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'Tricuspid Stenosis' (4148)


Feb
2018

To assess the clinical implementation and report preliminary results of a novel technique called the Ozaki procedure for stentless aortic valve replacement through reconstruction of the valve leaflets from autologous pericardium.
Between September 2015 and May 2017 30 patients (20 males, mean ± standard deviation age 66.83 ± 10.

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Jan
2018

Patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis and severe mitral regurgitation or severe tricuspid regurgitation were excluded from the major transcatheter aortic valve replacement trials. We studied these 2 subgroups in patients at extreme risk for surgery in the prospective, nonrandomized, single-arm CoreValve US Expanded Use Study.
The primary end point was all-cause mortality or major stroke at 1 year.

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Jan
2018

Right ventricular (RV) systolic dysfunction is associated with worse survival in patients undergoing surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR), yet it is not included in traditional risk scores of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) candidates. We aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of RV systolic function on clinical outcomes in patients undergoing TAVI at one year follow-up; and, echocardiographic changes of RV systolic function up to 12 months after TAVI and compared with SAVR when possible.
This systematic review and meta-analysis is registered in PROSPERO (CRD42017065761).

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Dec
1969

The primary aim was to investigate the role of underlying heart disease on preoperative NT-proBNP levels in patients admitted for adult cardiac surgery, after adjusting for the known confounders age, gender, obesity and renal function. The second aim was to investigate the predictive value of preoperative NT-proBNP with regard to severe postoperative heart failure (SPHF) and postoperative mortality.
A retrospective cohort study based on preoperative NT-proBNP measurements in an unselected cohort including all patients undergoing first time surgery for coronary artery disease (CAD; n = 2226), aortic stenosis (AS; n = 406) or mitral regurgitation (MR; n = 346) from April 2010 to August 2016 in the southeast region of Sweden (n = 2978).

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Feb
2018

To explore assessment of supra-annular structure for self-expanding transcatheter heart valve (THV) size selection in patients with bicuspid aortic stenosis (AS).
Annulus-based device selection from CT measurement is the standard sizing strategy for tricuspid aortic valve before transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Because of supra-annular deformity, device selection for bicuspid AS has not been systemically studied.

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Feb
2018

To characterize the anatomy of aorto-iliofemoral arterial tree according to aortic valve phenotype by CT in patients referred for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). We retrospectively enrolled 215 patients screened for TAVR who underwent CT. Dimensions, calcification, vascular tortuosity index score and other putative risk features of 13 different regions were evaluated for bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) and tricuspid aortic valve (TAV) morphology.

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Jan
2018

Mitral regurgitation (MR) and elevated pulmonary artery pressure are common findings in patients with aortic valve stenosis (AS). The pathophysiologic role of quantitatively defined MR as a determinant of pulmonary hypertension (PH) is incompletely characterized across the whole spectrum of AS degrees. The purpose of the study was to investigate whether the quantification of MR reveals a link to PH in patients with AS.

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Dec
2017

To investigate the early and mid-term clinical outcomes of the modified cone reconstruction in the treatment of Ebstein's anomaly (EA) which provide appropriate surgical treatment for clinical and reduce the incidence of re-operation and valve replacement.
Clinical data of 18 consecutive patients with EA in our hospital between May 2008 and August 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. All patients were diagnosed by echocardiography.

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Jan
2018

Nimura lecture: "Three EBMs".

J Echocardiogr 2018 Jan 22. Epub 2018 Jan 22.
Shinichi Minagoe
The three EBMs in the title refer to the following concepts: evidence-based medicine, experience-based medicine, and echo-based medicine. Evidence-based medicine: I have carried out the following clinical research using transthoracic Doppler echocardiography: (1) noninvasive pulsed-wave Doppler echocardiographic detection of the direction of shunt flow in patients with atrial septal defect: usefulness of the right parasternal approach (1985), (2) significance of laminar systolic regurgitant flow in patients with tricuspid regurgitation: a combined pulsed-wave, continuous-wave, and two-dimensional echocardiography (1990), (3) obstruction of the inferior vena caval orifice by the giant left atrium in patients with mitral stenosis: a Doppler echocardiographic study from the right parasternal approach (1992), and (4) demonstration of a localized acceleration flow signal in the transmural penetrating coronary artery using transthoracic color and pulsed-wave Doppler echocardiography in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (1996-2017). Experience-based medicine: Dr.

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Jan
2018

Histopathological changes in the ascending aorta wall in patients with severe tricuspid aortic valve (TAV) stenosis were graded and correlated to echocardiographic parameters. Objective was to associate threshold echocardiographic values with structural defects in the ascending aorta providing a tool to improve decision-making process in cases when simultaneous aortic valve replacement (AVR) and ascending aorta replacement is considered.
Biopsies from 108 TAV stenosis patients subjected to AVR were graded into three grades according to severity of aortic wall changes.

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Jan
2018

Unicuspid aortic valve (UAV) is a rare congenital malformation associated with severe aortic stenosis or regurgitation. This study aimed to systematically determine echocardiographic criteria to identify UAV.
All patients underwent a preoperative baseline examination, including echocardiography.

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Jan
2018

Congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (ccTGA) can occur in isolation, or in combination with other structural cardiac anomalies, most commonly ventricular septal defect, pulmonary stenosis and tricuspid valve disease. Clinical recognition can be challenging, so echocardiography is often the means by which definitive diagnosis is made. The tricuspid valve and right ventricle are on the systemic arterial side of the ccTGA circulation, and are therefore subject to progressive functional deterioration.

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Jan
2018

We assessed the geometry of transcatheter heart valve (THV) and valve function associated with SAPIEN 3 implantation in patients with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) stenosis.
We included 280 consecutive patients who had a contrast computed tomography (CT) before and after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in our institution. Each THV was assessed by CT at five cross-sectional levels: inflow, annulus, mid, sinus, and outflow.

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Jan
2018

Ventricular dysfunction or structural alteration of either ventricle is a well-established risk factor for sudden death (SD). Ebstein anomaly (EA) can present with both right and left heart abnormalities; however, predictors of SD have not been described. We therefore sought to characterize the incidence and risk factors of SD among a large cohort of patients with EA.

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Jan
2018

To evaluate intra- and inter-observer variability of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) sizing of the aortic annulus before transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and the effect of observer experience, aortic valve calcification and image quality.
MDCT examinations of 52 consecutive patients with tricuspid aortic valve (30 women, 22 men) with a mean age of 83±7 (SD) years (range: 64-93 years) were evaluated retrospectively. The maximum and minimum diameters, area and circumference of the aortic annulus were measured twice at diastole and systole with a standardized approach by three independent observers with different levels of experience (expert [observer 1]; resident with intensive 6 months practice [observer 2]; trained resident with starting experience [observer 3]).

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Jan
2018

Elevated carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125) predicts adverse outcome after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). While known underlying pathophysiological mechanisms of elevated CA125 include serosal effusions and inflammatory stimuli, clinical determinants associated with elevated CA125 in patients referred for TAVI remain unknown. Therefore, we investigated clinical, laboratory and echocardiographic determinants of elevated CA125 in patients with severe aortic valve stenosis referred for TAVI.

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Dec
2017

The aim of the study was to assess indications, procedural success, complications, echocardiographic, and clinical outcomes of percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation (PPVI) in adult patients with congenital heart disease (CHD).
PPVI offers a non-surgical treatment option for failing prosthetic conduits in pulmonary position. However, efficacy and clinical outcomes after PPVI are still underreported.

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Dec
2017

Aortic stenosis (AS) is the most common valve defect in developed countries; its prevalence increases with age of the population. The most frequent cause for isolated AS in adults is calcification of normal tricuspid or congenital bicuspid aortic valve (AV). The only effective treatment of AS is aortic valve replacement (AVR).

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Dec
2017

The presence of valvular heart disease (VHD) may affect the risk of stroke and mortality in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Community-based estimates of prevalence and outcomes of specific forms of VHD in patients with AF are lacking.
We examined the prevalence of VHD, anticoagulation use, mortality, stroke/transient ischemic attack, and bleeding among a community cohort of patients with AF.

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Feb
2018

Aortic valve disease is a cell-mediated process without effective pharmacotherapy. CNP (C-type natriuretic peptide) inhibits myofibrogenesis and osteogenesis of cultured valve interstitial cells and is downregulated in stenotic aortic valves. However, it is unknown whether CNP signaling regulates aortic valve health in vivo.

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Dec
2017

The PARTNER-2A randomized trial compared outcomes of transfemoral transcatheter (TAVR) and surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) in intermediate-risk patients with severe aortic stenosis. The purpose of the current study was to perform an in-depth analysis of outcomes after SAVR in PARTNER-2A.
From 1/2012-1/2014, 937 patients underwent SAVR at 57 centers.

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Mar
2018

Limited date describing the procedural, clinical and valve performance results of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in patients with bicuspid versus tricuspid aortic stenosis (TAV).
Procedural and clinical results were defined and reported according to VARC-2 criteria.
Consecutive 87 patients with BAV and 70 patients with TAV were included.

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Dec
2017

Uncertainties remain regarding the course of existing tricuspid regurgitation (TR) after aortic valve replacement (AVR), and its long-term impact on outcome. We investigated changes in existing TR after isolated AVR for severe aortic stenosis (AS), the impact of preoperative TR on long-term outcome, and predictors of late significant TR.Methods and Results:After excluding mild mitral regurgitation and severe TR, 226 consecutive patients undergoing isolated AVR for severe AS between 2002 and 2015 were reviewed.

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Dec
2017

Annulus-sparing (AS) repair of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) carries a potential increased risk reoperation for re-stenosis and unproven benefits on right ventricular (RV) geometry.
Primary TOF repairs (N=434) between 2000 and 2012 were studied using risk-adjusted parametric techniques. Progression of cardiac dimensions were analyzed using repeated measures regression using reports of all 2,103 echocardiograms undertaken throughout the study period, to maximum follow-up 13.

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Nov
2017

Palliation of hypoplastic left heart syndrome with a standard nonvalved right ventricle to pulmonary artery conduit results in an inefficient circulation in part due to diastolic regurgitation. A composite right ventricle pulmonary artery conduit with a homograft valve has a hypothetical advantage of reducing regurgitation, but may differ in the propensity for stenosis because of valve remodeling.
This retrospective cohort study included 130 patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome who underwent a modified stage 1 procedure with a right ventricle to pulmonary artery conduit from 2002 to 2015.

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Dec
2017

Performance of tricuspid annuloplasty (TA) in patients undergoing mitral valve surgery is recommended based on the degree of tricuspid regurgitation and tricuspid annulus size, but is often underused.
To evaluate the impact of combined TA on in-hospital outcome in patients undergoing mitral valve replacement (MVR).
We selected all consecutive patients who underwent MVR for native valve disease.

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Dec
2017

After 5 years the European Society of Cardiology and the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery have released an update on the guidelines for the management of valvular heart diseases. In recent years published results of randomized trials in patients with aortic valve stenosis have resulted in updated recommendations for catheter-based prosthesis implantation (TAVI), which is now extended to patients presenting without a low risk for conventional surgical valve replacement. In mitral or tricuspid valvular disease, the recommendations for catheter-based therapies are less strong because of a lack of supportive scientific data.

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Nov
2017

Double chambered right ventricle (DCRV) is a congenital heart anomaly where the right ventricle is divided into two chambers. We describe, for the first time, an unusual combination of DCRV combined with some other congenital heart defects.
A 1.

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Dec
1969

Aortic stenosis caused by leaflet calcification in the bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is more accelerative than that in the tricuspid aortic valve (TAV). MicroRNA-195 (miR-195) is downregulated more in stenotic than in insufficient BAVs, but its expression in BAVs compared with TAVs is unclear. We aimed to investigate the roles of miR-195 and its calcification-related target SMAD7 in stenotic BAVs compared with those in TAVs.

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Sep
2017

Evaluation of invasive hemodynamic parameters as prognostic markers of mortality in patients undergoing TAVR.
The value of invasive intraprocedural hemodynamic evaluation of patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement is unclear.
Consecutive patients who underwent transfemoral TAVR and had complete prospectively collected intraprocedural invasive hemodynamic parameters were retrospectively analyzed.

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Feb
2018

A 4-week-old American Quarter Horse colt presented with a recent history of diarrhea and decreased activity level. On initial physical examination, the animal was bright and alert and major findings were limited to a loud systolic heart murmur radiating widely over both sides of the thorax. While in the hospital, the clinical condition of the foal warranted further imaging to determine the cause and extent of cardiac disease.

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Jan
2018

Calcific aortic valve disease is the most common heart valve disease in the Western world. Bicuspid and tricuspid aortic valve calcifications are traditionally considered together although the dynamics of the disease progression is different between the two groups of patients. Notch signaling is critical for bicuspid valve development and NOTCH1 mutations are associated with bicuspid valve and calcification.

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Jan
2018

Mast cells in calcific aortic stenosis.

Pathol Res Pract 2018 Jan 23;214(1):163-168. Epub 2017 Jul 23.
Ivo Šteiner, Václav Stejskal, Pavel Žáček
In developed countries, calcific aortic stenosis (CAS) has become the most common acquired valvular disease and reason for aortic valve replacement. It is considered a form of atherosclerosis and, like the latter, of inflammatory origin, with presence in the calcified aortic valves of blood vessels, lymphatics, lymphocytes, plasma cells, histiocytes, and sometimes also of metaplastic bone tissue. This study is aimed at examining the presence of CD117 - positive mast cells in CAS.

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Oct
2017

We present the case of a 69-year-old patient who was referred to the Department of Echocardiography for surgical treatment of severe tricuspid valve regurgitation (TVR) with advanced congestive heart failure. In 2013 the patient underwent unsuccessful percutaneous ablation for permanent atrial fibrillation. In 2015, following numerous episodes of atrial fibrillation and congestive heart failure with left pleural effusion, the patient was admitted to another center.

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Feb
2018

Limited transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and lung ultrasound increasingly is performed in the intensive care unit (ICU), though used in a goal-directed rather than routine manner.
Prospective observational study.
Tertiary ICU.

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Dec
2017

Totally thoracosopic mitral valve replacement (MVR) has been applied to mitral stenosis for many years. Three working ports are usually necessary, among which the longest port ranges from 6 to 8 cm. This study aimed to determine the safety and feasibility of the two-incision totally thoracoscopic approach for MVR, with the longest incision of 3 cm.

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Jun
2017

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is common in severe symptomatic left-sided valvular disease, particularly in aging populations. Inconsistent results have been reported concerning the association between PH and adverse outcomes after aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis (AS). We therefore retrospectively investigated the prognostic significance of PH using peak tricuspid regurgitation velocity (TRV), as defined by the current European Society of Cardiology (ESC)/European Respiratory Society (ERS) guidelines, in a large cohort of patients with severe AS.

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Oct
2017

To determine whether the need for additional tricuspid valve repair is an independent risk factor when surgery is required for a left-sided heart disease.
One hundred and eighty patients (68 ± 12 years, 79 males) underwent tricuspid annuoplasty. Cox proportional-hazards regression model for multivariate analysis was performed for variables found significant in univariate analyses.

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Mar
2018

Pulmonary valve replacement is becoming the most frequent congenital heart surgery performed on adolescents and young adults. Numerous surgical options are available, including autologous pericardium, mechanical valves, allografts, and bioprosthetic valves. Each option has limitations with durability and freedom from reintervention for stenosis or insufficiency, particularly in the pediatric population.

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May
2017

Atrial septal defects (ASDs) are common immediately after percutaneous mitral commissurotomy (PMC). They are usually small, hemodynamically insignificant, and tend to decrease or disappear within 6 to 12 months. Herein, a case is described of persistent ASD in a patient with mitral valve stenosis who had undergone successful PMC three years previously.

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May
2017

The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the inflammatory response in patients with aortic and/or mitral prostheses, and to correlate the level of inflammatory markers with prosthesis functionality.
A total of 48 patients with biological or mechanical prostheses was included in the study, in which levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα), interleukin (IL)-1, -4, and -6, interferon-gamma (IFNγ), osteopontin (OPN), intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM), vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM), endothelin-1 and C-reactive protein were analyzed. Functionality of the prosthesis was evaluated using transthoracic echocardiography at three years after surgery.

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Dec
2017

A 19-year-old male patient was admitted to our institute with dyspnea. His medical history had no rheumatic fever or infective endocarditis. Physical examination revealed a diastolic murmur over the aortic area, rales of bilateral lungs.

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Oct
2017

Clinical profiles of acute heart failure (AHF) complicating severe aortic stenosis (AS) remain unclear.Methods and Results:From a Japanese multicenter registry enrolling consecutive patients with severe AS, 3,813 patients were categorized into the 3 groups according to the symptom of heart failure (HF); No HF (n=2,210), chronic HF (CHF) (n=813) and AHF defined as hospitalized HF at enrolment (n=790). Median follow-up was 1,123 days with 93% follow-up rate at 2 years.

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Nov
2017

A 71-year-old male with a medical history of hypertension was admitted to emergency department with hypertensive pulmonary edema. The patient appeared anxious and diaphoretic, and physical examination revealed tachypnea, crepitant rales in the both lungs and a systolic ejection murmur at the right sternal border, radiating to the both carotid arteries. The electrocardiography showed sinus tachycardia with indications of left ventricle hypertrophy Before the aortic valve surgery, transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) was performed for detailed evaluation of the aortic valve.

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Nov
2017

To determine the early surgical outcomes of Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair in children and young adults operated after the age of one year.
In this retrospective study, 307 cases of primary repair of Tetralogy of Fallot were done between September 2012 to February 2017, at CPE Institute of cardiology, Multan. Out of 307 operated patients, 4 (1.

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