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'Transrectal Ultrasonography TRUS of the Prostate' (660)


Jan
2017

Contemporary prostate cancer (PCa) screening modalities such as prostate specific antigen (PSA) and digital rectal examination (DRE) are limited in their ability to predict the detection of clinically significant disease. Multi-parametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) of the prostate has been explored as a staging modality for PCa. Less is known regarding its utility as a primary screening modality.

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Sep
2016

To improve the accuracy of prostate cancer (PCa) detection by focusing biopsy on the suspected lesion manifested by MRI with the total number of biopsy cores relatively unchanged.
A prospective randomized analysis was performed on 262 cases of suspected PCa detected by multi-parametric MRI (mp-MRI), each with a single suspected lesion with 10 μg/L≤ PSA <20 μg/L. All the patients underwent targeted transrectal prostate biopsy guided by fusion imaging of MRI with transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS), using the 6X+6 strategy (6 cores in the suspected region and another 6 in the systematic prostate) for 134 cases and the traditional 12+2X method (12 cores in the systematic prostate and 2 in the suspected region) for the other 128.

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Jul
2017

Issues of mass screening for prostate cancer rather controversial since 2013 in 11 regions of Kazakhstan introduced a population-based screening for prostate cancer, so we need to evaluate its results.
In different regions of Kazakhstan during 2013-2015, a total of 321548 prostate-specific antigens (PSA) were determined in men aged 50-66 yr, under the Prostate Health Index (PHI) and transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS) guided prostate biopsy with histological examination.
PSA level up to 4 ng/ml in 310870 (96.

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Jul
2017

MRI of the prostate improves diagnostic accuracy of prostate cancer. Different fusion approaches with transrectal ultrasound images are employed. To determine detection rate of prostate cancer in men undergoing transperineal MRIbased cognitive fusion biopsy.

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Oct
2017

To determine the diagnostic value of semi-quantitative and quantitative parameters of three functional techniques in multiparametric (mp)-MRI of the prostate.
Mp-MRI was performed in 110 patients with suspicion of prostate cancer (PCA) before transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided core biopsy. Peak-enhancement, initial and post-initial enhancement, initial area under gadolinium curve, Ktrans (forward rate constant), Kep (efflux rate constant), Ve (extracellular volume), ADC (apparent diffusion coefficient) and MR spectroscopy ratio were obtained for malignant and benign lesions.

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Aug
2017

High prevalence of prostate cancer with multifocality and biological heterogeneity. Insufficient conventional urological diagnostics. Discrimination between significant and insignificant cancer needed.

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Dec
1969

The aim of the study was to compare the prostate cancer (PCa) detection rate of systematic transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsies (TRUS-bx) and multiparametric-MRI targeted biopsies (mp-MRI-bx) in a repeat biopsy setting and evaluate the clinical significance following an "MRI-targeted-only" approach.
Patients with prior negative biopsies underwent prostatic multiparametric-MRI that was scored using the Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) classification. All underwent both repeated TRUS-bx and mp-MRI-bx using image fusion of any PI-RADS ≥3 lesion.

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May
2017

We aimed to compare the 18 and 16-Gauge (G) needles used in transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS)-guided needle biopsy for cancer detection rates and complications using the Clavien Scoring System.
The 80 patients who were included in the study were randomized and divided into two groups. Group 1 (n = 36) had a TRUS-guided prostate biopsy with an 18G needle and Group 2 had a 16G needle (n = 44).

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May
2017

We aimed to introduce an approach for image-guided positioning of electrodes for irreversible electroporation (IRE) in patients with prostate cancer using a magnetic resonance imaging-transrectal ultrasonography (MRI-TRUS) fusion technique. In 10 consecutive patients with biopsy-proven Gleason score ≤3+4 prostate cancer, 19 G electrodes were inserted into the prostate using a transperineal access. Magnetic resonance images of the prostate acquired before IRE were fused with transrectal ultrasound images acquired during IRE.

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Aug
2017

The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of caudal block (CB) versus periprostatic nerve block (PPNB), both with intrarectal local anesthesia (IRLA), in reducing pain during transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS)-guided prostatic biopsy.
This study included 532 patients: 266 patients received CB with IRLA and 266 patients PPNB with IRLA. A visual analogue scale (VAS) was applied to prospectively evaluate pain (1) at induction of anesthesia, (2) at insertion of the TRUS probe, (3) at needle penetration to the prostate, and (4) throughout the biopsy procedure.

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Mar
2017

The paper discusses the rules of the proper performing of the ultrasound examination of the prostate gland. It has been divided into two parts: the general part and the detailed part. The first part presents the necessary requirements related to the ultrasound equipment needed for performing transabdominal and transrectal examinations of the prostate gland.

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Apr
2017

The current standard for Prostate Cancer (PCa) detection in biopsy-naïve men consists of 10-12 systematic biopsies under ultrasound guidance. This approach leads to underdiagnosis and undergrading of significant PCa while insignificant PCa may be overdiagnosed. The recent developments in MRI and Contrast Enhanced Ultrasound (CEUS) imaging have sparked an increasing interest in PCa imaging with the ultimate goal of replacing these "blind" systematic biopsies with reliable imaging-based targeted biopsies.

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Mar
2017

We have previously demonstrated that transperineal template prostate biopsy (TPTPB) has a significantly higher cancer detection rate compared to transrectal ultrasound guided (TRUS) biopsy in biopsy naive men with a PSA < 20 ng/mL. We, therefore, performed a prospective study to determine whether TPTPB is still superior to TRUS biopsy in the detection of prostate cancer in men with persistently elevated PSA after one previous negative set of TRUS biopsies.
42 patients with a background of one previous negative set of TRUS biopsy, persistently elevated PSA (but < 20 ng/mL) and benign feeling digital rectal examination (DRE) underwent simultaneous standard 12-core TRUS biopsy and 36-core TPTPB under general anaesthesia.

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Mar
2017

Pubic arch interference (PAI), when it occurs, is often a limiting factor for patients pursuing brachytherapy treatment of prostate cancer. Pre-brachytherapy pubic arch evaluation is often performed by CT or transrectal ultrasound (TRUS), but MRI has increasingly replaced these modalities for prostate cancer evaluation. The purpose of this study was to determine if staging MRI could be used to evaluate PAI and compare it with these other imaging methods.

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Dec
1969

In patients with suspected prostate cancer (PCa) according to current guidelines systematic transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided biopsy of the prostate is performed to verify or rule out PCa. However, TRUS-guided biopsy can result in underdetection of clinically significant cancers as well as diagnosis of clinically insignificant cancers. Multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) might improve the diagnostic pathway and help to avoid unnecessary biopsies.

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Apr
2017

To evaluate adaptive planning for permanent prostate brachytherapy and to identify the prostate regions that needed adaptation.
After the implantation of stranded seeds, using real-time intraoperative planning, a transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-scan was obtained and contoured. The positions of seeds were determined on a C-arm cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT)-scan.

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Feb
2017

BrachyView is a novel in-body imaging system which aims to provide LDR brachytherapy seeds position reconstruction within the prostate in real-time. The first prototype is presented in this study: the probe consists of a gamma camera featuring three single cone pinhole collimators embedded in a tungsten tube, above three, high resolution pixelated detectors (Timepix).
The prostate was imaged with a TRUS system using a sagittal crystal with a 2.

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Jan
2017

To improve the accuracy of ultrasound-guided biopsy of the prostate, the non-rigid registration of magnetic resonance (MR) images onto transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) images has gained increasing attention. Mutual information (MI) is a widely used similarity criterion in MR-TRUS image registration. However, the use of MI has been challenged because of intensity distortion, noise and down-sampling.

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Dec
2016

We describe our experience in prostate biopsy using a new standardized cognitive fusion techniques, that we call "cognitive zonal fusion biopsy". This new technique is based on two operative options: the first based on target biopsies, the Cognitive Target Biopsy (CTB) if the same target was detected with transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) and multiparametric magnetic resonance (mpMRI); the second based on saturation biopsies, the Zonal Saturation Biopsy (ZSB) on anatomical zone/s containing the region of interest if the same target was not evident with TRUS and MRI. We evaluated results of our technique compared to standard biopsy in order to identify clinically relevant prostate cancer.

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Jun
2017

To establish a predictive nomogram for high-grade prostate cancer (HGPCa) in biopsy-naive patients based on the Prostate Imaging-Reporting and Data System version 2 (PI-RADS v2), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based prostate volume (PV), MRI-based PV-adjusted prostate-specific antigen density (PSAD), and other classical parameters.
Between August 2014 and August 2015, 158 men who were eligible for analysis were included as the training cohort. A prediction model for HGPCa was built using backward logistic regression and was presented on a nomogram.

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Jul
2017

To clarify the value of targeted versus off-target biopsies in men with a suspicion of prostate cancer (PC) and a visible lesion in multi-parametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) using transperineal robot-assisted biopsy.
Fifty-five consecutive men with one non-palpable suspicious lesion in mpMRI after negative 12-core transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy were enrolled in 2014-2015. Lesions were scored using the Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System.

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Feb
2017

Several systems for MRI/TRUS fusion-guided biopsy of the prostate are commercially available. Many studies have shown superiority of fusion systems for tumor detection and diagnostic quality compared to random biopsy. The benefit of fusion systems in focal therapy of prostate cancer (PC) is less clear.

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Dec
2016

Racial differences in the incidence of prostate cancer on initial biopsy are well established, but the predictive value of African American race on the probability of prostate cancer detection on repeat biopsy is unknown.
At a single institution between January 2007 and June 2014, we reviewed 277 men who first underwent a negative transrectal ultrasound guided needle biopsy of the prostate, and who then subsequently underwent a second biopsy. Detection rates were compared via Chi-square analysis.

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Nov
2016

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prostate cancer yield rate of targeted transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided biopsy with cognitive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) registration without concurrent systematic biopsy in patients with previous negative systematic TRUS-guided biopsy results and persistently elevated prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels.
In this prospective study conducted from August 2013 to January 2015, patients with at least one previous negative systematic TRUS-guided biopsy and persistently high PSA (≥4 ng/mL) levels were referred for multiparametric MRI (mpMRI). Those patients with suspicious findings on mpMRI received a subsequent cognitive MRI-TRUS fusion biopsy.

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Feb
2017

Our aim was to evaluate the impact of direct, ultrasound lesion-targeted prostate biopsy, alone or in combination with systematic sampling, on prostate cancer risk prediction.
We reviewed biopsy findings for men with known or clinical suspicion of prostate cancer undergoing direct, ultrasound-targeted biopsy of radiographic lesions with concomitant systematic extended peripheral zone biopsy. We examined the resulting tumor volume estimates, Gleason grade, and Cancer of the Prostate Risk Assessment score generated from each strategy.

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Apr
2017

To evaluate the role of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) of the prostate and transrectal ultrasonography guided biopsy (TRUS-Bx) with visual estimation in early risk stratification of patients with prostate cancer on active surveillance (AS).
Patients with low-risk, low-grade, localised prostate cancer were prospectively enrolled and submitted to a 3-T 16-channel cardiac surface coil mpMRI of the prostate and confirmatory biopsy (CBx), which included a standard biopsy (SBx) and visual estimation-guided TRUS-Bx. Cancer-suspicious regions were defined using Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) scores.

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Feb
2017

To evaluate the utility of the digital rectal examination (DRE) in estimating prostate size and the association of DRE with nocturia in a population-based cohort.
We identified all men randomized to the screening arm of the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening (PLCO) trial for whom DRE results were available. Men were excluded if they had a history of prostate surgery or incident prostate cancer.

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Aug
2016

The diagnosis of anterior prostate cancer (APC) is troublesome due to its anatomical location. Patients with an APC often require multiple sets of biopsies until diagnosis is made. The objective of this study is to examine if endorectal magnetic resonance imaging (e-MRI) of the prostate could improve the detection of APC.

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Aug
2016

To study the prevalence of urinary tract infections (UTI), or sepsis secondary to trans-rectal ultrasound-guided (TRUS) biopsy of the prostate, the pathogens involved, and patterns of antibiotic resistance in a cohort of patients.
This is a descriptive study of a consecutive cohort of patients who underwent elective TRUS biopsy at King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia between January 2012 and December 2014. All patients who underwent the TRUS guided prostate biopsy were prescribed the standard prophylactic antibiotics.

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Jul
2016

The objective of this study was to evaluate the anesthetic efficacy of periprostatic nerve block (PNB) in transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided biopsy on different prostate volume.
A total of 568 patients received prostate biopsy in our hospital from May 2013 to September 2015 and were retrospectively studied. All patients were divided into local anesthesia group (LAG) and nerve block group (NBG).

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Sep
2016

Fluoroquinolones are considered as gold standard for the prevention of bacterial infections after transrectal ultrasound guided prostate biopsy. However, recent studies reported that fluoroquinolone- resistant bacterial strains are responsible for gradually increasing number of infections after transrectal prostate biopsy. In daily clinical practice, antibacterial efficacy is evaluated only in vitro, by measuring the reaction of bacteria with an antimicrobial agent in culture media (i.

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Dec
1969

The rationale for directing targeted biopsy towards the centre of lesions has been questioned in light of prostate cancer grade heterogeneity. In this study, we assess the assumption that the maximum cancer Gleason grade (Gleason grade hotspot) lies within the maximum dimension (volume hotspot) of a prostate cancer lesion.
3-D histopathological models were reconstructed using the outputs of the 5-mm transperineal mapping (TPM) biopsies used as the reference test in the pilot phase of Prostate Mri Imaging Study (PROMIS), a paired validating cohort study investigating the performance of multi-parametric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) against transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) biopsies.

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Jun
2016

Image-guided prostate interventions often require the registration of preoperative magnetic resonance (MR) images to real-time transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) images to provide high-quality guidance. One of the main challenges for registering MR images to TRUS images is how to estimate the TRUS-probe-induced prostate deformation that occurs during TRUS imaging. The combined statistical and biomechanical modeling approach shows promise for the adequate estimation of prostate deformation.

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Jun
2016

MR-TRUS Fusion Biopsy.

Top Magn Reson Imaging 2016 Jun;25(3):125-31
Daniel J A Margolis
The leading application of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) of the prostate is for lesion detection with the intention of tissue sampling (biopsy). Although direct in-bore magnetic resonance (MR)-guided biopsy allows for confirmation of the biopsy site, this can be expensive, time-consuming, and most importantly limited in availability. MR-transrectal ultrasound (MR-TRUS) image fusion targeted biopsy (TBx) allows for lesions identified on MRI to be targeted with the ease, efficiency, and availability of ultrasound.

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Jun
2016

Urosepsis is a rare but life-threatening complication following transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) guided needle prostate biopsy. Despite the technological and pharmacological improvements, the problem of bacterial urosepsis after prostate biopsy remains. A strategy for preventing urosepsis following TRUS prostate biopsy in áreas with high prevalence of resistant strains or patients presenting risk factors is lacking.

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Feb
2017

Background Few studies have focused on comparing the utility of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided biopsy in predicting prostate cancer aggressiveness. Whether apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values can provide more information than TRUS-guided biopsy should be confirmed. Purpose To retrospectively assess the utility of ADC values in predicting prostate cancer aggressiveness, compared to the TRUS-guided prostate biopsy Gleason score (GS).

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Dec
1969

Prostate biopsy supported by transperineal image fusion has recently been developed as a new method to the improve accuracy of prostate cancer detection.
To describe the Ginsburg protocol for transperineal prostate biopsy supported by multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) and transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) image fusion, provide learning points for its application, and report biopsy results. The article is supplemented by a Surgery in Motion video.

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Dec
1969

The [-2]proPSA (p2PSA) and its derivatives, the p2PSA-to-free PSA ratio (%p2PSA), and the Prostate Health Index (PHI) have greatly improved discrimination between men with and without prostate cancer (PCa) in prostate biopsies. However, little is known about their performance in cases where a digital rectal examination (DRE) and transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS) are negative. A prospective cohort of 261 consecutive patients in China with negative DRE and TRUS were recruited and underwent prostate biopsies.

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Dec
1969

To assess the effect of energy density (kJ/mL) applied on adenoma during photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP) treatment for benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) on functional outcomes, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) reduction and complications.
After exclusions, a total of 440 patients who underwent GreenLight (tm) laser XPS-180W lithium triborate PVP for the treatment of BPH were retrospectively reviewed. Data were collected from seven different international centres (Canada, USA, UK and France).

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Mar
2016

To compare and evaluate the safety and efficacy of holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) and simple prostatectomy for large prostate burdens, as discussion and debate continue about the optimal surgical intervention for this common pathology.
A systematic search was conducted for studies comparing HoLEP with simple prostatectomy [open (OP), robot-assisted, laparoscopic] using a sensitive strategy and in accordance with Cochrane collaboration guidelines. Primary parameters of interest were objective measurements including maximum urinary flow rate (Q max) and post-void residual urine volume (PVR), and subjective outcomes including International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and quality of life (QoL).

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Dec
1969

Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed noncutaneous cancer and second-leading cause of death in men. Many patients with clinically organ-confined prostate cancer undergo definitive treatment of the whole gland including radical prostatectomy, radiation therapy, and cryosurgery. Active surveillance is a growing alternative option for patients with documented low-volume, low-grade prostate cancer.

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Dec
1969

To evaluate the ex vivo accuracy of an MRI-TRUS fusion device for guiding targeted prostate biopsies, to identify the origin of errors, and to evaluate the likelihood that lesions can be accurately targeted.
Three prostate phantoms were used to perform 27 biopsies using transperineal MRI-TRUS fusion. All phantoms underwent 3-T MRI.

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Dec
1969

Primary prostatic lymphomas are extremely unusual neoplasms. Their rarity and nonspecific symptomatology at presentation usually prompt a clinical diagnosis of benign prostatic hyperplasia or chronic prostatitis, leading to significant delay in diagnosis. Clinical examination, serum prostate-specific antigen levels, and transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS) are not of much utility in differential diagnosis, and histological examination is the gold standard.

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Apr
2016

To correlate the results of transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided targeted prostate biopsies (performed in the setting of at least one previous negative biopsy) with the Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS).
Fifty-two patients (mean age 64 years, range 52-76 years), with previous negative prostate biopsy underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-directed TRUS-guided targeted and sectoral biopsy. A retrospective review of MRI examinations was carried out, blinded to biopsy results.

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Sep
2016

To overcome the limitations regarding transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided biopsies in prostate cancer (PCa) detection, there is a focus on new imaging technologies. The Navigo™ system (UC-care, Israel) uses regular TRUS images and electrospatial monitoring to generate a 3D model of the prostate. The aim of this study was to compare cancer detection rates between the Navigo™ system and conventional TRUS, in patients without a history of PCa.

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Dec
1969

To describe a novel biopsy technique that involves performing a cognitively directed transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) to diagnose suspected anterior prostate cancers (APCs) detected by multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) in patients with prior negative transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided biopsies.
This is a prospective study in which participants aged 50-75 were offered inclusion if they had an elevated prostate-specific antigen level, a lesion suspicious for APC on mpMRI, and at least one prior negative TRUS-guided prostate biopsy. Prostatic mpMRI was acquired with a 3-Tesla machine without endorectal coil.

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Jan
2016

A 66-year-old male, who had received renal transplantation 10 years before, was admitted to our hospital with urinary retention. The prostate volume was 169.2 ml.

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Dec
2015

To examine the possibility of reducing the number of cores per prostate biopsy in elderly patients with high levels of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) without significantly lowering the detection rate of prostate cancer.
Two hundreds sixteen men with PSA levels >20 ng/mL who underwent prostate biopsies from May 2009 to April 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. With the help of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), the laterality of the dominant tumor burden in patients was determined.

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Dec
2015

Over the last decade there has been a 25% decrease in the mortality rates for prostate cancer. The reasons for this significant decrease are most likely associated with the application of urological screening tests. The main tools for early detection are currently increased public awareness of the disease, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) tests and transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) guided topographically assignable biopsy sampling.

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