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'Treadmill Stress Testing' (14000)


Feb
2018

We aimed to investigate the association between body mass index (BMI) and affective response, ratings of perceived exertion (RPE), and physiological responses during self-paced exercise. Sixty-six women were divided into three groups accordingly with the BMI: obese (n = 22: 33.5 ± 8.

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Jan
2018

There are few data on the utility of physician selection of cardiac tests, including no-test, in a chest pain unit (CPU) to rule out acute coronary syndrome in low-risk patients without a history of coronary artery disease. We analyzed consecutive low-risk patients admitted to our CPU between 2012 and 2014 and determined the proportion of patients selected for testing, the type of initial cardiac test selected, and the incidence of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) at 30 days and 6 months. The study group comprised 619 patients: mean age 57 years (27 to 92), 332 women (54%), and 360 (58%) with multiple cardiac risk factors.

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Mar
2018

The purpose of this study was to implement and evaluate quality outcomes including referral, enrollment, and completion rates of a new peripheral artery disease (PAD)-specific supervised exercise therapy (SET) program within a preexisting clinical exercise wellness program and to evaluate the clinical effectiveness and patient-centered outcomes derived from 12 weeks of PAD-specific SET. Recruited participants completed an individualized, minimally supervised, PAD-specific SET program based on the AHA-ACC guidelines. Exercise workloads (metabolic equivalents of task [METs]) were tracked and evaluated throughout the program.

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Feb
2018

Dietary supplements such as caffeine and beetroot juice are used by athletes in an attempt to optimize performance and therefore gain an advantage in competition.
To investigate the individual and combined effects of caffeine and beetroot-juice supplementation during submaximal and maximal treadmill running.
Seven males (VO2max: 59.

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Jan
2018

Limited therapeutic options are available for Fontan patients with dysfunctional or failing single ventricle physiology. This study describes the evaluation of an alternative, non-invasive, at-home therapeutic compression treatment for Fontan patients. Our hypothesis is that routinely administered, externally applied compression treatments to the lower extremities will augment systemic venous return, improve ventricular preload, and thus enhance cardiac output in Fontan patients.

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Dec
1969

Parkinson's Disease (PD) is characterized by progressive and disabling symptoms. An impaired oxidative metabolism efficiency was supposed to be involved in the systemic impairment. Rehabilitative treatment represents a valid tool in promoting skeletal muscle's adaptations, even if no solid studies on muscle metabolic features are still available.

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Feb
2018

This substudy of a large, randomized, controlled trial (NCT01072396) examined tiotropium (18 μg qd) effects on dynamic hyperinflation during constant work rate treadmill exercise. Areas-under-the-spontaneous expiratory flow-volume (SEFV)-curves were compared in 20 COPD patients and 16 age-matched untreated controls, using rectangular area ratio (RAR) between peak intrabreath and end-expiratory flow. Seven patients exhibited SEFV curve concavity with RAR ≤ 0.

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Mar
2018

Abnormal noninvasive stress test (NIST) findings do not always correlate with angiographically significant (luminal obstruction ≥50%) coronary artery disease. Positive predictive value (PPV) of NIST in the real clinical practice is not well known. The goal of this retrospective study was to determine the PPV of NIST and assess the factors affecting PPV in a US community hospital.

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Feb
2018

Accurate identification of patients at risk of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) places a substantial burden on emergency physicians (EPs). Bayesian nomogram for risk stratification in low- to intermediate-risk cardiovascular patients has not been investigated previously.
The objective of this study was to develop a comparative diagnostic model using Bayesian statistics for exercise treadmill test (ETT) and stress echocardiogram (ECHO) to calculate post-test diagnostic risk of MACE using HEART (history, electrocardiogram, age, risk factors, and troponin) risk score as predictor of pretest probability.

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Dec
1969

The six-minute walk test (6MWT) is considered to be a simple and inexpensive tool for the assessment of functional tolerance of submaximal effort. The aim of this work was 1) to background the nonlinear nature of the energy expenditure process due to physical activity, 2) to compare the results/scores of the submaximal treadmill exercise test and those of 6MWT in pulmonary patients and 3) to develop nonlinear mathematical models relating the two.
The study group included patients with the COPD.

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Feb
2018

Despite revascularization and optimal medical treatment (OMT), patients with angina often have a reduced quality of life due to inadequate relief from symptoms. Recent studies have shown that the application of shock waves may reduce angina symptoms and improve quality of life, exercise capacity, and myocardial perfusion due to the stimulation of angiogenesis. However, there is limited evidence due to small, single-arm, single-center studies of low to moderate quality.

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Apr
2018

This study investigated physiological responses and performance during three separate exercise challenges (Parts I, II, and III) with wildland firefighting work clothing ensemble (boots and coveralls) and a 20.4 kg backpack in four conditions: U-EX (no pack, exercise clothing); L-EX (pack, exercise clothing); U-W (no pack, work clothing); and, L-W (pack and work clothing). Part I consisted of randomly-ordered graded exercise tests, on separate days, in U-EX, L-EX and L-W conditions.

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Feb
2018

Peak metabolic equivalent (MET) is the most reliable indicator of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). The aim of this study was to examine the association between CRF indicated by peak MET and body mass index (BMI) or fat mass index (FMI) in Taiwanese children and adolescents (C-A). Data of 638 C-A aged 10-18 that received symptom-limited treadmill exercise testing was analyzed.

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Feb
2018

Supplementation with L-citrulline (Cit) has been shown to improve muscle oxygenation and oxygen uptake (VO2) kinetics during moderate-to-high intensity cycling in young men. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis whether Cit would improve VO2 kinetics during walking in older and young adults. In a randomized, double-blind study, 26 (15 women, 11 men) adults between the ages of 20-35y (n = 15) and 64-86y (n = 11) completed 7 day periods of taking placebo and L-citrulline (6 g/day) in a crossover manner.

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Feb
2018

This study exanimated the effects of intermittent hypoxic training (IHT) conducted at a high level of hypoxia with recovery at ambient air on aerobic/anaerobic capacities at sea level and hematological variations. According to a double-blind randomized design, fifteen highly endurance-trained runners completed a 6-weeks regimented training with 3 sessions per week consisting of intermittent runs (6x work-rest ratio of 5':5') on a treadmill at 80-85% of maximal aerobic speed ([Formula: see text]). Nine athletes (hypoxic group, HG) performed the exercise bouts at FI0 = 10.

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Jan
2018

Ingestion of low glycemic index (LGI) carbohydrate (CHO) before exercise induced less insulin response and higher fat oxidation than that of high GI (HGI) CHO during subsequent exercise. However, the effect on the subsequent postprandial lipid profile is still unclear. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate ingestion of CHO drinks with different GI using fructose and glucose before endurance exercise on the subsequent postprandial lipid profile.

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Jun
2018

Exercise is a key determinate of fracture risk and provides a clinical means to promote bone formation. However, the efficacy of exercise to increase bone mass declines with age. The purpose of this study was to identify age-related differences in the anabolic response to exercise at the cellular and tissue level.

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Dec
2017

Chronic stress is a risk factor for behavioral deficits, including impaired memory processing and depression. Exercise is well known to have beneficial impacts on brain health.
Mice were forced to treadmill running (4-week) during chronic restraint stress (6h/21d), and then behavioral tests were conducted by Novel object recognition, forced swimming test: FST, sociality test: SI.

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Feb
2018

The main aim of this study was to determine the intraocular pressure (IOP) response to maximal incremental running test during 30 minutes of recovery. Exhaustive exercise induced a highly individually variable IOP response, which was related to its initial value and the initial heart rate.
The purpose of the study was to analyzed the IOP response to a maximal incremental running test in healthy women during a 30-minute recovery period.

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Jan
2018

Lower extremity peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a chronic condition most commonly presenting with intermittent claudication (IC). Intermittent claudication limits walking ability and may negatively affect health-related quality of life. Treadmill assessment of maximal walking distance (MWD) is the gold standard to assess PAD symptom severity.

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Jan
2018

Mouth rinsing using a carbohydrate (CHO) solution has been suggested to improve physical performance in fasting participants. This study examined the effects of CHO mouth rinsing during Ramadan fasting on running time to exhaustion and on peak treadmill speed (V). In a counterbalanced crossover design, 18 sub-elite male runners (Age: 21 ± 2 years, Weight: 68.

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Jan
2018

Sleep loss is a common problem in modern societies affecting different aspects of individuals' lives. Many studies have reported that sleep deprivation (SD) leads to impairments in various types of learning and memory. Physical exercise has been suggested to attenuate the cognitive impairments induced by sleep deprivation in male rats.

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Jan
2018

To assess the variations of end-expiratory volume of chest wall (EEVcw) measured by optoelectronic plethysmography (OEP) as a diagnostic tool in exercise-induced asthma (EIA) among asthmatic preschool children.
Forty children diagnosed with asthma were included in the study. Spirometry was used as a gold standard test for comparison with OEP.

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Jan
2018

It is well known that regular low or mild exercise helps to improve and maintain cognition. On the other hand, ever thought many people prefer high-intensity exercise (e.g.

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Jan
2018

We compared the effects of cycling and running exercise on hemorheological and hematological properties, as well as eryptosis markers. Seven endurance-trained subjects randomly performed a progressive and maximal exercise test on a cycle ergometer and a treadmill. Blood was sampled at rest and at the end of the exercise to analyze hematological and blood rheological parameters including hematocrit (Hct), red blood cell (RBC) deformability, aggregation, and blood viscosity.

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Dec
2017

To determine whether heart rate recovery (HRR) following an exercise tolerance test (ETT) is correlated with a changing ratio of peak oxygen consumption (VO) and maximal metabolic equivalents (MET).
A total of 60 acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients who underwent ETT at both assessment points - 3 weeks (T0) after the AMI attack and 3 months after T0 (T1) were included. After achieving a peak workload, the treadmill was stopped with a 5-minute cooldown period, and the patients recovered in a comfortable and relaxed seated position.

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Mar
2018

Examine the convergent validity of a cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) algorithm when compared to treadmill-assessed CRF.
Data from the 1999-2004 NHANES were used (N = 3259 adults 20-49 years). Cardiorespiratory fitness was estimated from an algorithm.

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Mar
2018

Exercise improves cognitive impairments induced by transient cerebral ischemia, and modulates synaptic adhesion molecules. In this study, we investigated effects of long-term treadmill exercise on cognitive impairments and its relation to changes of synaptic cell adhesion molecule (SynCAM) 1/2/3 in the hippocampus after 5 min of transient cerebral ischemia in aged gerbils. Animals were assigned to sedentary and exercised groups, given treadmill exercise for 4 consecutive weeks from 5 days after transient ischemia, and evaluated cognitive function through passive avoidance test and Morris water maze test.

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Jan
2018

In the present study, we successfully demonstrated for the first time the existence of cardiac proteomic differences between non-selectively bred rats with distinct intrinsic exercise capacities. A proteomic approach based on two-dimensional gel electrophoresis coupled to mass spectrometry was used to study the left ventricle (LV) tissue proteome of rats with distinct intrinsic exercise capacity. Low running performance (LRP) and high running performance (HRP) rats were categorized by a treadmill exercise test, according to distance run to exhaustion.

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Dec
2017

In wheelchair sports, aerobic performance is commonly assessed with the use of an arm crank ergometer (ACE), a wheelchair ergometer (WCE) or a wheelchair treadmill (WCT). There are different protocols to identify peak oxygen uptake in wheelchair sports; however, only a few protocols have been applied to evaluate these conditions in wheelchair basketball players. The purpose of this study was to compare physiological responses during maximal exercise testing with the use of ACE and WCT in wheelchair basketball players.

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Jan
2018

Studies show mixed results for the effects of caffeine on performance, warranting further investigation. The purpose of this study was to examine the acute effects of a caffeine-containing supplement on anaerobic power and subjective measurements of fatigue during resisted sprinting on males. Fourteen recreationally-active males [N=14; (mean±SD), age: 21.

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Jan
2018

Pre-physical activity screening is important for older adults' participating in physical activity. Unfortunately, many older adults face barriers to exercise participation and thus, may not complete proper physical activity screening. The purpose of this project was to conduct a thematic analysis of perceptions and experiences of community-dwelling older adults regarding pre-physical activity screening (i.

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Dec
2017

Social isolation is known to induce emotional and behavioral changes in animals and humans. The effect of treadmill exercise on depression was investigated using social isolated rat pups. The rat pups in the social isolation groups were housed individually.

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Jan
2018

Transcutaneous oxygen pressure (tcpO2) reliability is blunted by an unpredictable transcutaneous gradient through the skin. We hypothesized that the "Decrease from Rest of Oxygen pressure (DROP: subtraction of limb-changes from chest-changes from the respective starting values) would show a good to excellent reliability during Exercise -tcpO2 investigations.
In three different experiments we tested: The intra-test variability at the peripheral level (Experiment A: 32 patients, 16 at each location), at the chest level (Experiment B: 45 patients) and the test-retest reproducibility within 3 months (Experiment C: 67 patients).

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Jan
2018

The purpose of this study was to determine the importance of skating economy to fatigue during repeated high-intensity efforts of a simulated ice hockey shift. Forty-five collegiate and Junior A male ice hockey players (aged 18-24 years) performed a continuous graded exercise test using a skate treadmill. Breath-by-breath data for oxygen consumption (V[Combining Dot Above]O2) and respiratory exchange ratio were collected and used to derive energy expenditure (EE) averaged over the final 10 seconds of each stage.

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Dec
1969

Postoperative cognitive decline (PCD) can affect in excess of 10% of surgical patients and can be considerably higher with risk factors including advanced age, perioperative infection, and metabolic conditions such as obesity and insulin resistance. To define underlying pathophysiologic processes, we used animal models including a rat model of metabolic syndrome generated by breeding for a trait of low aerobic exercise tolerance. After 35 generations, the low capacity runner (LCR) rats differ 10-fold in their aerobic exercise capacity from high capacity runner (HCR) rats.

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Jan
2018

Neuronal cell groups residing within the retrotrapezoid nucleus (RTN) and C1 area of the rostral ventrolateral medulla oblongata contribute to the maintenance of resting respiratory activity and arterial blood pressure, and play an important role in the development of cardiorespiratory responses to metabolic challenges (such as hypercapnia and hypoxia). In rats, acute silencing of neurons within the parafacial region which includes the RTN and the rostral aspect of the C1 circuit (pF), transduced to express HMD (G-coupled) receptors, was found to dramatically reduce exercise capacity (by 60%), determined by an intensity controlled treadmill running test. In a model of simulated exercise (electrical stimulation of the sciatic or femoral nerve in urethane anaesthetised spontaneously breathing rats) silencing of the pFneurons had no effect on cardiovascular changes, but significantly reduced the respiratory response during steady state exercise.

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Dec
1969

Exercise capacity is reduced in prostate cancer patients concurrently treated with androgen deprivation therapy compared to healthy counterparts. We tested the hypothesis that prostate cancer independently reduces endurance exercise capacity in a preclinical orthotopic prostate tumor model. Male Copenhagen rats performed an initial treadmill running test to exhaustion.

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Dec
1969

The use of dietary supplements to improve performance is becoming increasingly popular among athletes and fitness enthusiasts. Unfortunately, there is a tremendous lack of research being done regarding female athletes and the use of sport supplements. The purpose of this study was to examine the acute effects of multi-ingredient pre-workout supplement (MIPS) ingestion on resting metabolism and exercise performance in recreationally-active females.

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Dec
1969

Despite pre-kidney-transplant cardiovascular (CV) assessment being routine care to minimise perioperative risk, the utility of such assessment is not well established. The study reviewed the evaluation and outcome of a standardised CV assessment protocol.
Data were analysed for 231 patients (age 53.

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Jan
2018

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder associated with loss of memory and cognitive abilities. Previous evidence suggested that exercise ameliorates learning and memory deficits by increasing brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and activating downstream pathways in AD animal models. However, upstream pathways related to increase BDNF induced by exercise in AD animal models are not well known.

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Jan
2018

Cerebral white matter lesions (WMLs) are regarded to be subclinical ischemic changes of the cerebral parenchyma. Many previous studies have shown that baseline blood pressure (BP) is one of the most important factors for WMLs, but the relation between exercise BP and WMLs has not been fully evaluated. So, we sought to investigate the relationships between cerebral WMLs and peak exercise BP.

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Jan
2018

When determining achievement of maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) during treadmill running using speed increments, theVO2 cut-off criteria applied during plateau identification is often not justified, not protocol specific, or not related to actual change in VO2 (ΔVO2) with speed increment, which can influence plateau achievement rates between studies. The purpose of this study was to compare plateau incidence using an individualised plateau criteria approach based on a 'percentage' ΔVO2 compared to using previously established criteria of ΔVO2≤2.1 ml-kg-1⋅min-1 not developed on running speed.

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Feb
2018

To evaluate the relationship between change in submaximal cardiorespiratory fitness (sCRF) and all-cause mortality risk in adult men and women.
A prospective study with at least 2 clinical visits (mean follow-up time, 4.2±3.

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Feb
2018

Since the effects of supplements can be potentially harmful and/or ineffective to obtain desired positive benefits, there is a need to investigate supplementation to understand the responses of physiological systems, to educate consumers, and to provide feedback for businesses creating these supplements. The purpose of the current study was to test hemodynamic responses of a weight loss supplement and determine its effects on hemodynamic variables.
31 participants underwent a randomized, double-blind, crossover study design and received a placebo or supplement on two separate days.

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Feb
2018

No study has yet evaluated the effects of an acute 5-min bout of exercise (walking) on cognitive function, which was the purpose of our study. We employed a Solomon-4 experimental design, in which 22 young adult participants were included in each group. Participants in two groups (1 and 3) walked on a treadmill for 5 min at a self-selected intensity.

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Dec
2017

Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease is a hereditary neuropathy associated with impaired walking capacity. Some patients are too weak in the lower extremity muscles to walk at gravity with sufficient intensity or duration to gain benefit.
The aim was to investigate the effect of aerobic anti-gravity exercise in weak patients with CMT 1A and X.

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Mar
2018

Fatigue is a common and serious health problem, and various dietary interventions have previously been employed to ameliorate fatigue. The aim of the current study was to investigate the anti‑fatigue effects of Danish porcine placenta (DPP) and its major dipeptides, including leucine‑glycine (LG) and glycine‑leucine (GL). The anti‑fatigue effects of orally administered DPP, LG and GL were determined using a treadmill exercise test and a forced swimming test (FST) in mice.

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Dec
2017

Atraumatic lower limb amputation is a life-changing event for approximately 185,000 persons in the United States each year. A unilateral amputation is associated with rapid changes to the musculoskeletal system including leg and back muscle atrophy, strength loss, gait asymmetries, differential mechanical joint loading and leg length discrepancies. Even with high-quality medical care and prostheses, amputees still develop secondary musculoskeletal conditions such as chronic low back pain (LBP).

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Jan
2017

To evaluate the temporal effects of acute exercise on episodic memory.
A quasi-experimental study.
Eighty-eight college students (N = 22 per group).

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