3), and two based on reading prose excerpts (Tasks 4 and 5).

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Jan
2018

To investigate whether awake endoscopy can diagnose base-of-tongue obstruction as reliably as sleep endoscopy in infants with Pierre Robin sequence (PRS).
The study was retrospective with the clinicians blinded to patient identity. Endoscopy findings were assessed and measured by the performing pediatric otolaryngologist.

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Feb
2018

To present a novel 2041 liquid-filled ionization chamber array for high-resolution verification of radiotherapy treatments.
The prototype has 2041 ionization chambers of 2.5×2.

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Feb
2018

Papillomaviruses are non-enveloped, DNA viruses that infect skin and mucosa of a wide variety of vertebrates, causing neoplasias or simply persisting asymptomatically. Avian papillomaviruses, with six fully sequenced genomes, are the second most studied group after mammalian papillomaviruses. In this study, we describe the first oral avian papillomavirus, detected in the tongue of a dead Yorkshire canary (Serinus canaria) and in oral swabs of the same bird and other two live canaries from an aviary in Madrid, Spain.

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Jan
2018

Mucoscopy in lingual varicosities.

Dermatol Pract Concept 2018 Jan 31;8(1):54-55. Epub 2018 Jan 31.
Abhijeet K Jha, M D Zeeshan, Amar K Jha Amar

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Feb
2018

In some individuals with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), the palate prolapses into the velopharynx during expiration, limiting airflow through the nose or shunting it out of the mouth. We hypothesised that this phenomenon causes expiratory flow limitation (EFL) and is associated with inspiratory "isolated" palatal collapse. We also wanted to provide a robust noninvasive means to identify this mechanism of obstruction.

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Oct
2016

Cisplatin-based chemotherapy has been found to improve the prognosis of patients with tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC), the most common oral cancer with a poor prognosis. Chemoresistance to cisplatin appears to be an important clinical problem for cisplatin-based TSCC chemotherapy. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important roles in regulating tumor cells' sensitivity to chemotherapeutic agents.

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Feb
2018

Pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) has a good safety profile, but long-term use has been associated with development of squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue and oral cavity (SCCTO) in some patients. The study objective was to estimate the prevalence of oral leukoplakia, a known precursor of SCCTO, in patients with ovarian cancer and long-term PLD use.After approval of the institutional review board, medical record of 114 patients who were treated with PLD at our institution between January 2010 and December 2016 were retrospectively reviewed.

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Feb
2018

High-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) is a major risk factor for oral and pharyngeal cancers (OPCs), yet the detailed mechanisms by which HPV promotes OPCs are not understood. Forkhead box M1B (FoxM1B) is an oncogene essential for cell cycle progression and tumorigenesis, and it is aberrantly overexpressed in many tumors. We previously showed that FoxM1B was the putative target of an epithelial-specific transcription factor, Grainyhead-like 2 (GRHL2).

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Feb
2018

Chronic kidney disease (CKD)-associated mucocutaneous manifestations significantly impair the quality of life but often remain understudied. They may also vary across regions, socioeconomic and nutritional status, and racial differences.
To study the patterns of mucocutaneous disorders and their prevalence in CKD patients irrespective of clinical stage or dialysis status.

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Dec
2017

To evaluate dose-volume relationships of target volume and critical structures in computed tomography (CT) image-based brachytherapy for head and neck cancer.
Thirty-seven patients with mobile tongue, floor of mouth, and base of tongue cancer treated with brachytherapy (post-operative alone and as a boost after external beam radiotherapy [EBRT], or definitive alone or as a boost after EBRT) were selected. Treatment plans were made using post-implant CT images.

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Feb
2018

Epinephrine is a life-saving treatment in anaphylaxis. In community settings, a first-aid dose of epinephrine is injected from an auto-injector (EAI). Needle phobia highly contributes to EAI underuse, leading to fatalities-especially in children.

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Feb
2018

During speech production, we make vocal tract movements with remarkable precision and speed. Our understanding of how the human brain achieves such proficient control is limited, in part due to the challenge of simultaneously acquiring high-resolution neural recordings and detailed vocal tract measurements. To overcome this challenge, we combined ultrasound and video monitoring of the supralaryngeal articulators (lips, jaw and tongue) with electrocorticographic (ECoG) recordings from the cortical surface of 4 subjects (three female, one male) to investigate how neural activity in the ventral sensory motor cortex (vSMC) relates to measured articulator movement kinematics (position, speed, velocity, acceleration) during the production of English vowels.

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Feb
2018

This study sought to examin effects of age and tongue exercise on the posterior digastric (opener) and the temporalis (closer). We hypothesized 1) age would result in differing morphological (cross sectional area) and biochemical (myosin heavy chain isoform) components of these muscles; 2) tongue exercise would result in coactivation of these muscles inducing a decrease in age-related differences between age groups.
Young adult (9 months) and old (32 months) Fischer 344 Brown Norway rats were randomized into a tongue exercise or control group.

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Feb
2018

True aneurysms of the proximal occipital artery are rare, may cause neurological symptoms due to compression of the hypoglossal nerve and their resection may be technically demanding.
The case of an aneurysm of the proximal occipital artery causing discomfort and tongue deviation by compression on the hypoglossal nerve is reported. Postoperative course after resection was followed by complete regression of symptoms.

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Feb
2018

Low-intensity ultrasound (LIUS) combined with chemotherapy is an innovative modality for cancer treatment, but its effect on orthotopic carcinoma remains unknown. Our previous study revealed that LIUS enhanced the growth inhibitory effects of several chemotherapeutic drugs in nude mice with transplanted tumors. In the present study, we used 7,12-dimethylbenz(alpha)anthracene to induce orthotopic tongue carcinogenesis in hamsters.

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Feb
2018

Cytogenetic homeostasis ofathletes involved in hand-to-hand armyfighting, depending on the outcome of the fight and the level of aggressiveness has been studied. Status of the genetic apparatus in athletes was evaluated in buccal epithelium with the use of micronucleus test, which is widely usedfor the determination of the influence of various factors on the genetic stability of the organism. Psychological testing of athletes was executed with the use of Spielberger’s State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory scale, Bass-Darky questionnaire for the diagnostics of aggression and hostile reactions, Eysenck Personality Questionnaire test for the evaluation ofpsychic conditions and method of U.

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Feb
2018

Oral lesions are rarely reported in patients with pityriasis rosea. We report a case of a 3-year-old boy with clinical evidence of generalized pityriasis rosea who developed asymptomatic oral lesions similar in appearance to geographic tongue. The generalized eruption and tongue lesions resolved simultaneously within 4 weeks.

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Feb
2018

The present study investigated whether tongue base and mandibular bone defects were associated with the rate of decannulation and oral intake recovery, and survival time, including overall and lung metastasis-free survival time, in patients that underwent oral malignant tumor (OMT) resection with reconstruction. A total of 105 patients that underwent OMT resection with laryngeal preservation and reconstruction were recruited. The extent of defects was classified according to Urken's classification.

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Feb
2018

MicroRNAs (miRs) are expected to serve as prognostic tools for cancer. However, many miRs have been reported as prognostic markers of recurrence or metastasis in oral squamous cell carcinoma patients. We aimed to determine the prognostic markers in early-stage tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC).

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Dec
2017

Venous malformations (VMs) are slow-flow vascular anomalies composed of ectatic venous channels. Its management with Er,Cr:YSGG laser has been proven effective. In the present case a teenage patient reported with a bluish lesion, soft inconsistency on the dorsal aspect of tongue.

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Feb
2018

Interaction between a quasi-stable stationary MHD mode and a tongue-shaped deformation is observed in the toroidal plasma with energetic particle driven MHD bursts. The quasi-stable stationary 1/1 MHD mode with interchange parity appears near the resonant rational surface of q = 1 between MHD bursts. The tongue-shaped deformation rapidly appears at the non-resonant non-rational surface as a localized large plasma displacement and then collapses (tongue event).

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Feb
2018

Since the original description of side effects of neuroleptics, different terminologies and definitions for tardive dyskinesia (TD) and tardive syndrome (TS) have been used by different authors, and often these two terms have been used interchangeably. This paper proposes a nosology designed to define and clarify various terms and phenomenologies within the TS spectrum. We propose to use the term tardive dyskinesia to refer to the original description of repetitive and complex oral-buccal-lingual (OBL) movements, as well as to the analogous repetitive movements that can appear in the limbs, trunk, or pelvis.

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Feb
2018

Recent years have witnessed the rapid development of pattern-based sensors due to their potential to detect and differentiate a wealth of analytes with only few probes. However, no one has found or used the combination of DNA and terbium(III) (Tb) as a pattern recognition system for largescale mix-and-measure assays. Here we report for the first time that DNA-sensitized Tb (DNA/Tb), as a label-free and versatile "chemical nose/tongue", can be employed for widescale time-gated luminescent (TGL) monitoring metal ions covering nearly the entire periodic table in a cost-effective fashion.

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Feb
2018

For many years, the microsurgical transoral approach (TOA) has been accepted as the "gold standard" for the surgical treatment of a variety of congenital, developmental, and acquired pathologies affecting the craniovertebral junction. In the present study, we try to investigate both experimental and clinical fronts of such a challenging surgery, starting from the updated literature experience. TOA is actually presented as an "old-fashioned" surgical technique dealing with possible bacterial contamination, the need of postoperative nose gastric tube feeding for a week, the possible nasopharyngeal incompetence, and the postoperative tongue swelling.

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Feb
2018

Tongue-Palate Contact Timing during /s/ and /z/ in English.

Phonetica 2018 Feb 9;75(2):110-131. Epub 2018 Feb 9.
Marko Liker, Fiona E Gibbon
Although numerous studies have investigated supraglottal strategies for signalling voicing in fricatives, there is still no agreement about the precise characteristics of tongue-to-palate contact timing during voiced as opposed to voiceless fricatives. In this study we use electropalatography (EPG) to investigate articulatory and coarticulatory characteristics of tongue-to-palate contact timing during /s/ and /z/ in English. Five typically speaking participants, speakers of Southern British English, produced 500 trochaic words containing the intervocalic alveolar fricatives /s/ or /z/.

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Feb
2017

Two of the major problems with rhotics are: (1) rhotics, unlike most other classes, are highly resistant to secondary palatalization, and (2) acoustic cues for rhotics as a class have been elusive. This study examines the acoustics of Upper and Lower Sorbian rhotics. Dynamic measures of the F1-F3 and F2-F1 were recorded and compared using SSANOVAs.

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Feb
2018

It has been recommended that sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) safety be assessed using solicited adverse event (AE) collection methods.
To describe the impact on the safety profile of SQ house dust mite (HDM) SLIT-tablet (12 SQ-HDM dose) when pre-specified local application site reactions were solicited vs unsolicited, and discuss ramifications of AE solicitation.
Subjects were randomized to daily 12 SQ-HDM or placebo for up to 52 weeks in 4 double-blinded, multicenter trials.

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Feb
2018

Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) is a serious complication of both radiation and antiresorptive therapies. This study aimed to determine how many patients have been treated for medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (MRONJ) and osteoradionecrosis (ORN), and whether the number of diagnoses has decreased over time with improved awareness and preventative measures.
Medical records at the Royal Brisbane & Women's Hospital, Gold Coast University Hospital, and Robina Hospital were reviewed to identify patients diagnosed with MRONJ and ORN between January 2003 - May 2017.

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Feb
2018

Reconstruction of tongue cancer defects is challenging due to the complex anatomy and physiology of the tongue. Here, we classify patterns of tongue tissue loss and describe a treatment algorithm for achieving good functional and oncologic outcomes.
We retrospectively reviewed 50 tongue squamous-cell carcinomas surgically treated between January 2010-June 2015.

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Feb
2018

A correlation between sublingual and intestinal mucosa microcirculation, and ischemic necrosis of the tongue as a sign of poor prognosis has been reported. However, an association between tongue ischemia and intestinal health and subsequent outcome has never been studied. This preliminary prospective observational study evaluated the association between macroscopic tongue ischemia and enterocyte injury and poor outcome in patients with septic shock.

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Feb
2018

Inter-subject and inter-session variabilities pose a significant challenge in electroencephalogram (EEG)-based brain-computer interface (BCI) systems. Furthermore, high dimensional EEG montages introduce huge computational burden due to excessive number of channels involved. Two experimental, i.

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Feb
2018

Activity-guided fractionation in combination with the taste dilution analysis, followed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance experiments, led to the identification of 10 polymethoxylated flavones (PMFs), 6 limonoid glucosides, and 2 limonoid aglycones as the key bitterns of orange juice. Quantitative studies and calculation of dose-over-threshold factors, followed by taste re-engineering, demonstrated for the first time 25 sensometabolites to be sufficient to reconstruct the typical taste profile of orange juices and indicated that not a single compound can be considered a suitable marker for juice bitterness. Intriguingly, the taste percept of orange juice seems to be created by a rather complex interplay of limonin, limonoid glucosides, PMFs, organic acids, and sugars.

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Feb
2018

Oromandibular dystonia (OMD) is defined as a subset of movement disorders characterized by involuntary muscle contraction in different parts of the oromandibular region. This clinical report presents a multidisciplinary approach to the management of a patient with OMD. The involuntary movement of her mandible and tongue was improved with a mandibular custom occlusal splint and maxillary modified removable complete denture together with botulinum toxin A injections.

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Feb
2018

To explore the critical values of temperature perception in various mucosa sites of oral cavity and to draw the perceptive temperature threshold maps in healthy volunteers. To observe the interrelationship between subjective cognitive perception and sympathetic skin response (SSR) under various levels of thermal stimuli.Forty-two healthy volunteers (recruited from the students of Tianjin Medical University, 16 females and 26 males) were enrolled in the present study.

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Feb
2018

To investigate the different pattern of neck lymph node metastasis, the choice of surgical methods and prognosis in early tongue squamous cell carcinoma.A total of 157 patients with early oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma were included in this study. Statistical analysis was performed to identify the pattern of lymph node metastasis, to determine the best surgical procedure and to analyze the prognosis.

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Dec
2017

To develop an actionable test using fluorescence capillary electrophoresis (FCE) to assess loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of histologically similar low-grade lesions (LGLs) to identify high-risk lesions for oral cancer progression.
To determine the cutoffs of LOH, the FCE results of 52 surgical margin samples were used to compare with the existing LOH results from the previously validatedP-GE approach. Using the developed FCE workflow, an independent set of 102 LGLs with known progression status was used to determine the LOH molecular risk (MR) patterns and associated risk of progression.

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Feb
2018

The Kinesin family member 2a (KIF2A), that belongs to the Kinesin-13 microtubule depolymerases, plays an important role in cancer cell proliferation, migration and apoptosis in various types of cancer such as gastric cancer, breast cancer, and squamous cell carcinoma of the oral tongue, but, its role and mechanism in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is largely unknown. The present study reported that KIF2A was overexpressed in LUAD tissues as compared with adjacent normal tissues. KIF2A was closely correlated with TNM stage and lymph node metastasis (P < 0.

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Feb
2018

The aim of this study is to evaluate the usefulness of a voltammetric e-tongue (three electrodes: reference electrode (Ag/AgCl), counter electrode (glassy carbon electrode rod) and working electrode (Au, Ag, Pt and glass electrode)) for honey adulteration detection. For this purpose a number of 55 samples of authentic honey (acacia, honeydew, sunflower, tilia and polyfloral) and 150 adulterated ones were analyzed. The adulteration was made using fructose, glucose, inverted sugar, hydrolyzed inulin syrup and malt wort in different percentages: with 5, 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50%, respectively.

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Feb
2018

Oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC) has a relatively poor outcome and there is a need to identify better prognostic factors. Recently, tumour-stroma ratio (TSR) has been associated with prognosis in several cancers. This multi-institutional study evaluates the prognostic value of TSR from original HE-stained tumor-resection slides in a series of early-stage (cT1-2N0) OTSCC patients.

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